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design process 2
stéphane angoulvant / spring 2009 process book
INTERLOCKING OBJECTS                                                                                  stéphane angoulvant
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INTERLOCKING OBJECTS                                                                                     stéphane angoulva...
INTERLOCKING OBJECTS                                                                                                   sté...
BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS                                                                                             stéphane ...
BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS                                                                                                      ...
BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS                                                                            stéphane angoulvant
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BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS                                                                                                      ...
OBSERVATIONAL RESEARCH                                                    stéphane angoulvant
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MATERIAL RESEARCH                                                                                                         ...
MATERIAL RESEARCH                                                                                                         ...
MATERIAL RESEARCH                                                                                                         ...
MATERIAL RESEARCH                                                                                                   stépha...
DIRECTION: SCANDINAVIA                                                                                                    ...
IDEATION: SCANDINAVIA              stéphane angoulvant
                                     spring 2009 — week 3


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DIRECTION: SCANDINAVIA                                                                                               stéph...
IDEATION: SCANDINAVIA                                                      stéphane angoulvant
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DIRECTION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES                                                                                stép...
IDEATION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES                                              stéphane angoulvant
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DIRECTION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES                                                         stéphane angoulvant
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IDEATION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES                                  stéphane angoulvant
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DIRECTION: ARTHROPODS                               stéphane angoulvant
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IDEATION: ARTHROPODS                                                                                            stéphane a...
DIRECTION: ARTHROPODS                                                                                     stéphane angoulv...
IDEATION: ARTHROPODS                                                                                                      ...
CHAIR MOCK-UPS   stéphane angoulvant
                   spring 2009 — week 4
CHAIR MOCK-UPS   stéphane angoulvant
                   spring 2009 — week 4
DIRECTION: ARTHROPODS                                                   stéphane angoulvant
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IDEATION: ARTHROPODS                                                                               stéphane angoulvant
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IDEATION: ARTHROPODS                                                                         stéphane angoulvant
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1/2 SCALE MOCK-UPS                                                                                 stéphane angoulvant
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BEVERLY BLVD. FURNITURE STORES                                                                             stéphane angoul...
GREGG FLEISHMAN’S STUDIO                                                                    stéphane angoulvant
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DIRECTION: ANT BENCH                                                                                         stéphane ango...
ANT BENCH: IDEATION                                   stéphane angoulvant
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ANT BENCH: IDEATION                                                                                     stéphane angoulvan...
1/2 SCALE MOCK-UPS                                                                                                   stéph...
ANT BENCH: IDEATION                                                          stéphane angoulvant
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ANT BENCH: IDEATION                                              stéphane angoulvant
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FULL-SCALE MOCK-UP                                                                 stéphane angoulvant
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FULL-SCALE MOCK-UP                                                            stéphane angoulvant
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FULL-SCALE MOCK-UP                                                      stéphane angoulvant
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ANT BENCH SCENARIOS                      stéphane angoulvant
                                           spring 2009 — week...
ANT BENCH SCENARIOS   stéphane angoulvant
                        spring 2009 — week 9
ANT BENCH: LAYOUT   stéphane angoulvant
                      spring 2009 — week 9
EXPLODED VIEW                                          stéphane angoulvant
                                               ...
FINAL MODEL                                                             stéphane angoulvant
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FINAL MODEL   stéphane angoulvant
                spring 2009 — week 14
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  1. 1. design process 2 stéphane angoulvant / spring 2009 process book
  2. 2. INTERLOCKING OBJECTS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 K’NEX uses rods and connectors to form a wide variety of constructions. These pieces are joined by grooves and notches which fit snugly within each other. LEGO consist of different shaped Woodcraft puzzles are made from bricks which can interlock to flat pieces of plywood which are create complex structures. The assembled by connecting the flexible plastic is what creates matching grooves. structural strength between the pieces. JOVO is a construction toy consisting of various flat shapes such as triangles, squares and Stickle Bricks are a construction toy pentagons which snap together on intended for small children. The bricks are a hinge allowing for the creation of joined together by thin plastic rods which three dimensional shapes. cover one or more surfaces of the brick. sources: google images; wikipedia.
  3. 3. INTERLOCKING OBJECTS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 Cardboard chair by Swedish furniture company Dux. Simple corrugated cardboard support Template and result for an interlocking plywood stool “Plug-together” shelving made from plywood and plastic connectors source: “nomadic furniture” by james hennessey & victor papanek
  4. 4. INTERLOCKING OBJECTS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 Eco-friendly packaging design for earphones made from cardboard. The package is fastened with a tab Small table which can be packed which inserts into the slit. flat. The parts assemble with interlocking grooves. Clock created from flat parts which are assembled with slots and grooves. Detail of a cross-shaped joint which is locked in place by the weight of the table. sources: google images; flickr
  5. 5. BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 Flat-packed aluminium chair cut by laser and assembled with interlocking slots. Foam chair folded into shape from a single sheet of semi-rigid foam. Corrugated cardboard chair designed for toddlers. Assembled from flat parts with matching slots. Wood plastic composite chair for IKEA. Packed flat for assembly. Chair built from a single panel of plywood and assembled with grooves and notches. sources: google images; ikea; core77
  6. 6. BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 Children’s chair designed for Muji. Soft rounded edges and a friendly shapes make it safe for children to use. Eco-friendly chair made from curved pieces of bamboo. A fast-growing woody plant, bamboo is strong and renewable. Chair by Hannu Kähonen Chair and matching table designed for for Creadesign which folds children by Hans Wegner. Assembled with completely flat. slots and pegs. “Zig Zag” chair designed in 1932 by Gerrit Rietveld, it uses four flat panels and two supporting elements. sources: google images; creadesign; core77
  7. 7. BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 Wood chair based on a simple interlocking slot system. Wood chair based on interlocking joints. Flat-packed lounge chair designed by D. E. Sellers Cardboard chair made from a single template. Assembled with folding tabs. Folding corrugated cardboard chair made from a single piece of material. sources: google images; designboom, core77
  8. 8. BENCHMARKING: CHAIRS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 2 “Ribbon chair” (1961) by Cesare Leonardi & Franca Stagi made from steel and moulded fiberglass. The sculptural form creates a dynamic and surprising elegance. “Easy Edges Series” (1972) by Frank Gehry made from laminated corrugated cardboard. Made from a renewable and sturdy material which allows for a great variety of designs. “Powerplay chair” (1990) by Frank Gehry made from bent and woven laminated wood. Explores lightweight wooden strips as a solution for strong curvy designs. “Papp chair” (1967) by Peter Raacke made from cardboard. A precursor in the design of cardboard “ Paimio chair” (1931) by Alvar Aalto made from bent chairs. Uses folded tabs plywood and solid birch. The prominent curves give a as fasteners. friendly look to an otherwise simple design. source: “modern chairs” by charlotte 7 peter fiell
  9. 9. OBSERVATIONAL RESEARCH stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 sitting on bench at Art Center working at a desk eating at the cafeteria reading on the couch smoking on the steps Art Center stool
  10. 10. MATERIAL RESEARCH stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 plyboo rattan A form of bamboo plywood, this Rattan is a type of palm growing material is manufactured by Smith & primarily in Indonesia. Its stems are Fong. Because bamboo is strong and commonly used to build furniture in grows 30% faster than any tree it is Southeast Asia. Like bamboo it is a fast- a sustainable and environmentally growing plant which can be harvested friendly solution. Unfortunately, the sustainably. material remains costly because it is in relatively small production. Designer Kenneth Cobonpue uses rattan extensively in his furniture to create beautiful organic forms. In some cases, the canes are fastened with nylon wire, Rick Lee’s “Four Seasons” furniture is a set of tables or fit together in a metal or plastic made using a CNC milling machine. The cutouts were frame. used to create room dividers. The “Cha table” by Redstr / Collective is an eco- friendly piece of furniture made from plyboo and assembled with a simple slot system. “Tagei” by Akemi Tanaka is a piece of furniture that functions both as a table and bench with its sliding plyboo panels. This design shows how elegant plyboo can be. sources: inhabitat.com; kennethcobonpue.com
  11. 11. MATERIAL RESEARCH stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 wood.e Described by its creators as “electrified plywood” it is developed by the German- Italian design firm Trans|alpin. This material can be used This composite material is to create a host of clever made of two metallic layers solutions to lighting. sandwiched between sheets of wood delivering a ubiquitous 12V current. “Living in a Box” is a concept piece by Trans|alpin demonstrating the possibilities of Wood.E. Luminate creates the possibility to meld both natural and artificial light This material creates new with furniture and architecture. opportunities to combine furniture and lighting, joining what usually are isolated objects without cords. luminate Sound and light can be integrated A combination of translucent plastic and wood seamlessly into the environment strips manufactured by Ambro. This material uses using the electric current. 25% as much hardwood as conventional solid wood panels. It is a form of acrylic adhered to timber by a proprietary fusion process. sources: “transmaterial” by blaine brownell; mocoloco.com
  12. 12. MATERIAL RESEARCH stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 fsc smartwood kirei board The Forest Stewartship Council Made from recycled sorghum (FSC) is an international stalks this material can be used organization that promotes much like plywood and has a responsible management of unique appearance. Kirei board forests. It sets standards such contains no formaldehyde and is as “SmartWood” that verify the made from a renewable resource. logging practices to ensure the sustainability and health of Kirei board forests worldwide. A wide variety has been used of woods can therefore be used primarily as a finishing material under this certification. since it was first manufactured in 2003. Its full potential may still be something to achieve. InModern has created a line of flat-packed furniture, assembled with simple interlocking panels. The “Lorenzo Chair” by Zola Furnishings shows a products are made from environmentally friendly potential use of Kirei board. FSC-certified birch plywood. sources: wikipedia.org; inmodern.net; “transmaterial” by blaine brownell; kireiusa.com
  13. 13. MATERIAL RESEARCH stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 Dovetailed lap joint Rabbeted oblique scarf joint Draw pin joint Lapped goose-neck mortise and tenon joint with stub tenons Half-blind stub tenon japanese joinery Inserted tenon joint Japanese architecture has a tradition of woodworking joints which dates to over a thousand years ago. The structure of these buildings was simple but relied on strong joinery which is illustrated here. These techniques draw strength from their mechanics rather than glue or other fasteners. source: “ the art of japanese joinery” by kiyosi seike
  14. 14. DIRECTION: SCANDINAVIA stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 Poul Kjærholm, “PK 24” chair, Alvar Aalto, 1965, made of steel and cane. This “Children’s Chair design fits within the principles of N65”, 1933, birch. modernism with its minimalist and functional aesthetic. However, the subtle curves and use of natural materials adds a warm and friendly feeling. Poul Kjærholm, “PK 25” chair, 1951, Poul Kjærholm, “PK 0” chair, made of steel and flag halyard. 1952, made of bent plywood. The dynamic curves give personality Alvar Aalto, “Louge Chair 43”, to a fairly simple design. 1936, birch and linen. Børge Mogensen, “Hunting Chair”, 1950, oak and leather. The use Arne Jacobsen, “Ant chair”, of materials gives a refines the 1952, rosewood and steel feeling of raw nature. pipe. The Icelandic landscapes convey a calm but powerful image of nature found in Scandinavian design. sources: danish-furniture.com; wikipedia; s.angoulvant.net
  15. 15. IDEATION: SCANDINAVIA stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 fabric creates curve interlocking pieces hexagon chair
  16. 16. DIRECTION: SCANDINAVIA stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 Timo Saarnio, “Picco” chair for Martela. The Scandinavian culture, as exemplified by these pictures of Iceland, is in tune with nature. This becomes apparent in the materials and shapes used by Scandinavian designers. Traditional Icelandic roofing, in Glaumbaer keeps the house warm during the cold winter months. Poul Kjærholm, “PK 9” chair, 1960, made of leather and steel. Simple, natural & friendly Scandinavian culture and design can be summarized as: simple for its minimal forms and calm aesthetic; natural for its non-obtrusive and traditionally ecological quality Eero Saarinen, “Grasshopper and friendly for its warm and inviting appearance. chair”, 1946. Follows the simple curves and elegance of Scandinavian design. sources: danish-furniture.com; s.angoulvant.net
  17. 17. IDEATION: SCANDINAVIA stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 semi-lounging chair → simple curve bent plywood chair → low to the ground → outdoor? → different orientations? kitchen stool office chair bar stools rope chair
  18. 18. DIRECTION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 Jules Verne’s series of books “ Les Voyages Extraordinaires” pioneered the science-fiction genre and remain popular since their publishing (1863-1905). Part of their appeal were the illustrations which accompanied the text and still provide inspiration for the genre today. The engravings depict unexplored worlds and mythical beasts which inspire a sense of discovery and wonder. sources: wikipedia.org; smithsonian institution libraries
  19. 19. IDEATION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 hot air balloon chair rocket chair → 2-legged for children → fun, exploration propeller stool → multiple orientations → different environments squid/jellyfish stool
  20. 20. DIRECTION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 Jules Verne’s tales are not only visionary but also approach the unexpected and mysterious. Adventurous & fantastic exploration Jules Verne’s books have inspired both the worlds of science and science-fiction. Widely enjoyed especially by young readers, the adventurous stories provoke excitement and wonder. The fantastic and mysterious worlds that Verne’s protagonists encounter stimulate creativity and inspires readers to embark on their own exploration. sources: wikipedia.org; smithsonian institution libraries
  21. 21. IDEATION: LES VOYAGES EXTRAORDINAIRES stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 hot air balloon lamp cloud armchair → whimsical → A Journey to the Center of the Earth → upside down mushroom porthole chairs → gills used as seating
  22. 22. DIRECTION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 More than half of all known organisms are insects. Their wide diversity in shapes, adaptations and environments provides a great deal of inspiration for both the form and function of a chair. The junctions in their exoskeleton also evokes the assembly of a product. source: wikipedia.org
  23. 23. IDEATION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 3 mantis stool mantis chaise longue butterfly → 2-person chair hat-rest? top view five-legged stool → different stable positions dragonfly chaise longue → weighted → wings as armrests?
  24. 24. DIRECTION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 Strange, alive, mechanical With their variety of strange, unusual and almost alien shapes, arthropods provide inspiration for intriguing designs. Their carapace and joints make them seem almost mechanical yet they retain the distinct nature of a living creature, and therefore their shapes bring to life any design. The shapes of arthropods can range from familiar and friendly to alien and scary. Yet they retain a certain uniformity by virtue of the very unique exoskeleton structure. Arthropods include insects, spiders and scorpions, crustaceans and the extinct trilobites. source: wikipedia.org
  25. 25. IDEATION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 ant picnic bench → seating and eating crab chair caterpillar bench → decorative piece → public seating, privacy, e.g. airports scorpion chair → integrates reading lamp ladybug chair → 2-person chair converts into table
  26. 26. CHAIR MOCK-UPS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4
  27. 27. CHAIR MOCK-UPS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4
  28. 28. DIRECTION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 5 Arthropods have interesting and inspiring shapes but the patterns they display can be equally intriguing. Their colors may be used to warn predators or to mimic such a warning; they may also be a way to blend in with their environment or disguise themselves as another animal. All these ideas could be explored in furniture designs. sources: wikipedia.org
  29. 29. IDEATION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 5 ladybug chair → longer wings/back? → Rhinoceros beetle → coat hanger? sections for caterpillar bench butterfly using antennae as supports → folding chair/bench/table for back rest lamp attachment caterpillar bench → bookshelf addon for home
  30. 30. IDEATION: ARTHROPODS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 5 stick insect leaf insect → park/playground → chair and ottoman → seating, climbing, playing using antennae/mandibles as functional elements: coat hanger or arm rests. ant park bench / outdoor furniture → different seating arrangements → padding could be used on the ground for seating
  31. 31. 1/2 SCALE MOCK-UPS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 5 Ladybug-inspired chair proof of concept. Made from laminated layers of corrugated cardboard. This chair is intended for two persons but can also be closed partially or fully to create table space. The “antennae” serve as a locking mechanism for the back rests. This bench was inspired by a caterpillar and could be used in a public setting or as a piece of home furniture. It provides an environment that may be used as seating or shelving and can also create privacy between users. This ant-inspired design is a humorous take on picnic benches. The shape is designed to be used both as seating and as an eating area and could be implemented in parks.
  32. 32. BEVERLY BLVD. FURNITURE STORES stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 4 Soft angular shapes create a warm and welcoming feeling which is accentuated by the choice of color. This is appropriate in multiple environments. Many plastic rods are used to create a rigid back for this chair. Horizontal stacks of cardboard create a familiar profile for this recyclable armchair. Different living spaces created through seating. The use of rope creates a structure which uses less material and allows for a natural springiness.
  33. 33. GREGG FLEISHMAN’S STUDIO stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 5 Located in Culver City, Gregg Fleishman’s studio exhibits some of his many creations, developed over a 35-year career. His interlocking designs often add an element of comfort through curved, spring-like forms which bend to fit the user. Fleishman’s designs are based on simple joints which do not require any glue. Most of the chairs are assembled from either two or three parts. Fleishman has refined the design of his spring-shaped patterns to create the most comfortable arrangement.
  34. 34. DIRECTION: ANT BENCH stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 6 The rear legs of an ant are longer than those in the front. Multiple parts of the insect anatomy can provide inspiration. The antennae or mandibles can be starting points for functional features in the bench (book ends, cup holder, etc.). The interaction between ants and their environment can also be a source of inspiration for the “+” item. Ant colonies form interesting patterns which may be a direction Different postures to explore for the use of this object may be a possibility (e.g. public seating arrangements). to explore. source: wikipedia.org
  35. 35. ANT BENCH: IDEATION stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 6 legs in parallel position different feet and leg designs assembling interlocking parts
  36. 36. ANT BENCH: IDEATION stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 6 reading story legs in x-shape → different seating position more stable mandibles become cup holder longer rear legs? antennae bookends?
  37. 37. 1/2 SCALE MOCK-UPS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 6 The ant concept was chosen as a final direction. Improvements were made to the overall form in this second half-scale mock-up made of laminated cardboard. The shape takes on a more literal character and volume is created particularly in the “ thorax” . This bench was inspired by a caterpillar and could be used in a public setting or as a piece of home furniture. It provides an environment that may be used as seating or shelving and can also create privacy between users. Improvements were made to the leg structure. Using a cross shape creates more stability while adding to the organic nature of the object.
  38. 38. ANT BENCH: IDEATION stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 7 smaller insect stool? aphid? twig/leaf as a coat hanger? crayon/pen holder works with mandibles cushion becomes seating
  39. 39. ANT BENCH: IDEATION stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 7 dry erase/chalkboard surface on abdomen toy box slides out from under the abdomen lamp small caterpillar
  40. 40. FULL-SCALE MOCK-UP stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 7 This first full-scale mock-up is almost directly adapted from the half-scale version. Antennae were added to the head as a functional element which can act as bookends. The legs were also modified to become longer in the rear. The cantilevered thorax was found to be too unstable when brought into full scale.
  41. 41. FULL-SCALE MOCK-UP stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 8 Modifications were made in this second full-scale cardboard mock-up. The most important change was the addition of two rear legs which create additional stability for the thorax. The entire shape was also reduced in size by approximately 20% making it more fit for home usage and reducing the necessary amount of material. The antennae act as bookends while the mandibles can function as a cup-holder.
  42. 42. FULL-SCALE MOCK-UP stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 9 This first wood mock-up was made from maple plywood and cut on the CNC router. Minor modifications were made to the The parts were found to interlock rear legs, making them longer and tightly and the structure was more stable. stable enough to seat two adults.
  43. 43. ANT BENCH SCENARIOS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 9 This ant-inspired bench was designed to function both as an indoor and outdoor furniture piece. Its playful design encourages all members of the family to interact. The flexibility of this design suggests a great variety of activities and usages such as reading, working, eating and playing. The engaging aesthetic of this bench makes it an interesting sculptural object when it isn’t in use.
  44. 44. ANT BENCH SCENARIOS stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 9
  45. 45. ANT BENCH: LAYOUT stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 9
  46. 46. EXPLODED VIEW stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 11 assembly 1. Slot the leg parts b1 and b2 together. 2. Slide the rear leg parts c1 into the main body b. 3. Fasten b to the legs b1 and b2. 4. Slide in the antennae a1 into b. 5. Slot parts c2 and c3 into the rear legs c1. 6. Fasten c to the rear tabs on c1, c2 and c3. 7. Slide a through the antennae a1. 8. Slot the leg parts d1 and d2 together. 9. Fasten d to the legs d1 and d2.
  47. 47. FINAL MODEL stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 14 This first wood mock-up was made from maple plywood and cut on the CNC router. Minor modifications were made to the The parts were found to interlock rear legs, making them longer and tightly and the structure was more stable. stable enough to seat two adults.
  48. 48. FINAL MODEL stéphane angoulvant spring 2009 — week 14

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