Risto veivo climate and environment policies


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Risto veivo climate and environment policies

  1. 1. Climate and Environment Policies for a Smart Green Growth Strategy Presentation by Development Manager Mr. Risto Veivo City of Turku / Central Administration On the occasion of ”Baltic Urban Forum for Smart Cities Workshop” Tartu 20 January 2014
  2. 2. Turku’s Sustainability Results so far…  GHG emissions reduced by 16% per capita (1990 – 2010)  District heating (CHP) extended to 90% of households and 36% of heat produced from renewables (2011)  Energy-efficiency improved by 6%  Waste-water treatment significantly improved  Sustainability criteria applied in 70% of procurement tenders  Electricity procured by the city 100% from renewables (1-Jan- 2013)  Densifying regional land-use strategy agreed upon  Regional public transport organisation established and use of PT increasing  Sustainable development budgeting applied and actions implemented in the whole city organisation as part of the annual budget process  Pro-active networking since the 1990’s (Union of the Baltic Cities, ICLEI, Aalborg, Covenant of Mayors, European projects…)  Active universities, civic society and stakeholders 2
  3. 3. GHG Emissions in Turku (2010) Waste management 0% Agriculture 0% Industrial processes 0% Traffic 20 % District heating 43 % Other fuels 7% Other electricity 17 % Electric heating Separate heating 3% 10 % Total: 1.378 t.-CO2-ekv. Per inhabitant: 7,8 tonnes Source: Kasvener 2010, Environmental Protection Office and Valonia
  4. 4. City of Turku Climate and Environment Programme 2009-2013 Guiding principles / programme aims: • Reducing GHG emissions • Improving energy-efficiency • Increasing the use of renewable energy • Promoting sustainable mobility and developing public transport • Applying sustainable procurement and logistics • Reducing the greenhouse impact of waste management • Protecting water bodies (esp. Archipelago / Baltic Sea) • Promoting Biodiversity • Building environmental competencies and responsibility • Environmental/SD education 4
  5. 5. Examples of programme structure… Guiding principle Target Indicator Resource impact (2010-2013) To reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A reduction of at least 30%/inhabitant from the 1990 level by 2020 and a reduction of at least 20% in total emissions. Emissions calculated in a consumption-based manner using the Kasvener model (tCO2-equivalent, monitored in relation to the annual reduction according to the target)*. Use of labour and investments to implement the programme. To improve energy efficiency. A 9% improvement from the 2005 level by 2016 (Energy Efficiency Agreement). Energy savings per year (MWh/year). Produces energy savings. Investments mainly implemented according to the ESCO principle (external capital, which is repaid from the energy saved). 20% improvement from the 2005 level by 2020 (EU’s indicative target). Energy savings per year (MWh/year). Working time reserved for personnel training. 5
  6. 6. Guiding principle Target Indicator Resource impact (2010-2013) To increase the use of renewable energy sources. At least 50% of district heating will be produced using renewables by 2020. The share of renewables in district heating production. Investment costs included in the Turku Energy plans. 100% of the electricity purchased by the city will be produced using renewables by 2013. The share of renewables in electricity procured by the city. An increase of about EUR 50,000-100,000 in the cost of the city’s electricity per year. 6
  7. 7. Guiding principle Target Indicator To promote the use of sustainable modes of transport and develop public transport. The share of light and public transport in Turku is over 55% in 2013 and over 66% in 2030. Modal split* (2013) A bicycle route network through downtown Turku will be completed in 2015. Progress of the network and its inclusion in the Municipal Property Corporation’s annual investment plan. The overall cost estimate for construction is EUR 2-4 million. The regional public transport organisation is operating in 2012. Establishment of the organisation. Distribution of costs between those in the organisation and the municipalities using its services. Full implementation of public transport trunk route network by 2020. Implementation of trunk route network (in phases). Cost impacts on investments and subsidisation will be assessed in conjunction with the decisions on arranging public transport. 7 Resource impact (2010-2013)
  8. 8. Guiding principle Target Indicator Resource impact (2010-2013) Sustainable procurement and logistics Sustainable development criteria will be taken into account in all city tenders in 2013 (intermediate target of 80% in 2011). Use of sustainable development criteria in calls for tender annually (share of all calls for tender). May raise procurement prices somewhat but will conserve natural resources and emphasise social responsibility. 10% reduction in internal city transports from 2008 to 2013. Number of internal transports/year (% reduction). Will lead to savings. 8
  9. 9. Guiding principle Target Indicator Resource impact (2010-2013) Increased environmental expertise and responsibility Approximately 30% of daycare centres and educational institutions have a green flag symbol or some other external symbol of sustainable development work in 2013. Share of all daycare centres and educational institutions with an external symbol of sustainable development. Participation fee of EUR 100500/unit/year (totalling approx. EUR 15,000/year). Will produce savings in waste, water and energy costs. At least one eco-support person will be designated for each administrative unit in all sectors, municipal enterprises and affiliated companies by 2013. The share of all administrative units in the sectors, municipal enterprises and affiliated companies with an eco-support person. Working time for participation in planning, instruction and training. 9
  10. 10. FUTURE VISION The City of Turku strives to combine economic growth with ecological sustainability. The overall goal is to strengthen City of Turku’s position with a vivid economy and a proactive region as well as building a sustainable and attractive city. Sustainable city development Create sustainable living, working and business environments for the people of Turku Turku’s Strategic aims as defined 2013 • to advance competitiveness of the city • to advance well-being of the city’s inhabitants Sustainable development To financially, socially and ecologically protect future generations’ life opportunities through balanced and continuous change (a value of Turku as defined by the City Council in 2005) Green growth Turku has reduced its total GHG emissions 2000 – 2010 by nearly 30 % while its economy has grown (and by 16% per capita 1990 – 2012). Impacts on the City level • Economic growth • Population growth • Attractiveness & good image of the city • Decrease in GHG emissions Green growth
  11. 11. Current situation and future vision of a sustainable City and region of Turku Current situation Future vision • Dense urban structure • 65 % of the population in sustainable mobility zones • 55 % of the jobs in the city-centre • Expanding urban sprawl since 1980’s • 39 % of the population in areas with less than 20 inh./ha • – • + • + • – • Prevent urban sprawl • Decrease in number of granted building permits into sparsely populated areas • 30 % of all journeys made walking, 13 % by bike and 13 % by PT • 3 % increase in PT-journeys in 2012 • GHG emissions reduced 16% since 1990 – • • Unified urban structure • Population and job growth in sustainable mobility zones • Sustainable mobility system • Smart and renewable energy • 30% GHG emission reduction from 1990-level by 2020 Expanding urban sprawl Increasing car traffic Dependency on fossil-fuels Dense urban structure Increase of PT and renewable energy Page 11 + • Unified and dense urban structure • Population and job growth in sustainable mobility + zones + • Turku is a city of walking, cycling and PT + • Smart energy system based on renewables •+ Attractive and economically viable city
  12. 12. Turku Region Structural Model 2035  111 new development areas or areas with significant changes  The population is estimated to grow by 75 000 inhabitants  78 000 new dwellings are needed  20 000 new jobs (net increase) needs to be created Source: Turku region Structural Model 2035
  13. 13. CHALLENGE: Transform the building, energy and transport infrastructure and make it “future-ready”
  14. 14. OBJECTIVE 1: Design and regenerate city districts and building stock by ambitious yet feasible projects Sustainability: Balance between environment, social/health and economy Project balance Costs Investments: infrastructure, energy, urban space, temporary activities etc. Defining the challenges together Income Added value New forms of financing, new technologies and cooperation Cocreating the vision Profile, targets, KPI Infrastructure Plg. Realization Re-evaluate and improve Modern city and district development is shaped together with stakeholders based on a wide range of competencies and resources. The process is highly co-operative and transparent.
  15. 15. OBJECTIVE 2: Promote Sustainable Mobility
  16. 16. OBJECTIVE 3: Create basis for future energy-system ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE Turku Energia’s objective is to exceed 60 % renevable milestone by the year 2020: RELIABLE ENERGY SUPPLY COMPETITIVE PRICE How to best complement the development of the centralized renewable energy production portfolio with decentralized renewable energy, energy-efficiency and smart grid? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. New regional CHP plant with increased renewable capacity Expansion of Oriketo bioheating plant Expansion of the Kakola heat pump plant Waste incineration plant Biogas from the Topinoja landfill Heat recovery from the industrial and residential premises Prepare knowledge-basis on Smart Energy System for Turku region
  17. 17. OBJECTIVE 4: Build up the knowledge-basis • The city is lagging behind – constantly – as it was always aimed for tomorrow but designed yesterday. • Current structures are sectorial – most of the current and emerging challenges are not. • Change is rapid and an improved knowledge-ability is required but we have had insufficient practices for that. As responses, we have:  New co-operation with research  New co-operation with the business sector  Organisational development  Capacity-development of staff
  18. 18. Turku Urban Research Programme • Developed and implemented jointly with the universities • Being increasingly informed by research should promote abilities in policy-design and decision-making. • Consultative practices for implications of existing academic knowledge • Remarkable contributions have been made for design of actions on climate and environment. Knowledge-ability  Conditions of development, restructuring and success  Information on context-specific development which supports collaboration with other cities or institutions  Tools to manage multi-disciplinary information, measuring and evaluations The programme is a new mechanism to create knowledge together and to make use of the existing one.
  19. 19. New cooperation projects with businesses for learning together Piloting in the World Business Council’s Urban Infrastructure Initiative 2010 – 2011 • Identifying the infrastructure challenges of Turku and analysing potential solutions from businesses • Enhanced joint knowledge-creation and planning process. Strategic Partnership with Siemens 2012 – 2014 • Combining the perspectives for making Turku “future-ready”. • Developing the company’s approach and contributions towards small and medium-sized cities. • www.turku.fi/siemens Large “local coalition” mobilised for a local sustainable transport solution • Biogas from local sources by local producers for local transport
  20. 20. World Business Council for Sustainable Development Urban Infrastructure Initiative • Turku was among the first European pilot cities within this global project. • Solutions Landscape for Turku Report (13 October 2011) • Creating new forms of cooperation between cities and businesses Members are corporate sustainability pioneers with high rankings in sustainability indices & investment ratings « An unique group, unmatched qualifications to help » UII members’ core competencies cover all major urban infrastructures
  21. 21. DRAFT REPORT Page 21 © Siemens AG / City of Turku 2014. All rights reserved.
  22. 22. The Urban Infrastructure Initiative member companies  14 global companies: 2.1m people* and US$ 900bn turnover  Operating in most countries Co-Chairs Core Group members * Aggregated key figures (2009)
  23. 23. UII partner cities Turku Tilburg Kobe Philadelphia Gujarat Guadalajara African Cities Yixing
  24. 24. UII: city engagement process City engagement process
  25. 25. WBCSD UII Pilot Project analyzed challenges and proposed solutions… Climate and Environment Plan Thematic Clusters Ideas Energy Use Energy Supply CHP, geothermal, Biogas, Heat machines & chillers, Smart grid, Material and energy flow analysis Transport & Logistics Support of Sustainable Action Plan Development Heat machines & chillers, Heat metering & management, Building control & management, Municipal energy management, Public lighting, Performance contracting Smart parking, Traffic Management, Green logistics, Light rail, Green procurement, WBCSD Expertise Public private partnerships …and led to implementation of several ideas plus further cooperation
  26. 26. City of Turku and Siemens Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Solutions DRAFT REPORT Yllä: Siemensin toimitusjohtaja Martti Kohtanen ja Turun kaupunginjohtaja Aleksi Randell allekirjoittivat sopimuksen tiistaina. Mayor of Turku Mr. Aleksi Randell and Siemens CEO for Finland and Baltics Mr. Martti Kohtanen signed the partnership agreement at Turku City Hall 7 February 2012. Page 26 © Siemens AG / City of Turku 2014. All rights reserved.
  27. 27. Two partners with strong track record for sustainable development teamed up City of Turku DRAFT REPORT Siemens  Strong commitment to Sustainable Development – part of city vision, values, strategy and programs since 1990’s  Largest environmental portfolio in energy, infrastructure, industry and healthcare technologies  Ambitious Program for Climate and Environment – 30 % GHG reduction by 2020  Successful implementation of key actions and reduction of GHG emissions by 16 %  Strong commitment developing sustainable cities – sustainable urban infrastructure studies & participation in WBCSD & dedicated business vertical  Combining economic growth and ecological sustainability  Dow-Jones Sustainability Index in diversified industries  Sustainable infrastructure projects – regional cooperation, town-planning, housing, mobility, energy, water,…  Vivid economy and proactive region – building a sustainable and attractive city  Networking and cooperation – learning from others and being an example and reference Page 27  Using technological expertise to develop benchmark in sustainable mid-size cities  Sustainability is our strength, technologies are needed to solve climate issues  Developing Turku is a business opportunity © Siemens AG / City of Turku 2014. All rights reserved.
  28. 28. Strategic partnership acts as one cornerstone to develop Turku into a showcase for sustainability DRAFT REPORT Vision for strategic partnership Vision 2011 Cooperation Agreement  WBCSD Workshop as starting point  Continuous dialogue between Siemens and the city about follow-up activities • Cooperation agreement between Siemens and Turku • Commitment of all stakeholders 2012 Strategic collaboration  Regular meetings  Continuation of between City Mayor regular meetings and SAG FIN CEO to between the Mayor identify new topics of Turku and the Siemens country  1st wave of CEO collaborative projects: 1 Impact study for light rail 2 Innovation workshops for sustainable districts 3 Workshops for financing options Page 28 2012+ Strategic partnership  Identification of additional topics for joint elaboration such as e.g. studies or pilot projects To make Turku a best-practice example for sustainable development in mid-sized cities  Joint work on sustainability-related topics, e.g. light rail study  Results of cooperation are concept papers, studies, reports etc. which will be publicly available  Regular discussion and identification of new topics and steering in bi-annual meetings between Mayor of Turku and Siemens Finland CEO © Siemens AG / City of Turku 2014. All rights reserved.
  29. 29. New topics for the partnership will be jointly defined every 6 month DRAFT REPORT Year I Year II Year III (2011-2012) (2012-2013) (2013-2014) Target: Light rail and district concept as cornerstones for city development Ensure realization with financing concepts and make Turku “future ready” Project ideas:  Impact study for light rail  Comprehensive concept for Skanssi district (Smart grid, buildings, transport, water)  Traffic management concept for city incl. connection to intermodal hubs  Smart grid city concept  E-Mobility impact assessment  Light rail technology study  Financing concept for complex infrastructure projects Focus Page 29 Main development areas in the city Financing and new technologies Comprehensive sustainability roadmap in all infrastructure areas  White paper for sustainable city districts  Strategies for energy efficiency improvements in existing infrastructure  E-Mobility implementation roadmap and piloting Holistic sustainable city concept © Siemens AG / City of Turku 2014. All rights reserved.
  30. 30. Thank you! risto.veivo@turku.fi