100525 Scotlands Climate Change Challenge To Construction


Published on

Breakfast Seminar on 25th May 2010 for Clients of AECOM in the Glasgow area. If you\’d like to discuss any of the topics further contact Gerry on 07921 646 064.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Introduction by BernadetteMcKell:Ladies & gentlemen, welcome the AECOM Breakfast seminarinto the Challenges that lie ahead for the Constructionindustry in Scotland. This topic obviously has attracted your attention with an excellent turnout. In the room we a range of top architects, agents, developers, contractors, other consultants and some representatives from government bodies. So down to housekeeping, can we make sure all mobile’s & Blackberries are off or on silent. There isn’t a planned fire alarm test and therefore if you hear an alarm the emergency exits are........(find out from hotel)Your principal speak today is Gerry Brannigan, and for those who have not come across Gerry yet, he is an Associate Director focussing on delivering holistic and practical, affordable Sustainable solutions. Gerry has been with AECOM for 11 years and has worked on many various projects in the UK around the world.GerryGood morning and thanks to Bernadette for that introduction. Today we’re going to take you on a 40 year journey into the future with the aim of getting you all talking about the exciting opportunities and possibilities. We are in an unusual position where the government are fighting to cut the deficit, the Banks are not lending, but we are on the verge of a new industrial “Green” revolution and we all need to start taking action. AECOM are here to help your business, whether in terms of design, policy or initial feasibility to assist your businesses to get a slice of this Low Carbon Economy. So make sure that you talk to one of our team about our integrated sustainable design offer to help you and work with you to meet your goals and see how you can shape your business to meet Scotland’s Climate Challenge.
  • So, today I will let you know a little about AECOM and what we can do for your projects and businesses throughout Scotland.We’ll look at what we mean by sustainability and ask you to come for a journey into the future and consider how business as usual could affect us around the world, and in Scotland in particular.Then we’ll quickly return to the present and look at some of the things we’re doing now as a nation, how it’s going to affect how we build and design buildings and infrastructure.Then we’ve a couple of case studies to show you.I’ll then be delighted to introduce our guest speaker from the Scottish Government who is the coordinator of the 2020 Group to let us know what they are doing and what progress they’ve made to date.And finally, hopefully you’ll be at the edge of your seats full of enthusiasm ready to contribute or ask questions about how we can all work together to meet Scotland’s Climate Challenge.
  • So for those who aren’t aware of who AECOM are.With 45,000 colleagues working together to provide our clients with the best sustainable solutions possible, we are actually largest Design company in the world. We are truly a global company and have more than 50% of our employees are outside of the USA. We operate in over 100 countries around the world and in Europe we have 4,500 people in 60 offices. Our 7 divisions cover most development needs and with specialists in all sectors we can create sustainable solutions and have access to specialists and resources which are unsurpassed.The Engineering News Record international magazine ranked AECOM as the No 1 design firm in the World. We are also a public company with strong finances which are demonstrated by being 352nd on the Fortune 500 group of companies.However, I suspect that many of you will be more interested in our credentials in Scotland?
  • Well, in Scotland we developed from several companies. I personally started my career with Oscar Faber before we changed to Faber Maunsell in 2002, since then, we have combined with Bullen and Hamilton & Macgregor to form and single focussed and comprehensive organisation with AECOM in Scotland. We have 280 excellent staff who are involved in all major areas of construction design from Buildings, Environment, Water, Energy and Transport. We strive to provide our clients with an integrated approach to projects offering multiple services to achieve the best and most sustainable development possible. At AECOM we don’t just talk about Sustainability it’s integrated into all of our processes.
  • And Sustainability is not just about Energy & Carbon. Looking at the sustainable credentials of the development or project more items of the construction influences can be categorised into these primary areas. I’m sure all of the people in the room contribute to or influence each of these. By working as a team we can help improve and minimise the impact of our developments and processes to each of these areas.AECOM are working hard to make a positive impact in not only the BREEAM and other Sustainability Assessment projects, but in all of our projects across all disciplines, from buildings, water management systems, to green transport planning. We are thought leaders within the UK contributing to policy and have been an integrated part of the development of BREEAM since its inception, we are principla author of Part L in England & Wales, and have undertaken Research for the Scottish Building Standards 2010, as well as numerous other government and public sector policies, as well as Corporate Social Responsibility documentation for many of our clients.
  • We are thought leaders within the UK contributing to policy and have been an integrated part of the development of BREEAM since its inception, we are principal author of Part L in England & Wales, and have undertaken Research for the Scottish Building Standards 2010, as well as numerous other government and public sector policies, as well as Corporate Social Responsibility documentation for many of our clients.
  • Sustainability has changed from being a buzzword used flipantly, to becoming an integrated part of our business strategies.However, many actually don’t understand what sustainability is. The dictionary definition states that it is the “Capacity to endure”. Some of you may be feeling that during the early part of this presentation...but bear with me!Most of us in this room know the Bruntland Commission definition from the UN. “sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”PauseAECOM are a member of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, and I sit on the Scottish Steering Group for the UK branch. The BCSD recently publish their Vision 2050 document which looks ahead to how the world needs to be doing business. Our world in 2010 currently has around 6 Billion people in the world. In the next 40 years this is forecasted to increase and stabilise at around 9 Billion. Their vision for 2050 is quite forward thinking. “In 2050, around 9 billion people live well, and within the limits of the planet.”This means, we will continue to develop and not compromise our expected lifestyle, but we will do this without compromising our planet.
  • That seems like a big statement. The UN have an Index figure which relates to how Humans develop in a progressive manner. They have also provided us with a Global Ecological Footprint or biocapacity, which basically is the equivalent area of the earth which we can impact without overusingthe planet.So the figures they’ve given us is a Development index of 0.8, to ensure we progress adequately. The ecological footprint they’ve given us is less than 2 Global Hectares per person. So how do you think we’re all doing? As you could probably guess, most of our African and Asian cousins in the emerging economies are doing great on the ecologic footprint index, however currently they are at a low level of development opportunity. In most of the industrially established economies and nations we are the opposite and using a far greater ecologic footprint that is sustainable.
  • It’s not hard to know that we have an increasing population, energy demand and global temperatures.However our water availability is falling, food and agriculture is suffering and as such so are our eco-systems
  • So We’ve seen what the situation is...what if we carry on Business as Usual. OK this graph was developed by more people with big foreheads! The WBCSD have converted our Ecologic Footprint being used in the world and related this to the available resources available on the Earth….called Earths. Yes, “Earths”...the big planet going round the sun that we all live on!They project that by 2050 we will be using the equivalent of 2.3 Earths if we carry on in a “Business as Usual” fashion. The BCSD propose however that if we start now in a strategic manner we have a chance of reducing the footprint we currently use down to 1.1 Earths by 2050.Stern said that 2050 is the point of no return, and so if we make big changes now and progressively over the next 40 years we can cut this impact and strive to change how we over use our planet.
  • So, again if we carry on in a Business as Usual fashion, SNIFFER have developed climate projects for Scotland. These clearly show an overall increase in our temperature across the country. Our country will become dryer on average, but as you can see parts of the West Coast will get wetter.By 2080 our Skiing industry could be dramatically affected with snowfall rates down 40-60% over the Cairngorms....a bit hard to imagine after this year!Our rainfall events will intensify.Wind Speeds will rise increasing frequency of gales.And Sea Levels will rise.So what does all this mean…Increased Temperature Variations & Cooling RequirementsWater will become more of a commodityFlash Flooding will be more prevalent, with river wall defences needing major investment and sewer networks needing increased in size.Increased gales may result in structural implications to buildings and structuresIncreased Tidal Surges and Waves will mean locallised flooding and major investment required for sea-wall defences and protection to ports & harbours.However these effects can be minimised, and if the country works together we can make our targets and reduce these impacts.
  • It is widely know that Buildings represent around 40% of the final energy used globally. However taking into account the construction industry we all contribute to more than 50% of all emissions. The International Energy Agency estimates that energy efficiency could account for 60% of global CO2 reductions until 2030. This means by each of us embracing this knowledge, we can work together to not only design new buildings and developments better, but reduce the consumption of our existing stock across the country by good practice energy efficiency measures.The Key priority for improving the global economy and also the global climate prospects, is to Transform your home market by Building Competencies and scale.In other words we cannot enter the global economy if we’ve not sorted outselves out locally. The available market in Low Carbon Technologies is estimated to be £3.2Trillion over the coming decades.We are at the start of a 40 year Journey to implement practical and effective action to achieve a world and country which is a leader in progress and can develop in a sustainable manner for many future generations to come.
  • Businesses are starting to understand the need and opportunity there is to fully integrate Sustainability into their business strategies and processes.Last year the Scottish Parliament unanimously passed the Climate Change (Scotland) act 2009 which was a catalyst for major developments and progress in the low carbon economy. The Climate Change Delivery Plan was launched shortly afterwards, which outlines the key challenges that Scotland must face and overcome over the next 40 years. There are targets for certain issues which I’ll investigate a little further on some of the following slides. The Scottish Government then launched the Climate Change Adaptation Framework which looks at many areas of government influence, from local authorities and NHS for example to give them focus and direction for what should be tackled first.
  • So reading through several of these documents there are many issues, however I’ve pulled out some important figures which I think should be focussed on.BY 2020 we need to have a 42% reduction in our Emissions.This increases to 80% by 2050.But importantly to achieve this it will need to be done gradually, year on year, to achieve a successful goal.Other major Scottish Targets are the de-carbonisation of our energy sector. This brings major issues to the forefront our all of our businesses which I’ll talk about further shortly.
  • So, looking at the data I indicated earlier we can see that by 2007 we reached a 19.9% reduction in overall emissions since 1990. The next phase is a 42% reduction, surpassing may other nations targets by 2020, then a gradual improvement and development eventually towards our 2050 goal of 80% reduction in emissions.
  • So How do we get to this point?The one thing that’s certain is that we won’t have a single solution. There will be many areas of focus being looked at in tandem to get towards a unified goal. Most of you will have went to a seminar on the Climate Reduction Commitment, now called the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme over the last year. This scheme gives incentive to businesses and organisations who qualify, to reduce their energy usage year on year or face a levy and includes ways to trade your carbon positives and negatives effectively creating a value on carbon.The Saltire Prize was launched to promote, drive and encourage the development of marine and tidal energy generation. There are several companies and organisations fighting for the prestigious prize of £10million.The Climate Challenge Fund (CCF) gives communities, through individual community groups and community planning partners, the ability to implement actions to reduce their carbon emissions. A community group must be the lead player in a project, and projects must include a measurable and significant reduction in carbon emissions, with a positive lasting legacy beyond the three years of the funding programme.The 2020 Group is a business group which are positively implementing the technologies and policies to meet the governments goals. Effectively all the government can do is provide a framework, it is businesses and communities who have to actually make the changes. AECOM actually sit on 2 specialist sub-groups for Built Environment and Transportation which feed into the main group.The Carbon Trust can provide loans and grants for your businesses to implement low carbon projects. AECOM are members of the Carbon Trust and by using our Carbon Trust consultants we can often gain a grant to pay for some of the services we provide.Scottish Enterprise are actively working alongside businesses to encourage them to invest in Scotland, this will bring not only construction opportunities for all of us, but also employment and social impact to many of the skilled workforce we have in this country.One of the other major areas of change to target the 40% impact from buildings is change to the Scottish Building Standards which were launched on 4th April and will be in force by 1st October. The main focus of this legislation aims to give an overall 30% reduction in emissions from buildings since the previous standard.The Scottish Government is an striving to apply “fit-for purpose” legislation which will ensure all are on a level playing field which will encourage prosperous, competitive, resilient businesses in a globally competitive low carbon economy
  • We can see in this analysis that 2010 brings improvement over the last 2007 standards throughout all construction types in the Insulation Envelope. Some of the major changes have been to the requirements of Shell and to Conversions. We can see that in the 2010 regulations Conversions have a significant requirement to improve the building fabric. I suspect that in the past when refurbishments were being investigated this was often ignored as it would not be enforced even to the higher level if not deemed “cost effective”. By increasing these levels in this way I believe the Building Standards Division is striving to start improving our existing stock as quickly as possible.These standards are promoting the need to “Engineer” systems out of buildings and rely on architect, client and engineer working closer together at an earlier stage to make buildings the best they can be, resulting in less and smaller services systems.
  • When limiting infiltration in buildings there have also been big changes.In 2007 the use of accredited construction details meant that air infiltration testing was not going to be required, and a “typical” figure could be used, with an increased figure assumed when not using the accredited details. In 2010 this requirement has changed significantly.Where a building warrant application is made for the building shell only, air permeability should not exceed 7m3/m2.h at 50Pa and testing should be carried out at completion of shell and again at completion of fit-out. If only a single warrant will be submitted for the entire building there is only the requirement to undertake the test following completion of the whole building. Note that these requirements are being phased in and will become a requirement on 1st May 2011.
  • Some of the other key changes in Section 6 include a major increase in the information available within the technical handbooks and improvement of efficiencies across the board. With tighter buildings and more variable climate natural ventilation may not always be the best solution, so fan and cooling efficiencies have been improved greatly.Sub-metering has also been developed further since the previous regulations.
  • One of the major areas of interest of AECOM is the strive towards decarbonised Electricity and Heating Energy throughout Scotland. But what does this mean.As we’ve already discussed there will be a major focus on the need for electricity & heat by building our buildings better.
  • Then there will be a major focus on Renewable Energy. This could be from major windfarms like that at Whitelee which is a phenomenal sight to see, NEXT SLIDE
  • and potentially a off-shore windfarms such as those in Europe and around the world.NEXT SLIDE
  • Obviously the Saltire Prize may bring us a commercially viable Wave or Tidal Energy Network in the not-too distant future.Last year AECOM won a contract to produce a Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters in the north of Scotland. One of the key objectives of the plan was to map areas of opportunity for the development of tidal and wave power.
  • This along with other forms of major grid linked renewable energy systems will be aligned with more off-grid localised systems such as integrated Solar PV and solar Thermal systems, Ground or Air-source systems, integrated wind turbine technology, and Biomass CHP systems.With a combination of all of the above Scotland has a change to truly decarbonise our Electricity network and as funding gaps emerge we will face economic challenges to reach these goals, but to those with an entrepreneurial spirit we, in Scotland have major low carbon economy to tap into expand.
  • One area not fully understood developed or understood in the industry is the Decarbonisation of Heat. Most of us heat our homes and offices by either gas or oil. Scotland’s Climate Change Delivery Plan states that by 2050 we will not have a comprehensive natural gas network throughout our country. And the networks that still exist by that point will have been converted to biogas.The target is actually to achieve a 34% reduction in our Heat requirements through a combination of energy efficiency, and change in building performance, and 11% renewable heat by 2020. This would be delivered by low carbon heat, such as biomass or air or ground source heat pumps, powered by renewable electricity.Considering the implications of this is that if over the next 10 years, our buildings are going to be heated by renewable heat then we need to consider these implications in the buildings we are designing now and what flexibility we should design in now.
  • To incentivise people into investing in smaller scale renewable energies the government have introduced the Feed In Tariff. Commonly now known as the FITs scheme, this went live on 1 April 2010. Through the use of additional low carbon electricity generation can be deployed, particularly by organisations, businesses, communities and individuals who are not traditionally engaged in the electricity market. This “clean energy cashback” will allow many people to invest in small scale low carbon electricity, in return for a guaranteed payment both for the electricity they generate and export. The Renewable Heat Incentive is being launched next year in a similar manner to electricity, but will be relating to heating energy.
  • DEFRA’s new offices at Alnwick, Northumberland were designed to minimise their environmental impact throughout their lifetime. The new building achieved a BREEAM ‘Excellent’ rating at the design stage under what was initially a new and significantly more challenging BREEAM for Offices 2006. Following completion and as a result of its final score it won the BREEAM award and was then reassessed under the new BREEAM for Offices 2008. Following the post-construction review the building is the first to be awarded full BREEAM “Outstanding” with a score of 87.28%. The building is one of the first net zero carbon office buildings in the UKgenerating enough energy from carbon free energy sources to more than counter the carbon emissions due to the electricity and gas used in the building. The building was the first office in the UK to achieve an A+ Energy Performance Certificate rating and won the CIBSE Low Carbon Project of the Year. All this was achieved through careful and cost effective design and construction by the whole project team, with engineering and sustainability inputs being led by AECOM at design stage
  • In order to make these achievements AECOM undertook a detailed feasibility study into different aspects of the development and Low and Zero Carbon Options. We looked at:Annual energy useCarbon emissionsNOx emissionsWhole life cycle costsThis analysis allowed the development to progress to meet its aims.
  • Naturally ventilated office, enhanced with mechanical displacement ventilation with heat recovery.Exposed thermal mass to allow for passive night cooling.Enhanced levels of insulation to near zero heat demandAdvanced low energy direct-indirect lighting with automatic dimming and motion sensing120m² photovoltaic solar shading arrays3No. 15kW wind turbinesBiomass heating systemSolar thermal hot water generationRainwater harvesting and low water use fittingsSustainable materials used throughout (such as sheep’s wool insulation and glu-lam columns.
  • AECOM, on behalf of the North West Development Agency detailed a low carbon design approach to help meet the zero carbon aspirations for the proposed Bickershaw South Development.The development includes Code for Sustainable Homes level 6 Homes. The aim is to construct between 200 and 700 dwellings with commercial and retail spaces.The site was entered for Carbon Challenge, with the aim of creating the first zero carbon development in the region.
  • An energy analysis of a development site should always be undertaken. On Bickershaw AECOM undertook several options to investigate where the energy could be generated. On these two examples I’ve taken from the overall feasibility report we have one of the options where wind turbines are utilised to deliver renewable electricity throughout the domestic and commercial areas of the site. Electrically powered heat pumps deliver cooling to the commercial areas, while electric heating is supplemented by solar thermal water heating to minimise the peak output requirements.
  • Inthe second example, undertaken on the basis that Wind Turbines were not granted consent, a Biomass CHP solution is utilised providing heat generated Absorption Chillers to provide cooling. A district heating system is utilised using the waste heat from the Biomass CHP system. Zero Carbon electricity is generated via a combination of Photovoltaic's and the Biomass CHP system.
  • The facts are that business as Usual is no longer an option. We need to make more changes Tough targets have been set for us all and for the country to progress it is our job to embrace these, not just to give you a feel good factor for your business, but to develop and expand all of our portfolios by seeing that with these changes bring opportunity for us all.And what is a key message...get the right team as Early as possible in the development of your projects. The right design team can help clients see opportunities unknown to them. Aecom want to work with all of you in order to make some of your aspirations become reality and help you not only achieve sustainable goals, but in a cost effective and profitable manner. To do this we need to be involved at the right time. Remember that 37 of the BREEAM credits can be secured before Stage C! This timeline shows where the whole project team are generally allowed input. The re-thought model brings holistic thinking to the table. Getting the whole team involved at and early stage who move with the project throughout it’s development integrated sustainable solutions and ensuring cost-effectiveness right through until operation of the building.To do this project financing perhaps has to be rethought. The line between capital investment and operational costs needs to have an overlap. AECOM work with our QS and contracting partners to establish effective and efficient cost and financing models which will ensure integration of technologies result in a favourable financial model to suit our clients needs.
  • So We hope you enjoyed the presentation and it made you consider where you business is going to be in the next 40 years. AECOM want to join you on your journey and help you along the way. Please take some of our brochures, my business cards are also sitting out if you would like to discuss anything more specific. We have several of our expert staff here today and they are looking forward to discussing some of your ideas and opportunities during the networking event afterwards. There’s a short period before the breakfast rolls, so I’m sure you’ll all be bursting with enthusiasm, comments and questions. Who’d like to go first.
  • 100525 Scotlands Climate Change Challenge To Construction

    1. 1. Climate Change and the Construction Industry... Scotland’s Challenge Gerry Brannigan
    2. 2. Introduction & Agenda • Who are AECOM? • Sustainability & the World • The Future Climate in Scotland • How will we Meet the Challenge • Case Studies • Scotland’s 2020 Group • Interactive Session Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 2 the Construction Industry
    3. 3. Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 3 the Construction Industry
    4. 4. AECOM in Scotland Building Services Civil & Structural ICT CDM-C Fire Engineering Facilities Engineering BREEAM Carbon Trust Aberdeen Advanced Design Sustainability Edinburgh Water Glasgow Geotechnical Acoustics Drainage Flood Risk Wind Power 280 Hydro Power Waste to Energy Solar Energy Landscape Architecture Transport Planning Transport Infrastructure Development Planning Rail Engineering Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 4 the Construction Industry
    5. 5. Sustainability is not just about Energy & Carbon Energy Materials Waste Sustainability Transportation Water Social, Health Ecology & Wellbeing Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 5 the Construction Industry
    6. 6. Thought Leaders Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 6 the Construction Industry
    7. 7. Definition Sustainability is the “capacity to endure.” “sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Brundtland Commission of the United Nations “In 2050, around 9 billion people live well, and within the limits of the planet.” Vision 2050 - The New Agenda for business World Business Council for Sustainable Development WBCSD Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 7 the Construction Industry
    8. 8. Meeting the Dual Goals of Sustainability – High Human Development and Low Ecological Impact Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 8 the Construction Industry
    9. 9. Growth, Inertia & Degradation POPULATION ENERGY TEMPERATURE DEMAND WATER FOOD ECO-SYSTEMS Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 9 the Construction Industry
    10. 10. Business as Usual? 1.1 Earths (Vision 2050) WBCSD – Vision 2050 Figure 3.12 Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 10 the Construction Industry
    11. 11. Climate Projections in Scotland Temperature (2050) Rainfall Events (2080) • 1-1.5oC Average Increase • 100% More Intensive In West • 1.5-2oC Seasonal • 4oC Rise in Hottest Days • 150% More Intensive in SW Rain (2020) Wind Speeds (2080) • 10% Dryer on Average • 10% Wetter in West • increase by 2-6% • 10-20% Dryer in Central & Sea Levels (2080) Borders Snow (2080) • Rise between 15-28mm by 2080 • 40-60% Less over Cairngorms • 80% Less East Coast Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 11 the Construction Industry
    12. 12. Important Figures to Know • 40% of Energy Used Globally is by Buildings • 50% if Construction Industry included • 60% of Global CO2 reductions until 2030 can be by Energy Efficiency (International Energy Agency (IEA)) • Local Carbon Economy – Build Competencies & Scale • Global Technology Market £3.2Trillion Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 12 the Construction Industry
    13. 13. Key Drivers Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 the Construction Industry
    14. 14. Key Statements and Programme • 42% Reduction by 2020 • 80% Reduction by 2050 • “Reduce greenhouse gas emissions year on year, every year from 2010 to 2050” (1.11 CCDP) • “Reduce energy use through both decreasing demand and increasing efficiency with which energy is used” (1.13 CCDP) • Major Scottish Targets (CCDP 2.3): – A largely de-carbonised electricity generation sector by 2030 – A largely de-carbonised heat sector by 2050 with significant progress by 2030 Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 14 the Construction Industry
    15. 15. Where do We need to be? Scottish greenhouse gas emissions, showing the effect of incorporating net effect of trading in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS): 1990 base year, 1995, 1998 - 2007 80.0 19.9% 42% 1990 Levels 80% 70.0 Million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent 60.0 50.0 40.0 Emissions (excluding international aviation and shipping) 30.0 Emissions (including international aviation and shipping) 20.0 Emissions (including international aviation and shipping) after adjusting for trading in the EU ETS 10.0 Target Emissions 0.0 1990 Base Year 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 www.scotland.gov.uk/stats extrapolated by AECOM Note: figures include removals from land use, land use change and forestry. to meet targets Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 15 the Construction Industry
    16. 16. How do we get to this point? 2020 Business Climate Change Delivery Group Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 16 the Construction Industry
    17. 17. Building Standards 2010: Building Insulation Envelope 2007 2007 Element 2007 2007 Shell Conversion Extension Wall 0.3 0.25 0.7 0.27 Floor 0.25 0.22 0.7 0.22 Roof 0.25 0.16 0.35 0.16/2.0 Windows/Doors 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.6 etc 2010 New 2010 2010 Element 2010 Shell Build Conversion Extension Wall 0.27 0.23 0.3 0.25 Floor 0.22 0.2 0.25 0.20 Roof 0.2 0.15 0.25 0.15 Windows/Doors 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6 etc Refer to Notes in Scottish Non-Domestic Building Standards; U-Values shown are area weighted average in W/m2K Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 17 the Construction Industry
    18. 18. Building Standards 2010: Limiting Infiltration Testing at Testing at Warrant Type 2007 2010 Shell Fit-Out Completion Completion If Accredited Shell Only Construction 7m3/m2.h Yes Yes Details = 10m3/m2.h If Not = 15m3/m2.h If below 10 10m3/m2.h Shell + Fit-Out No Yes testing required recommended to prove Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 18 the Construction Industry
    19. 19. Building Standards 2010: Other Key Changes in Section 6 - Energy • Minimum Services Efficiencies updated • Biomass & Heat Pumps information added • Solar Water Controls & Info Added • Lighting efficiencies and requirements updated • Minimum Comfort Cooling Efficiencies improved greatly – E.g Packaged air conditioners improved between 14-34% • Maximum Specific Fan Power improved dramatically – E.g Central Mechanical ventilation improves by 28% – Maximum system pressure drops now stated • Detail on requirements for Sub-metering added Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 19 the Construction Industry
    20. 20. Decarbonisation of Electricity & Heat • Focus on Reduction of Emissions from Building – Building Regulations (Year on Year improvements with Zero Carbon Domestic 2016/2017 and Non-domestic 2019) • Focus on Renewable Electricity – Wind – Biomass – Solar – Hydro – Wave/Tidal Power – Biomass CHP Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 20 the Construction Industry
    21. 21. Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 21 the Construction Industry
    22. 22. Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 22 the Construction Industry
    23. 23. Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 23 the Construction Industry
    24. 24. Installation of Roof Integrated Solar PV Panels Prefabricated Biomass Boiler Installation of Ground Source Plant Boreholes Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 24 the Construction Industry
    25. 25. Decarbonisation of Electricity & Heat DECC: Designing the RHI Presentation Feb 2010 • Develop a “Commercially Viable” Heat Industry – Replace remaining natural gas networks with biogas and local heat networks(2050) – 11% Renewable Heat by 2020 – Off-grid properties utilising low carbon heat (2030) Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 25 the Construction Industry
    26. 26. Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 26 the Construction Industry
    27. 27. Case Studies Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 27 the Construction Industry
    28. 28. DEFRA Alnwick, Lion House £4.2m new build BREEAM Outstanding Net Zero Carbon A+ EPC CIBSE Low Carbon Project of the Year Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 28 the Construction Industry
    29. 29. Energy Strategy..How We Got There? Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 29 the Construction Industry
    30. 30. LZC Technologies Incorporated • Natural Ventilation with Mixed Mode & Heat Recovery • Thermal Mass • Enhanced Insulation Levels • Advanced Low Energy Lighting • 120m2 Integrated Photovoltaic's • 3 No 15kW Wind Turbines • Biomass • Solar Thermal Hot Water • Rainwater Harvesting • Sustainable Materials Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 30 the Construction Industry
    31. 31. Bickershaw Zero Carbon Development • Mix of Retail, Commercial & Dwellings • 200-700 dwellings • CSH Level 4& 6 • Zero Carbon Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 31 the Construction Industry
    32. 32. Option 2: Zero carbon energy from wind turbine(s) (Bickershaw South) – supplying electric heating, electric hot water and electric cooling. Solar thermal hot water provides zero carbon hot water to reduce output requirements of turbine(s). Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 32 the Construction Industry
    33. 33. Option 4: Low carbon electricity and heat from a biomass CHP system (heat supplied by district heating system). Zero carbon electricity generation supplemented by grid supplied electricity. Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 33 the Construction Industry
    34. 34. 35
    35. 35. • Ian Marchant, Chief Executive, Scottish • Nick Horler, Chief Executive, Scottish and Southern Energy Power • Richard Ackroyd, Chief Executive, Scottish Water • Graham Hutcheon, Operations Director, Edrington Group • Prof Jan Bebbington, Vice Chair, Sustainable Development Commission, Scotland • Professor Bob Kalin, Research Chair in Sustainable Built Environment • Jo Bucci, Chief Executive, People’s Postcode Lottery • Josh Kane, Scottish Youth Parliament • Brendan Dick, Director, BT Scotland • David Lee, freelance writer and media consultant • Dr Campbell Gemmell, Chief Executive, Scottish Environment Protection Agency • John Mason, Director, Climate Change & Water Industry, Scottish Government • Gordon Grant, Grangemouth Works General Manager, INEOS • Ian McKay, Scottish Director, Royal Mail Group 36
    36. 36. • Lady Susan Rice, Managing Director, Lloyds Banking Group Scotland • Mike Robinson, Chairperson, Stop Climate Chaos Scotland • Nicola Shaw, Managing Director, FirstGroup • Grahame Smith, General Secretary, STUC • Brian Souter, Chief Executive, Stagecoach • Michael Tracey, Managing Director, William Tracey Ltd • James Withers, Chief Executive, NFU Scotland • Ronnie Hinds, Chief Executive Fyfe Council • Jane Wood, Chief Executive, Scottish Business in the Community 37
    37. 37. • Remit: To advise on, and aim to make early progress towards, achievement of the outcomes and targets of the Climate Change Delivery Plan. • To identify relevant action and opportunities, and collaborate, to bring benefits to the Scottish economy . • To identify where the Group can best target its resources and expertise to accelerate the development, investment and action required across the following areas: Heat, Electricity, Waste, Transport, Rural Land Use and Forestry, Consumer Behaviour and Attitudes • To provide strong and visible leadership to Scotland’s business and non-governmental communities to inspire them to do more to reduce carbon emissions. • To help drive innovation through partnerships and synergies between members 38
    38. 38. • It was agreed that the best way to maximise efforts is to split up specific tasks to the following six sub-groups. – Public and Business Engagement – Transport - AECOM – Finance and funding – Land use and Forestry – Built Environment - AECOM – Opportunities and Challenges 39
    39. 39. • 2020 Action Plan • Contains a range of actions and measures that will be progressed by the sub-groups • The AP will be updated frequently and will be available on the website that is under development www.2020climategroup,org,uk 40
    40. 40. Summary • Business as Usual is not an Option! • Tough Targets have been Set • Opportunities Everywhere • Rethink of Project Financing & Funding • Getting the Right Team Early Client MEP BREEAM Contractor’s Team Time Architect C&S QS Time Brief/Concept Design/Detail Construction Operation Scotland's Climate Challenge to May 25th 2010 Page 41 the Construction Industry