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The Ethical Implications of the Socio-
political Conditions in the Arab
Countries on the Research Involving
Arab Women
Gha...
Disclosure
• I have no conflicts of interests
Outline
• Overview on some development indicators related to the
women in Arab countries
• The range of ethical issues rel...
How many women in the Arab region?
Source: Arab Human Development Reports (http://www.arab-hdr.org/data/map/)
Gender Inequality Index (GII)
• The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is a new index for
measurement of gender disparity
• GII...
GII in Arab Countries
More specific indicators
Education
• female illiteracy (50%, cf. to 33% among males)
Health
• MMR averages 270 deaths (up ...
How do these affect research ethics?
• 'uninformed'
consent
• Vulnerability
• Proxy-consent
• over-targeted
• coercion
• o...
How shall we act?
• More detailed protocols (e.g.
recruitment)
• More simplified consents (pilot)
As researchers
• Require...
Reference & Contact information
• The Arab Human Development Report 2005 “Towards the Rise of Women in
the Arab World”, Un...
The Ethical Implications of the Socio-political Conditions in the Arab Countries on the Research Involving Arab Women
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My talk to the Regional Bioethics Conference on Women's Ethical Issues, held in Beirut 2014.
Outline:
Overview on some development indicators related to the women in Arab countries
The range of ethical issues related to the participation of women in research
How do the socio-economical conditions ethically impact the Arab women’s participation in research?

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The Ethical Implications of the Socio-political Conditions in the Arab Countries on the Research Involving Arab Women

  1. 1. The Ethical Implications of the Socio- political Conditions in the Arab Countries on the Research Involving Arab Women Ghaiath Hussein, MBBS, MHSc (Bioethics) Doctoral Researcher (University of Birmingham, UK) Email: ghaiathme@gmail.com
  2. 2. Disclosure • I have no conflicts of interests
  3. 3. Outline • Overview on some development indicators related to the women in Arab countries • The range of ethical issues related to the participation of women in research • How do the socio-economical conditions ethically impact the Arab women’s participation in research
  4. 4. How many women in the Arab region? Source: Arab Human Development Reports (http://www.arab-hdr.org/data/map/)
  5. 5. Gender Inequality Index (GII) • The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is a new index for measurement of gender disparity • GII is a composite measure which captures the loss of achievement, within a country, due to gender inequality, and • uses three dimensions to do so: reproductive health, empowerment, and labor market participation. (Wikipedia; UNDP 2010)
  6. 6. GII in Arab Countries
  7. 7. More specific indicators Education • female illiteracy (50%, cf. to 33% among males) Health • MMR averages 270 deaths (up to 1000) per 100,000 live births Economy • Arab women’s economic participation less than 33.3% (globally 55.6%) Legally • Personal status and labour legislations restrict women’s freedom (e.g. requiring a father’s or a husband’s permission to work or borrow from financial institutions)
  8. 8. How do these affect research ethics? • 'uninformed' consent • Vulnerability • Proxy-consent • over-targeted • coercion • over-inclusion (easy access) • Coercion • Proxy-consents • injustice - inequality Poverty & financial independe nce Poor health Illeteracy Lack of legal protection
  9. 9. How shall we act? • More detailed protocols (e.g. recruitment) • More simplified consents (pilot) As researchers • Require more details in protocols • Monitoring & follow-up • Involve and Train community members As ethics committees • To advocate & raise community awareness • Act as “whistle blowers” At community level (Local NGOs and CBOs)
  10. 10. Reference & Contact information • The Arab Human Development Report 2005 “Towards the Rise of Women in the Arab World”, United nations development programme (UNDP), Arab Fund For economic and social development, and Arab gulf programme For United nations development organizations (http://www.arab- hdr.org/publications/other/ahdr/ahdr2005e.pdf) • To contact me: Ghaiath Hussein, Doctoral Researcher (University of Birmingham, UK) Address: Room 122, Public Health Building (Y17) University of Birmingham Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK Mobile: +447907731427 E-mail: ghaiathme@gmail.com

My talk to the Regional Bioethics Conference on Women's Ethical Issues, held in Beirut 2014. Outline: Overview on some development indicators related to the women in Arab countries The range of ethical issues related to the participation of women in research How do the socio-economical conditions ethically impact the Arab women’s participation in research?

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