How OpenStack is paralleling Linux adoption (and how it isn't)

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OpenStack is paralleling and will likely continue to parallel the adoption of another open source project that has become enormously popular and successful—namely Linux. The parallels are educational and useful in that they lend insight into the rate at which adoption takes place and what we might expect successful adoption to look like. At the same time, this session will provide appropriate caveats about assuming that OpenStack can be viewed as just a latter-day Linux. By applying this sort of historical perspective, we can better understand what might be the most effective approaches to collaboration, community-building, and cooperation moving forward.

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How OpenStack is paralleling Linux adoption (and how it isn't)

  1. 1. 1 How OpenStack is Paralleling Linux Adoption (and how it isn’t) Gordon Haff Cloud Product Strategy Red Hat 27 March 2014
  2. 2. 2 About Me •  Red Hat Cloud Product Strategy •  Twitter: @ghaff •  Google+: Gordon Haff •  Email: ghaff@redhat.com •  Blog: http://bitmason.blogspot.com •  Formerly: Illuminata (industry analyst), Data General (minicomputers/Unix/NUMA/etc.)
  3. 3. 3 A tale of two projects
  4. 4. 4 Linux was part and parcel of new computing wave Linux came of age during the Internet infrastructure build-out Transitions create opportunities Transitions require new approaches Source: Hobbes Internet timeline
  5. 5. 5 OpenStack is as well By 2020… 40% of the industry's revenue and 98% of its growth will be driven by 3rd Platform technologies that today represent just 22% of ICT spending. IDC, 2013
  6. 6. 6 But environment then much different
  7. 7. 7 From today …mainstream IT organizations cannot ignore the influence and presence of OSS in their technology road maps... Those that do so place themselves at risk for technical and legal nightmare scenarios and/or miss out on significant competitive business value. Gartner, Hype Cycle for Open-Source Software, 2013
  8. 8. 8 Open source 1990-2005: Commoditization •  Innovation on the development and business models •  Breaking down vertical stacks •  Linux (specifically) enabled cross-platform *nix •  Democratizing access •  “Good enough” replacements for expensive and proprietary
  9. 9. 9 Open source 2005-2015: Innovation* *YMMV depending upon workload type
  10. 10. 10 Adoption happens at uneven rates The future has arrived — It’s just not evenly distributed yet. William Gibson Credit: Gonzo Bonzo, Wikimedia Commons
  11. 11. 11 Adoption differs by industry and geography Credit: Wikimedia based on Geoffrey Moore’s technology adoption lifecycle
  12. 12. 12 Adoption differs by workload •  rover.redhat.com •  Unique snowflakes •  Nurse back to health •  piggie142.redhat.com •  Almost identical •  Simply replace “Pets” a.k.a. traditional workloads “Farm animals” a.k.a. cloud workloads Credit: Tim Bell at CERN, Bill Baker at Microsoft, & others
  13. 13. 13 Widespread adoption isn’t immediate
  14. 14. 14 OpenStack is only 4ish years old July 2010: OpenStack launches Oct 2010: Austin code release Nov 2010: 1st design summit Sept 2011: Diablo release Sept 2012: OpenStack Foundation launches. Folsom release. Oct 2013: Havana release.
  15. 15. 15 Source: Linux Foundation, March 2012 Richness of community matters % Changes to Linux Kernel 2007-2012
  16. 16. 16 Commits in the OpenStack Havana release Source: Bitergia
  17. 17. 17 But also differences •  Governance •  (Initial) motivation •  Licensing •  Structure of project
  18. 18. 18 A Trend Towards Permissive Licensing •  Proven success of development model •  Commercialization •  Increased emphasis on communities Source: Donnie Berkholz, RedMonk, April 2013
  19. 19. 19 Governance less understood than licenses Source: http://www.visionmobile.com/blog/2009/08/open-is-the-new-closed/
  20. 20. 20 Commercial distributions aid business consumption
  21. 21. 21 Linux complements and ecosystem •  Open source projects •  ISV certifications •  Hardware certifications •  Device drivers •  Training and education •  Commercialization & support •  Consulting
  22. 22. 22 OpenStack is similar •  Host & guest operating systems •  Platform-as-a-Service •  Cloud management platform •  Hardware enablement and certifications •  Training and education •  Commercialization & support •  Consulting
  23. 23. 23 Takeaways •  Transitions create opportunities •  Don’t expect overnight perfection •  Community matters •  Governance matters (but it’s complicated) •  Consumability matters •  Ecosystem matters
  24. 24. 24 Is it true that: Happy open source projects are all alike; every unhappy open source project is unhappy in its own way?
  25. 25. 25 QUESTIONS & LEARN MORE MY INFO Twitter: @ghaff Google+: Gordon Haff Email: ghaff@redhat.com Blog: http://bitmason.blogspot.com

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