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Connectivism

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De presentatie van George Siemens

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Connectivism

  1. 1. Connectivism: A Learning Theory for a Digital Age George Siemens [email_address]
  2. 2. What’s happening? <ul><li>Decentralizing </li></ul><ul><li>Democratizing </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed </li></ul><ul><li>Changed dynamics of what it means to know </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning theories <ul><li>A model or representation of how learning occurs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Behaviourism <ul><li>Black box </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus/Response </li></ul><ul><li>Theorists: Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, Thorndike </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cognitivism <ul><li>Information processing </li></ul><ul><li>Input, processing, storage, output </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-modeled </li></ul><ul><li>Theorists: Ausubel, Gagne, Bruner, Piaget, Vygotsky </li></ul>
  6. 6. Constructivism <ul><li>Learning is process of active construction of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Learners make sense of their experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Theorists: Bruner, Vygotsky, Piaget </li></ul>
  7. 7. What’s missing?
  8. 9. Democratizing Learning <ul><li>In all cases? What about educational standards? </li></ul><ul><li>Link tool with intent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facets - Bloom, Fink, Wiggins: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integral </li></ul><ul><li>“Small pieces, anywhere, any tool, any time” </li></ul>
  9. 10. It’s coming undone… <ul><li>“Things fall apart; the Center cannot hold ; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world” (Yeats) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Decentralization and distributed representation of knowledge <ul><li>Critical in diverse, rapidly developing knowledge spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Conundrum: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complex environments, without a filtered center, are overwhelming </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Our current solution
  12. 13. Connectivism <ul><li>Learning as a connection-forming process (neural and external) </li></ul><ul><li>The learning is in the network </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>“Know where”…know who </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern recognition </li></ul>
  13. 14. Learning Theories Distributed, in network Networks and ecologies, connections Connectivism In the mind of the individual –constructed Creation or construction of meaning (Building) Constructivism In the mind of the individual – processed Computer-model Cognitivism Behaviour demonstration “ Black box” Behaviourism Learning resides Learning model Theory
  14. 15. Move from creating content to creating space in which content is explored
  15. 16. Connectivism Taxonomy <ul><li>Awareness and Receptivity </li></ul><ul><li>Connection-forming </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution and Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning-making </li></ul><ul><li>Praxis </li></ul>
  16. 17. What skills are needed? <ul><li>Anchoring </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting </li></ul><ul><li>Being human </li></ul><ul><li>Creating and deriving meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation/authentication </li></ul>
  17. 18. What skills are needed? <ul><li>Critical/creative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Navigate knowledge landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance of uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualizing </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>www.elearnspace.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.connectivism.ca </li></ul><ul><li>ltc.umanitoba.ca/wordpress </li></ul><ul><li>www.knowingknowledge.com </li></ul>

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