Windows xp stack


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Windows XP

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Windows xp stack

  1. 1. Exploring the Basics of Windows XP
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Start Windows XP and tour the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the Start menu </li></ul><ul><li>Run software programs, switch between them, and close them </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate windows </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Navigate your computer with Windows Explorer and My Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Change the view of the items in your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Get help when you need it </li></ul><ul><li>Shut down Windows </li></ul>
  4. 4. Starting Windows XP <ul><li>Windows XP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts when computer is turned on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elements of the desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Icon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pointer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Date/Time control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taskbar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start button </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notification area </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Starting Windows XP <ul><li>Figure 1-1 shows the Windows XP desktop </li></ul>
  6. 6. Starting Windows XP <ul><li>Windows XP desktop uses a graphical user interface </li></ul><ul><li>Graphical user interface (GUI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Displays icons to represent items stored on the computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Icons: Pictures of familiar objects </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Windows XP Desktop <ul><li>Desktop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area that appears on the screen when Windows XP starts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A workspace for projects and tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses default settings when the computer is first started </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Default settings: settings preset by the operating system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance can be changed by the user </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Using a Pointing Device <ul><li>A pointing device </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps the user interact with objects on the computer screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comes in many shapes and sizes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common pointing device </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Pointing <ul><li>Pointing device </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pointing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positioning the pointer over a specific part of the screen </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Pointing <ul><li>ScreenTips </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appear when the mouse pointer is positioned over certain objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Display the purpose or function of the object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figure 1-3 shows a ScreenTip </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Clicking <ul><li>Clicking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Menu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A list of options which can be used to perform tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submenus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Start menu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appears when the Start button is clicked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides access to programs, documents, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Clicking <ul><li>Figure 1-6 shows the Start menu </li></ul>
  13. 13. Selecting <ul><li>Selecting a menu command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two possible ways of selecting objects in Windows XP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pointing to an object </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pointing to and then clicking an object </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A selected object is highlighted </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Selecting
  15. 15. Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin <ul><li>Click the desktop, and then point to the Recycle Bin icon. After a few moments, a ScreenTip appears that describes the Recycle Bin </li></ul><ul><li>Click the left mouse button twice quickly to double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The Recycle Bin opens </li></ul>
  16. 16. Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin
  17. 17. Right-Clicking <ul><li>Right-clicking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clicking an object with the right button of the mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selects an object and opens its shortcut menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shortcut menu: a list of options directly related to the object </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Right-Clicking
  19. 19. Exploring the Start menu
  20. 20. Starting and Closing a Program <ul><li>Starting a program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A program must be started before it can be used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To start a program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Start button </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locate and click the program’s name in the submenus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>An open or running program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A program which has been started </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Starting and Closing a Program
  22. 22. Starting and Closing a Program <ul><li>Program button </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appears on the taskbar for each open program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click to switch between open programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Close button </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in the upper-right corner of the program window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click to close the program </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Starting and Closing a Program
  24. 24. Running Multiple Programs <ul><li>Multitasking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to run multiple programs on Windows XP at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows the user to work on more than one project at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The active program is the one you are currently using </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Switching Between Programs <ul><li>Program buttons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the taskbar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer the easiest way to switch between programs </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Closing Inactive Programs from the Taskbar <ul><li>Options for closing a program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Close button on the title bar of the program window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the shortcut menu associated with the program button on the taskbar </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Anatomy of a Window <ul><li>A window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A rectangular area of the screen that may contain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Anatomy of a Window <ul><li>Controls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in a window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphical or textual objects used for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulating the window </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using the program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Menu bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sizing buttons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Status bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Title bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toolbar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workspace </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Anatomy of a Window
  30. 30. Manipulating a Window
  31. 31. Moving a Window <ul><li>To drag an object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click an object and then hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To move a window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drag the window by its title bar </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Changing the Size of a Window <ul><li>Options for changing a window’s size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sizing handle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Located at the lower-right corner of the window </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Window borders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be dragged left, right, up, or down </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Changing the Size of a Window
  34. 34. Using Program Menus <ul><li>Menus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize a program’s features and available functions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Menu bar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically located at the top of the program window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shows the names of the menus </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Selecting Options from a Menu <ul><li>Menu items or commands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choices for a menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appear when a menu name is clicked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible actions when clicked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immediately carry out an action </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Show submenus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask the user for more information about the desired action </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Selecting Options from a Menu
  37. 37. Selecting Options from a Menu
  38. 38. Using Toolbars <ul><li>Toolbars in the program window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide one-click access to frequently used commands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have buttons grouped and organized by tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To perform a command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select a toolbar button by clicking it </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars <ul><li>List box </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Displays a list of available choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually includes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Array buttons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A scroll bar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A scroll box </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars
  41. 41. Using Dialog Box Controls <ul><li>Dialog box </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opens when a menu command or item followed by an ellipsis is selected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows the user to provide more information about how a program should carry out a task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups different kinds of information in panes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panes: bordered rectangular areas </li></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Using Dialog Box Controls
  43. 43. Exploring Your Computer
  44. 44. Changing the View <ul><li>Change the view by selecting an option from the View menu on the menu bar </li></ul>
  45. 45. Using Help <ul><li>Windows XP Help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides on-screen information about programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clicking the Start button and selecting Help and Support from the Start menu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows Help and Support Center window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides access to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help files stored on the computer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help information stored on Microsoft’s Web site </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Using Help
  47. 47. Using Help <ul><li>Windows XP Help and Support window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizes information into pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Index page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Favorites page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Options page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used to search for keywords contained in Help pages </li></ul></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Shutting Down Windows XP <ul><li>Turn Off Computer option </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the Start menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turns off the computer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Log Off option </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located on the Start menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs off Windows XP but leaves the computer on </li></ul></ul>