Students who did well ;
Read the question.
Linked the statistics to the ideas used
Understood what the words ‘contribute to’, ‘show’
and ‘characteristic’ mean.
Used Geographic Concepts
Masaai is NOT A RELIGION ! It is an ethnicity
Characteristics = statistics
‘Characteristics of development’ means what is the
development like, how is it measured ?
So this question was all about how developed
Choose a characteristic that we have studied like L.R,
I.M.R, GDP etc. then say what this shows/tell us.
How has this statistic come about ?
Characteristic; Literacy rate
This is due to difference in access to education, this
is due to the difference in money available to the
families in different areas. This difference is because
of their income rural/urban more money = better
access to schooling so longer education so therefore
Higher literacy rate. (with stats on Literacy and
This question was about factors that
CONTRIBUTE to development. In other words
how the factor made the difference in development.
The link is the important bit.
You had to show how the factor, through a series of
steps, made the difference in development.
The difference must be a statistic eg IMR of
100/1000 vs IMR of 45/1000.
The two parts of the question must not overlap. Each
outcome or factor should be new information.
Eg don’t do – 1. rainfall leads to money, leads to
schooling, leads to higher LR. 2 tradition leads to
status in the family, leads to boys going to school,
leads to higher LR. This is repitition of the first half
of the answer.
Landforms or Rainfall.
Eg How does more rainfall mean lower IMR ?
More rain = more crops grown, this means more
income and more food. The increased income means
more money to spend on doctors visits. The more
food means a healthier mother and so healthier
You must include a named location where these
This was about what people/groups are doing to try
to decrease the differences.
There needed to be a difference stated eg IMR, LR,
GDP etc ( with a stat )
There needed to be an actual action. Eg increased
There needed to be a group/person named eg World
Vision, Water Aid, project carbon X, The
There needed to be an outcome
Group involved – World Vision.
Action taken – organised 40 hour famine, donated
money to Tanzania.
Funded vaccinations of 40,000 rural children
against Whooping Cough.
Outcome : IMR was reduced in the Rural areas of
Kigoma between 1975 and 2000 from 115/1000 to
0-6 = N
7 – 13 = A
14 – 18 = M
19+ = E (yeah right !)