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El Filibusterismo

This is about the novels written by Rizal, namely, El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere.

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El Filibusterismo

  1. 1. Group 1 Soc. Sci. 13 (Rizal’s Life and Works) TF (6:00-7:30PM)
  2. 2. Group Members: Abalde, Carl Joseph Baranda, Christopher Ryan Belisario, Arlene Grace Bengil, Dympna Karyn Duyogan, Denice Shairah Edrozo, Jennefer Ginisiran, Janica Hermo, Hannah Juneizza Nablo, Cherry Orlanes, Ellaine Jane Paigalan, Rose Pamaong, Jean Tinsay, Jimmy Jr.
  3. 3. The Novel …
  4. 4. The book narrates the return of the protagonist of Noli Me Tangere, Crisostomo Ibarra, under the disguise of a wealthy jeweler named Simoun. Disillusioned by the abuses of the Spanish, Ibarra abandons his pacifist beliefs in order to return to the Philippines and start a violent revolution.
  5. 5. The second novel written by Jose Rizal The sequel to Noli Me Tangere Consists of 38 chapters Written in Spanish
  6. 6. The Reign of Greed
  7. 7. Rizal dedicated El Filibusterismo to the three martyred priests of Cavite mutiny. The execution of the three priests was significant to the title of the novel.
  8. 8. Characters of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
  9. 9. Crisostomo Ibarra  Spanish Mestizo  Young man who studied in Europe for seven years  Fiance of Maria Clara  Believed in the importance of education to the youth  Has liberal mind and outspoken  Ibarra as Rizal’s reflection of himself Simoun  A disguised Crisostomo Ibarra  infamous wealthy jeweler  Referred to as the Brown Cardinal A tall, dark man with white hair and a thin black beard  Wears European clothing  Speaks a strange mix of English and South American accents  Poses himself as a supporter of Spanish government when in fact, he is against them  Wanted to get revenge from the injustice he received from the Spanish government through instigating revolution
  10. 10. KAPITAN TIAGO • Don Santiago de los Santos, known by his nickname Tiago • Has apolitical title CapitánTiago is a Filipino businessman and the cabeza de barangay (barangay head) of the town of San Diego • also known as the father of Maria Clara. KAPITAN TIAGO • he adopted Basilio and let him finish college • Forced Basilio to take medicine and someday help him in his Cock Fights • he died in the later part of the novel because of an addiction
  11. 11. Basilio  oldest son of Sisa  A 10-year old boy  Has a brother named Crispin  one of the young sacristans of San Diego  Protective of both his mother and brother  Despises his father immensely for making their life miserable Basilio  A 23-year old medical student  Taken in by Kapitan Tiago  Was able to study in San Juan de Letran  Wears an all black outfit  Respectable  Persevering and studious  Introspective  Calm and composed
  12. 12. PADRE SALVI • Padre Damaso 's successor as pastor in the town of San Diego • described as sickly and always seemed to have something in mind • He has a secret passion for Maria Clara , the girlfriend of the protagonist Crisostomo Ibarra PADRE SALVI • The description of Padre Salvi in this novel did not change • He was still slender and an unhappy friar and manages the convent of Sta. Clara • He was still slender and an unhappy friar and manages the convent of Sta. Clara • He also sent a letter containing the story of the death of Maria Clara
  13. 13. PADRE SIBAYLA  a young, good looking Dominican priest with an air of maturity;curate of Binondo  A former professor at Colegio de San Juan de Letran who is cool and intelligent  has thin, refined lips that would plainly show disdain when needed  weighs his words and speaks little  good in resolving different views PADRE SIBAYLA • Has almost the same personality in the novel
  14. 14. The reason why Crisostomo Ibarra came back to SanDiego and changed his name
  15. 15. • Juan Crisostomo Ibarra came back to San diego for one main reason which is to visit his father's grave. It was stated in the book that: "Ibarra, goes to his hometown, San Diego, where María Clara's family also has a house. He goes to see his father's grave at the Catholic cemetery and finds it has been disturbed". • The reason why Crisostomo Ibarra change his name is because he wants to seek revenge against the Spanish.
  16. 16. CENTRAL THEME: ideal means of achieving social reform
  17. 17. Reasons of changing the plot and theme:
  18. 18. • El Filibusterismo shares the theme “ Violence is not the answer” when Simoun’s grand plan thwarted. • When he asked Father Florentino about the failure of his plan, the friar answered with “Perhaps He (God) saw there was not justice in the way you wanted it done.” • The way Simoun “wanted it done” was by blowing up the house of Kapitan Tiyago which had many Spaniards with important positions.
  19. 19. • El Filibusterismo is far more dark and brutal thant of Noli Me Tangere. • It had many events of murder, sexual abuse and suicide. • El filibusterismo is a massive turning point from Ibarra being idealistic and open man t Simoun who became vengeful, angry, and somewhat cunning. Source:
  20. 20. The theme and plot of El Filibusterismo was changed to convey the message that the present system of government in the Philippines through corrupt officials, dominated by the friars can lead to the downfall of Spain. This point was stressed by Simoun in the novel, when he said, “ what is a man to do when he is denied justice ? Take the law into his own hands or wait for Spanish to give him rights...” From the foregoing, Rizal was very certain that because of the nature and operation of the government, those who are intelligent, generous, hard- working, courageous, and loyal citizens were driven into opposition, crime and subversion.
  21. 21. Relevance to the Issues in the Philippine Society
  22. 22. El Filibusterismo is not a mere inspiration to us Filipinos but also a reflection which taught us lessons of yesterday which still live today. Few of the main purposes of this novel are: to defend Filipino people from foreign accusations of foolishness and lack of knowledge, to show how the Filipino people live during Spanish colonial period and the cries and woes of his countrymen against abusive officials. This novels along with Rizal's involvement in organizations that aim to address and reform the Spanish system and its issues led to Rizal's exile to Dapitan and eventual execution. Moreover, this had a profound effect on Philippine society in terms of views about national identity, the Catholic faith and its influence on Filipino's choice, and the government's issues of corruption, abuse, and discrimination, and on a larger scale, the issues related to the effect of colonization on people's lives and the cause for independence. Rizal already did his part, it’s now our time to put into actions the words and wisdom that Rizal left. We must not let these words just remain words!
  23. 23. f i n By: Jennefer L. Edrozo