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  2. 2. ghandidoss/IWATE/2 My heartfelt thanks and acknowledgement to……… IWATE PREFECTURAL UNIVERSITY Prof. Makoto Taniguchi, President Prof. Muthu Rajendran
  3. 3. ghandidoss/IWATE/3 The INDIA you may not know  31 states  1618 languages  6 Major Religion  6 Ethnic groups  29 Major Festivals AND ONE COUNTRY
  4. 4. ghandidoss/IWATE/4 Where and how do I begin !!!  Social welfare has long history  Community Development just waiting for an exit from the scene due to GLOBAL approach to development  Environment- hanging like sword above us Topic like this set ones mind on parade…. The more I know…..less I speak !!!!The more I know…..less I speak !!!!
  5. 5. ghandidoss/IWATE/5 What is common…….  Community development and social welfare occurs in a specific socio, cultural and political milieu.  What is forgotten , it also occurs in an specific ecological environment which is source influence to all other specifics.
  6. 6. ghandidoss/IWATE/6 Community development  Community development came mainly in Afro Asian counters after II world War and Countries independence. The profile was:  1. Specific economic model, other than the model of the west;  2. An inclusive approach to social welfare and services;  3. A specific programs model for rural development also popularly known as community development
  7. 7. ghandidoss/IWATE/7 The strategy………. The community development programme sought to be achieved by restructuring or aggressively changing,  a. radical land reforms  b. employment in rural areas in non-form sector  c. technocratic policies in development
  8. 8. ghandidoss/IWATE/8 Common disease but different prescriptions…CD and approaches  Spirit of Nationalism and patriotism coupled with genuine concern for people to sustain democracy or hard fought freedom  Marxism and development  Western concept of modernization  Multilateral Institutions and UN approach to development  Human Development Index and concept of development  Millennium development Goals
  9. 9. ghandidoss/IWATE/9 Symptom diagnosis….or cause diagnosis ????  Community development in a way ‘de-linked’ the poor from the process of development  Political and social exclusions of women from effective participation added to the woes of growth  The local initiative has become global to day. The negative effects of exclusion affected the poor and marginalized groups.
  10. 10. ghandidoss/IWATE/10 This is the paradoxThis is the paradox those who lived with naturethose who lived with nature lost their ‘survival environment’lost their ‘survival environment’ and those ‘live with technology’and those ‘live with technology’ need nature to surviveneed nature to survive
  11. 11. ghandidoss/IWATE/11 Democracy and welfare state  The primary role of state always been – to regulate, to protect and to care for its subjects  Welfare activities are the ‘ souls’ of a state.  There can’t be a welfare state without welfare activities You cant teach what you do not knowYou cant teach what you do not know Nor lead where you do not goNor lead where you do not go
  12. 12. ghandidoss/IWATE/12 Social welfare…welfare or wellbeing ???  The main principle of welfare is relatively simple,  that recognizes every member of the community is entitled solely because that person is a human being and entitled to a minimum standard of living. ( human righthuman right perspective )perspective )
  13. 13. ghandidoss/IWATE/13 Welfare and social issues  Asian pacific countries share certain common social issues-  unemployment, illiteracy, ethnic strife, religious bigotry, corruption, questionable political leadership and poverty plenty.  It is also to be noted that non-market economics are embedded in social realities.
  14. 14. ghandidoss/IWATE/14 Porous in the boundaries of welfare  The content and focus of social welfare constantly changes  vulnerable and excluded people constantly redefine the boundaries of the needy and welfare.  Example: women and weaker sections; child and child labour: displaced and development; ethnicity and language
  15. 15. ghandidoss/IWATE/15 Social movement and welfare  social movements occupy the social spaces created by the decline of mainstream politics.  Social movements enhanced the scope of welfare from time to time. To cite an example, eco-feminism  In the developing world, the concept welfare increased the aspiration of people rather than building capacity of the people ?
  16. 16. ghandidoss/IWATE/16 The welfare to day  1. All those state intervention action to promote / stimulate economic and social progress (HDI/MDG) through various subsidies or direct ownership of actions  2. Actions for people driven in to ‘social exclusion’ for Inclusive growth (affirmative action).
  17. 17. ghandidoss/IWATE/17 The ecstasy and agony  Asians impressive economic growth is characterized by serious of social inequalities. . Three kinds of inequalities exits today:  a. maternal and foetal under –nutrition and mal – nutrition;  b. Inclusive economic growth covers all forms of intra- generational equality (except China and Vietnam);  c. Inter generational inequity
  18. 18. ghandidoss/IWATE/18 Is welfare a national agenda ??  The concept of civil society and human rights crosses national boundaries.  Time is not far when social welfare will not be a domain of national policy.  This is the impact of globalization and environment
  19. 19. ghandidoss/IWATE/19 The story… an end or new beginning !!  In the last century, we witnessed War and diseases, this century birth itself came with a global warning. ( Tsunami, Hurricane in US)  The balance of nature is delicate but essential for life. Humans have upset the balance.  Community development and social welfare were and are the soothing balm for national construction and development
  20. 20. ghandidoss/IWATE/20 Mother earth… service with reverence  Beyond nations, the planet earth is the sustaining force of all our deeds. For good deeds there is no North or South.  We continue to learn and unlearn and again learn to learn the “Unlearned’..  We end where we have started
  21. 21. ghandidoss/IWATE/21 The history.. beyond story a life for all  History is the best teacher but only the fees is heavy  Needs and desires of mankind represent the crux of our assessment. This doe not mean plants and animals do not also have the rights, but that focus will always be on human evaluation’
  22. 22. ghandidoss/IWATE/22 Let us be alive to surviveLet us be alive to survive So long as faith is kept alive Nation and people will survive.