trade to territory


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trade to territory

  1. 1. Ghanashyam S. Katti VIII-B From Trade To Territory
  2. 2. POINTS <ul><li>Aurangzeb was the last powerful Mughal ruler. ( died in 1707 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bahadur Shah Zafar was forced to leave the kingdom in 1857. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1600 East India Company acquired a charter from the ruler of England. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantile companies in those days primarily to make more profit. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MUGHAL EMPEROR AURANGZEB </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>ENGLAND RULER-QUEEN ELIZABETH 1 </li></ul>
  6. 6. POINTS <ul><li>The sea route to India was discovered by Vasco Da Gama in 1498. </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards French came to trade in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Fine quality silk and cotton was produced in India. </li></ul><ul><li>In 17th to 18th century the traders sank each other's ship. </li></ul><ul><li>Effort to fortify settlements and carry profitable trade led to conflict amongst local rulers </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Vasco Da Gama </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>THE SEA ROUTE </li></ul>
  9. 9. POINTS <ul><li>The 1st factory of East India Company was set up on the banks of river Hughli in 1651. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1696 it began building forts around the settlements. </li></ul><ul><li>Kolkata was first Kalikata ,then Calcutta and afterwards became Kolkata. </li></ul><ul><li>Farman is a royal edict, royal order. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time Murshid Quli Khan was the Nawab of Bengal </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>LOCAL BOATS CARRYING GOODS FROM MADRAS </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>MURSHID QULI KHAN </li></ul>
  12. 12. POINTS <ul><li>After Aurangzeb's death the Bengal Nawabs asserted their power and autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Murshid Quli Khan was followed by Alivardi Khan and then by Sirajuddaulah as the Nawab of Bengal. </li></ul><ul><li>The conflicts led to confrontations and finally culminated in the famous battle of Plassey. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>ALIVARDI KHAN </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>SIRAJUDDAULAH KHAN </li></ul>
  15. 15. POINTS <ul><li>Alivardi khan died in 1756 , Sirajddaulah became the Nawab of Bengal. </li></ul><ul><li>Sirajddaulah marched 30,000 soldiers to the English factory at Kassimbazar ,captured the company officials, locked the warehouse, disarmed all Englishmen and blockaded English ships. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally in 1757 Robert Clive led the company's army against Sirajddaulah at Plassey. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>ROBERT CLIVE </li></ul>
  17. 17. POINTS <ul><li>Robert Clive promised Mir Jafar that if he wins the battle against Sirajddaulah he will make him the Nawab of Bengal. </li></ul><ul><li>Sirajddaulah was assassinated and Mir Jafar was made the Nawab. </li></ul><ul><li>Mir Jafar was deposed because he was protesting for dignity and sovereignty and hence was replaced by Mir Qasim. </li></ul><ul><li>Mir Qasim lost the war at Buxar in 1764 and Mir Jafar was reinstalled. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>MIR JAFAR </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>MIR QASIM </li></ul>
  20. 20. POINTS <ul><li>In 17th-18th century Nawabs had to pay 5,00,000 rupees. </li></ul><ul><li>Mir Jafar died in 1765. And Clive declared -&quot;We must indeed become Nawabs ourselves&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Clive collected 401,102 pounds of Indian fortune. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Clive committed suicide in 1774. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Nabobs is an English word for Nawab. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>TIPU SULTAN </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>TIPU'S TOY TIGER </li></ul>
  23. 23. POINTS <ul><li>Richard Wellesley had to pay a little part of his territory as a penalty. </li></ul><ul><li>Haider Ali was the ruler of Mysore from 1761 to 1782. </li></ul><ul><li>Tipu Sultan stopped the export of sandalwood, pepper and cardamom. </li></ul><ul><li>Haider and Tipu together were ambitious , arrogant and dangerous. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>RICHARD WELLESLEY </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>HAIDER ALI </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>CORNWALLIS </li></ul>
  28. 28. POINTS <ul><li>From the late 18th century British also wanted to destroy Maratha power. </li></ul><ul><li>Mahadji Sindhia and Nana Phandis were two famous Maratha soldiers who fought the battle in Panipat. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally in 1817-19 Britishers crushed the Marathas. </li></ul><ul><li>A new policy &quot;Paramountcy&quot; was initiated by Lord Hastings. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>MAHADJI SINDHIA </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>NANA PHANDIS </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>LORD HASTINGS </li></ul>
  32. 32. POINTS <ul><li>In late 13th century East India Company began worrying about Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Maharaja Ranjit Singh died in 1839. </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General from 1848 to 1856. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1856 the company took over Awadh. </li></ul><ul><li>Warren Hastings was one of the many Important figures who played a significant role in company power expansion. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>MAHARAJA RANJIT SINGH </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>LORD DALHOUSIE </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>WARREN HASTINGS </li></ul>
  36. 36. POINTS <ul><li>From 1772 a new system of justice was established. </li></ul><ul><li>Qazi is a word for court judge. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1775 eleven pandits were asked to compile a digest of Hindu laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Sawars are trained soldiers on horseback. </li></ul><ul><li>The cavalry requirements of the company's army declined. </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>THE TRIAL OF WARREN HASTINGS </li></ul>
  38. 38. POINTS <ul><li>In the early 19th century the British began to develop a uniform military culture. </li></ul><ul><li>British empire was fighting in Burma, Afghanistan and Egypt where soldiers were armed with muskets and matchlocks. </li></ul><ul><li>The Revolt of 1857 gives us a glimpse in to the world of sepoys. </li></ul>
  39. 39. QUESTIONS <ul><li>Q1.In which year did Aurangzeb die? </li></ul><ul><li>Q2.Who discovered the sea route in India to and when? </li></ul><ul><li>Q3. Kolkata was first Kalikata then_______ </li></ul><ul><li>and afterwards Kolkata. </li></ul><ul><li>Q4.Alivardi Khan died in which year? </li></ul><ul><li>Q5.In 1856 the company took over ________. </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>