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Gaza Blockade


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Gaza Blockade

  1. 1. The Gaza Blockade<br />Global News Networks: clash of civilizations or cross cultural dialogue ?Is the Gaza blockade presented differently by BBC, CNN and Al Jazeera ?<br />
  2. 2. Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />2<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Introduction<br />Hypothesis<br />Conflict Background <br />Methodology <br />Theory<br />Findings<br />Analysis <br />Conclusion<br />Bibliography <br />Table of Contents<br />Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />
  3. 3. “international news-making is inherently domestic, paradoxically local and above all national” (Lee, 2000: 295) <br />Gaza Blockade:<br />(a) Represented differently<br />(b) Subject to differences:<br /><ul><li>Cultural
  4. 4. Ideological
  5. 5. Religious</li></ul>Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />3<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Introduction: Hypothesis <br />
  6. 6. The Gaza Strip<br /><ul><li>Territory on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea
  7. 7. Borders Egypt and predominantly Israel.
  8. 8. Conflict based on a land, air, and sea blockade by Israel and Egypt.
  9. 9. Considered a humanitarian disaster.</li></ul>Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />4<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Introduction: Conflict Background<br />
  10. 10. Method <br />Content Analysis carried out on Gaza Blockade articles run by Aljazeera, BBC and CNN <br />Sample: 20 articles randomly collected from the online editions appearing in the year 2010.<br />The articles were categorized under 5 sections.<br />Limitations<br />Content analysis in itself may not always be as reliable as it implies:<br /> Kimberly A. Neuendorf suggests that when human coders are used in content analysis, reliability translates to "the amount of agreement or correspondence among two or more coders." (Neuendorf, 2002) <br />inherently reductive: some important aspects such language and writing style cannot be categorized<br />Methodology: Quantitative Research<br />Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />5<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />
  11. 11. War Journalism<br />Associated with heroism and conflict, focuses on the emotional rather than on the rational, and satisfies news value demands. (Shinar, 2007)<br />“Banal Journalism “<br />‘A sense of we-ness and they-ness appears to run through all human societies.’( Elliott 1968: 268)<br />Most of what passes as mainstream journalism (“banal journalism”) is constructed upon the key binary of ‘us’ and ‘them’. (Allan, 2005)<br />Theory<br />Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />6<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />{<br />“The people handling this crisis are men. It is men who perpetrated this violence and men who organise the response.” (Allan, 2005: pp. 289)<br />If truth is the first casualty of war…it is appropriate to say that understanding is the second. (Allan and Zelizer, 2004)<br />
  12. 12. Orientalism <br /><ul><li>Orientalism particularly valuable as a sign of European-Atlantic power over the Orient.
  13. 13. It is, rather than express, a certain will or intention to understand, in some cases control, manipulate , even to incorporate what is a manifestly different world
  14. 14. Edward Said’s notion of ‘Orientalism’ is particularly usefull.</li></ul>Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />7<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Theory<br />According to Said (1978) Orientalism is a Western construct for “dominating, restructuring and having authority over the Orient.” <br />
  15. 15. <ul><li> Al-Jazeera English (AJE), a subsidiary of Qatar’s Al-Jazeera Arabic network – launched on the 15th of November 2006.
  16. 16. First global English language news channel to be headquartered in the Middle East
  17. 17. ‘The ‘South’ here is not meant to be geographical. It is symbolic. It is a lifestyle because in the West, you have a lot of South as well. In Britain, you have South. In Europe, you have South. The South denotes the voiceless in general’ (Helal, 2008).</li></ul>Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />8<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Findings:Al-Jazeera <br />
  18. 18. The BBC <br /><ul><li>Representative for the European Continent
  19. 19. One of the oldest media outlet
  20. 20. solid reputation for accurate reporting.</li></ul> <br />The content analysis uncovered: <br /><ul><li>that the conflict is depicted from a domestic point of view
  21. 21. Strong “us” character
  22. 22. Sharp depiction of the conflict from the point of view of the British citizens that took part on the flotilla raid.</li></ul>Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />9<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Findings: the BBC<br />
  23. 23. Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />10<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />Findings:CNN<br />Military activity was the most important topic, as opposed to political<br />Human interest stories: timeliness, personalisation, impact, conflict, and emotion<br />The term ‘military occupation’ has never been mentioned<br />Foreign politicians only quoted in a diplomatic context<br />Articles tend to omit women, as expected<br />In 2007, accused CNN of giving ‘little or no reason for the blockade’ in its articles<br />cxc<br />
  24. 24. Analysis <br />Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />11<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />
  25. 25. Analysis <br />Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />12<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />A sense of "we-ness" lurks in the background <br />in-depth, interpretative approach to political details of the GAZA Blockade. <br />No interpretations. Short, blunt news items.<br />Orientalism<br />
  26. 26. Tuesday, 7 December 2010<br />13<br />The Gaza Blockade <br />