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Injury Prevention CNMC Nursing

Injury Prevention CNMC Nursing

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Injury Prevention CNMC Nursing

  1. 1. Injury Prevention<br />
  2. 2. Jurek Grabowski<br />Jurek.grabowski@gmail.com<br />Twitter: InjuryResearch<br />
  3. 3. Injury Pop Quiz<br />
  4. 4. Name 3 of 4 following pictures?<br />4<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />
  6. 6. What caused these injuries?<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Hint…<br />7<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Pool & Spa Drain Covers <br /><ul><li>Bad  Anti-Vortex Drain Covers
  9. 9. Better  Anti-Entrapment Drain Covers</li></li></ul><li>Entrapment incidents 1999 – 2007<br />74reported <br />9deaths <br />63injuries. <br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Entrapment incidents <br />1999 – 2007<br />6 deaths occurred in pools… 3 occurred in spas <br />all except for one involved children 14 or younger.<br />Less frequent than general drownings, but hidden hazard<br />Caused by aging of swimming pools, inconsistent construction standards and unaware consumers<br />
  11. 11. What is this?<br />11<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />500 Deaths<br />15, 000 Injuries<br />From 1999-2004, 135 children &lt;14yo died from unintentional, non-fire related CO poisoning.<br />
  13. 13. What activity are these kids participating in?<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Crossing the street<br />14<br />Pedestrian Deaths(2006) = 365 Pedestrian Injuries(2008) = 35,308 <br />
  15. 15. How fast are skateboards? <br />15<br />
  16. 16. Hint…<br />16<br />
  17. 17. That is it for the POP quiz…how did you do?<br />
  18. 18. Today we will cover….<br />18<br />Who is Safe Kids?<br />The nature of pediatric injury<br /> A. Common injuries<br /> B. Influence of age and region<br /> C. Statistical trends in injury<br /> 1. National<br /> 2. Local<br />II. Injury Prevention<br /><ul><li>Programs</li></ul>1. Composition<br />2. Grass roots<br />3. Safe Kids Worldwide<br /> B. Nurses role<br /> 1. Hospital<br /> 2. Community<br />
  19. 19. Who is Safe Kids?<br />Safe Kids Worldwide is a grassroots organization with 16 member countries. Within these countries, there are more than 350 state and local coalitions.<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Who is Safe Kids?<br />20<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />OurMission<br />Safe Kids Worldwide leads coalitions of community partners to prevent death and injury to children ages 14 and under. We empower families and communities to:<br /><ul><li>Educate adults and children
  22. 22. Create safe environments
  23. 23. Conduct research and
  24. 24. Advocate for effective laws</li></ul>21<br />
  25. 25. 22<br />Coalitions<br />Coalition members are policemen, firefighters, paramedics, doctors, nurses, teachers, business owners, lawmakers, community volunteers and retirees.<br />22<br />
  26. 26. 23<br />The Power of Coalitions<br />23<br />
  27. 27. 24<br />United States 2000 Economic savings to the health care system. <br /><ul><li>$1 spent on smoke alarms saves $69
  28. 28. $1 spent on bicycle helmets saves $29
  29. 29. $1 spent on car seats saves $32
  30. 30. $1 spent on road safety improvements saves $3
  31. 31. $1 spent on prevention counseling by pediatricians saves $10
  32. 32. $1 spent on poison control saves $7 </li></li></ul><li>25<br />Canada<br />Germany<br />China<br />Austria<br />USA <br />Israel<br />Korea<br />Mexico <br />Philippines<br />U.A.E.<br />India<br />Uganda<br />Vietnam<br />Brazil<br />Australia<br />South Africa<br />New Zealand<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Of this cohort…<br />0 will die in the US<br />13will die in India<br />24will die in China<br />
  37. 37. II. The nature of pediatric injury<br />
  38. 38. 31<br />
  39. 39. 61,125,728 children &lt;14yo living in the USA (2008)<br />6,091,342 went to the ED for Unintentional Injuries<br />5,015 will die<br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41. The #1 killer of Children: <br />Unintentional Injuries<br />
  42. 42. 10 Leading Causes of Unintentional Injury Deaths, USA, 2006<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Top Ten Non-fatal injuries<br />
  45. 45.
  46. 46. 39<br />
  47. 47.
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50. 43<br />
  51. 51. The 4 “E”s<br />
  52. 52. Engineering<br />Roads & Parks<br />Layouts/designs - bike friendly?<br />Responsible Agencies – DOT, Parks & Rec Depts, Advocates<br />
  53. 53. Enforcement<br />Laws<br />Bicycle<br />Helmet<br />Responsible agencies – LEO, Parks & Rec, Advocates<br />
  54. 54. Encouragement<br />Activities<br />Free to participate in<br />Lead by Example – parents, adults<br />
  55. 55. Education - Programs<br />
  56. 56. Examples<br />
  57. 57.
  58. 58. Examples of Injury Prevention Programs<br />

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