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Grammar Lesson 13 And Diagramming

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Lesson on diagramming sentences with verbals and appositives

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Grammar Lesson 13 And Diagramming

  1. 1. Grammar Lesson 13 & Diagramming English 10 Mr. Hill
  2. 2. Important Notice <ul><li>Grammar Lessons 11 & 12 in the book are being skipped in class discussion because the topics (nouns and pronouns) are very basic concepts and should already have been mastered by this level of English. </li></ul><ul><li>YOU ARE STILL RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MATERIAL IN THESE CHAPTERS FOR THE GRAMMAR TEST THAT WILL COVER LESSONS 1-13. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Contrary to the verbals presented in Lesson 10, appositives will not represent action normally found in a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, appositives are nouns or pronouns that are used “in apposition” to another noun or pronoun. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>“In apposition” means that the noun or pronoun that is the appositive is “placed next to or beside” another noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the appositive word is to rename or stand for the noun or pronoun next to it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At camp we met Mr. Smithson, the scoutmaster . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our first dog, Sparky , died almost two years ago. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The two senior members of the group, Ted and Samantha , voted against the proposal. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Remember that the appositive has to be a noun or a pronoun and must rename or replace the noun or pronoun with which it is connected. </li></ul><ul><li>The appositive can also be taken out of the sentence and the sentence will remain grammatically correct. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Appositives are also usually set off by commas and appear after the noun or pronoun they are replacing. </li></ul><ul><li>The only time this rule is not used is when the appositive is going to be a list of items to replace one word and the list appears at the very end of the sentence. Then a colon is used. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>We took only the bare essentials: blankets , toothbrushes , a few pots and pans and food . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Another exception is when the appositive is very simple and very closely related to the word with which it is connected. Then no punctuation is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My friend Bob is getting married. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>An appositive can also be in the form of a phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>These are created by attaching modifiers to the main appositive word. These are often very easy to spot because of the commas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our instructor, a difficult and challenging person , always gives us horrible exams. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This term paper, the worst assignment in the history of English , is killing my grade. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My grade, a failing mark after the last test , is going to get me in a lot of trouble at home. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>PRACTICE WITH APPOSITIVES: </li></ul><ul><li>WRITE DOWN THE APPOSITIVE OR APPOSITIVE PHRASE IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>IF IT’S A PHRASE, UNDERLINE THE APPOSITIVE WORD IN THE PHRASE </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>1. My friend the blacksmith gave me a horseshoe. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The capital city, Halifax, is a major seaport, the western terminus of many passenger and freight ships. </li></ul><ul><li>3. There is a serious weakness in your whole scheme: lack of money. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>4. You older boys can take my car, the Ford station wagon. </li></ul><ul><li>5. It was decided that Dr. Lawrence, a member of the faculty, should be the spokesman for our group. </li></ul><ul><li>6. We sent a very diplomatic reply, one which should have pleased everybody. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>7. Two of us, Harriet and I, are reading the popular thriller, The Spy Who Came In from the Cold . </li></ul><ul><li>8. The whole Collins family – mother, father, and three children – piled into the back seat. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Most of the growers only produce two varieties: McIntosh and Delicious. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>10. Your sister Jean has been dating a classmate of mine, Arthur Robusin. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>ANSWERS TO PRACTICE SENTENCES </li></ul>
  18. 18. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>1. My friend the blacksmith gave me a horseshoe. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The capital city, Halifax , is a major seaport, the western terminus of many passenger and freight ships . </li></ul><ul><li>3. There is a serious weakness in your whole scheme: lack of money . </li></ul>
  19. 19. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>4. You older boys can take my car, the Ford station wagon . </li></ul><ul><li>5. It was decided that Dr. Lawrence, a member of the faculty , should be the spokesman for our group. </li></ul><ul><li>6. We sent a very diplomatic reply, one which should have pleased everybody . </li></ul>
  20. 20. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>7. Two of us, Harriet and I , are reading the popular thriller, The Spy Who Came In from the Cold . </li></ul><ul><li>8. The whole Collins family – mother , father , and three children – piled into the back seat. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Most of the growers only produce two varieties: McIntosh and Delicious . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Lesson 13: Appositives <ul><li>10. Your sister Jean has been dating a classmate of mine, Arthur Robusin . </li></ul>

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