History of chocolate


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History of chocolate

  1. 1. Chocolate – Your friend and mine!
  2. 2. The history of chocolate The ancient Maya grew cacao and made it into a beverage. *The first people were the Maya who lived in South America about the time of Christ. *They took the tree from the rainforest and grew it in their own backyards. They harvested, fermented, roasted, and ground the seeds into a paste. *The Maya mixed the cacao with water, chili peppers, cornmeal, and other ingredients. This paste made a frothy, spicy chocolate drink.
  3. 3. The Aztecs loved cacao! By 1400, the Aztec empire controlled much of Central and South America. The Aztecs traded with Maya and other peoples for cacao. The beans were often used as a form of money. Drinking chocolate was an important part of Maya and Aztec life. Many people in Mayan society could drink chocolate. Usually it was saved for royalty rulers, priests, soldiers, and honored merchants were allowed this “sacred brew.” During religious events priests presented cacao seeds as offerings to the gods and served chocolate drinks during sacred ceremonies.
  4. 4. Cacao Becomes an Expensive European Import In 1521 the Spanish saw the Aztec Indian drinking chocolate. Soon after, the Spanish began to ship cacao seeds back home to Spain. Only Europe’s upper classes drank chocolate for the next 300 years. Sweetened chocolate became an international taste sensation! When the Spanish brought cacao home, they doctored up the bitter brew with cinnamon and other spices and began sweetening it with sugar. They managed to keep their delicious drink a Spanish secret for almost 100 years before the rest of Europe discovered what they were missing. Sweetened chocolate soon became the latest and greatest fad to hit the continent.
  5. 5. Chocolate was a European symbol of wealth and power. Because cacao and sugar were expensive imports, only those with money could afford to drink chocolate! In fact, in France, chocolate could only be drunk by members of the royal court. Europeans developed their own special ways for drinking chocolate. They even designed elaborate porcelain and silver serving pieces and cups for chocolate that acted as symbols of wealth!
  6. 6. New inventions and ingredients improved chocolate’s taste and texture. The Industrial Revolution of the 1800s provided an enormous number of new mechanical inventions. The steam engine made it possible to grind cacao and produce large amounts of chocolate cheaply and quickly. Later inventions like the cocoa press and the conching machine made it possible to create smooth, creamy, solid chocolate for eating—not just liquid chocolate for drinking.
  7. 7. The first chocolate bar …..is credited to Joseph Fry, who in 1847 discovered he could make a moldable chocolate paste by adding melted cacao butter back into Dutch cocoa. Adding milk and sugar into the chocolate also improved the flavor.
  8. 8. 1868 - Cadbury was marketing chocolate candies in Europe
  9. 9. •Mr. Nestle also began making chocolates during this same time.
  10. 10. And the rest is history!
  11. 11. Where in the world does chocolate come from?
  12. 12. Top countries for producing cacao beans.
  13. 13. The largest cacao producing countries are… 1
  14. 14. 2
  15. 15. 3
  16. 16. Does chocolate grow on trees? How is chocolate made?