Hello, I’m Patricia McCormick your presenter on Educational Reform in Egypt. Recent strategic planning is have a positive impact on technology integration in Egyptian pubic schools. What you area about to learn is encouraging news.
As you can see, tremendous literacy gains were made between the years 1980 and 2000. But despite these literacy gains, Egyptians have continued to lag behind in in the global economy. The MOE began analyzing what more they could do to improve the quality of education. ICT integration was thought to be a way to modernize education.
In the past, all teaching was based on the contents of the MOE textbooks. Teachers presented the information and the students memorized the content.
MOE viewed technology integration as a”magic bullet” for developing a more competitive workforce. Considerable foreign and investment was made into the purchase of technology that was not supported by Infrastructure. And teachers knew nothing about technology integration let alone basic computer operations. Warschaurer, in his 2003 article on the digital divide remarked, technology was thrust upon a dysfunctional system. He quoted a university professor.. But there was little change in the way content was deliveredThe poorly trained teachers knew nothing about instructional technology or even basic computer operations. Computers were often locked up for safe keeping for fear that they might be damaged. Warschauer quotes an Egyptian University Professor, “
In January 2009, Dr. Hassan El Bilawy, First Undersecretary of the Ministry of Education presented The governments strategic plan that shows a dramatic shift in educational reform. He made four critical assumptions underlying the direction Egypt must take to better educate its population.
Dr Bilawi shows what he means by “change in culture” Egypt must accept a paradigm shift essentially from traditional teacher directed to student centered education.
Before 2005, Egypt focused primarily on ICT integration at the university level. The new strategic plan suggests that Egyptian society will benefit more when it invests more heavily in primary education.
In addition, the Strategic plan acknowledged its ever persistent gender divide. In spite of great literacy gains, economic and social support must be directed more at providing better access to education for girls.
Under the direction of the MOE, School advisory boards consisting of community members perform a needs assessment to make recommendations about school improvement. Government agencies gradually relinquish administrative, instructional and financial control to “schools in the reform process.” Once a school begins this process, the school is eligible for ICT support.
The USAID sponsored TILO project, operates in approximately 190 public schools as part of a larger effort to build capacity at the community level. It supports the Ministry of Education goals to improve learning outcomes through the strategic use of education technology.
To be eligible to participate in the TILO project, a school must meet three criteria.
I’ll give you time to read this slide.
This is a typical setup allocated to a TILO selected school. The training package consists of computers, tables, chairs powerstrips,UPS , Wireless cards, routers, overhead projector, speakers, webcam, The “Digital Resource Package” and other supplies. .
The final criteria is “willingness to commito TILO goals. I’ll give you time to read this slide. Generally, it promotes more autonomy, responsibility and accountability at the local level.
Ict Educational Reform In Egypt 1(2)
Educational Reform in Egypt A model for ICT integration reform in developing countries Presented by Patricia McCormick
Egypt Youth Literacy Rate Rises from 52%-71% between 1980-2000 http://www.africantravelinc.com/AboutATI/images/egypt_map.gif World Bank Ed Stats: 2008 http://go.worldbank.org/JVXVANWYY0
http://img2.photographersdirect.com/img/11917/wm/pd1256880.jpgschool.jpg Teacher directed and textbook driven
Initial technology integration efforts http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumb_374/1236948978WbXnbF.jpg “ We have the hardware, we have the software, what we lack is the humanware .”
Egypt’s National Strategic Plan 2008-2012 <ul><li>1. Culture Change </li></ul><ul><li>2. Economic Support </li></ul><ul><li>3. Community Participation </li></ul><ul><li>4. Decentralization </li></ul>
Culture change: Paradigm Shift in Curriculum Development <ul><li>From traditional rote memorization approach </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher as assessor, expert, source of information </li></ul><ul><li>Student is passive, disengaged </li></ul><ul><li>Content is abstract and theoretical </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment is selective and judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Learning environment with minimal interaction </li></ul><ul><li>To the modern developed approach </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher is coach, reflective practitioner </li></ul><ul><li>Student is active, responsible for his/her own learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Content is relevant, practical, realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment enhances learning </li></ul><ul><li>Learning environment is highly interactive. </li></ul>El-Bilawi, (2009) Implementing a shift from access to equity:Strategic planning in the Egyptian Ministry of Education. retrieved from http://www.icsei2009.org/presentations/El-Bilawy.ppt.
Economic Support: Focus on digital literacy at the primary level http://www.nursing.cu.edu.eg/nmco/pages/images/CairoUniv.jpg http://www.usaid.gov/stories/images/ss_egy_competition.jpg $ $$ Higher Education Primary Education
The literacy rate raises to 72% but the gender divide persists. Chart based on data found at CIA World Factbook 2010 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html and World Resources Institute: http: //earthtrends . wri .org/text/population-health/country-profile-55.html Girls still lag well behind boys.
Community support and decentralization, crucial to reform http://www.mcit.gov.eg/PhotoGallery/f3c7b326-12e0-46e2-813a-d8f35cbad5c1.jpg http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3219/2523897713_4a79d819c1.jpg?v=0 Bottom up Communities participate more; assume more control Top Down Government relinquishes control and encourages local autonomy.
TILO Technology for Improved Learning Outcomes TILO works directly teachers and administrators in their schools where there is already strong evidence of participation in the reform process. http://www.tiloegypt.com/Public/schoolbasedreform.aspx
Three Criteria for School Selection 2. Physical Preparedness 1. Reform Preparedness 3. Commitment to TILO Goals
Reform Preparedness <ul><li>A School Improvement Plan an evidence of participation in the reform process </li></ul><ul><li>A Board of Trustees with a strong leadership </li></ul><ul><li>A high percentage of teachers who are full-time </li></ul>http://sps.k12.mo.us/field/images/improvementpic.jpg http://www.tiloegypt.com/Public/DemandDriven.aspx
Physical Readiness <ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available Training Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul>Image: http://www.tiloegypt.com/Public/techinschools.aspx http://www.tiloegypt.com/Public/DemandDriven.aspx
Willingness to Commit to TILO Goals <ul><li>Advisory Board, teachers and administrators must agree to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>take responsibility technology management plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plan for sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>work with the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>participate in research related to the use of technology in school and learning outcomes. </li></ul></ul>http://www.tiloegypt.com/Public/DemandDriven.aspx