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Expository Texts


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How to enable teachers to help their students to appreciate expository texts.

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Expository Texts

  1. 1. Types of Expository Texts Course:- CTGE 5910 Professor: S. Fink Teacher:- G. Haitram
  2. 2. What is expository text? <ul><li>Expository writing is a mode of writing in which the purpose of the author is to inform, explain, describe, or define his or her subject to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of expository texts are textbooks, encyclopedias, scientific books/journals, atlases, directions, guides, biographies, newspapers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. There are five types of Expository Texts. These are:- <ul><li>Sequence or time order </li></ul><ul><li>Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-Solution </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sequence or Time Order <ul><li>This type of expository text is often used to present events such as the French and Indian War (in history class) or cell division (in biology class). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Listing <ul><li>Listing (or description) is used to explain the features of an object or event. Biology textbooks list the features of reptiles, giving their body temperature, reproductive habits, eating habits, etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Compare and Contrast <ul><li>Compare and contrast involves discussing similarities and differences. A Social Studies book might compare the Government of the United States and the Government of Great Britain. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cause-Effect <ul><li>A cause-effect pattern outlines reasons for events. The author describes an event (such as the American Revolutionary War) and explains what caused the event and the effects that followed from it. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problem-Solution <ul><li>Problem-Solution pattern discuss a problem and then suggest possible solutions. A history author might discuss the events of FDR’s life in terms of problems he faced and how he solved them. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Before Reading Expository Texts <ul><li>Walking through a selection </li></ul><ul><li>Using an anticipated guide </li></ul><ul><li>Using K-W-L </li></ul><ul><li>Using word webs </li></ul><ul><li>Using a read-aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Using a think-pair-and-share </li></ul><ul><li>Previewing </li></ul><ul><li>Skimming and scanning </li></ul>
  10. 10. When Reading Expository Texts <ul><li>Marking and highlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Clarifying </li></ul><ul><li>Visualizing </li></ul><ul><li>Predicting </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and connecting </li></ul><ul><li>Directed Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Predicting </li></ul><ul><li>Using graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Using reciprocal reading questions </li></ul><ul><li>Retelling </li></ul><ul><li>Making double-entry journals </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gathering Your Thoughts <ul><li>Discussing in pairs and small groups </li></ul><ul><li>Clustering details </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing a place </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Quick writing </li></ul><ul><li>Using anecdotes </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing and contrasting </li></ul><ul><li>Using a graphic organizer </li></ul><ul><li>Using story board </li></ul>