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News Media - Changes and Challenges

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Presentation on news media in UK and globally to Vietnamese journalism students and editors

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News Media - Changes and Challenges

  1. 1. NEWS MEDIAChanges and challenges<br />George Brock<br />Professor and Head of Journalism<br />City University London<br />Vietnam, March 2011<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Ideas which have shaped journalism in Britain<br />Coffee houses<br />Separation from the state<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Ideas which have shaped journalism in Britain<br />Long continuities<br />The Spectator, founded 1711<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Journalism develops<br />Plural competition<br />Political controversy<br />Regional newspapers built local identities<br />Papers preceded political parties<br />Technology<br />“Mixed economy” of private ownership and regulation<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />4<br />
  5. 5. British newspapers in the 20th century<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />5<br />
  6. 6. The UK media market gets crowded<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />6<br />Radio 1922<br />Television 1946<br />Cable TV 1960s<br />Satellite TV 1989<br />Internet 1995<br />
  7. 7. Pressures of proliferation<br />Fragmentation more significant than conglomeration<br />1960: 8 national daily papers, 3 radio stations, 1 TV channel<br />2010: 9 national dailies, hundreds of radio stations and TV channels, millions of websites<br />Audiences for main TV evening news bulletins have fallen by 50% over 20 years<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Newspapers decline: Germany<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />8<br />Circulations of newspapers in Germany (in millions)<br />
  9. 9. Just holding their own: Australia<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Downward: US<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />10<br />Circulations of newspapers in the US (in millions)<br />
  11. 11. Old certainties disappear<br />News moves between platforms<br />Shared and swopped between users<br />Are bloggers journalists?<br />Broad news packages suffer, niche players flourish<br />Business is tougher<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Not all news media, not worldwide<br />The business model which is suffering is daily printed newspapers in Europe and US.<br />Even daily newspapers are doing fine in India, China and Brazil.<br />Magazines are flourishing<br />Terrestrial television news struggles<br />Satellite and cable does better<br />Radio holds its own (thanks to the internet)<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Persistent erosion in circulation (7,5% in 2010)<br />Newspaper division only accounts for 14% of the revenue<br />Since 2004, for each dollar added to online revenue, the paper lost $5 on print<br />Kaplan Education division accounts for 62%<br />Without its education unit, the company might have not survived recent years<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Washington Post revenues<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />14<br />
  15. 15. The Times of London<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />15<br />
  16. 16. The Times – print circulation<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />16<br />
  17. 17. The newer version<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Balancing print and online<br />Paper vs digital is over<br />A new grammar for news journalism<br />Paywall<br />But... The advantages of open competition<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Dilemmas of the future<br />Words<br />If anyone can be a journalist, what defines a journalist?<br />Rebuilding the idea of journalism: 4 key functions<br />Verification, making sense, eye-witness, investigation<br />Ethics and training matters!<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />19<br />
  20. 20. How much does the UK, Europe and US experience matter?<br />Print`s monopoly is gone<br />So plan for the future<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />20<br />
  21. 21. City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />21<br />
  22. 22. City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />22<br />
  23. 23. Our experience<br />Societies decide what journalism they want<br />Journalism has flourished and grown in open societies<br />Where power is accountable and the people in charge can be changed (at elections)<br />Journalists are rarely popular<br />Power of innovation: new ways of sustaining journalism will be found<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />23<br />
  24. 24. www.georgebrock.net<br />@georgeprof<br />www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism<br />24<br />

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