Production planning and control


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Once the entrepreneur has taken the decisions regarding the product design and
production processes and system, his next task is to take steps for production
planning and control, as this function is essentially required for efficient and
economical production. One of the major problems of small scale enterprises is
that of low productivity small scale industries can utilise natural resources, which
are otherwise lying.
Small scale sector can play an important role, similar to the one played by small
scale industries in other developed countries.
Planned production is an important feature of the small industry. The small
entrepreneur possessing the ability to look ahead, organize and coordinate and
having plenty of driving force and capacity to lead and ability to supervise and
coordinate work and simulates his associates by means of a programme of human
relation and organization of employees, he would be able to get the best out of his
small industrial unit.
Gorden and Carson observe production; planning and control involve generally
the organization and planning of manufacturing process. Especially it consists of
the planning of routing, scheduling, dispatching inspection, and coordination,
control of materials, methods machines, tools and operating times. The ultimate
objective is the organization of the supply and movement of materials and labour,
machines utilization and related activities, in order to bring about the desired
manufacturing results in terms of quality, quantity, time and place.
Production planning without production control is like a bank without a bank
manager, planning initiates action while control is an adjusting process, providing
corrective measures for planned development. Production control regulates and
stimulates the orderly how of materials in the manufacturing process from the
beginning to the end.

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Production planning and control

  2. 2. PRODUCTION PLANNING According to Ray Wild, production planning is defined as follows: "Production Planning is concerned with the determination, acquisition and arrangement of all facilities necessary for future operations."
  3. 3. NEED FOR PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL Addresses decisions on Acquisition Utilization Allocation of limited production resources Resources include the production facilities, labor and materials. Constraints include the availability of resources, delivery times for the products and management policies.
  4. 4. • It should be based on accurate data • It should be flexible • It must satisfy one of the pre defined objective • It must be simple and straight forward • It must have a reporting system • No weak links REQUIREMENTS OF PRODUCTION PLANNING
  6. 6. Scheduling arranges the different manufacturing operations in order of priority, fixing the time & date for the commencement & completion of each operation. • Types of scheduling Forward scheduling Backward scheduling PRODUCTION PLANNING INCLUDES
  7. 7. • The pattern of scheduling differs from one job to another PRODUCTION PLANNING INCLUDES
  8. 8. production planning and controlPRODUCTION PLANNING INCLUDES
  11. 11. • Optimum utilization of capacity • Inventory control • Estimation of resources • Removal of bottlenecks • Uses production facility • Economy in production time • Keeps cost controlled • Ensures quality • Gives benefit to workers • Provides benefit to customers AIMS & OBJECTIVES OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
  12. 12. • Most important function • Important feature of small scale industries • Involves manufacturing process • Production control is an adjusting process • Provides corrective measures • Regulates and stimulates the materials FEATURES OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
  13. 13. • Steady production flow • Maintain delivery schedules • Resource estimation • Ensures optimum inventory • Minimization of wastages • Improvement in labour productivity • Low cost of operation • Better work environment • Team work • Facilitates quality improvement ADVANTAGES OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
  14. 14. • JIT is the technique for reducing inventories and elimination of waste in the production system. • Objectives To eliminate waste To improve quality To minimize lead time To reduce costs To improve productivity PRODUCTION CONTROL USING JIT
  15. 15. • Pull production and kanban JIT is associated with pull systems. Toyota was the first developer of kanban system. • Examples McDonalds' Office Xerox Paper PRODUCTION CONTROL USING JIT
  16. 16. CONCLUSION