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21st Century Skills

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Conversations on Global Education Transformation

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21st Century Skills

  1. 1. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 1 Conversations on Global Education Transformation A video series for education leaders on GETideas.org An online community for education leaders
  2. 2. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2 21st Century Skills: An Educator’s Guide Richard Halkett Director of Strategy & Research Cisco Global Education March 17, 2009 This slide deck can be seen with the accompanying video on GETideas.org www.getideas.org/coge
  3. 3. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 3 A World of Change in Baseline Qualifications Approximated by percentage of persons with high school or equivalent qualifications in the age groups 55–64, 45–55, 45–44, and 25–34 years UnitedStates CzechRepublic Estonia Germany Switzerland Denmark Canada Norway Sweden RussianFederation4 Austria3 Slovenia Israel SlovakRepublic NewZealand Hungary Finland UnitedKingdom Netherlands Luxembourg EU19average OECDaverage France Australia Iceland Belgium Poland Ireland Korea Chile2 Greece Italy Spain Turkey Portugal Mexico Brazil2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1. Excluding ISCED 3C short programmes 2. Year of reference 2004 3. Including some ISCED 3C short programmes 3. Year of reference 2003
  4. 4. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 4 A World of Change in Baseline Qualifications Approximated by percentage of persons with high school or equivalent qualifications in the age groups 55–64, 45–55, 45–44, and 25–34 years UnitedStates CzechRepublic Estonia Germany Switzerland Denmark Canada Norway Sweden RussianFederation4 Austria3 Slovenia Israel SlovakRepublic NewZealand Hungary Finland UnitedKingdom Netherlands Luxembourg EU19average OECDaverage France Australia Iceland Belgium Poland Ireland Korea Chile2 Greece Italy Spain Turkey Portugal Mexico Brazil2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 271 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1. Excluding ISCED 3C short programmes 2. Year of reference 2004 3. Including some ISCED 3C short programmes 3. Year of reference 2003
  5. 5. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 5 A World of Change in Baseline Qualifications Approximated by percentage of persons with high school or equivalent qualifications in the age groups 55–64, 45–55, 45–44, and 25–34 years UnitedStates CzechRepublic Estonia Germany Switzerland Denmark Canada Norway Sweden RussianFederation4 Austria3 Slovenia Israel SlovakRepublic NewZealand Hungary Finland UnitedKingdom Netherlands Luxembourg EU19average OECDaverage France Australia Iceland Belgium Poland Ireland Korea Chile2 Greece Italy Spain Turkey Portugal Mexico Brazil2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 13 27 1 1 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1. Excluding ISCED 3C short programmes 2. Year of reference 2004 3. Including some ISCED 3C short programmes 3. Year of reference 2003
  6. 6. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 6 New Assessments on the Horizon  PISA (Program for International Student Assessment)  NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress) “I'm calling on our nation's governors and state education chiefs to develop standards and assessments that don't simply measure whether students can fill in a bubble on a test, but whether they possess 21st century skills like problem- solving and critical thinking and entrepreneurship and creativity” President Barack Obama, March 2009
  7. 7. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 7 The Three Benefits of Learning
  8. 8. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 8 The Three Benefits of Learning Learning £$¥ 元₨ £$¥ 元₨ Economic competitiveness
  9. 9. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 9 The Three Benefits of Learning Learning Social & environmental wellbeing
  10. 10. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 10 The Three Benefits of Learning Learning Lifelong personal prosperity
  11. 11. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 11 The Three Benefits of Learning Learning £$¥ 元₨ £$¥ 元₨ Economic competitiveness Lifelong personal prosperity Social & environmental wellbeing
  12. 12. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 12 The World Is Changing—Fast Globalization Sustainability Technology Demographic change Peace & security
  13. 13. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 13 How the Demand for Skills Has Changed Economy-wide measures of routine and non-routine task input (U.S.) Mean task input as percentiles of the 1960 task distribution. 40 45 50 55 60 65 1960 1970 1980 1990 2002 Non-Routine Interactive Non-Routine Analytic Routine Manual Routine Cognitive Non-Routine Manual The Dilemma of Schools The skills that are easiest to teach and test are also the ones that are easiest to digitize, automate, and outsource.
  14. 14. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 14 21st Century Learning Education 2.0 Education 3.0 Education 1.0 Supported Through an Adapted Reform Agenda High-quality Infrastructure & Technology Leadership, People & Culture 21st Century Skills Curriculum, Pedagogy & Assessment Achieved in Holistic Transformation Education 3.0 Traditional Education Systems Curriculum Teachers Accountability Leadership
  15. 15. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 15 The Education 3.0 Framework Leading Transformation Holistic Change Pace and Urgency Building Ownership Routes to Scale Sustainabl e Delivered in Partnershi p Assessment for Learning Flexible Learning Spaces Integrated Ecosystem of Partners ‘Next Practice’ Pedagogy Integrated Training —Technology and Pedagogy Innovation Management Ambitious, Collaborative, Innovative Culture 21st Century Curriculum High Standard of Educational Technology Data-Driven Accountability and Decisionmaking Excellent Teachers, Principals and System-Leaders Technology Vision Led From the Top Well-Governed and Managed System Visionary Leadership Student-Centred, Personalised Learning Infrastructure and Technology Policies, Procedures, and Management Leadership, People, and Culture Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Assessment
  16. 16. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 16 Elements of a 21st Century Curriculum Basic Skills Core Subjects and Technical Skills Disciplinary Knowledge 21st Century Skills Ethics, History, and Citizenship Specialized Subjects
  17. 17. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 17 21st Century Skills: Many Perspectives
  18. 18. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 18 1.The disciplined mind 2.The synthesizing mind 3.The creating mind 4.The respectful mind 5.The ethical mind Howard Gardner
  19. 19. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 19 Six New “Senses” 1. Design 2. Story 3. Symphony 4. Empathy 5. Play 6. Meaning Daniel Pink
  20. 20. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 20 Seven “Survival Skills” 1. Critical thinking and problem- solving 2. Collaboration across networks and leading by influence 3. Agility and adaptability 4. Initiative and entrepreneurialism 5. Effective oral and written communication 6. Accessing and analyzing information 7. Curiosity and imagination Tony Wagner
  21. 21. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 21 Partnership for 21st Century Skills (P21)
  22. 22. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 22 The OECD 1. The great collaborators and orchestrators 2. The great synthesizers 3. The great explainers 4. The great versatilists 5. The great personalizers 6. The great localizers
  23. 23. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 23 The Debate “The same ideas were iterated and reiterated by pedagogues across the twentieth century. Their call for 20th century skills sounds identical to the current effort to promote 21st century skills.” Diane Ravitch, Research Professor of Education, New York University “The error at the heart of P21 is the idea that skills are all-purpose muscles that, once developed, can be applied to new and unforeseen domains of experience.” E.D. Hirsch, Jr., former Professor of Education and Humanities, University of Virginia
  24. 24. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 24 A False Dichotomy  Not knowledge OR skills—knowledge AND skills  Not LESS knowledge—MORE knowledge through skills/relevance  Not summative OR formative assessment—BETTER summative and MORE formative assessment  The world's great thinkers have always possessed these skills, BUT: Never systematically taught to students Neglected due to emphasis on knowledge
  25. 25. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 25 In Summation: 21st Century Skills  Many consistent themes  A critical debate  Support from the Obama administration  Demands interpretation on a local, regional and national level by professional educators
  26. 26. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 26 Five Working Groups  Learning Environments & Formative Assessment Dr. John Bransford  Assessment Methodology Dr. Mark Wilson  Technology Dr. Beno Csapo  Measurable 21st C Skills Dr. Senta Raizen  Country Deployment and Use Barry McGaw Director Melbourne Education Research Institute (MERI) Australia Cisco-Intel-Microsoft Assessment Alliance
  27. 27. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 27 21st Century Skills in Action
  28. 28. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 28 New York City iSchool  Interdisciplinary, problem-based modules  Self-paced, individualized online coursework  College preparatory core experiences  Off-site field work  Integration of 21st century skills into all aspects of high school life Leadership Collaboration Interdisciplinary problem solving Personal accountability/advocacy
  29. 29. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 29  Established by the UK Royal Society for the Arts, Manufactures and Commerce  Built on the RSA Opening Minds framework  Five categories of competence Learning Citizenship Relating to people Managing situations Managing information RSA Academy, UK
  30. 30. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 30 High Tech High, San Diego  Project-Based Learning  Integrated study project  Authentic audience and product  Student activities Identification of life forms Student written history GIS mapmaking technology Observations, reflections, commentary  100% of students graduate and attend college
  31. 31. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 31 What Does This Mean for School Systems?  Save time—use technology to extend learning beyond the classroom  Incorporate 21st century skills across subjects  Listen to student feedback on what works  Monitor NAEP assessment movement toward 21st century skills  Don’t teach to the test every day—be brave!
  32. 32. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 32 A public service website for education leaders GET Informed, GET Inspired, GET Involved A place to GET connected and GET students ready to succeed in the 21st century •Thought leaders •Blogs •Case studies •Webinars •News •Videos •Resources •More Join the Dialogue
  33. 33. © 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 33

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