IMPACT OF THE ENVIRONMENT
ASIAN COMMUNTY DEVELOPMENT
WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO SOCIAL
IWATE PREFECTURAL UNIVERSITY
OCTOBER 17-18, 2008
My heartfelt thanks and acknowledgement
IWATE PREFECTURAL UNIVERSITY
Prof. Makoto Taniguchi, President
Prof. Muthu Rajendran
The INDIA you may not know
6 Major Religion
6 Ethnic groups
29 Major Festivals
Where and how do I begin !!!
Social welfare has long history
Community Development just waiting for an
exit from the scene due to GLOBAL
approach to development
Environment- hanging like sword above us
Topic like this set ones mind on parade….
The more I know…..less I speak !!!!The more I know…..less I speak !!!!
What is common…….
Community development and social welfare
occurs in a specific socio, cultural and
What is forgotten , it also occurs in an
specific ecological environment which is
source influence to all other specifics.
Community development came mainly in Afro Asian
counters after II world War and Countries
independence. The profile was:
1. Specific economic model, other than the model of
2. An inclusive approach to social welfare and
3. A specific programs model for rural development
also popularly known as community development
The community development programme
sought to be achieved by restructuring or
a. radical land reforms
b. employment in rural areas in non-form
c. technocratic policies in development
Common disease but different
prescriptions…CD and approaches
Spirit of Nationalism and patriotism coupled with
genuine concern for people to sustain
democracy or hard fought freedom
Marxism and development
Western concept of modernization
Multilateral Institutions and UN approach to
Human Development Index and concept of
Millennium development Goals
Symptom diagnosis….or cause
Community development in a way ‘de-linked’ the
poor from the process of development
Political and social exclusions of women from
effective participation added to the woes of growth
The local initiative has become global to day. The
negative effects of exclusion affected the poor and
This is the paradoxThis is the paradox
those who lived with naturethose who lived with nature
lost their ‘survival environment’lost their ‘survival environment’
and those ‘live with technology’and those ‘live with technology’
need nature to surviveneed nature to survive
Democracy and welfare state
The primary role of state always been – to
regulate, to protect and to care for its
Welfare activities are the ‘ souls’ of a state.
There can’t be a welfare state without welfare
You cant teach what you do not knowYou cant teach what you do not know
Nor lead where you do not goNor lead where you do not go
Social welfare…welfare or wellbeing ???
The main principle of welfare is relatively
that recognizes every member of the
community is entitled solely because that
person is a human being and entitled to a
minimum standard of living. ( human righthuman right
perspective )perspective )
Welfare and social issues
Asian pacific countries share certain
common social issues-
unemployment, illiteracy, ethnic strife,
religious bigotry, corruption, questionable
political leadership and poverty plenty.
It is also to be noted that non-market
economics are embedded in social realities.
Porous in the boundaries of welfare
The content and focus of social welfare
vulnerable and excluded people constantly
redefine the boundaries of the needy and
Example: women and weaker sections; child
and child labour: displaced and development;
ethnicity and language
Social movement and welfare
social movements occupy the social spaces created
by the decline of mainstream politics.
Social movements enhanced the scope of welfare
from time to time. To cite an example, eco-feminism
In the developing world, the concept welfare
increased the aspiration of people rather than
building capacity of the people ?
The welfare to day
1. All those state intervention action to
promote / stimulate economic and social
progress (HDI/MDG) through various
subsidies or direct ownership of actions
2. Actions for people driven in to ‘social
exclusion’ for Inclusive growth (affirmative
The ecstasy and agony
Asians impressive economic growth is characterized
by serious of social inequalities. . Three kinds of
inequalities exits today:
a. maternal and foetal under –nutrition and mal –
b. Inclusive economic growth covers all forms of
intra- generational equality (except China and
c. Inter generational inequity
Is welfare a national agenda ??
The concept of civil society and human rights
crosses national boundaries.
Time is not far when social welfare will not be
a domain of national policy.
This is the impact of globalization and
The story… an end or new beginning !!
In the last century, we witnessed War and diseases,
this century birth itself came with a global warning.
( Tsunami, Hurricane in US)
The balance of nature is delicate but essential for
life. Humans have upset the balance.
Community development and social welfare were
and are the soothing balm for national construction
Mother earth… service with reverence
Beyond nations, the planet earth is the
sustaining force of all our deeds. For good
deeds there is no North or South.
We continue to learn and unlearn and again
learn to learn the “Unlearned’..
We end where we have started
The history.. beyond story a life for all
History is the best teacher but only the fees
Needs and desires of mankind represent the
crux of our assessment. This doe not mean
plants and animals do not also have the
but that focus will always be on human
Let us be alive to surviveLet us be alive to survive
So long as faith is kept alive
Nation and people will survive.