ISUKU N’UBUZIMA
BW’AMATUNGO (INKA)
Byateguwe na
Dr. Gervais HABARUGIRA
UBUSOBANURO KU MAGAMBO AMWE N’AMWE
1. Indwara: ni ihungabana ry'ubuzima. Muri rusange, ni igihe umubiri
uba utakiri gukora...
IBICE BIREBWA N’ISUKU MU BWOROZI
1. Inyamaswa (Inka) ubwayo;
2. Aho inyamaswa irara (ituye): Ikiraro;
3. Ibyo kurya, ibyo ...
IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA
N’UKO TWABYIRINDA
1. Mikorobi: Microbe ni utunyabuzi duto tutaboneshwa
ijisho, tumwe ...
2. Indiririzi zo mu maraso: indililizi zo mu maraso ni
udukoko tuto tutaboneshwa ijisho dutera indwara
nyinshi. Indiririzi...
3. Inzoka zo mu nda: Inzoka zo munda zitera indwara
ahanini iyo zirya ibyakabaye bitunga umubiri
w’inyamaswa.
Ingero z’ind...
IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA
N’UKO TWABYIRINDA (Birakomeza …..)
4. Imirire mibi: bavuga ko imiririre ari mibi iyo ...
IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA
N’UKO TWABYIRINDA (Birakomeza …..)
5. Isuku nke: Indwara hafi ya zoze zishingiye ku i...
UBURYO BW’INGENZI BWO KURWANYA
INDWARA
Muri rusange indwara zirindwa cyangwa se
zirwanywa ku buryo bubiri aribwo:
1. Kuzir...
UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA
(Preventives Measures)
1. Kugira isuku
Kugira isuku birebana na:
1. Isuku ku matungo ubwayo (K...
UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA
(Preventives Measures) (Birakomeza …..)
2. Gukingiza no kwitabira gukingiza
Indwara dusabwa kw...
UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA
(Preventives Measures) (Birakomeza …..)
3. Kororera mu biraro
Kororera mu biraro ni ingenzi cy...
UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA
(Preventives Measures) (Birakomeza …..)
4. Gutera umuti wica uburondwe n’amasazi
Umuti wica ub...
UBURYO BWO KUVURA (ZA) INDWARA
(Curatives Measures)
Ubu ni uburyo bukoreshwa igihe indwara
yamaze kugaragara.
Icyitonderwa...
Hygiene and animal diseases control
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Hygiene and animal diseases control

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Hygiene and animal diseases control

  1. 1. ISUKU N’UBUZIMA BW’AMATUNGO (INKA) Byateguwe na Dr. Gervais HABARUGIRA
  2. 2. UBUSOBANURO KU MAGAMBO AMWE N’AMWE 1. Indwara: ni ihungabana ry'ubuzima. Muri rusange, ni igihe umubiri uba utakiri gukora neza bitewe n'ikintu runaka kiba cyawubiteye. Ibi ariko bigomba gutandukanywa n'uruhurirane rw'ibimenyetso by'indwara benshi bakunze kwitiranya. 2. Isuku: isuku ni uruhurirane rw'ibikorwa bigamije gukumira no kurwanya indwara. Ikorwa kuburyo 3: gukubura, koza no kubika neza.
  3. 3. IBICE BIREBWA N’ISUKU MU BWOROZI 1. Inyamaswa (Inka) ubwayo; 2. Aho inyamaswa irara (ituye): Ikiraro; 3. Ibyo kurya, ibyo inyamaswa iriramo n’ibyo inyweramo; 4. Umworozi (Umushumba); 5. Ibikoresho byo mu bworozi (Ibyansi, Indobo zikoreshwa mu bindi, n’ibindi …).
  4. 4. IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA N’UKO TWABYIRINDA 1. Mikorobi: Microbe ni utunyabuzi duto tutaboneshwa ijisho, tumwe na tumwe muri two dushobora gutera indwara z’amatungo. Ingero z’indwara ziterwa na Microbe:  Ifumbi (y’amabere);  Amakore;  Ubutaka;
  5. 5. 2. Indiririzi zo mu maraso: indililizi zo mu maraso ni udukoko tuto tutaboneshwa ijisho dutera indwara nyinshi. Indiririzi nyinshi ziterwa n’ibirondwe, imibu n’amasazi amwe n’amwe. Ingero z’indewara ziterwa n’indiririzi zo mu maraso:  Ikibagarira (Theileriose)  Umusitwe cyangwa Agatondora (Anaplasmose)  Indwara y’ibitotsi (Trypanosomiase) IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA N’UKO TWABYIRINDA (Birakomeje …)
  6. 6. 3. Inzoka zo mu nda: Inzoka zo munda zitera indwara ahanini iyo zirya ibyakabaye bitunga umubiri w’inyamaswa. Ingero z’indwara ziterwa n’inzoka zo mu nda:  Asicarisi (Igifwera);  Lushe (Ladrerie);  Indwara ya douve y’umwijima. IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA N’UKO TWABYIRINDA (Birakomeje …)
  7. 7. IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA N’UKO TWABYIRINDA (Birakomeza …..) 4. Imirire mibi: bavuga ko imiririre ari mibi iyo ibyo kurya bidahagije cyangwa se birenze cyane ibiri ngombwa. Ibyo kurya bidahagije cyangwa se birenze cyane bitera kurwara (indwara). Ingero z’indwara ziterwa n’imirire mibi:  Imvune zimwe na zimwe (Indyo nkene ku myunyu ngugu);  Gupfukaho ubwoya (Kubura imyunyu ngugu imwe n’imwe mu mubiri), n’izindi …..
  8. 8. IBY’INGENZI BISHOBORA GUTERA INDWARA N’UKO TWABYIRINDA (Birakomeza …..) 5. Isuku nke: Indwara hafi ya zoze zishingiye ku isuku nke ari mubyo kurya no kunywa, aho amatungo arara, umushumba (umukamyi), n’ibindi …. Ingero z’indwara zishingiye ku isuku nke:  Impiswi nyinshi;  Ifumbi y’amabere;  Indwara zo mu buhumekero (pneumonie, n’izindi), n’izindi …..
  9. 9. UBURYO BW’INGENZI BWO KURWANYA INDWARA Muri rusange indwara zirindwa cyangwa se zirwanywa ku buryo bubiri aribwo: 1. Kuzirinda igihe zitaraza (Preventives Measures); 2. Kuvuza (ra) igihe amatungo yamaze kwandura.
  10. 10. UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA (Preventives Measures) 1. Kugira isuku Kugira isuku birebana na: 1. Isuku ku matungo ubwayo (Kuhagira inka no kuzihanagura); 2. Kugira isuku y’aho inka iba (Gukuka, Gusasira inka icyarire aho bishoboka kandi biri ngombwa, etc.); 3. Kugira isuku y’ibikoresho bikoreshwa mu bworozi (Ibyansi bikamirwamo, Ibyo inka ziriramo no kunyweramo, n’ibindi …..).
  11. 11. UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA (Preventives Measures) (Birakomeza …..) 2. Gukingiza no kwitabira gukingiza Indwara dusabwa kwitabira gukingiza cyane cyane ni izi zikurikira: 1. Ubutaka (Butukura n’Ububyimbisha); 2. Indwara ya Ruhaha; 3. Uburenge; 4. N’izindi ……
  12. 12. UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA (Preventives Measures) (Birakomeza …..) 3. Kororera mu biraro Kororera mu biraro ni ingenzi cyane kuko bishobora kudufasha kwirinda indwara nyinshi. Ingero z’indwara twakwirinda twororeye mu biraro:  Indwara ziterwwa n’uburondwe (Ikibagarira, ;  Indwara y’ubutaka;  Indwara y Muryamo;  N’izindi ….
  13. 13. UBURYO BWO KWIRINDA INDWARA (Preventives Measures) (Birakomeza …..) 4. Gutera umuti wica uburondwe n’amasazi Umuti wica uburondwe udufasha kwirinda indwara nyinshi nka. Indwara ziterwwa n’uburondwe (Ikibagarira, ;  Ikibagarira (Theileriose);  Umusitwe (Anaplasmose);  N’izindi …. Umuti wica uburondwe ugomba guterwa kabiri mu cyumweru
  14. 14. UBURYO BWO KUVURA (ZA) INDWARA (Curatives Measures) Ubu ni uburyo bukoreshwa igihe indwara yamaze kugaragara. Icyitonderwa:  Tugomba kumenya ko kugira kuvura bigire icyo bitanga, tugomba kuvura (za) hakiri kare;  Hari indwara nyinshi zidafite umuti, ariyo mpamvu inama nziza ari ukuzirinda zitaratugeraho.

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