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The past ssiimmppllee oorr ssiimmppllee 
ppaasstt 
TThhee ppaasstt iiss nnoott aallwwaayyss tthhaatt ssiimmppllee 
WWee tt...
How were they ffeeeelliinngg yyeesstteerrddaayy?? 
II wwaass 
ssuurrpprriisseedd 
WWee wweerree 
eexxcciitteedd 
IItt wwaa...
Read about the biography of the famous painter Henri RRoouusssseeaauu.. TThheenn mmaakkee 
qquueessttiioonnss aanndd aanns...
Henri Rousseau was a painter (1844-1910) famous for his paintings about dreams. HHooww ddooeess tthhee ddrreeaamm 
ccoonnt...
The past simple oorr ssiimmppllee ppaasstt 
My Pretty Rose Tree 
by William Blake 
A flower was offered to me: 
Such a flo...
Did they identify the USA on tthhee mmaapp ccoorrrreeccttllyy??
AArree yyoouu aa 
nnoossttaallggiicc 
ppeerrssoonn?? 
IIss iitt ggoooodd ttoo bbee 
nnoossttaallggiicc??
What were your favorite toys when yyoouu wweerree aa cchhiilldd?? 
 DDoollllss 
 BBiikkeess 
 RRooppee 
 TTeeaa sseett...
What did you enjoy doing when yyoouu wweerree aa cchhiilldd?? 
FFiisshhiinngg 
SSeeeekk aanndd hhiiddee
How old were you when you first fell iinn lloovvee//fflleerrtteedd?? 
HHooww oolldd wweerree yyoouu wwhheenn yyoouu ffiirr...
What wweerree yyoouurr wwoorrsstt ffeeaarrss?? 
 OOff bbeeiinngg aalloonnee 
 TThhee ddaarrkk 
 SSlleeeeppiinngg aalloo...
What did you hate most when yyoouu wweerree aa cchhiilldd?? 
Picture practice: Past continuous & simple past usage 
Comple...
Simple Past Tense Quis 
1. _____________________________________________________________ 
I was born in Brasília. 
2. ____...
Practicing iinn tthhee ppaasstt 
PPrreesseenntt 
((TTooddaayy)) 
ttaallkk 
wwaallkk 
ppllaayy 
llaauugghh 
hheellpp 
aassk...
Picture practice: Past continuous & simple past usage 
Complete the sentences below using either the past progressive/cont...
What ddiidd DDaavviidd ddoo yyeesstteerrddaayy?? 
Well, he ____________ (to have) a 
meeting at 9:00 a.m, 11:30 a.m, at 
2...
When did you first hear about the influenza vviirruuss?? HHooww ddiidd yyoouu 
ffiirrsstt hheeaarr aabboouutt iitt?? HHoow...
OOnnee nniigghhtt II ddrreeaammeedd II wwaass wwaallkkiinngg aalloonngg tthhee bbeeaacchh wwiitthh tthhee LLoorrdd.. MMaan...
The GGoooodd ssaammaarriittaann PPaarraabbllee 
 OOnnccee tthheerree ____________ wwaass//wweerree aa 
ggoooodd SSaammaar...
As they approached tthhee wweellll,, ...... 
 __________________________________________________ 
_______________________...
The past simple or simple past
The past simple or simple past
The past simple or simple past
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The past simple or simple past

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Practice and uses of the simple past tense in ESL

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The past simple or simple past

  1. 1. The past ssiimmppllee oorr ssiimmppllee ppaasstt TThhee ppaasstt iiss nnoott aallwwaayyss tthhaatt ssiimmppllee WWee tthhrrooww tthhee ppaasstt iinn tthhee aabbiissmm BBuutt wwee ddoo nnoott bbeenndd TToo sseeee iiff iitt iiss rreeaallllyy ddeeaadd.. WWiilllliiaamm sshhaakkeessppeeaarree..
  2. 2. How were they ffeeeelliinngg yyeesstteerrddaayy?? II wwaass ssuurrpprriisseedd WWee wweerree eexxcciitteedd IItt wwaass sshhyy HHee wwaass ssccaarreedd YYoouu wweerree ccoonnffuusseedd YYoouu wweerree sslleeeeppyy SShhee wwaass lloonneellyy TThheeyy wweerree hhaappppyy
  3. 3. Read about the biography of the famous painter Henri RRoouusssseeaauu.. TThheenn mmaakkee qquueessttiioonnss aanndd aannsswweerr tthheenn bbaasseedd oonn tthhee tteexxtt..  Henri Rousseau’s Short Biography  Henri Rousseau was born on May 21, 1844, in Laval, France. While working as a toll collector in Paris, he taught himself to paint and exhibited his work almost annually from 1886 until the end of his life. He was given the nickname "Le Douanier" ("the customs officer") by his acquaintances in the Parisian avant-garde. Despite his connections with other artists and dealers, he never profited from his paintings; however, works like "The Dream," "The Sleeping Gypsy" and "Carnival Evening" influenced many artists who came after him. He died in Paris on September 2, 1910.2  1. When ___________________________________________________________?  2. Where __________________________________________________________?  3. What ___________________________________________________________?  4. Who ____________________________________________________________?  5. Why ____________________________________________________________?  6. Did _____________________________________________________________?  7. Were ___________________________________________________________?
  4. 4. Henri Rousseau was a painter (1844-1910) famous for his paintings about dreams. HHooww ddooeess tthhee ddrreeaamm ccoonnttiinnuuee?? DDrraaww tthhee rreesstt ooff tthhee ssttoorryy,, tthheenn wwrriittee aa ppaarraaggrraapphh rreetteelllliinngg iitt.. FFiinnaallllyy,, tteellll yyoouu ssttoorryy ttoo ootthheerrss.. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________
  5. 5. The past simple oorr ssiimmppllee ppaasstt My Pretty Rose Tree by William Blake A flower was offered to me: Such a flower as May never bore. But I said "I've a Pretty Rose-tree", And I passed the sweet flower o'er. Then I went to my Pretty Rose-tree: To tend her by day and by night. But my Rose turned away with jealousy: And her thorns were my only delight.
  6. 6. Did they identify the USA on tthhee mmaapp ccoorrrreeccttllyy??
  7. 7. AArree yyoouu aa nnoossttaallggiicc ppeerrssoonn?? IIss iitt ggoooodd ttoo bbee nnoossttaallggiicc??
  8. 8. What were your favorite toys when yyoouu wweerree aa cchhiilldd??  DDoollllss  BBiikkeess  RRooppee  TTeeaa sseett  MMaarrbblleess  KKiitteess ......  DDoo yyoouu ssttiillll hhaavvee tthheemm??
  9. 9. What did you enjoy doing when yyoouu wweerree aa cchhiilldd?? FFiisshhiinngg SSeeeekk aanndd hhiiddee
  10. 10. How old were you when you first fell iinn lloovvee//fflleerrtteedd?? HHooww oolldd wweerree yyoouu wwhheenn yyoouu ffiirrsstt kkiisssseedd?? HHooww oolldd wweerree yyoouu wwhheenn yyoouu ffiirrsstt ddaatteedd??
  11. 11. What wweerree yyoouurr wwoorrsstt ffeeaarrss??  OOff bbeeiinngg aalloonnee  TThhee ddaarrkk  SSlleeeeppiinngg aalloonnee  gghhoossttss
  12. 12. What did you hate most when yyoouu wweerree aa cchhiilldd?? Picture practice: Past continuous & simple past usage Complete the sentences below using either the past progressive/continuous (was/were + verb + ing) or simple past (2nd part of the verb, usually "-ed" ending). Note: An action in the simple past often interrupts an action that continues (past progressive/continuous). We often write "as", "while", or "when" + past progressive.
  13. 13. Simple Past Tense Quis 1. _____________________________________________________________ I was born in Brasília. 2. ___________________________________________________________? He went to the hospital 3. ____________________________________________________________? They took it easy. 4. ____________________________________________________________? Yes, she did. 5. ____________________________________________________________? No, it didn’t. 6. ______________________________________________________________? She watched “Tropa de Elite II”. 7. ______________________________________________________________? No, we didn’t. 8. ______________________________________________________________? I bought a new book.
  14. 14. Practicing iinn tthhee ppaasstt PPrreesseenntt ((TTooddaayy)) ttaallkk wwaallkk ppllaayy llaauugghh hheellpp aasskk aannsswweerr sshhoouutt ffiinniisshh llooookk PPaasstt TTeennssee:: ((YYeesstteerrddaayy)) ttaallkkeedd wwaallkkeedd ppllaayyeedd llaauugghheedd hheellppeedd aasskkeedd aannsswweerreedd sshhoouutteedd ffiinniisshheedd llooookkeedd Change these sentences into the Past Tense. For example: Jane talks to the teacher. Jane talked to the teacher. 1. The students walk to their lessons. 2. The children play in the park. 3. They laugh at the joke. 4. The good students help5 t.heir teacher with the books. 5. She asks him a question about the homework. 6. The student answers the question. 7. The angry teacher shouts at the naughty students. 8. When they finish reading, they look at the pictures. PPrreesseenntt ((TTooddaayy)) aamm // aarree // iiss ddoo ccaann hhaavvee // hhaass ggoo rruunn ssppeeaakk lleeaarrnn ddrriivvee eeaatt ccrryy hhuurrrryy ssttoopp PPaasstt TTeennssee:: ((YYeesstteerrddaayy)) WWaass//wweerree ddiidd ccoouulldd hhaadd wweenntt rraann ssppookkee lleeaarrnntt ddrroovvee aattee ccrriieedd hhuurrrriieedd ssttooppppeedd
  15. 15. Picture practice: Past continuous & simple past usage Complete the sentences below using either the past progressive/continuous (was/were + verb + ing) or simple past (2nd part of the verb, usually "-ed" ending). Note: An action in the simple past often interrupts an action that continues (past progressive/continuous). We often write "as", "while", or "when" + past progressive.
  16. 16. What ddiidd DDaavviidd ddoo yyeesstteerrddaayy?? Well, he ____________ (to have) a meeting at 9:00 a.m, 11:30 a.m, at 2:00 p.m and at 3:30 p.m. At 1:1 he _________ (to have) lunch with Susan and _____________ (to call) Stephen. He __________ (to finish) his report, ____________ (to type) a memo, ______ (to call) Jana and he ______________ (to buy) office supplies. Finally, he ____________ (to follow) up with Joanne and he ___________________ (to pick up) John at 5:00 at school. So, as you can see, he ___________ (to have) a really busy day yesterday. 1. Did John take it easy yesterday?
  17. 17. When did you first hear about the influenza vviirruuss?? HHooww ddiidd yyoouu ffiirrsstt hheeaarr aabboouutt iitt?? HHooww ddiidd yyoouu rreeaacctt?? WWhhaatt ccaarree ddiidd yyoouu ttaakkee??
  18. 18. OOnnee nniigghhtt II ddrreeaammeedd II wwaass wwaallkkiinngg aalloonngg tthhee bbeeaacchh wwiitthh tthhee LLoorrdd.. MMaannyy sscceenneess ffrroomm mmyy lliiffee ffllaasshheedd aaccrroossss tthhee sskkyy.. IInn eeaacchh sscceennee II nnoottiicceedd ffoooottpprriinnttss iinn tthhee ssaanndd.. SSoommeettiimmeess tthheerree wweerree ttwwoo sseettss ooff ffoooottpprriinnttss,, ootthheerr ttiimmeess tthheerree wwaass oonnee oonnllyy.. TThhiiss bbootthheerreedd mmee bbeeccaauussee II nnoottiicceedd tthhaatt dduurriinngg tthhee llooww ppeerriiooddss ooff mmyy lliiffee,, wwhheenn II wwaass ssuuffffeerriinngg ffrroomm aanngguuiisshh,, ssoorrrrooww oorr ddeeffeeaatt,, II ccoouulldd sseeee oonnllyy oonnee sseett ooff ffoooottpprriinnttss,, ssoo II ssaaiidd ttoo tthhee LLoorrdd,, ““YYoouu pprroommiisseedd mmee LLoorrdd,, tthhaatt iiff II ffoolllloowweedd yyoouu,, yyoouu wwoouulldd wwaallkk wwiitthh mmee aallwwaayyss.. BBuutt II hhaavvee nnoottiicceedd tthhaatt dduurriinngg tthhee mmoosstt ttrryyiinngg ppeerriiooddss ooff mmyy lliiffee tthheerree hhaass oonnllyy bbeeeenn oonnee sseett ooff ffoooottpprriinnttss iinn tthhee ssaanndd.. WWhhyy,, wwhheenn II nneeeeddeedd yyoouu mmoosstt,, hhaavvee yyoouu nnoott bbeeeenn tthheerree ffoorr mmee??”” TThhee LLoorrdd rreepplliieedd,, ““TThhee yyeeaarrss wwhheenn yyoouu hhaavvee sseeeenn oonnllyy oonnee sseett ooff ffoooottpprriinnttss,, mmyy cchhiilldd,, IItt iiss wwhheenn II ccaarrrriieedd yyoouu..””
  19. 19. The GGoooodd ssaammaarriittaann PPaarraabbllee  OOnnccee tthheerree ____________ wwaass//wweerree aa ggoooodd SSaammaarriittaann wwhhoo ______________________ hheellppss//hheellppeedd aannootthheerr mmaann ffrroomm aannootthheerr rreelliiggiioonn iinnccoonnddiittiioonnaallllyy.. WWhhiillee tthhee ttwwoo ootthheerr mmeenn wwhhoo ________ ppaasssseess//ppaasssseedd bbeeffoorree hhiimm ______________ iiggnnoorree//iiggnnoorreedd ccoommpplleettllyy tthhee mmaann iinn nneeeedd.. TThhee ffiirrsstt oonnee __________ ddiidd//ddoo nnoott hheellpp bbeeccaauussee hhee ______ wweerree//wwaass ffrroomm aa ddiiffffeerreenntt cciittyy aanndd rreelliiggiioonn.. TThhee sseeccoonndd oonnee ________ aarrgguuee//aarrgguueedd tthhaatt iitt wwaass bbeeccaauussee hhee wwaass aa ssttrraannggeerr.. 11.. WWhhoo wwaass ccoonnssiiddeerreedd aa ttrruuee CChhrriissttiiaann?? WWhhyy?? 22.. WWhhaatt wwoouulldd yyoouu hhaavvee ddoonnee?? WWhhyy?? 33.. WWhhyy ddoo wwee ffiinndd ssoo ddiiffffiiccuulltt ttoo
  20. 20. As they approached tthhee wweellll,, ......  __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ ________________________________________  ____________________________________________..

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