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LATIN - THE SPREAD OF LATIN. Contains information about Rome's power growing, the Roman Empire, changing language over time, modern Latin and its use and languages close to Latin.

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  1. 1. LATIN LANGUAGE The Spread of Latin
  2. 2. ROME’S POWER GROWING • Centuries after Rome was founded, the Romans were insignificant people, their territory was limited to Latium, and their existence threatened by warlike neighbours. • But after the 3rd Century before Christ, Rome’s power grew rapidly.
  3. 3. THE ROMAN EMPIRE • Romans conquered all Italy, then reached out for the lands across the sea and beyond the Alps, and finally ruled over the whole ancient world. • The empire thus established lasted for more than four hundred years.
  4. 4. CHANGING LANGUAGE The importance of Latin increased with the growth of Roman power, and what had been a dialect spoken by a single tribe became the universal language. Gradually the language changed somewhat, developing differently in different countries.
  5. 5. MODERN LATIN In Italy it has become Italian, in Spain Spanish, in France French, in Portugal Portugues and in Romania Romanian. All these nations, therefore, are speaking a modernized form of Latin.
  6. 6. LANGUAGES CLOSE TO LATIN • Romance languages in comparison to Latin(the higher the percentage, the greater the distance from Latin): • Sardinian 8% differences (closest to Latin) • Italian 12% • Spanish 20% • Romanian 23.5% • Occitan 25% • Portuguese 31% • French 44%.