Power, politics & influence ghadeer

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Dont let people pull you into their storm. pull them into your peace. by your influence and power

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Power, politics & influence ghadeer

  1. 1. 1Power, Politics, andPower, Politics, andInfluenceInfluencePresented By:Presented By:Ghadeer Al- DweikGhadeer Al- DweikChapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  2. 2. 2Out lineOut line Objectives.Objectives. Introduction.Introduction. History.History. Power.Power. Nurses and power.Nurses and power. Types of Power.Types of Power. Empowerment.Empowerment. Strategies for Developing a powerful Image.Strategies for Developing a powerful Image. Factors contribute to oneFactors contribute to one’’s power image.s power image. Personal Power Strategies.Personal Power Strategies. Politics.Politics. Influence.Influence.
  3. 3. 3ObjectivesObjectivesAt the end of this presentation each one will beAt the end of this presentation each one will beable to:able to: Apply the concept of power to leadership andApply the concept of power to leadership andmanagement in nursing.management in nursing. Use different types power in the exercise ofUse different types power in the exercise ofnursing leadership.nursing leadership. Develop a power image for effective nursingDevelop a power image for effective nursingleadership.leadership. Use appropriate strategies for exercisingUse appropriate strategies for exercisingpower to influence the politics of the work.power to influence the politics of the work.
  4. 4. 4IntroductionIntroduction The profession of nursing develop at time whenThe profession of nursing develop at time whenwomen had limited legal rights.women had limited legal rights. Women were viewed as neither powerful norWomen were viewed as neither powerful norpolitical; in the late nineteenth century , feminine andpolitical; in the late nineteenth century , feminine andpowerful were practically contradictory terms.powerful were practically contradictory terms. During the twentieth century role womenDuring the twentieth century role womenchangedchangedChapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  5. 5. 5HistoryHistory In the nursing profession: the exercise of power wasIn the nursing profession: the exercise of power wasconsidered inappropriate, unladylike andconsidered inappropriate, unladylike andunprofessional.unprofessional. Many decision about nursing education and practiceMany decision about nursing education and practicewere often made by persons outside of nursing.were often made by persons outside of nursing. Nurses began to exercise their collective power withNurses began to exercise their collective power withthe rise of nursing leadersthe rise of nursing leadersChapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  6. 6. 6Cont.. HistoryCont.. History American Medical Association (AMA) , in 1988 ,American Medical Association (AMA) , in 1988 ,proposed a new category of healthcare worker toproposed a new category of healthcare worker toreplace nurses during a time of nursing shortage ,replace nurses during a time of nursing shortage ,nurses and nursing organizations respondednurses and nursing organizations respondedpowerfully.powerfully. In this new century , nurses must be skilled andIn this new century , nurses must be skilled andconfident in exercising power to ensure theconfident in exercising power to ensure thecontinuing development of the profession and that thecontinuing development of the profession and that thevoice of nurses will be heard in shaping the future ofvoice of nurses will be heard in shaping the future ofthe healthcare system.the healthcare system. Nurses must exercise their power to create aNurses must exercise their power to create apreferred future for the healthcare system, healthcarepreferred future for the healthcare system, healthcareconsumers , and the profession of nursing.consumers , and the profession of nursing.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  7. 7. 7PowerPower Power is the ability to influence others in the effortPower is the ability to influence others in the effortto achieve goals (Yoder-Wise)to achieve goals (Yoder-Wise) As having control , influence , or domination overAs having control , influence , or domination oversomething or someone.something or someone. The ability to get things done.The ability to get things done. Power includes caring practices by nurses which arePower includes caring practices by nurses which areused to empower patients.used to empower patients. Power also be viewed as a positive , infinite forcePower also be viewed as a positive , infinite forcethat helps to establish the possibility that people canthat helps to establish the possibility that people canfree themselves from oppression (ANA).free themselves from oppression (ANA).Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  8. 8. 8Nurses and powerNurses and power Nurses have sometimes viewed power as if it wereNurses have sometimes viewed power as if it weresomething immoral ,corrupting , and totallysomething immoral ,corrupting , and totallycontradictory to the caring nature of nursing.contradictory to the caring nature of nursing. Nurses regularly influence patients in an effort toNurses regularly influence patients in an effort toimprove their health status as an essential element ofimprove their health status as an essential element ofnursing practice.nursing practice. When nurses are providing health teaching toWhen nurses are providing health teaching topatients and their families, their goal is to providepatients and their families, their goal is to provideneeded information and to change behavior toneeded information and to change behavior topromote optimal health that is an exercise of powerpromote optimal health that is an exercise of powerin nursing practice.in nursing practice. Chapter 25 Yoder-Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseWise
  9. 9. 9Nurses and powerNurses and power Changing a colleagueChanging a colleague’’s behavior bys behavior byinstructing him or her about a new policyinstructing him or her about a new policybeing implemented on the nursing unit isbeing implemented on the nursing unit isanother example of how a nurse can exerciseanother example of how a nurse can exercisepower.power. Coaching a nurse to improve his or herCoaching a nurse to improve his or herperformance is an exercise of power.performance is an exercise of power. Bases of power , which are most easilyBases of power , which are most easilyunderstood as sources or type of social powerunderstood as sources or type of social powerthat apply readily to the power exercised bythat apply readily to the power exercised bynurses.nurses.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  10. 10. 10Power TypesPower Types Coercive PowerCoercive Power Reward PowerReward Power Expert PowerExpert Power Legitimate PowerLegitimate Power Referent PowerReferent Power Information PowerInformation Power Connection PowerConnection PowerChapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  11. 11. 11EmpowermentEmpowerment Empowerment is process by which we facilitate ofEmpowerment is process by which we facilitate ofothers in decision making and taking action within anothers in decision making and taking action within anenvironment where there is an equitable distributionenvironment where there is an equitable distributionof power.of power. Empowerment is the process by which power isEmpowerment is the process by which power isshared with colleagues and patients as part of theshared with colleagues and patients as part of thenursenurse’’s exercise of power.s exercise of power. Nurses view; nurses have too often viewed power asNurses view; nurses have too often viewed power asa finite quantitya finite quantity ““if I give you some of my power , Iif I give you some of my power , Iwill have less.will have less. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  12. 12. 12Cont.. EmpowermentCont.. Empowerment Empowerment emphasizes the notion that powerEmpowerment emphasizes the notion that powergrows when shared.grows when shared. Nurses who view power as finite will avoidNurses who view power as finite will avoidcooperation with their colleagues and refuse to sharecooperation with their colleagues and refuse to sharetheir expertise.their expertise. Nurses who conceptualize power as infinite areNurses who conceptualize power as infinite arestrong collaborators who gain satisfaction by helpingstrong collaborators who gain satisfaction by helpingtheir colleagues expand their expertise and theirtheir colleagues expand their expertise and theirpower base.power base.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  13. 13. 13Empowerment and leadershipEmpowerment and leadershipskillsskills Coaching Mentoring Collective Action Delegating
  14. 14. 14Nursing empowerment modelNursing empowerment model This model summarized the main strategies toThis model summarized the main strategies toempower nurses; the objective of this model was toempower nurses; the objective of this model was tosupports professional growth and empowerment ofsupports professional growth and empowerment ofnurses by restructuring the nursing system.nurses by restructuring the nursing system. Nursing empowerment model present three mainNursing empowerment model present three maincategories and each has 1categories and each has 1––3 subcategories.3 subcategories.(Hajbaghery M, Salsali M. 2005) A model for(Hajbaghery M, Salsali M. 2005) A model forempowerment of nursing in Iran. )empowerment of nursing in Iran. )
  15. 15. 15Nursing empowerment modelNursing empowerment modelContCont,,,,,, Category 1: personal empowerment strategy:Category 1: personal empowerment strategy: Having authorityHaving authority Professional self-confidenceProfessional self-confidence Application of professional knowledge and skills.Application of professional knowledge and skills. Category 2: collective empowerment strategy:Category 2: collective empowerment strategy: Supportive managementSupportive management UnityUnity Category 3: the culture and structure of organizationCategory 3: the culture and structure of organizationstrategystrategy
  16. 16. 16Figure(1Figure(1((((Hajbaghery M, Salsali M. 2005) A model for empowerment ofHajbaghery M, Salsali M. 2005) A model for empowerment ofnursing in Iran. )nursing in Iran. )
  17. 17. 17Figure(2Figure(2((
  18. 18. 18Figure(3Figure(3((
  19. 19. 19Empowering newgraduate nurses andnurses working inhospitalEffectiverole modelsteacherEducationsystemLeadershipempowermentEmpoweringnursing studentNurse selfempowermentNursing Empowerment ProtocolEffectiveorientationprogramCoachingMentoringChange inthe nursesperceptionofthemselvesand theirroleMentorshipContinuingeducation programEBPDelegatingTeam workCollective ActionOrganizationalempowermentParticipativemanagementJobenrichmentRecognitionSharedgovernanceGhadeer Dweik Nursing Empowerment ModelGhadeer Dweik Nursing Empowerment Model
  20. 20. 20Factors contribute power imageFactors contribute power image Self-image: thinking of oneSelf-image: thinking of one’’s self as powerful ands self as powerful andeffective.effective. Grooming and dress: ensuring that clothing, hair,Grooming and dress: ensuring that clothing, hair,and general appearance are neat , clean , andand general appearance are neat , clean , andappropriate to the situation.appropriate to the situation. Good mangers: treating people with courtesy andGood mangers: treating people with courtesy andrespect.respect. Body Language: maintaining good posture , usingBody Language: maintaining good posture , usinggestures that avoid too much drama, maintaininggestures that avoid too much drama, maintaininggood eye contact, and being confident in yourgood eye contact, and being confident in yourmovement.movement. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  21. 21. 21ContCont…… FactorsFactors Speech: using a firm, confident voice; good grammarSpeech: using a firm, confident voice; good grammarand diction; an appropriate vocabulary; and strongand diction; an appropriate vocabulary; and strongcommunication skills.communication skills. Attitudes and beliefs are another important aspect ofAttitudes and beliefs are another important aspect ofa powerful image; they reflect onea powerful image; they reflect one’’s valuess values Believing that power is a positive force in nursing isBelieving that power is a positive force in nursing isessential to oneessential to one’’s powerful image .s powerful image . A firm belief in nursing value to society and theA firm belief in nursing value to society and thecentrality of nursing contribution to the healthcarecentrality of nursing contribution to the healthcaredelivery system is also important.delivery system is also important. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  22. 22. 22ContCont…… FactorsFactors Commitment to nursing career: having a career commitmentCommitment to nursing career: having a career commitmentimplies that a nurse view him self or her self first and foremostimplies that a nurse view him self or her self first and foremostas a member of the discipline of nursing with an obligation toas a member of the discipline of nursing with an obligation tomake a contribution to the profession.make a contribution to the profession. Continuing Education: continuing development of oneContinuing Education: continuing development of one’’ssprofessional skills and knowledge is an empoweringprofessional skills and knowledge is an empoweringexperience, preparing the nurse to make decision with theexperience, preparing the nurse to make decision with thesupport of an expanding body of knowledge. Seminarssupport of an expanding body of knowledge. Seminarsworkshops, and conferences offer opportunities forworkshops, and conferences offer opportunities forprofessional growth and employment .professional growth and employment .Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  23. 23. 23Strategies for Developing a powerfulStrategies for Developing a powerfulImageImage The most basic power strategy is the development ofThe most basic power strategy is the development ofa powerful image.a powerful image. If nurses think they are powerful , others will viewIf nurses think they are powerful , others will viewthem as powerful; if they view themselves asthem as powerful; if they view themselves aspowerless, so will others. A sense of self confidencepowerless, so will others. A sense of self confidenceis a strong foundation in developing oneis a strong foundation in developing one’’ss ““powerpowerimageimage”” and it is essential for successful politicaland it is essential for successful politicalefforts in the workplace, within the profession, andefforts in the workplace, within the profession, andwithin the public policy arena.within the public policy arena. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  24. 24. 24Personal Power StrategiesPersonal Power Strategies Communication Skills: is the most effective verbalCommunication Skills: is the most effective verbalcommunication skills, which help define a powercommunication skills, which help define a powerimage ;the nurses learn these communication skillsimage ;the nurses learn these communication skillsto ensure effective interaction with patients andto ensure effective interaction with patients andfamilies.families. Listening skills are essential leadership skills ,Listening skills are essential leadership skills ,manager who is good listeners develop reputationsmanager who is good listeners develop reputationsfor being fair and consistent.for being fair and consistent. Verbal and nonverbal communication skills areVerbal and nonverbal communication skills areimportant personal power strategies; the ability toimportant personal power strategies; the ability toassess these messages is a critical power strategies.assess these messages is a critical power strategies. Experts in communication estimate that 90% of theExperts in communication estimate that 90% of themassages we communicate to others are nonverbal .massages we communicate to others are nonverbal .
  25. 25. 25NetworkingNetworking A network: is a system of contacts that is develop, nurtured,A network: is a system of contacts that is develop, nurtured,and maintained as sources of information ,deice, and moraland maintained as sources of information ,deice, and moralsupport .support . Network supports the employment of participants throughNetwork supports the employment of participants throughinteraction and the refinement of their interpersonal sills.interaction and the refinement of their interpersonal sills. Active participation in nursing organization is the mostActive participation in nursing organization is the mosteffective methods of establishing a professional networkeffective methods of establishing a professional networkoutside oneoutside one’’s place of employment.s place of employment. Participation in professional organizations can propel a nurseParticipation in professional organizations can propel a nurseinto the politics of nursing ,including involvement in shapinginto the politics of nursing ,including involvement in shapingpublic policy.public policy.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  26. 26. 26MentoringMentoring Mentors are competent , experienced professionalMentors are competent , experienced professionalwho develop a relationship with a novice for thewho develop a relationship with a novice for thepurpose of providing advice, support, information ,purpose of providing advice, support, information ,and feedback to encourage the development ofand feedback to encourage the development ofanother individual.another individual. Mentoring has been an important element in theMentoring has been an important element in thecareer development of men in business, academiacareer development of men in business, academiaand selected professions, also has become aand selected professions, also has become asignificant power strategy for women in general andsignificant power strategy for women in general andfor nurses in particular during the last 20 years .for nurses in particular during the last 20 years . Mentoring provides novices with expanded access toMentoring provides novices with expanded access toinformation, power , and career opportunities.information, power , and career opportunities.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  27. 27. 27Cont.. MentoringCont.. Mentoring Mentoring is a teachingMentoring is a teaching ––learning processing for bothlearning processing for boththe mentor and the mentee.the mentor and the mentee. Mentoring is a reciprocal relationship for the mentorMentoring is a reciprocal relationship for the mentorand mentee, give-andand mentee, give-and ––take situation for both parties.take situation for both parties. A knowledge or competence differential existsA knowledge or competence differential existsbetween participants.between participants. The focus of the relationship is on careerThe focus of the relationship is on careerdevelopment .development . The relationship will endure over several years.The relationship will endure over several years. Mentees will in turn become mentors to others.Mentees will in turn become mentors to others. Mentoring is empowerment experience for bothMentoring is empowerment experience for bothmentors and novices.mentors and novices.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  28. 28. 28Cont.. MentoringCont.. Mentoring Novice may attract mentors by implementing the followingNovice may attract mentors by implementing the followingstrategies;strategies; Demonstrating a developing expertise.Demonstrating a developing expertise. Developing a sensitivity to the attention of powerful peopleDeveloping a sensitivity to the attention of powerful peoplewithin the organization .within the organization . Volunteering to serve on committees and doing the work well.Volunteering to serve on committees and doing the work well. Discussing openly professional goals and personal desire toDiscussing openly professional goals and personal desire togrow.grow. Asking experienced and talented people within the networkAsking experienced and talented people within the networkfor advice and help.for advice and help.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  29. 29. 29Goal SettingGoal Setting Every nurse knows about setting goals.Every nurse knows about setting goals. Students learn to devise patient care goals or patientStudents learn to devise patient care goals or patientoutcomes as part of the care planning process.outcomes as part of the care planning process. Nurses may be expected to write annual goal forNurses may be expected to write annual goal forperformance reviews at work .performance reviews at work . Goals help one to know if what was planned wasGoals help one to know if what was planned wasactually accomplished.actually accomplished. A successful nursing career needs goals to defineA successful nursing career needs goals to definewhat one wants to achieve as a nurse.what one wants to achieve as a nurse.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  30. 30. 30Cont.. Goal SettingCont.. Goal Setting Developing such a vision early in a career is anDeveloping such a vision early in a career is animportant personal power strategy.important personal power strategy. Once this career vision is develop, one must createOnce this career vision is develop, one must createopportunities to move toward that vision. Suchopportunities to move toward that vision. Suchplanning is empowering ; it puts the nurse in charge ,planning is empowering ; it puts the nurse in charge ,rather than letting a career unfold by with therather than letting a career unfold by with thecommitment to a career in nursing that is part ofcommitment to a career in nursing that is part ofdeveloping a power image.developing a power image. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  31. 31. 31Developing ExpertiseDeveloping Expertise Expertise is one of the bases of power, developingExpertise is one of the bases of power, developingexpertise in nursing is an important power strategy.expertise in nursing is an important power strategy. Expertise must not be limited to clinical knowledge.Expertise must not be limited to clinical knowledge.Leadership and communication skills.Leadership and communication skills. Education and practice provide the means forEducation and practice provide the means fordeveloping such expertise in any of the domains ofdeveloping such expertise in any of the domains ofnursing and developing expertise expands onenursing and developing expertise expands one’’sspower among nursing colleagues, other professionalpower among nursing colleagues, other professionalcolleagues and patients.colleagues and patients.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  32. 32. 32High VisibilityHigh Visibility Another key personal for exercising power is highAnother key personal for exercising power is highvisibility that can be nurtured by attending the openvisibility that can be nurtured by attending the openmeeting of committees and other groups of whichmeeting of committees and other groups of whichyou are not a member in the workplace , professionyou are not a member in the workplace , professionassociations, or the community.associations, or the community. Review the agendas of such meeting if they areReview the agendas of such meeting if they arecirculated ahead of the meeting.circulated ahead of the meeting. Use opportunities both before and after meetings toUse opportunities both before and after meetings toshare your expertise , providing valuable informationshare your expertise , providing valuable informationand ideas to members and leaders of such group.and ideas to members and leaders of such group. Sharing this expertise at open meeting whenSharing this expertise at open meeting whenappropriate.appropriate.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  33. 33. 33Collegiality and CollaborationCollegiality and Collaboration Collegiality demand that nurses value theCollegiality demand that nurses value theaccomplishments of nursing colleagues and express aaccomplishments of nursing colleagues and express asincere interest in their efforts.sincere interest in their efforts. Turning to nursing colleagues for advice and supportTurning to nursing colleagues for advice and supportempowers them and expends oneempowers them and expends one’’s own power bases own power baseat the same time.at the same time.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  34. 34. 34Collegiality and CollaborationCollegiality and Collaboration Collaboration is conjoint, interdisciplinary problemCollaboration is conjoint, interdisciplinary problemsolving from an equal power base on the patientsolving from an equal power base on the patient’’ssbehalf; also, an assertive, cooperative approach tobehalf; also, an assertive, cooperative approach toconflict in which the individual is able to workconflict in which the individual is able to workcreatively and openly with others to find the solutioncreatively and openly with others to find the solutionthat best achieves all important goals.that best achieves all important goals. Collaboration and collegiality, require that nursesCollaboration and collegiality, require that nurseswork collectively to ensure that the voice of nursingwork collectively to ensure that the voice of nursingis heard in the workplace and the legislature.is heard in the workplace and the legislature.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  35. 35. 35An Empowering AttitudeAn Empowering Attitude Demonstrated a positive and professional attitudeDemonstrated a positive and professional attitudeabout a nurse to nursing colleagues, patients andabout a nurse to nursing colleagues, patients andtheir families , other colleagues in the workplace ,their families , other colleagues in the workplace ,and the public, including legislators.and the public, including legislators. A power image is important aspect of demonstratingA power image is important aspect of demonstratingthis positive professional attitude.this positive professional attitude.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  36. 36. 36Developing CoalitionsDeveloping Coalitions Exercise of power is often directed at creatingExercise of power is often directed at creatingchange, individual can often be effective atchange, individual can often be effective atexercising power and creating change ,and creatingexercising power and creating change ,and creatingcertain changes within most organizations requirescertain changes within most organizations requirescollective action;collective action; Collective action: is a mechanism for achievingCollective action: is a mechanism for achievingprofessional practice through group decision making.professional practice through group decision making. Coalition building is an effective political strategyCoalition building is an effective political strategyfor collective action.for collective action. Coalitions are the groups of individuals orCoalitions are the groups of individuals ororganizations that join together temporarily around aorganizations that join together temporarily around acommon goal, this goal often focuses on an effort tocommon goal, this goal often focuses on an effort toeffect change.effect change. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  37. 37. 37NegotiatingNegotiating Negotiating or bargaining is a critically importantNegotiating or bargaining is a critically importantskill for organizational and political power.skill for organizational and political power. It is a process of making trade offs. Or conferringIt is a process of making trade offs. Or conferringwith others to bring about a settlement of colleagueswith others to bring about a settlement of colleaguesof differences.of differences. Successful negotiators are well informed about notSuccessful negotiators are well informed about notonly their own position but also those of the opposingonly their own position but also those of the opposingside, must be able to discuss the pros and cons ofside, must be able to discuss the pros and cons ofboth position.both position. These skills are also essential to exercising powerThese skills are also essential to exercising powereffectively with the arenas of professional andeffectively with the arenas of professional andlegislative politics.legislative politics. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  38. 38. 38PoliticsPolitics Politics is the process by which group of peoplePolitics is the process by which group of peoplemake decisions . Although the term is generallymake decisions . Although the term is generallyapplied to behavior within civil governments ,applied to behavior within civil governments ,politics is observed in all human group interactions,politics is observed in all human group interactions,including corporate, academic, and religiousincluding corporate, academic, and religiousinstitutions.institutions. Politics consist of social relations involvingPolitics consist of social relations involvingauthority or power and refers to the regulation of aauthority or power and refers to the regulation of apolitical unit and to the methods and tactics topolitical unit and to the methods and tactics toformulate and apply policy.formulate and apply policy. Politics: a process of human interaction withinPolitics: a process of human interaction withinorganizations, isorganizations, is definition use when teaching adefinition use when teaching acourse on politics in nursing.course on politics in nursing. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  39. 39. 39Cont.. PoliticsCont.. Politics Politics permeates all organizations , including workplacesPolitics permeates all organizations , including workplaces, legislatures, profession, and even families., legislatures, profession, and even families. Political nursing defines asPolitical nursing defines as ““the use of knowledge a boutthe use of knowledge a boutpower process and strategies to influence the nature andpower process and strategies to influence the nature anddirection of health care and professional nursingdirection of health care and professional nursing””.. Policy is written agreement that puts insurance coveragePolicy is written agreement that puts insurance coverageinto effect. Or an official or prescribed plan or course ofinto effect. Or an official or prescribed plan or course ofaction.action. If power involves the employment of stored influence byIf power involves the employment of stored influence bywhich events, actions and behaviors are affected, thenwhich events, actions and behaviors are affected, thenpolitics involves the exercise of power to get somethingpolitics involves the exercise of power to get somethingdone, as well as to enhance and protect the vested interestsdone, as well as to enhance and protect the vested interestsof individuals or groups. ( National Defense University)of individuals or groups. ( National Defense University)Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  40. 40. 40InfluenceInfluence Influence is the process of using power.Influence is the process of using power. Influence can range from the punitive powerInfluence can range from the punitive powerof coercion to the interactive power ofof coercion to the interactive power ofcollaboration.collaboration. Coaching a new graduate nurse in orientationCoaching a new graduate nurse in orientationto complete a complicated nursing procedureto complete a complicated nursing proceduresuccessfully demonstrates the ability of thesuccessfully demonstrates the ability of theexperienced nurse to influence thatexperienced nurse to influence thatorientation.orientation.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  41. 41. 41Exercising Power and Influence in the workplaceExercising Power and Influence in the workplaceand other organizations: Shaping policyand other organizations: Shaping policy To use influence effectively in any organization , one mustTo use influence effectively in any organization , one mustunderstand how the system works and develop organizationalunderstand how the system works and develop organizationalstrategies.strategies. Developing organizational savvy includes identifying the realDeveloping organizational savvy includes identifying the realdecision makers and those persons who have a high level ofdecision makers and those persons who have a high level ofinfluence with the decision makers.influence with the decision makers. Recognized informal leaders within any organization.Recognized informal leaders within any organization. In the workplace an influential senior staff nurse may haveIn the workplace an influential senior staff nurse may havemore decision making power than the nurse manager onmore decision making power than the nurse manager onsignificant aspects of the nursing unitsignificant aspects of the nursing unit’’s operation.s operation.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  42. 42. 42ContCont.... ExercisingExercising Senior staff nurse may have more clinical expertiseSenior staff nurse may have more clinical expertiseand a greater wealth of knowledge about the historyand a greater wealth of knowledge about the historyof the unit and its personnel than a nurse managerof the unit and its personnel than a nurse managerwith excellent management and leadership skillswith excellent management and leadership skillswho is new to the unit.who is new to the unit. Any person who have a great deal of control overAny person who have a great deal of control overinformation , making decision, screening incominginformation , making decision, screening incomingand out coming mail, like secretaries of chiefand out coming mail, like secretaries of chiefexecutives , usually very powerful people.executives , usually very powerful people.Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  43. 43. 43Taking Political Action to InfluenceTaking Political Action to InfluencePolicyPolicy Basic strategies for political action :Basic strategies for political action : Register to vote and vote in every election.Register to vote and vote in every election. Join your state nursesJoin your state nurses’’ association and get involved withassociation and get involved withthe associations government relation or legislativethe associations government relation or legislativecommittee and political action committee.committee and political action committee. Participate in nurses lobby day and meet with your stateParticipate in nurses lobby day and meet with your statelegislators.legislators. Get involved in the local group of your political party.Get involved in the local group of your political party. Run for office at the local , county, state , or congressionalRun for office at the local , county, state , or congressionallevel.level. Chapter 25 Yoder-WiseChapter 25 Yoder-Wise
  44. 44. 44ReferencesReferences Yoder-Wise P.S. Leading and managing inYoder-Wise P.S. Leading and managing innursing. (Third ed.). Mosby: Missouri. (2003).nursing. (Third ed.). Mosby: Missouri. (2003). Hajbaghery M, Salsali M. 2005 A model forHajbaghery M, Salsali M. 2005 A model forempowerment of nursing in Iran. BMC Healthempowerment of nursing in Iran. BMC HealthServ Res.; 5: 24Serv Res.; 5: 24
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