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Community IT


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Community IT

  1. 1. What do you do with your community IT centre? Community IT and its role in social inclusion Biographical narratives from the IT “hub” on a large estate with multiple indices of deprivation 4-year observer-participant, qualitative, ethnographic study Thank you Jane Seale A ll the participants at BLITZ
  2. 2. Bluefield Lanes <ul><li>L arge 1960s social housing estate on the periphery of a medium sized city in Southern England </li></ul><ul><li>P opulation of 23,874, 18% of the city’s population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Together with t he four adjacent estates in the “Regen Arc” nearly 1/2 of the city’s population, 60,000 people, live in areas where there are multiple indices of deprivation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Largest concentration of social housing in the city </li></ul><ul><li>High unemployment/underemployment and educational under achievement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most significant issue is education, skills & training attainment with two SOAs in the top third and ten SOAs … in the top ten percent most deprived areas in England </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. But… <ul><li>Jo So maybe it’s not just the family centre that gave me that energy and that. I think its [this place]. That’s when I became more energised. Moving up here. Coming away from what I’d always been brought up with, to coming here, where, you know I’ve got that sense of belonging and my child’s the happiest I think she’ll ever be. </li></ul><ul><li>Jean That’s good, because they tend to give this estate such a bad name and a lot of people are afraid to come onto [it]. Because they say where do you live and you say [Bluefield Lanes] and they: aowwooh, how can you live up there. </li></ul><ul><li>Sandra Like you were saying about walking up the street you can walk from one place to another. I think that everyone can say that. You’re bound to run into someone you know and even if you don’t know they’ll all say hello, you know what I mean … </li></ul><ul><li>Rosa If you go to other areas you don’t really get that. People hate that. People in [Bluefield Lanes] … because we are such a large community in ourselves and what we have here you don’t get in other places. </li></ul><ul><li>2 008-08-01transcript.doc </li></ul>
  4. 5. And, on the other hand… <ul><li>Shona it’s like now how many years later down the line it’s kind of transformed itself to be true you know like the young people getting involved in a lot of drugs and crime and especially this whole knives and guns thing at the moment as well that’s you know really scary … You know it’s like for me how many more years is it going to be ‘til actually those guns are out because everyone knows somebody in [the city] who’s got some kind of gun or weapon you know what I mean, I don’t care what anyone says somebody knows somebody that’s got something you know and it’s just like because you know we’re not in London or Birmingham, you’re not hearing gunshots every five minutes it’s only a matter of time. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-04transcript.doc </li></ul>
  5. 6. And… <ul><li>Joven The … community is not the way where people thought it was. A lot of changes have happened in this place it is no longer the place where you’ve say the criminals live or bad people, it’s not all bad people, they’re good people. This centre has helped to contribute to that. Because, I see it does have a youth IT hub. The youth will come here and help in this centre with the games and the computer and all that. And I believe this centre since it started has helped to improve what you… you lay a standard of this community. So my story can be long but I also want to shorten it by saying that I have really seen, I’ve benefitted and I believe the community has benefitted by people who have passed through here </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-24transcript </li></ul>
  6. 7. And… <ul><li>Marie So when I first moved on to […], as I say I found the experience actually pretty stressful, I mean I was very delighted to have my own place as I said but I immediately encountered quite a lot of sort of anti-social behaviour, people were pulling up my garden and throwing stones at my windows and that kind of thing, random teenage behaviour … I did kind of wonder about, you know moving here and how it would be </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve never been around heroin addicts before but well, yeah kind of gatherings of them sometimes, I’m not sure if I can make any judgment about that other than just sometimes there’s quite a lot of twitchiness I suppose just suddenly brews up for one reason or another </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-24transcript </li></ul>
  7. 8. And… <ul><li>Marie … guess when I first moved here I felt… I’m quite posh compared to a lot of people on the [estate] I’d say in the sense that I talk quite posh, I went to public school and I still think that shows to some degree although it doesn’t matter to me, I think it kind of marked me out. </li></ul><ul><li>I do think kind of going to the IT Centre a lot and hanging out there and chatting to people, people just kind of see me as me rather than, you know sort of a very middle class kind of person wandering round the estate. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-24transcript </li></ul>
  8. 9. Research questions <ul><li>How do people, who associate themselves with the community IT centre, use that association to make positive changes in their lives? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there recognisable patterns of engagement or “trajectories” followed by people through the community IT centre? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the IT practices of the people who associate themselves with the community IT centre? </li></ul><ul><li>Are these patterns of engagement and practices also seen at other centres in different neighbourhoods and regions? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the policy implications for community IT centres? </li></ul>
  9. 10. Gaps in our understanding <ul><li>In respect of adult community education policy there are gaps in our understanding of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the relationship between personal development and community development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the relationship between social capital development and human capital development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the relationship between lifelong learning and continuous retraining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and the relationship between an individual’s responsibility for skills acquisition for existing jobs whatever they may be, and a social, collective responsibility for economic development in order to create new, worthwhile, jobs or other forms of meaningful social and civic participation. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Gaps in knowledge <ul><li>The life histories, experiences and voices of the users of community IT centres are largely absent from the literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users of centres are represented by synthetic descriptions and models of the problematic other , often culled from the analyses of research into the experience of centre managers and evaluation reports of various initiatives </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Third generation activity theory…
  12. 13. Data collection <ul><li>Biographic-narrative interviews: “Life stories” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrative expression is closest to people’s lived experience both of conscious concerns and also less conscious cultural, social and individual presuppositions and processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S urfacing mainly invisible experiences and contexts of issues that are difficult for society and individuals to confront </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grounding research in “bottom-up practice” (Barnat & Walmsley, 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appreciative inquiry (AI) focus groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the act of undertaking research has a transforming effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>needs-based approaches to community development tend to reinforce the circumstances of exclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>explicitly avoids the discourse of problems allowing people to articulate an empowered discourse of alterierity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Participant observation diaries </li></ul>
  13. 14. Life stories <ul><li>Please tell me the story of your life, the events and experiences that have been important to you, from wherever you want to begin, up to and including the present time: you as a user/volunteer/manager/tutor/friend of the Bluefield Lanes IT Zone </li></ul><ul><li>10, stage-1 life-story sessions </li></ul>
  14. 15. Focus Groups: Learning lunches <ul><li>2 groups (n=6 &10) </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciative approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>attempt to get beyond essentialism, ethical foundationalism and hierarchical ordering of identity politics (Gergen) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affirms a sensibility towards the inner dimensions of teaching and practitioner research that would include the imagination, emotion and passion involved in reflective practice (Luckcock) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>part of an integrated approach to community – and particularly community-driven – development. interviews and storytelling that draw out ... positive memories, and on a collective analysis of the elements of success. (Mathie & Cunningham ) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Perspectives explored in follow up semi-structured interviews <ul><li>In making decisions about using the community IT centre the following factors are prominent in the interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D omestic/family circumstances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C ommunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learning/education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>W ork/civic engagement/caring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F eelings/emotions (Affect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P ersonal history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V alues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T hings you do with computers (IT practice) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Computers matter? <ul><li>Interestingly computer use does not come up very much in peoples discussions about their use of the community IT centre! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers are just a part of life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers are not that important to me </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using computers is fun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I need computers to keep up with my friends and family. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers are just about work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I hate computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does matter? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Family matters <ul><li>In thinking about your own parents </li></ul><ul><li>what was their educational background? </li></ul><ul><li>what kind of expectations did they have for you in your life? </li></ul><ul><li>how did they communicate this to you? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>In thinking about yourself as a parent </li></ul><ul><li>what kind of expectation do you have for your children? </li></ul><ul><li>how do you communicate this to them? </li></ul>
  18. 19. Community matters <ul><li>Starting with the positive </li></ul><ul><li>D iversity </li></ul><ul><li>F amiliarity </li></ul><ul><li>F riends </li></ul><ul><li>G lobal community </li></ul><ul><li>S upport teams </li></ul><ul><li>Turning to the negative </li></ul><ul><li>C rime </li></ul><ul><li>D isorder </li></ul><ul><li>S trangers </li></ul><ul><li>P ersonal isolation </li></ul>
  19. 20. Employment matters <ul><li>… and, employment, but working for money is not the only thing! </li></ul><ul><li>And, routes to employment rarely, if ever, depend at all upon qualifications. </li></ul>It is hard to get away from education There is a sophisticated understanding of distinctions between, e.g.: education, learning, qualifications, formal and informal learning, and a distrust of qualifications. Education matters
  20. 21. Feelings matter <ul><li>confusion, envy, fatigue, </li></ul><ul><li>fear, gratitude, guilt, happiness, </li></ul><ul><li>hate, humour, loneliness, loss, </li></ul><ul><li>love, pride, respect, sorrow, </li></ul><ul><li>success, unhappiness </li></ul>Values matter challenging wrongs, respect, making the best of what you got, trustworthiness, no harm in trying, do what you love, integrity, learning together, being popular, self discipline, determination, organised, professionalism
  21. 22. Demographics? <ul><li>Variation and individuation is vast </li></ul><ul><li>Classification may inhibit understanding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Counting and dividing could be part of the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>e.g. Black, African, Caribbean </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woman of African heritage, alienated from the much larger Caribbean community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African man, son of the Minister of Finance, alienated from his parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African man, ex civil servant, retired to England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African man, ex-combatant officer in liberation wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First, second, third generation Jamaican British </li></ul></ul><ul><li>White, Asian, East Timorese, West Papuan, Santhelenian, Serbian, Afghan, Yank and many others </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Shona There’s the black issue. The black issue’s always been an issue anywhere. I even remember when I was like 20 or 21 there were a lot of West Indians here and stuff so it’s kind of like they never really had a high opinion of Africans then. Do you know what I mean, then it was all kind of like, “I’m African. I’m African [quickly] da da da.” And if you try to say anything about the African ancestry, you know, it’s like, “I’m Jamaican! I’m Jamaican! de de de!” So you know. … people just automatically assume that I am West Indian. They won’t even consider the fact that I’m African. They just straight-away assume that I am West Indian. And even down to the elders in the West Indian community: “Who’s your mum and dad?” You know like, “You won’t know my mum and dad.” </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-04transcript.doc </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Jo In [place] it was all about cliques. It was all about fitting in with certain people. But, coming to [Bluefield Lanes] everyone just got on with everyone. Everyone had a sense of belonging. You weren’t just the white person or the black person. You weren’t the older person or the younger person. You were all together, all united. I had a strong sense of belonging after moving to [Bluefield]. I made really strong friendships and I still have them. And, I keep making more friendships through, thing, here. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-08-01transcript.doc </li></ul>But…
  24. 25. People <ul><li>Jean Black, British, immigrated from Jamaica as a child, female, 50-60, children grown, community nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Matt White, British, male, 40-50, single, community development worker </li></ul><ul><li>Allen Black, British, 1 st gen WI heritage, male, 30-40, married (partner head of English at local secondary school), part-time employed youth and community worker </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra White, British, female, 30-40, lone parent, 4 children, employed by housing association, studying DipHE in community development </li></ul><ul><li>Joven Black, Kenyan, male, 60-70, retired Kenyan civil servant, studying theology </li></ul><ul><li>Patricia White, British, female, 20-30, single, unemployed (partial disability) </li></ul><ul><li>Shona Black, British, immigrated from Africa as a child, female, 30-40, lone parent of 2 (35 wks pregnant) </li></ul><ul><li>Philippe Black, Ivorean, immigrated as a student, male, 40-50, married, 2 children, PO clerk, MSc </li></ul><ul><li>Sandra Black, British, 1 st gen WI heritage, female, 30-40, lone parent, unemployed, IT centre volunteer </li></ul><ul><li>Jo White, British, female, 20-30, lone parent, unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Rosa Black, British, female, 30-40, 1 st gen WI heritage, unemployed, ex athlete (British youth pentathalon champion) </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie White, Irish, parttime employed care worker, ex drugs, ex prison, 28 </li></ul><ul><li>Haidar Pakistani, unemployed, lone parent, ex electro-mechanical engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Marie White, English, lone parent </li></ul><ul><li>Charles White, English, single, unemployed, writer </li></ul>
  25. 26. Counting and dividing (tbc) Superficially representative sample? Information emerged from life stories <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female 13 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male 9 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White 14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heritage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English 13 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WI 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20-30 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30-40 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40-50 8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50-60 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60-70 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P/T 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retired 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uk ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edu<FE: 1, some F/HE: 5, 1 st Deg: 2, PG: 1; uk:2 </li></ul><ul><li>The already educated continue to participate in PCDL </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Alexandra I was really kind of always having this dream about having some amazing job one day and never really actually having one. And I think that that happened because um I left school when I was 14 and I had like .. a bit like school phobia and I used to have panic attacks and not go into classrooms. And that was why I didn’t do really well when I was at school. And then … they got me on to an A-level course which I had to abandon because I was pregnant with my first child. So that was when I was 18. </li></ul><ul><li>… and when I realised that I could not write a letter I felt quite awful I thought how can I ever be somebody that does jobs and works and stuff so um It’s kind of interesting to remember that but I do remember sitting, sitting and staring at that screen thinking that I can’t write this letter I really can’t do that [laughs] I’m useless, I’m no good, I’m never gona make it. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-05-16transcript.doc </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Philippe My sole purpose for being here was to study all the way to post doctoral level because my father, my father, this was how he seen things … so I embarked onto a long project with financial support from home because that was tradition until I sent to him a letter and said to him: look, I am a grown-up man, you have to understand that things aren’t as they were; we suffered a heavy currency devaluation; therefore there was no need for you to stretch your financial means and send me money; not just that, I could fly by myself. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-05transcript </li></ul><ul><li>Sandra I like working with people, I like working in my own community but kind of didn’t have, had recent qualifications but didn’t have any work experience so I kind of just volunteered here to pick up stuff, pick up and learn more stuff, so I kind of basically self-taught myself a lot of stuff I knew on computers but like I knew certain stuff but maybe didn’t know the jargon , no didn’t know the jargon actually but knew how to do it but if someone said to me “Do you know how to do such and such?”, I’d be like “no”, but then I’d see them do it and then “Oh yeah, I can do it”, but didn’t know what they were talking about. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-24transcript </li></ul>
  28. 29. Community learning <ul><li>Community education is a small backwater in the Learning and Skills Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… a vast and complex world which is restructured so frequently that it has become a full-time job just to read about the latest turns and twists of policy, never mind respond to them.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Coffield 2006) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 30. Funding policy <ul><li>Adult Community Learning is not currently to be included in the demand led funding models although there is no clarity about what is meant by ‘community learning’” (Slowey 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Funding of Personal and Community Development Learning (PCDL) will remain outside these funding models for the time being.” (Learning and Skills Council 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leitch Review of Skills has recommended that all publicly-funded adult vocational skills in England, apart from community learning and programmes for those with learning difficulties and/or disabilities , should go through demand-led routes by 2010.” (Learning and Skills Council 2007) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note the collocation of community learning with “programmes for those with learning difficulties and/or disabilities.” The third leg of this stool is prison-based learning and the rehabilitation of offenders </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Who is policy for? <ul><li>Policy enacted not from concern for the excluded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>except to the extent they can be reformed, remediated – socially integrated – through training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The principal audiences for policy are voters and employers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The excluded are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a social disorder cost to the taxpayer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a supply of compliant workers to an insecure labour market </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>People may therefore see themselves in the mirror of policy as problems to be solved for and by others, rather than agents of their own world </li></ul>
  31. 32. Voices <ul><li>Shona The other thing I was going to say, I suppose, is that I’m here but I don’t know how much that’s got to do with the IT Hub or even the learning champions. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-04transcript </li></ul><ul><li>Sandra I like community learning because it fits around people and whatever’s going on with them, you know what I mean. Universities and colleges are, you know: this is what we got to offer, take it or leave it, whereas with the learning champion type of stuff we’ve been talking to people: what do you want. It can be so varied, you know what I mean? </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-24transcript </li></ul>
  32. 33. Voices <ul><li>Philippe See so it means what that these facilities can change people’s lives because I can testify for that. If I did not have these facilities well I wouldn’t say that I would not have achieved this but how can I tell? Because I did not fail so how could I tell? If I did not have these facilities and I failed I would conclude, well because I didn’t have the facilities then I fail. .. But I had the facilities and I made the best out of the facilities and I achieved this </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-10transcript.doc </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie I’ve got a sister on the estate down the road as well who never really used computers, you know like from seeing me coming here she’s started accessing this computer hub too. Eventually given my brother sorts himself out, you know, get him maybe on a couple of short courses here just to give him that self esteem, you know and… you know it’s just that ‘access to’ I think that the principle of that is the most important </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-21transcript </li></ul>
  33. 34. Voices <ul><li>Haidar but you know, over here you won’t find alcoholics and drinking in the IT Centre (laughs), it’s quite, you know, a very civilised community… when I come here there is a bit of calmness in me …this IT Centre is also like a safe haven for me, where I can come and (coughs) and maybe talk to someone about my problems </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-21transcript.doc </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie I’ve got a sister on the estate down the road as well who never really used computers, you know like from seeing me coming here she’s started accessing this computer hub too. Eventually given my brother sorts himself out, you know, get him maybe on a couple of short courses here just to give him that self esteem, you know and… you know it’s just that ‘access to’ I think that the principle of that is the most important </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-06transcript </li></ul>
  34. 35. Voices <ul><li>Marie [no internet at home] I guess it was a money saving thing and then I was going to get a cable package, you know sort out sort of broadband, home phone, mobile but then when I was… it’s kind of a long story, when I was heavily pregnant I had to get a new phone sorted out, basically I was with Orange and it was just too much hassle to try and at the time sort of get my brain around… getting out of my Orange contract and buying a separate mobile and then getting cable sorted out, so I sort of still don’t have it. And I guess in the meantime I’ve sort of been off on maternity leave and gone back to trying to be frugal so I guess you know having the IT centre there in a way has sort of stopped me having to get it although I think, you know I will make that leap in the not too distant future just because while the IT Centre is absolutely great there are times when it’s you know obviously not available and it would be really useful to have IT access in the evening now particularly having a child. Rachel and the IT Centre together don’t seem to mix very well. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-24transcript </li></ul>
  35. 36. Voices <ul><li>Sandra I got involved in Facebook quite recently, it’s only in the last eight weeks I think because everyone’s like “You should get on Facebook, you should get on Facebook”, but the people that said to me “you should get on Facebook”, they are addicted to it and they spend hours on it and I’m just like, I’m trying to stop the amount of time I spend on computers, I’m not getting involved in Facebook because people spend a lot of time on there, my computer when I’m at home, I’ve got a work laptop and then I’ve got my PC as well and my computer is on all the time, we’re playing games, I’m really big on Sims 2, I play that all the time, so me and my son as well we’re game freaks, we play a lot of games and I keep setting myself these goals </li></ul><ul><li>2008-07-24transcript </li></ul>
  36. 37. Voices <ul><li>Charles it just occurred to me a few minutes ago, that I can remember being frightened by computers, not very many years ago. I can remember seeing people on TV using them, in drama or in documentaries or whatever, and it being a mixture of fear and an envy that they were using a computer and I wasn’t, because it would be very useful. I mean years ago, a computer would have been very useful for me. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-10transcript </li></ul><ul><li>Jamie So that was at the first point I starting accessing this centre and what it had to offer. So I was going for a court case, I was having to document phone calls, visits, you know for the first time in my life I was having to keep evidence for my own purposes … Like I have got a daughter you know and I am constantly, you know I’m coming here to email, to jolt the mother, you know like can your daughter, can your daughter see her real father now, </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-06transcript </li></ul><ul><li>Haidar she wants to come on Saturday to do homework, she wants to be part of the community team, while Dad’s doing his PC Maintenance Course, she’s very keen to come and do her homework and really wants to know what’s going on (laughs) so it’s, I think it’s a very good bonding station would I say where people are free to talk and exchange information and experiences (laughs) at times. </li></ul><ul><li>2008-11-21transcript </li></ul>
  37. 38. Tentative thoughts <ul><li>Conceptualising community IT centres as places where formal education and “learning” takes place is at least problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Funding based on simplistic models of education may serve to embed social divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Seek community development or local economic development support not linked to educational attainment </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted or supported voluntarism may be a way forward: provide facilities in a location where multiple agencies and social enterprises operate </li></ul>
  38. 39. CIC: Research Impact! <ul><li>The primary aim of the BLITZ Community Interest Company (CIC) is to develop digital literacy and reduce the effect of the digital divide for adults, by making available and promoting the use of C&IT by providing a social learning space together with formal and informal learning and development opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free internet access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal learning opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computing for complete Beginners to Intermediate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridge to NVQ and ITQ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complementary offer </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Thank you! <ul><li>George Roberts </li></ul><ul><li>Southampton University </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford Brookes University </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>07711 698465 </li></ul>