Assignment Nº 1: History of Educational Technology
ICT Applied to Englsh Teaching Unit 1 – Assignment 1 HISTORY OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY Students: Giselle Cersósimo and Jessica Esnaola Teacher: Paula Ledesma Year: 2011 UTN
Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. It includes, but is not limited to, software, hardware, as well as Internet applications and activities. What is Educational technology?
The use of technology in the process of learning and teaching has improved the way in which students learn throughout the years. Have a look at the influence of technology in education…
History of Education Technology 1780 - Early public schools adopt the teacher/manager model with the teacher as the primary manger of instruction and assessment in a single classroom. 1946 - First vacuum tube-based computers developed; universities help in computer development effort; technology used in war effort. 1960 - PLATO (programmed logic for automatic teaching operations), the first computer-assisted-instruction (CAI) system, is initiated at the University of Illinois. It profundly influences computer-based education systems throughout the world.
1965 - Elementary and Secondary Education Act brings new money into schools for technology. mainframes and minicomputers are put into place in some schools, but most are used for administration or for school counseling (databases for information a bout and for students) 1967 - Texas instruments develops the first hand-held electronic calculator. The working heart of the first miniature calculatr is an integrated semiconductor circuit for perfoming addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. 1969 - The children`s program Sesame Street debuts on the National Educational Television network and soon becomes an international hit. 1970 - ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet, goes online. Engelbart invents th mouse, hypertext and groupware. He also creates hypermedia, multiple-window screens, online publishing and electronic mail systems, all of great importance in modern education.
1971 - Intel's first microprocessor developed; the first microcomputers (PCs) are developed; mainframes and minicomputers are in wide use in business; a few software companies begin to develop mainframe and minicomputer- based instructional program s 1974 - The first affordable personal computer is featured on the cover of the magazine Popular Electronics. The Altair 8800 has 1KB of memory and an Intel 8080 processor. 1977 - Japan Victor Company (JVC) introduces the VHS format video cassette recorder. 1983 - Compact Disc (CD-ROM –invented by James T. Russell in the late 1960s-) technology is introduced in the United States.
1990 - Multimedia PCs are developed. Object-oriented multimedia authoring tools and videodiscs are widely used at schools. Educational databases and other types of CAI programs are delivered on CD-ROMs, many with animation and sound. 1994 - Digital video, virtual reality, and 3-D systems capture the attention of many, but fewer multimedia PCs than basic business PCs are sold; object-oriented authoring systems such as HyperCard, Hyperstudio, and Authorware grow in popularity in schools; most US classrooms now have at least one PC available for instructional delivery, but not all teachers have access to a computer for instructional preparation. 1995 - The Internet and the world wide web began to catch on as businesses, schools, and individuals create web pages; most CAI is delivered on CD-ROM disks and is growing in popularity.
1996 - DVDs allow storage of larger amounts of digital data, which makes possible superior sound and visual performance. The Internet is widely discussed as businesses beging to provide aservices and advertising using web pages. Many schools install web servers and provide faculty with a way to crate instructional web pages. 1997-2007 - The growth of the internet expands far faster than most predicted. It soon becomes the world's largest database of information, graphics, and streaming video making it an invaluable resource for educators. Search engines such as Google and Yahoo constantly develop new ways to find information within the ever-growing number of web pages. Web sites that offer individuals a place to put personal information become popular, as does internet-based publishing and discussion forums. Educational software becomes more useful and interesting to students as graphics and video are incorporated. Larger computer storage capacity and the growing prevalence of CD-ROM and DVD drives in personal computers make it easier for educators to store large graphic and video and sound files for educational applications.
2009 - Introduction of the first fully automated classroom. 2010 - The Internet is accessed entirely through wireless, handheld, poket computers. AND IT WILL BE MORE AND MORE IMPORTANT IN CLASSROOMS THROUGH THE FOLLOWING YEARS…
REFERENCES: <ul><li>Educational advances with technology. Created by Philippine Journal Of Linguistics in PEJ, 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>http://liancvivas.wordpress.com/2010/02/25/education-advances-with-technology/ </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Technology Timeline. Created by the CI 335 / CS 317 students at the University of Illinois, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>http ://en.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>History of Educational Technologies Timeline </li></ul><ul><li>http ://www.isrl.illinois.edu/~chip/projects/timeline/1635regan.html </li></ul><ul><li>Educational technology insight. </li></ul><ul><li>http://edtech.twinisles.com/rb/ </li></ul><ul><li>A Brief History of Computers and Networks. http://goldenink.com/computersandnetworks.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Education Adopts Latest Technology Advances </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.america.gov/st/texttrans-english/2008/February/200801290938151CJsamohT5.575198e-02.html </li></ul>