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Incepatori g forme de umbrire

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Incepatori g forme de umbrire

4. 4. 4 3) Shake the extra charcoal off your paper into the garbage. 4) Use your kneaded eraser to begin erasing or “pulling out” the light areas. Erase, pat, and pull out light areas until you can identify a circular shape. Shape refers to the outward outline of a form. Basic shapes include circles, squares and triangles. The light source is coming from the upper left, which affects the placement and value of every section of shading. Light source is the direction from which a dominant light originates. The lighter values closer to the light source, are near the top of the sphere. The tiny glow on the lower edge of the circle is the reflected light. Reflected light is a faint rim of light reflected or bounced back on an object from the surfaces close to and around the object, such as the surface on which the object is sitting. By the way, don’t worry if your circle looks more like a kidney! The goal of this project is to draw a three-dimensional shape. ILLUSTRATION 02-05Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
6. 6. 6 9) Step back from your drawing, have a look at the overall values, and add final touches to the shading, if needed. By using extremes in values (more light and dark values than middle values) you create a high contrast drawing. Contrast measures the degree of difference between the light and dark values within shading. You can make some areas lighter by patting them with your kneaded eraser and others darker by adding more shading. ILLUSTRATION 02-07Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
7. 7. 7 Sign your name, write today’s date on the back of your drawing, and put a smile on your face! BRENDA HODDINOTT As a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist (retired), and illustrator, Brenda Hoddinott utilizes diverse art media including her favorites: graphite and paint. Brenda is the author of Drawing for Dummies (2003, Wiley Publishing, Inc., New York, NY) and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People (Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the Year Award 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN). She is currently writing two books on classical drawing. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. >Brenda Hoddinott< Born in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. She developed strong drawing and painting skills through self-directed learning. During her twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist, various criminal investigation departments have employed Brenda’s skills, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. In 1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in 1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”. In 2003, Brenda retired from her careers as a forensic artist and teacher to work full time writing books and developing her website (Drawspace.com). This site is respected as a resource for fine art educators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughout the world.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
12. 12. 5 ILLUSTRATION 03-08 The tiny rim of light at the bottom edge is called reflected light. Remember to let your pencils from light (HB) to dark (4B) do a lot of the work in drawing values. You only need to decide where to place all your values. ILLUSTRATION 03-09 9. Use the same shading technique you used for the large sphere, to shade in the smaller sphere on the right. ILLUSTRATION 03-10 Pay close attention to the shading on the lower left, which indicates the nostril. 10. Shade in the small circle on the left, in the same way as the one on the right. Refer to the two illustrations on the following page. The overall values of this circle are much darker than the other.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
13. 13. 6 ILLUSTRATION 03-11 11. Draw the cast shadow on the sphere on the left. Keep in mind, that a full range of values gives contrast between the light and shadow areas. The cast shadow is on the upper right surface of this small sphere. The shading in the cast shadow is darker closer to the largest sphere and becomes gradually lighter as it moves outward. ILLUSTRATION 03-12 Before you continue on to the next section, step back from your drawing and have a look at the overall values. You may need to make some areas lighter (by patting with your kneaded eraser) and others darker (by drawing more hatching lines).Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
14. 14. 7 ADDING TWO EYES AND A MOUTH TO A NOSE In this section you draw the two eyes above the nose and add a mouth below. Before you continue, take a couple of minutes to make sure you are familiar with these terms: 1. Upper eyelid is a movable fold of skin that opens and closes to protect the eyeball. 2. Pupil is the dark circle inside the iris, which adjusts its size to different lighting conditions. ILLUSTRATION 03-13 3. Eyelashes are fine hairs that grow from the outer edges of the upper and lower eyelids. 4. Highlight is a bright spot that defines where light bounces off the surface of the eye. 5. Iris is the colored circular shape (surrounding the pupil) of the eye. 6. White of the eye (sometimes called the eyeball) is the largest spherical section of the eye that is light in value (but not really white). ILLUSTRATION 03-14 12. Draw two oval-shapes on top of the large circle. These circular shapes represent the outlines of the eyes. Take note that the bottom edge of each oval seems to be behind the large circle. ILLUSTRATION 03-15 13. Draw a curved line above each eye to represent the eyelids. ILLUSTRATION 03-16 14. Use a curved line to complete the outline of the iris in the top section of each eye.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
16. 16. 9 ILLUSTRATION 03-22 20. Draw three eyelashes on each eye. Each eyelash curves downward from the outer edges of the eyelids, and then curls slightly upward. 21. Add a mouth, centered below the large circle and in between and below the two smaller circles. The longest curved line outlines the lower section of the upper lip, and has a smaller curved line on each end. The opening of the mouth, the curved line below the upper lip is a U-shape. The short curved line below the opening of the mouth is the bottom edge of the lower lip. ILLUSTRATION 03-23 ILLUSTRATION 03-24 ILLUSTRATION 03-25 22. Use a 6B pencil to shade in the opening of the mouth. ILLUSTRATION 03-26 23. Shade in the lower lip with an HB pencil. Leave a tiny white section (called a highlight) on the right side of the lower lip.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
17. 17. 10 24. Add final touches to your drawing, if needed. Pat sections that are too dark with your kneaded eraser to lighten. To make a section darker, simply draw more hatching lines in between others. ILLUSTRATION 03-27 Use your vinyl eraser to clean up any smudges or fingerprints on your drawing paper. Put today’s date on the page, sign your name and pat yourself on the back!Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
18. 18. 11 BRENDA HODDINOTT As a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist (retired), and illustrator, Brenda Hoddinott utilizes diverse art media including her favorites: graphite and paint. Brenda is the author of Drawing for Dummies (2003, Wiley Publishing, Inc., New York, NY) and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People (Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the Year Award 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN). She is currently writing two books on classical drawing. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. >Brenda Hoddinott< Born in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. She developed strong drawing and painting skills through self-directed learning. During her twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist, various criminal investigation departments have employed Brenda’s skills, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. In 1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in 1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”. In 2003, Brenda retired from her careers as a forensic artist and teacher to work full time writing books and developing her website (Drawspace.com). This site is respected as a resource for fine art educators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughout the world.Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com