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Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDevelopment of the National ICTPolicyFred Samuel, Government Chie...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInternational andRegionalPerspective1
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu2What are ICTs?• “Information and communication technologies(„ICT...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu3Old ICTsSource: http://indieambassador.com, http://onlyhdwallpap...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu4New ICTsSource: ITUDevicesNetworks /InfrastructureApplications /...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu5Why ICTs are Important?Resolution 67/195 of the UN GA (2012):“1....
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu6Why ICTs are Important?Pacific ICT Ministers‟ Wellington Declara...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu7Source: The Economist, Jan 5th 2013How Importantare ICTs?
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu8Objectives of the PolicyMillennium Development Goals:“Target 8.F...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu9Objectives of the PolicyPacific ICT Ministers‟ Tonga Declaration...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu10Objectives and ApproachResolution 67/195 of the UN GA (2012):“6...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu11Objectives and ApproachPacific Energy, ICT and Transport Minist...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu12Approach of the PolicyPacific ICT Ministers‟ Tonga Communiqué (...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu13Approach of the PolicyPacific ICT Ministers‟ Tonga Declaration ...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu14But...Resolution 67/27 of the UN GA (2012):“Expressing concern ...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu15But…Pacific ICT Ministers‟ Wellington Declaration (2006):“Commu...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu16Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the Pacific(Endo...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu17Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the PacificOutco...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu18Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the PacificLeade...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu19Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the PacificTheme...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuNationalObjectives20
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu21Vision:“A Just,Educated,Healthy andWealthyVanuatu”Strategic Pri...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu22ICT and Growth0.000.200.400.600.801.001.201.401.60Fixed Telepho...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu23How ICT Contributes to Development?Informationand ServicesAnywh...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDirect assistance in day-to-day activities• Remote eye care• Tele...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu25Examples
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu• Enhancing access to education• Assistance in preparation for hi...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu•M-PESA (Kenya)•70% of the adult population•Conduit for 25% of Ke...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuWhat Has BeenAchieved?28Examples provided in this section are mer...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu29SectorReformMarketLiberali-zedOGCIO– PolicyBodyRegula-torEstab-...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu30Laws governing thetelecommunicationssector• Telecommunicationsa...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu31
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu32Submarine Cable –In Progress…
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu33• GovernmentBroadband Networkconnect all provinces• E-Governmen...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu34First Internet Exchange in thePacific – Already Operational
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu35Telecenter in RensariePhoto: Llewellyn M. Toulmin
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu36Plus a Number ofPrivate Telecenter-Type Initiatives: WanSmolbag...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu37Schools are Gradually BeingConnected and Used by CommunitiesCol...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu38Schools are Gradually BeingConnected and Used by Communities
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu39With Real Results: 55% increase instudents’ pass rate from Yr12...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu40
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu41Online Services: Private
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuPhoto: Llewellyn M. ToulminICT-Based Banking42
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu43Online Services: Public
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu44Vanuatu is rated 135th of 190 countries in the world in the 201...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu45GNI Per CapitaUNPANE-govScore20122010Sources:UNPAN & TradingEco...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu46Democratic Participation:Leaders’ Face-to-FacePhoto: Graham Crumb
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu47Democratic Participation:Leaders’ Face-to-FacePhoto: Graham Crumb
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu48Traditional Media Going Digital
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu49New Media Emerging
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu50New Media Emerging
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu51Source: socialbakers3.99%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%Social Network Pen...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu52Source: socialbakersSocial Network Users in Vanuatu
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu53Number of IT Companies
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu54Awareness: World Telecommunication andInformation Society Day
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu55Photo: Llewellyn M. ToulminCapacity Building:IPv6 Workshop and ...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu56ICT-Oriented NGOs / GroupsViewPexVITUSPICISOC
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu57Communities Actively Seeking toParticipate in the ICT world: Ng...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu58Not a Bad Start, butSo Much MoreCould Still BeDone…
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu59
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuAnd People Are LookingForward To…60
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu61Widespreadtechnologies –including mobilevoice and SMS -could al...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDeveloping ICT– How?62
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInfrastruc-tureContent /ApplicationsUsersDevicesICTEcosystem63
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu64Pragmatic Approach:Push – Don’t JumpTechnology Adoption Curve
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu65Pragmatic Approach:Push – Don’t JumpAbilitytoUseandAffordabilit...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu66Govern-ment’sToolkitInspireInformandGuideEducateCoordi-nateEnco...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu67Sector Approach – Utilizing ICTs67InternalManagement ofa Minist...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu68Example: Education68EducationManagement –Part of iGovSatisfying...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu69Sectoral Coordination - Stakeholders• SupportiveInitiatives• In...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu70Sectoral Coordination - Stakeholders• SupportiveInitiatives• In...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu71Example: Education• SupportiveInitiatives• Innovative Ideas• Ac...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuGeneralChallenges72
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInfrastructure Challenges: International73
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu1 Mbps / Month:$1000 + $250 +$60=$1310Infrastructure Challenges: ...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu1300 km- 234,023 people (2009census)- Only 25% in twourban center...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu Photo: Llewellyn M. ToulminRoad in MalekulaInfrastructure Challe...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuPhoto: Llewellyn M. ToulminRoad to aTelecomsTowerInfrastructure C...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu- Grid power only in 4 islands- US$ 0.58-0.59 / kWh- Solar, batte...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu$0.00$2,000.00$4,000.00$6,000.00$8,000.00$10,000.00$12,000.00$14,...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu020406080100120New Caledonia Papua NewGuineaSamoa VanuatuWorld Ba...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu81User-related Challenges
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuSource: WDI0102030405060708090Samoa Timor-Leste VanuatuSchool enr...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuNo UsersNoIncentivesto ProduceContentNoContentNoIncentivestoConne...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu- Operational challenges with current non-electronicprocesses- Wi...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuSame areas that constrain ICT development alsostrengthen its busi...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuPolicyDevelopment andImplementation86
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu87NationalICTPolicyPublicinvest-mentsEduca-tionHealthProvi-sion o...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu88National ICT Policy is expected to: Be aligned with internatio...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu89NationalICTPolicySustai-nableFeasiblyimple-mentableOrgani-zatio...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu90Multiparty Programme Approach Coordination, support and guidan...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuOrganizational Principles Multi-stakeholder:– Relevant Ministrie...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDifferent Levels of EngagementPublicConsulta-tionsStakeholdermeet...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu93NationalICTDevelop-mentCommitteeGovern-mentBusi-nessUsersCivilS...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu94DesignImple-men-tationFeed-backPolicy Development Process
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu95Recent Policy ProcessesICT Policy Advisorand ICTProgrammeManage...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuIndustryDevelopmentModel96
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu97Private sector pro-activelyseeks to satisfy current andfuture n...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu98Private sector pro-activelyseeks to satisfy current andfuture n...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuNew Short-TermInitiatives99
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu100Ready DemandandImplementationCapacityHigh Impact andStrong Pos...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu101Specific Projects – Being DesignedConnectingSchools andEducati...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInternationalPartnerships102
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu103Long-Term Partnership + Fundfor ICT Development Initiatives
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu104
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu105Many More Partnerships,including with Private-Sector Players, ...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuFirst Meeting ofthe National ICTDev. Committee106
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu107ObjectivesEngage Stakeholders,Establish a Baseline,and Obtain ...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu108ObjectivesNot to Set the Policy(Next Meeting)
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu109Setting the tone via theleadership of the Hon. PrimeMinisterAt...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu110AttendedPrime MinisterDG PMOMalvatumauriMinistry of Justice(Mi...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu111PresentedPrime MinisterDG PMOMalvatumauriMinistry of Justice(M...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu112Outreach•Call for Public Input•Website, Facebook, Twitter•Radi...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuWhat’sHappeningNow?113
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu114Call for Public Input
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu115Call for Public InputPurpose:Obtain input from the public on m...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu116…After the Call for Public Input28 May 2013:Stakeholder Meetin...
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuTimelines117
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu118Estimated Timelines
Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu119Tank Yu Tumas
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Fred samuel, tech change preso may 8th 2013

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Fred samuel, tech change preso may 8th 2013

  1. 1. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDevelopment of the National ICTPolicyFred Samuel, Government Chief Information OfficerPort Vila, April 2013The Governmentof The Republicof Vanuatu
  2. 2. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInternational andRegionalPerspective1
  3. 3. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu2What are ICTs?• “Information and communication technologies(„ICTs‟) are basically information handling tools – avaried set of goods, applications and services thatare used to produce, store, process, distribute andexchange information.• They include the „old‟ ICTs of radio, television andtelephone, and the „new‟ ICTs of computers, satelliteand wireless technology and the internet.”Source: UNDP Essentials No. 5, UNDP Evaluation Office, September 2001
  4. 4. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu3Old ICTsSource: http://indieambassador.com, http://onlyhdwallpapers.com, http://www.codinghorror.com
  5. 5. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu4New ICTsSource: ITUDevicesNetworks /InfrastructureApplications /Services
  6. 6. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu5Why ICTs are Important?Resolution 67/195 of the UN GA (2012):“1. Recognizes that information and communicationstechnologies have the potential to provide new solutions todevelopment challenges, particularly in the context ofglobalization, and can foster sustained, inclusive andequitable economic growth and sustainable development,competitiveness, access to information and knowledge,poverty eradication and social inclusion that will help toexpedite the integration of all countries, especiallydeveloping countries, in particular the least developedcountries, into the global economy”
  7. 7. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu6Why ICTs are Important?Pacific ICT Ministers‟ Wellington Declaration (2006):“2. We recognise that information and communicationtechnologies (ICTs), while not an end in themselves, havea key role as a basis for economic development, while alsopromoting and enhancing social cohesion, culturalenrichment and environmental conservation;”“3. While the Pacific region faces a number of obstacles tothe effective deployment of communications and otherinfrastructure, we acknowledge that the region also standsto benefit enormously from the effective use of ICTs”
  8. 8. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu7Source: The Economist, Jan 5th 2013How Importantare ICTs?
  9. 9. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu8Objectives of the PolicyMillennium Development Goals:“Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, makeavailable the benefits of new technologies, especiallyinformation and communications”
  10. 10. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu9Objectives of the PolicyPacific ICT Ministers‟ Tonga Declaration (2010):“We will work together to support the advancement ofPacific countries through improved deployment and use ofICTs in our societies”
  11. 11. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu10Objectives and ApproachResolution 67/195 of the UN GA (2012):“6. Also stresses the important role of Governments in thedesign of their national public policies and in the provisionof public services responsive to national needs andpriorities through, inter alia, the effective use ofinformation and communications technologies, includingon the basis of a multi-stakeholder approach, to supportnational development efforts”
  12. 12. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu11Objectives and ApproachPacific Energy, ICT and Transport Ministers‟ NoumeaCommuniqué (2011):“27. The meeting recognised that national ICT policies areessential for effective multi-sectoral coordination andpartnerships to fully utilise ICT as a tool for developmentand to ensure that national development priorities areaddressed”“52. […] the meeting encouraged SIS governments toadopt a more coordinated and planned approach todeveloping ICT as a key tool for sustainable development”
  13. 13. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu12Approach of the PolicyPacific ICT Ministers‟ Tonga Communiqué (2009):Acknowledged “the need for a strategic approach to thedevelopment and use of these technologies that recognisesthe important role of the private sector and the value ofbuilding synergies with developments in other sectors,including health, education and energy”
  14. 14. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu13Approach of the PolicyPacific ICT Ministers‟ Tonga Declaration (2010):“We [...] endorse the concept of „many partners, one team‟in progressing a more coordinated and coherent approachto ICT development”
  15. 15. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu14But...Resolution 67/27 of the UN GA (2012):“Expressing concern that these technologies and means canpotentially be used for purposes that are inconsistent with theobjectives of maintaining international stability and security andmay adversely affect the integrity of the infrastructure of Statesto the detriment of their security in both civil and militaryfields,”“1. Calls upon Member States to promote further at multilaterallevels the consideration of existing and potential threats in thefield of information security, as well as possible strategies toaddress the threats emerging in this field, consistent with theneed to preserve the free flow of information”
  16. 16. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu15But…Pacific ICT Ministers‟ Wellington Declaration (2006):“Communication Ministers recognise that greaterinvolvement in the global information society brings botheconomic and social benefits and also policy andregulatory challenges. Strong national ICT policy andlegislative frameworks and effective enforcement regimesare crucial to protect our citizens, our networks and ourreputation from spam and other e-security threats. Werecognise that these are global concerns and that regionalcooperation is also necessary to strengthen capacity to dealwith spam and wider Internet security concerns.”
  17. 17. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu16Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the Pacific(Endorsed by the Tonga Declaration, 2010)Vision: Improvedlivelihood of Pacificcommunities througheffective utilisation ofICT
  18. 18. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu17Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the PacificOutcome:Enhanced socialand economicsustainabledevelopment,good governanceand securitythrough betteraccess and use ofICTGoal 1: Accessto affordableICTGoal 2: Efficientand effectiveutilisation of ICTfor sustainabledevelopmentGoal 3:Adoption of ICTas a nationalpriority in PICTs
  19. 19. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu18Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the PacificLeadership,decision‐makingand governanceNational‐ledsolutionssupported byregional initiativesHolisticcoordinatedapproachBridging thedigital divideSustainablelivelihoods,culture, equity andgenderUsing proventechnologies:think big, startsmall, replicatefastConvergence andmulti‐stakeholderpartnershipE-EnvironmentAvailability of ICTDataAppropriateinvestment inhuman capitalMany partners,one teamFinancing,monitoring andevaluationGuiding Principles
  20. 20. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu19Framework for Action on ICT for Development in the PacificThemes1. Leadership,governance,coordination andpartnerships2. ICT policy,legislation andregulatoryframeworks3. ICT humancapacity building4. ICTinfrastructureand access5. Internationalconnectivity6. Cybersecurityand ICTapplications7. Financing,monitoring andevaluation
  21. 21. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuNationalObjectives20
  22. 22. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu21Vision:“A Just,Educated,Healthy andWealthyVanuatu”Strategic Priorities:“Good governance, growth, jobs,health, education, infrastructure,environment, climate change, anddisaster risk management”Priorities and Action Agenda
  23. 23. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu22ICT and Growth0.000.200.400.600.801.001.201.401.60Fixed Telephony Mobile Telephony Internet BroadbandPercentage-PointIncreaseinEconomicGrowthImpact of 10 percentage-point increase in penetration of ICTsHigh Income Economies Low- and Middle-Income EconomiesSource: Qiang (2009) as referred to in World Bank (2009). Information and Communications for Development 2009
  24. 24. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu23How ICT Contributes to Development?Informationand ServicesAnywhere andAnytime:Exchange +RapidProcessing +Vast StorageEducationand Prof.DevelopmentHealthInforma-tion andServicesBusinessandMarketInforma-tionAccess toMarkets(Marke-ting andSelling)Substitu-tingTransportand PostDisasterPreparednessDemocra-ticParticipa-ionInforma-tionEntertain-mentNewBusines-ses
  25. 25. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDirect assistance in day-to-day activities• Remote eye care• Telemedicine• Veterinary care with Veterinarycollege, using the video conferencing• Videoconferencing to connectfarmers to an agricultural expert24Examples: India IIT MadrasSource: A. Jhunjhunwala, IIT Madras
  26. 26. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu25Examples
  27. 27. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu• Enhancing access to education• Assistance in preparation for high school exams• Test deployed in 18 villages in India, 757 children a year (March 2006)• Pass percentage 80% vs. state rural statistics of under 50%• Almost 100% passed in 14 out of 18 villages• New sources of income• Rural Business Process Outsourcing activities• Administrative• Data entry, Data formation• Localization• Translation, Voice over• Distributed production enabledby the Internet• Embroidery, bags, soap,banana rope, dry flowers26Examples: India IIT MadrasSource: A. Jhunjhunwala, IIT Madras
  28. 28. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu•M-PESA (Kenya)•70% of the adult population•Conduit for 25% of Kenya‟s GDP•bKash (Bangladesh)•2.2 million users•30,000 retail agents (nearly 1 in 2 villages)27Examples: Financial Inclusion via Mobile Money
  29. 29. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuWhat Has BeenAchieved?28Examples provided in this section are merely illustrative and not exhaustive. Stakeholders areencouraged to inform the OGCIO of other examples.
  30. 30. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu29SectorReformMarketLiberali-zedOGCIO– PolicyBodyRegula-torEstab-lished
  31. 31. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu30Laws governing thetelecommunicationssector• TelecommunicationsandRadiocommunica-tions Regulation ActNo. 30 of 2009• TelecommunicationsAct [CAP 206]• Wireless Telegraph(Ships) Act [CAP 5]ElectronicTransactions ActNo. 24 of 2000• Electronictransactions• Legal recognition ofand requirements forelectronic records• Formation andvalidity of electroniccontracts as well asother communicationof electronic records• Electronic signatures• Encryption• Data protection• Obligations andliability ofintermediaries and e-commerce serviceprovidersE-Business Act No.25 of 2000• Aims to “provide arobust andsustainableenvironment for thedevelopment andgrowth of electronicbusiness in or that isassociated withVanuatu and toregulate suchelectronic business”(section 2 (1) of theE-Business Act)Broadcasting andTelevision Act [CAP214]• Radio and televisionbroadcastingactivitiesRelatively Elaborate Legal Framework
  32. 32. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu31
  33. 33. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu32Submarine Cable –In Progress…
  34. 34. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu33• GovernmentBroadband Networkconnect all provinces• E-GovernmentStrategic Roadmapadopted• iGov initiativelaunched• Separate programmeby the Ministry ofHealth to connecthospitals and majorhealth centers
  35. 35. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu34First Internet Exchange in thePacific – Already Operational
  36. 36. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu35Telecenter in RensariePhoto: Llewellyn M. Toulmin
  37. 37. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu36Plus a Number ofPrivate Telecenter-Type Initiatives: WanSmolbag, NorthPentacost (HGA)…Photo: Llewellyn M. Toulmin
  38. 38. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu37Schools are Gradually BeingConnected and Used by CommunitiesCollège Technique de Loanatom (Tanna)
  39. 39. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu38Schools are Gradually BeingConnected and Used by Communities
  40. 40. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu39With Real Results: 55% increase instudents’ pass rate from Yr12 to Yr13(Rensarie, 2012)
  41. 41. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu40
  42. 42. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu41Online Services: Private
  43. 43. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuPhoto: Llewellyn M. ToulminICT-Based Banking42
  44. 44. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu43Online Services: Public
  45. 45. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu44Vanuatu is rated 135th of 190 countries in the world in the 2012UNPAN survey of e-government status190 6.4 SOMALIAONLINESERVICEINFRA-STRUCTUREHUMANCAPACITYVANUATU SCORECOMPONENTS22.2 17.8 65.3105 46.7 FIJI113 43.6 PALAU141 32.4 NAURU146 31.3 MARSHALL IS.149 29.9 KIRIBATI5 86.9 USA6 86.4 FRANCE12 83.9 AUSTRALIA13 83.8 NZRANK SCORE COUNTRY FLAG1 98.3/100 S. KOREA2 91.3 HOLLAND3 89.7 UK134 35.4 TUVALU135 35.1 VANUATU114 43.5 SAMOA168 24.2 SOLOMONS177 21.2 PAPUA N. G.Source: UN Public Administration Network, 2012E-PARTICIPATION5.3
  46. 46. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu45GNI Per CapitaUNPANE-govScore20122010Sources:UNPAN & TradingEconomics.com;Main chart from Morton Goodwin, “IsFinancial Wealth Leading to High QualityGovernment Services?” Aug 2010,Egovernments.wordpress.comVanuatu is ranked moderately low in the UNPAN e-gov report,but has made major progress in just two years , andis moving up in its income classGOALScores:2010 e-gov: 0.2521;2012 e-gov: 0.3512GNI per cap: $2640
  47. 47. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu46Democratic Participation:Leaders’ Face-to-FacePhoto: Graham Crumb
  48. 48. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu47Democratic Participation:Leaders’ Face-to-FacePhoto: Graham Crumb
  49. 49. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu48Traditional Media Going Digital
  50. 50. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu49New Media Emerging
  51. 51. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu50New Media Emerging
  52. 52. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu51Source: socialbakers3.99%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%Social Network Penetration (April 2013)
  53. 53. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu52Source: socialbakersSocial Network Users in Vanuatu
  54. 54. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu53Number of IT Companies
  55. 55. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu54Awareness: World Telecommunication andInformation Society Day
  56. 56. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu55Photo: Llewellyn M. ToulminCapacity Building:IPv6 Workshop and IXP Training
  57. 57. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu56ICT-Oriented NGOs / GroupsViewPexVITUSPICISOC
  58. 58. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu57Communities Actively Seeking toParticipate in the ICT world: Nguna MamasPhoto:WillowDenker
  59. 59. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu58Not a Bad Start, butSo Much MoreCould Still BeDone…
  60. 60. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu59
  61. 61. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuAnd People Are LookingForward To…60
  62. 62. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu61Widespreadtechnologies –including mobilevoice and SMS -could also befurther leveraged…
  63. 63. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDeveloping ICT– How?62
  64. 64. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInfrastruc-tureContent /ApplicationsUsersDevicesICTEcosystem63
  65. 65. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu64Pragmatic Approach:Push – Don’t JumpTechnology Adoption Curve
  66. 66. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu65Pragmatic Approach:Push – Don’t JumpAbilitytoUseandAffordabilityGeographical AvailabilityCurrent MarketPolicy orRegulatoryInterventions
  67. 67. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu66Govern-ment’sToolkitInspireInformandGuideEducateCoordi-nateEncoura-ge andFacilitateProcureTaxInvestandFinanceLegislate,RegulateandEnforceDo
  68. 68. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu67Sector Approach – Utilizing ICTs67InternalManagement ofa Ministry orDepartment –part of iGovNewOpportunitiesBeyondTraditionalRemitMaking CoreExternalBusinessMoreEffective andEfficientPotential ofPositiveExternalitiesBeyond theSector, ButCloseCoordinationNeeded
  69. 69. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu68Example: Education68EducationManagement –Part of iGovSatisfyingCommunityInformation,Learning andCommunica-tion NeedsVanuatu’sHumanCapacityDevelopmentVEMISICT-EnhancedEducation+ICT SkillsSchools asCommunityCommuni-cation,LearningandInformationCenters
  70. 70. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu69Sectoral Coordination - Stakeholders• SupportiveInitiatives• Innovative Ideas• Actual Delivery• Implementation• Local Solutions• Community Involv.• Overall ICT Policyand Programme• Central platforms• Coordination withother areas• Support• Overall SectorPolicy• Leadership inSector ICT Policy• InformationManagementRespon-sibleMinistry orDepart-mentOGCIONGOsandPrivateSectorLocalStake-holders
  71. 71. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu70Sectoral Coordination - Stakeholders• SupportiveInitiatives• Innovative Ideas• Actual Delivery• Implementation• Local Solutions• Community Involv.• Overall ICT Policyand Programme• Central platforms• Coordination withother areas• Support• Overall SectorPolicy• Leadership inSector ICT Policy• InformationManagementRespon-sibleMinistry orDepart-mentOGCIONGOsandPrivateSectorLocalStake-holdersCoordinated Dev.PartnerSupport
  72. 72. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu71Example: Education• SupportiveInitiatives• Innovative Ideas• Actual Delivery• Implementation• Facilities, Power• Local Solutions• Community Involv.• Overall ICT Policyand Programme• Central platforms• Coordination withother areas• Support• Education Policy• Leadership in ICTin Education• ICT Curriculum• InformationManagementMoE OGCIONGOsandPrivateSectorSchools
  73. 73. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuGeneralChallenges72
  74. 74. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInfrastructure Challenges: International73
  75. 75. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu1 Mbps / Month:$1000 + $250 +$60=$1310Infrastructure Challenges: InternationalEstimated price for Vanuatu74
  76. 76. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu1300 km- 234,023 people (2009census)- Only 25% in twourban centers- Majority dispersedacross 60 islands(from the total of 83islands)Infrastructure Challenges: National75
  77. 77. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu Photo: Llewellyn M. ToulminRoad in MalekulaInfrastructure Challenges: National76
  78. 78. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuPhoto: Llewellyn M. ToulminRoad to aTelecomsTowerInfrastructure Challenges: National77
  79. 79. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu- Grid power only in 4 islands- US$ 0.58-0.59 / kWh- Solar, batteries and generators elsewhere- 25.5% of all households and 32% or rural ones – noaccess to electricity- Not very “friendly” useconditions for laptopsand other devices- Rain- Small generator chargingSources: Vanuatu Utilities Regulatory Authority, Pacific Institute of Public PolicyInfrastructure and Device Challenges78
  80. 80. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu$0.00$2,000.00$4,000.00$6,000.00$8,000.00$10,000.00$12,000.00$14,000.00$16,000.00GDP per capita, PPP (current international $), 2010Source: WDIUser-related Challenges79
  81. 81. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu020406080100120New Caledonia Papua NewGuineaSamoa VanuatuWorld Bank Data: Literacy Rate, Adult Total (% ofpeople ages 15 and above), 2009Source: WDIBut…User-related Challenges80
  82. 82. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu81User-related Challenges
  83. 83. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuSource: WDI0102030405060708090Samoa Timor-Leste VanuatuSchool enrollment, secondary (% gross), 201082User-related Challenges
  84. 84. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuNo UsersNoIncentivesto ProduceContentNoContentNoIncentivestoConnectContent and Applications Challenges83
  85. 85. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu- Operational challenges with current non-electronicprocesses- Wide-ranging levels of capacity and preparedness ofvarious institutions- Financial constraints- Especially in relation to OPEX- Competing prioritiesContent and Applications Challenges: Public Sector84
  86. 86. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuSame areas that constrain ICT development alsostrengthen its business case:- Savings in transport and postal services- Much easier distribution and storage of educationalmaterials- Opportunities to strengthen education and make itmore engaging- More effective and cost efficient public services- Cost-efficient way to distribute contentSilver Lining85
  87. 87. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuPolicyDevelopment andImplementation86
  88. 88. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu87NationalICTPolicyPublicinvest-mentsEduca-tionHealthProvi-sion ofotherpublicservicesDevelopment ofICT-relatedskillsIndus-trial andcompeti-tivenesspoliciesAgricul-turalpoliciesTradepoliciesInter-govern-mentalrelationsDonorrelationsMarketRegula-tion
  89. 89. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu88National ICT Policy is expected to: Be aligned with international and regional initiatives Expressly support objectives of the PAA Address all main paradigms of the ICT development, includinginfrastructure, applications, skills and equipment, as well asfactors relevant to promoting ICT-related business opportunities Have regard to lessons learned from the implemented ICTdevelopment-related initiatives Be implementation-ready through: Providing a clearer guidance in terms of key areas to beaddressed and key impacts sought Indicating priorities and sequencing of various initiativesSetting out the institutional structure
  90. 90. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu89NationalICTPolicySustai-nableFeasiblyimple-mentableOrgani-zationalstructu-resLocal Ni-VanuatucapacityObjective
  91. 91. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu90Multiparty Programme Approach Coordination, support and guidance Stakeholder Ownership and Leadership Engagement and Preparedness Different speeds of initiatives Priority Implementation feasibility: Fewer Dependences Implementation in Standalone Phases Accommodation of different and unpredictable timeframes for different elements Avoiding with “Big Bang” projectsCentralized implementation in certain cases, but… …ensuring stakeholder engagement for take up, and… …avoiding undermining stakeholder ownership
  92. 92. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuOrganizational Principles Multi-stakeholder:– Relevant Ministries and other Government agencies– Representatives of Businesses– Users / Public– Non-Governmental Sector– AcademiaDifferent levels of engagement:– Manageable decision making to secure approvability at the CoM– Variety of views and experiences to secure implementability Transferable to the implementation stage– Practicing implementation91
  93. 93. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuDifferent Levels of EngagementPublicConsulta-tionsStakeholdermeetingsSector /IssueGroupsNationalICTDevelop-mentCommittee92Set up by the NICTDCas needed to elaboratespecific relatively ripeissues. Relativelyflexible and open tointerested stakeholdersSupportedbytheOGCIOPolicy Development +Interim Body for CurrentPolicy MattersBroader consultationsand consensus buildingEngaging the public andbuilding a nation-wide buy-in
  94. 94. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu93NationalICTDevelop-mentCommitteeGovern-mentBusi-nessUsersCivilSocietyAcade-miaChaired by the Hon.Prime Minister
  95. 95. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu94DesignImple-men-tationFeed-backPolicy Development Process
  96. 96. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu95Recent Policy ProcessesICT Policy Advisorand ICTProgrammeManager EngagedIndividualStakeholderMeetingsEvaluation ofprevious initiatives:RensarieEstablishment ofNIDC and its FirstMeetingCybersecurity WGand a Series ofWorkshopsIndustryRoundtableCall for PublicInput
  97. 97. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuIndustryDevelopmentModel96
  98. 98. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu97Private sector pro-activelyseeks to satisfy current andfuture needs ofbusinesses, residents and thepublic sectorGovernment and the privatesector work together toincrease the size of themarket and minimize itsfragmentationRadio-spectrum and otherpublicly-controlled resourcesare readily availableComprehensive cost-reduction strategies, includingthrough stronger privatesector collaborationProposedIndustryDevelopmentModel
  99. 99. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu98Private sector pro-activelyseeks to satisfy current andfuture needs ofbusinesses, residents and thepublic sectorGovernment and the privatesector work together toincrease the size of themarket and minimize itsfragmentationRadio-spectrum and otherpublicly-controlled resourcesare readily availableComprehensive cost-reduction strategies, includingthrough stronger privatesector collaborationProposedIndustryDevelopmentModel
  100. 100. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuNew Short-TermInitiatives99
  101. 101. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu100Ready DemandandImplementationCapacityHigh Impact andStrong PositiveExternalitiesLimited Complexityand a Need forInput from OtherStakeholdersDriven and Ownedby LocalStakeholdersMulti-StakeholderInvolvement inDesign andImplementationCost EfficiencyFostering LocalICT Industry - as aDeliberateExternalityPrinciplesModels thatalready foundlocal acceptanceAdd-on (not standalone)projects with realistic andpragmatic technical andoperational requirements
  102. 102. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu101Specific Projects – Being DesignedConnectingSchools andEducationalInstitutions• Contributory fixed-amount grants• Competitiveapplications• Demonstratedsupport andinvolvement of thelocal community• Public accessPrivate or Not-For-Profit InternetCafés• Smaller contributoryfixed-amount grants• CompetitiveapplicationsTablets forStudents• Cost-efficientreplacement forpaper text-books• Tool to access theknowledge on theInternet• Common-use devicesat affordable cost• Potential for localassembly
  103. 103. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuInternationalPartnerships102
  104. 104. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu103Long-Term Partnership + Fundfor ICT Development Initiatives
  105. 105. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu104
  106. 106. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu105Many More Partnerships,including with Private-Sector Players, Are BeingDiscussed…
  107. 107. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuFirst Meeting ofthe National ICTDev. Committee106
  108. 108. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu107ObjectivesEngage Stakeholders,Establish a Baseline,and Obtain Input intothe PolicyDevelopment
  109. 109. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu108ObjectivesNot to Set the Policy(Next Meeting)
  110. 110. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu109Setting the tone via theleadership of the Hon. PrimeMinisterAttention of the leadership ofthe MinistriesBaseline information: currentsituation, initiatives, challengesInput on Policy directionsOutcomes
  111. 111. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu110AttendedPrime MinisterDG PMOMalvatumauriMinistry of Justice(Minister, DG)Ministry of Finance andEconomic Management (DG)Ministry of agriculturequarantine forestry and fisheries(DG)Ministry of Education (DG) Ministry of Health (DG) Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DG)Ministry of Infrastructure andPublic UtilitiesMinistry ofTrade, Commerce, Industriesand TourismPublic Service CommissionDepartment of StrategicPolicy, Planning and AidCoordinationMeteo Ports and Marine Department of CooperativesOffice of the Government ChiefInformation OfficerTelecommunications andRadiocommunicationsRegulatorReserve Bank of VanuatuVanuatu Investment PromotionAgencyVanuatu Chamber ofCommerceVanuatu Institute of Technology Vanuatu Christian CouncilVanuatu National Council ofWomenPacific Institute of Public Policy Vanuatu IT Users Society
  112. 112. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu111PresentedPrime MinisterDG PMOMalvatumauriMinistry of Justice(Minister, DG)Ministry of Finance andEconomic Management (DG)Ministry of agriculturequarantine forestry and fisheries(DG)Ministry of Education (DG) Ministry of Health (DG) Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DG)Ministry of Infrastructure andPublic UtilitiesMinistry ofTrade, Commerce, Industriesand TourismPublic Service CommissionDepartment of StrategicPolicy, Planning and AidCoordinationMeteo Ports and Marine Department of CooperativesOffice of the Government ChiefInformation OfficerTelecommunications andRadiocommunicationsRegulatorReserve Bank of VanuatuVanuatu Investment PromotionAgencyVanuatu Chamber ofCommerceVanuatu Institute of Technology Vanuatu Christian CouncilVanuatu National Council ofWomenPacific Institute of Public Policy Vanuatu IT Users Society
  113. 113. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu112Outreach•Call for Public Input•Website, Facebook, Twitter•Radio and TV interviews•VIGNET and PICISOCmailing-list•Meetings with stakeholdersDeveloping a Policy•1st Draft•Presentation to Membersand their experts•Discussion Forum forMembers•Comments, Suggestionsand Collaborative Editing byMembers (Google Docs)Next Meeting•To agree on a draft forpublic consultationAgreed Next Steps
  114. 114. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuWhat’sHappeningNow?113
  115. 115. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu114Call for Public Input
  116. 116. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu115Call for Public InputPurpose:Obtain input from the public on matters that could be relevant tothe development of the ICT sector and/or enhancing thecontribution, efficiency and effectiveness of ICTs in achieving theNational VisionDeadline: 16 May 2013How To:ictpolicy@vanuatu.gov.vuFacebook: ICT in VanuatuTwitter: @VanuatuICT or #VanuatuICTPost, Fax, Phone
  117. 117. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu116…After the Call for Public Input28 May 2013:Stakeholder Meeting toDiscuss Public Inputand 1st Draft of thePolicy
  118. 118. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of VanuatuTimelines117
  119. 119. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu118Estimated Timelines
  120. 120. Development of the National ICT PolicyRepublic of Vanuatu119Tank Yu Tumas

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