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[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Accounting,  Third Edition
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Study Objectives
Merchandising Operations Recording Purchases of Merchandise Recording Sales of Merchandise Income Statement Presentation Evaluating Profitability Merchandising Operations ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Merchandising Operations SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Merchandising Companies Buy and Sell Goods  Wholesaler Retailer Consumer The primary source of revenues is referred to as  sales revenue  or  sales .
Merchandising Operations SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Income Measurement Cost of goods  sold is the total cost of merchandise sold during the period. Not used in a Service business. Net  Income  (Loss) Less Less Equals Equals Sales Revenue Cost of  Goods Sold Gross  Profit Operating  Expenses Illustration 5-1   Income measurement process for a merchandising company
Merchandising Operations The operating cycle of a  merchandising company  ordinarily is longer than that of a  service company . Illustration 5-2 SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Operating Cycles
Merchandising Operations Flow of Costs   Companies use either a  perpetual  inventory system  or a  periodic  inventory system  to account for inventory. SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Illustration 5-3
Merchandising Operations Perpetual System SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Flow of Costs   ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Merchandising Operations Periodic System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Beginning inventory $ 100,000 Add: Purchases, net 800,000 Goods available for sale 900,000 Less: Ending inventory 125,000 Cost of goods sold $ 775,000 SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Flow of Costs
Merchandising Operations Additional Consideration ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],SO 1  Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Flow of Costs
 
Recording Purchases of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration 5-5
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Illustration:  Sauk Stereo (the buyer) uses as a purchase invoice the sales invoice prepared by PW Audio Supply, Inc. (the seller).  Prepare the journal entry  for Sauk Stereo for the invoice from PW Audio Supply. Merchandise inventory 3,800 May 4 Accounts payable  3,800 SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration 5-5
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Illustration 5-6 Seller places goods Free On Board the carrier, and buyer pays freight costs. Seller places goods Free On Board to the buyer’s place of business, and seller pays freight costs. Freight Costs –   Terms of Sale   Freight costs incurred by the seller are an operating expense.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Illustration:   Assume upon delivery of the goods on May 6, Sauk Stereo pays Haul-It Freight Company $150 for freight charges, the entry on Sauk Stereo’s books is: Merchandise inventory 150 May 6 Cash  150 SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Assume the freight terms on the invoice in Illustration 5-5 had required PW Audio Supply to pay the freight charges, the entry by PW Audio Supply would have been: Freight-out  150 May 4 Cash  150
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Purchaser may be dissatisfied  because g oods are damaged or defective, of inferior quality, or do not meet specifications. Purchase Returns and Allowances Return goods for credit if the sale was made on credit, or for a cash refund if the purchase was for cash. May choose to keep the merchandise if the seller will grant an allowance (deduction) from the purchase price. Purchase Return Purchase Allowance SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Question SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration:   Assume that on May 8 Sauk Stereo returned to PW Audio Supply goods costing $300. Accounts payable 300 May 8 Merchandise inventory   300
Recording Purchases of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Purchase Discounts  Example:   Credit terms of 2/10, n/30, is read “two-ten, net thirty.”  2% cash discount if payment is made within 10 days.  Otherwise, net amount due within 30 days. SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Purchase Discounts -   Terms 2% discount if paid within 10 days, otherwise net amount due within 30 days. 1% discount if paid within first 10 days of next month. 2/10, n/30 1/10 EOM Net amount due within the first 10 days of the next month. n/10 EOM SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Accounts payable 3,500 May 14 Cash    3,430 Merchandise Inventory  70 (Discount = $3,500 x 2% =  $70 ) SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration:   Assume Sauk Stereo pays the balance due of $3,500 (gross invoice price of $3,800 less purchase returns and allowances of $300) on May 14, the last day of the discount period.  Prepare the journal entry Sauk makes to record its May 14 payment.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Accounts payable 3,500 June 3 Cash  3,500 SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration:   If Sauk Stereo failed to take the discount, and instead made full payment of $3,500 on June 3, the journal entry would be:
Recording Purchases of Merchandise Should discounts be taken when offered? Purchase Discounts  Example:   2% for 20 days = Annual rate of 36.5%  (365/20 = 18.25 twenty-day periods x 2% = 36.5%) Passing up the discount offered equates to paying an interest rate of 2% on the use of $3,500 for 20 days. SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Purchases of Merchandise $3,500 8 th  - Return $300 Balance 4 th  - Purchase $3,280 70 14 th  - Discount Summary of Purchasing Transactions  150 6 th  – Freight-in Illustration SO 2  Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Sales of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration 5-5
Recording Sales of Merchandise Two Journal Entries to Record a Sale Cash  or  Accounts receivable XXX Sales  XXX SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. #1 Cost of goods sold XXX Merchandise inventory  XXX #2 Selling Price Cost
Recording Sales of Merchandise SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Accounts receivable 3,800 May 4 Sales  3,800 Illustration:   Assume  PW Audio Supply records its May 4 sale of $3,800 to Sauk Stereo on account (Illustration 5-5) as follows. Assume the merchandise cost PW Audio Supply $2,400. Cost of goods sold 2,400 4 Merchandise inventory  2,400
Recording Sales of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Sales Returns and Allowances  SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Sales of Merchandise Illustration:   Prepare the entry PW Audio Supply would make to record the credit for returned goods that had a $300 selling price (assume a $140 cost).  Assume the goods were not defective. SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Sales returns and allowances  300 May 8 Accounts receivable 300 Merchandise inventory  140 8 Cost of goods sold 140
Recording Sales of Merchandise Illustration:   Assume the returned goods were defective and had a scrap value of $50, PW Audio would make the following entries: SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Sales returns and allowances  300 May 8 Accounts receivable 300 Merchandise inventory  50 8 Cost of goods sold 50
Recording Sales of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Review Question SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system.
 
Recording Sales of Merchandise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Sales Discount  SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system.
Recording Sales of Merchandise SO 3  Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Cash 3,430 May 14 Accounts receivable 3,500 Sales discounts 70 *  [($3,800 – $300) X 2%] * Illustration:   Assume Sauk Stereo pays the balance due of $3,500 (gross invoice price of $3,800 less purchase returns and allowances of $300) on May 14, the last day of the discount period.  Prepare the journal entry PW Audio Supply makes to record the receipt on May 14.
Income Statement Presentation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Single-Step Income Statement SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement.
Income Statement Presentation Illustration 5-7 Single-Step SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement.
Income Statement Presentation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Multiple-Step Income Statement SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement.
Income Statement Presentation Key Line Items Multiple-Step SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-8
Income Statement Presentation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Review Question SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement.
Income Statement Presentation Sales Revenues SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-9
Income Statement Presentation SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-11 Comparisons with past amounts and rates and with those in the industry indicate the effectiveness of a company’s purchasing and pricing policies. Gross Profit
Income Statement Presentation Illustration 5-11 Operating Expenses
Income Statement Presentation SO 4  Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-10 Nonoperating Activities Various revenues and expenses and gains and losses that are unrelated to the company’s main line of operations.
Income Statement Presentation Illustration 5-11
 
Income Statement Presentation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],SO 5  Determine cost of goods sold under a periodic system. Determining Cost of Goods Sold Under a Periodic System
Income Statement Presentation SO 5  Determine cost of goods sold under a periodic system. Determining Cost of Goods Sold Under a Periodic System Illustration 5-13   Cost of goods sold for a merchandiser using a periodic inventory system
Evaluating Profitability A company’s gross profit may be  expressed as a percentage  by dividing the amount of gross profit by net sales. SO 6  Explain the factors affecting profitability. Gross Profit Rate ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Evaluating Profitability SO 6  Explain the factors affecting profitability. Gross Profit Rate Illustration 5-15 Why does Wal-Mart have a lower gross profit rate than Target and the industry average?
Evaluating Profitability Measures the percentage of each dollar of sales that results in net income. SO 6  Explain the factors affecting profitability. Profit Margin Ratio ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Evaluating Profitability SO 6  Explain the factors affecting profitability. Illustration 5-17 Profit Margin Ratio How does Wal-Mart compare to its competitors?  Keep in mind that an increasing percentage of Wal-Mart’s sales is from low-margin groceries.
 
Evaluating Profitability Earnings have high quality if they provide a full and transparent depiction of how a company performed. SO 7  Identify a quality of earnings indicator. ,[object Object],[object Object]
Periodic Inventory System SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Recording Merchandise Transactions
Periodic Inventory System SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system. Illustration:   On the basis of the sales invoice  (Illustration 5-5)  and receipt of the merchandise ordered from PW Audio Supply, Sauk Stereo records the $3,800 purchase as follows. Purchases 3,800 May 4 Accounts payable  3,800 Recording Purchases of Merchandise
Periodic Inventory System Illustration:   If Sauk pays Haul-It Freight Company $150 for freight charges on its purchase from PW Audio Supply on May 6, the entry on Sauk’s books is: Freight-in (Transportation-in) 150 May 6 Cash  150 Freight Costs SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system.
Periodic Inventory System Illustration:   Sauk Stereo returns $300 of goods to PW Audio Supply and prepares the following entry to recognize the return. Accounts payable 300 May 8 Purchase returns and allowances   300 Purchase Returns and Allowances SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system.
Periodic Inventory System Illustration:   On May 14 Sauk Stereo pays the balance due on account to PW Audio Supply, taking the 2% cash discount allowed by PW Audio for payment within 10 days. Sauk Stereo records the payment and discount as follows. Accounts payable 3,500 May 14 Purchase discounts   70 Purchase Discounts Cash   3,430 SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system.
Periodic Inventory System No entry is recorded for cost of goods sold at the time of the sale under a periodic system. Illustration:   PW Audio Supply, records the sale of $3,800 of merchandise to Sauk Stereo on May 4 (sales invoice No. 731, Illustration 5-5) as follows. Accounts receivable 3,800 May 4 Sales  3,800 SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system. Recording Sales of Merchandise
Periodic Inventory System Illustration:   To record the returned goods received from Sauk Stereo on May 8, PW Audio Supply records the $300 sales return as follows. Sales returns and allowances 300 May 4 Accounts receivable   300 Sales Returns and Allowances SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system.
Periodic Inventory System Illustration:   On May 14, PW Audio Supply receives payment of $3,430 on account from Sauk Stereo. PW Audio honors the 2% cash discount and records the payment of Sauk’s account receivable in full as follows. Sales Discounts Cash 3,430 May 14 Accounts receivable 3,500 Sales discounts 70 SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system.
Comparison of Entries—Perpetual Vs. Periodic SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system.
SO 8  Explain the recording of purchases and sales of  inventory under a periodic inventory system. Comparison of Entries—Perpetual Vs. Periodic
Copyright “ Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted in Section 117 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the express written permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Request for further information should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. The purchaser may make back-up copies for his/her own use only and not for distribution or resale. The Publisher assumes no responsibility for errors, omissions, or damages, caused by the use of these programs or from the use of the information contained herein.”

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Chap009Chap009
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Merchandising Operations Income Statement

  • 1.  
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5. Merchandising Operations SO 1 Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Merchandising Companies Buy and Sell Goods Wholesaler Retailer Consumer The primary source of revenues is referred to as sales revenue or sales .
  • 6. Merchandising Operations SO 1 Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Income Measurement Cost of goods sold is the total cost of merchandise sold during the period. Not used in a Service business. Net Income (Loss) Less Less Equals Equals Sales Revenue Cost of Goods Sold Gross Profit Operating Expenses Illustration 5-1 Income measurement process for a merchandising company
  • 7. Merchandising Operations The operating cycle of a merchandising company ordinarily is longer than that of a service company . Illustration 5-2 SO 1 Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Operating Cycles
  • 8. Merchandising Operations Flow of Costs Companies use either a perpetual inventory system or a periodic inventory system to account for inventory. SO 1 Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Illustration 5-3
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.  
  • 13.
  • 14. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Illustration: Sauk Stereo (the buyer) uses as a purchase invoice the sales invoice prepared by PW Audio Supply, Inc. (the seller). Prepare the journal entry for Sauk Stereo for the invoice from PW Audio Supply. Merchandise inventory 3,800 May 4 Accounts payable 3,800 SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration 5-5
  • 15. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Illustration 5-6 Seller places goods Free On Board the carrier, and buyer pays freight costs. Seller places goods Free On Board to the buyer’s place of business, and seller pays freight costs. Freight Costs – Terms of Sale Freight costs incurred by the seller are an operating expense.
  • 16. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Illustration: Assume upon delivery of the goods on May 6, Sauk Stereo pays Haul-It Freight Company $150 for freight charges, the entry on Sauk Stereo’s books is: Merchandise inventory 150 May 6 Cash 150 SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Assume the freight terms on the invoice in Illustration 5-5 had required PW Audio Supply to pay the freight charges, the entry by PW Audio Supply would have been: Freight-out 150 May 4 Cash 150
  • 17. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Purchaser may be dissatisfied because g oods are damaged or defective, of inferior quality, or do not meet specifications. Purchase Returns and Allowances Return goods for credit if the sale was made on credit, or for a cash refund if the purchase was for cash. May choose to keep the merchandise if the seller will grant an allowance (deduction) from the purchase price. Purchase Return Purchase Allowance SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
  • 18.
  • 19. Recording Purchases of Merchandise SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration: Assume that on May 8 Sauk Stereo returned to PW Audio Supply goods costing $300. Accounts payable 300 May 8 Merchandise inventory 300
  • 20.
  • 21. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Purchase Discounts - Terms 2% discount if paid within 10 days, otherwise net amount due within 30 days. 1% discount if paid within first 10 days of next month. 2/10, n/30 1/10 EOM Net amount due within the first 10 days of the next month. n/10 EOM SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
  • 22. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Accounts payable 3,500 May 14 Cash 3,430 Merchandise Inventory 70 (Discount = $3,500 x 2% = $70 ) SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration: Assume Sauk Stereo pays the balance due of $3,500 (gross invoice price of $3,800 less purchase returns and allowances of $300) on May 14, the last day of the discount period. Prepare the journal entry Sauk makes to record its May 14 payment.
  • 23. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Accounts payable 3,500 June 3 Cash 3,500 SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. Illustration: If Sauk Stereo failed to take the discount, and instead made full payment of $3,500 on June 3, the journal entry would be:
  • 24. Recording Purchases of Merchandise Should discounts be taken when offered? Purchase Discounts Example: 2% for 20 days = Annual rate of 36.5% (365/20 = 18.25 twenty-day periods x 2% = 36.5%) Passing up the discount offered equates to paying an interest rate of 2% on the use of $3,500 for 20 days. SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
  • 25. Recording Purchases of Merchandise $3,500 8 th - Return $300 Balance 4 th - Purchase $3,280 70 14 th - Discount Summary of Purchasing Transactions 150 6 th – Freight-in Illustration SO 2 Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system.
  • 26.
  • 27. Recording Sales of Merchandise Two Journal Entries to Record a Sale Cash or Accounts receivable XXX Sales XXX SO 3 Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. #1 Cost of goods sold XXX Merchandise inventory XXX #2 Selling Price Cost
  • 28. Recording Sales of Merchandise SO 3 Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Accounts receivable 3,800 May 4 Sales 3,800 Illustration: Assume PW Audio Supply records its May 4 sale of $3,800 to Sauk Stereo on account (Illustration 5-5) as follows. Assume the merchandise cost PW Audio Supply $2,400. Cost of goods sold 2,400 4 Merchandise inventory 2,400
  • 29.
  • 30. Recording Sales of Merchandise Illustration: Prepare the entry PW Audio Supply would make to record the credit for returned goods that had a $300 selling price (assume a $140 cost). Assume the goods were not defective. SO 3 Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Sales returns and allowances 300 May 8 Accounts receivable 300 Merchandise inventory 140 8 Cost of goods sold 140
  • 31. Recording Sales of Merchandise Illustration: Assume the returned goods were defective and had a scrap value of $50, PW Audio would make the following entries: SO 3 Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Sales returns and allowances 300 May 8 Accounts receivable 300 Merchandise inventory 50 8 Cost of goods sold 50
  • 32.
  • 33.  
  • 34.
  • 35. Recording Sales of Merchandise SO 3 Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. Cash 3,430 May 14 Accounts receivable 3,500 Sales discounts 70 * [($3,800 – $300) X 2%] * Illustration: Assume Sauk Stereo pays the balance due of $3,500 (gross invoice price of $3,800 less purchase returns and allowances of $300) on May 14, the last day of the discount period. Prepare the journal entry PW Audio Supply makes to record the receipt on May 14.
  • 36.
  • 37. Income Statement Presentation Illustration 5-7 Single-Step SO 4 Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement.
  • 38.
  • 39. Income Statement Presentation Key Line Items Multiple-Step SO 4 Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-8
  • 40.
  • 41. Income Statement Presentation Sales Revenues SO 4 Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-9
  • 42. Income Statement Presentation SO 4 Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-11 Comparisons with past amounts and rates and with those in the industry indicate the effectiveness of a company’s purchasing and pricing policies. Gross Profit
  • 43. Income Statement Presentation Illustration 5-11 Operating Expenses
  • 44. Income Statement Presentation SO 4 Distinguish between a single-step and a multiple-step income statement. Illustration 5-10 Nonoperating Activities Various revenues and expenses and gains and losses that are unrelated to the company’s main line of operations.
  • 45. Income Statement Presentation Illustration 5-11
  • 46.  
  • 47.
  • 48. Income Statement Presentation SO 5 Determine cost of goods sold under a periodic system. Determining Cost of Goods Sold Under a Periodic System Illustration 5-13 Cost of goods sold for a merchandiser using a periodic inventory system
  • 49.
  • 50. Evaluating Profitability SO 6 Explain the factors affecting profitability. Gross Profit Rate Illustration 5-15 Why does Wal-Mart have a lower gross profit rate than Target and the industry average?
  • 51.
  • 52. Evaluating Profitability SO 6 Explain the factors affecting profitability. Illustration 5-17 Profit Margin Ratio How does Wal-Mart compare to its competitors? Keep in mind that an increasing percentage of Wal-Mart’s sales is from low-margin groceries.
  • 53.  
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56. Periodic Inventory System SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system. Illustration: On the basis of the sales invoice (Illustration 5-5) and receipt of the merchandise ordered from PW Audio Supply, Sauk Stereo records the $3,800 purchase as follows. Purchases 3,800 May 4 Accounts payable 3,800 Recording Purchases of Merchandise
  • 57. Periodic Inventory System Illustration: If Sauk pays Haul-It Freight Company $150 for freight charges on its purchase from PW Audio Supply on May 6, the entry on Sauk’s books is: Freight-in (Transportation-in) 150 May 6 Cash 150 Freight Costs SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system.
  • 58. Periodic Inventory System Illustration: Sauk Stereo returns $300 of goods to PW Audio Supply and prepares the following entry to recognize the return. Accounts payable 300 May 8 Purchase returns and allowances 300 Purchase Returns and Allowances SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system.
  • 59. Periodic Inventory System Illustration: On May 14 Sauk Stereo pays the balance due on account to PW Audio Supply, taking the 2% cash discount allowed by PW Audio for payment within 10 days. Sauk Stereo records the payment and discount as follows. Accounts payable 3,500 May 14 Purchase discounts 70 Purchase Discounts Cash 3,430 SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system.
  • 60. Periodic Inventory System No entry is recorded for cost of goods sold at the time of the sale under a periodic system. Illustration: PW Audio Supply, records the sale of $3,800 of merchandise to Sauk Stereo on May 4 (sales invoice No. 731, Illustration 5-5) as follows. Accounts receivable 3,800 May 4 Sales 3,800 SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system. Recording Sales of Merchandise
  • 61. Periodic Inventory System Illustration: To record the returned goods received from Sauk Stereo on May 8, PW Audio Supply records the $300 sales return as follows. Sales returns and allowances 300 May 4 Accounts receivable 300 Sales Returns and Allowances SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system.
  • 62. Periodic Inventory System Illustration: On May 14, PW Audio Supply receives payment of $3,430 on account from Sauk Stereo. PW Audio honors the 2% cash discount and records the payment of Sauk’s account receivable in full as follows. Sales Discounts Cash 3,430 May 14 Accounts receivable 3,500 Sales discounts 70 SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system.
  • 63. Comparison of Entries—Perpetual Vs. Periodic SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system.
  • 64. SO 8 Explain the recording of purchases and sales of inventory under a periodic inventory system. Comparison of Entries—Perpetual Vs. Periodic
  • 65. Copyright “ Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted in Section 117 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the express written permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Request for further information should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. The purchaser may make back-up copies for his/her own use only and not for distribution or resale. The Publisher assumes no responsibility for errors, omissions, or damages, caused by the use of these programs or from the use of the information contained herein.”

Editor's Notes

  1. 1. On the topic, “Challenges Facing Financial Accounting,” what did the AICPA Special Committee on Financial Reporting suggest should be included in future financial statements? Non-financial Measurements (customer satisfaction indexes, backlog information, and reject rates on goods purchases). Forward-looking Information Soft Assets (a company’s know-how, market dominance, marketing setup, well-trained employees, and brand image). Timeliness (no real time financial information)
  2. Service Cost - Actuaries compute service cost as the present value of the new benefits earned by employees during the year. Future salary levels considered in calculation. Interest on Liability - Interest accrues each year on the PBO just as it does on any discounted debt. Actual Return on Plan Assets - Increase in pension funds from interest, dividends, and realized and unrealized changes in the fair market value of the plan assets. Amortization of Unrecognized Prior Service Cost - The cost of providing retroactive benefits is allocated to pension expense in the future, specifically to the remaining service-years of the affected employees. Gain or Loss - Volatility in pension expense can be caused by sudden and large changes in the market value of plan assets and by changes in the projected benefit obligation. Two items comprise the gain or loss: difference between the actual return and the expected return on plan assets and, amortization of the unrecognized net gain or loss from previous periods