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CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: 13.4 THE MANAGEMENT OF A TOURIST DESTINATION: BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM

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CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: THE MANAGEMENT OF A TOURIST DESTINATION: BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM

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CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: 13.4 THE MANAGEMENT OF A TOURIST DESTINATION: BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM

  1. 1. A2 LEVEL CAMBRIDGE CHAPTER 13: GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE 13.4. THE MANAGEMENT OF A TOURIST DESTINATION CASE STUDY 1 BENEFITS AND PROBLEMS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM Tourists are attracted by South African tourism because of the: 1. Variety of wildlife and world-famous game reserves (Kruger Park) 2. Warm and sunny climate (December and January) 3. Fantastic beaches in Natal region 4. Cultural heritage and traditions of Zulu, Xhosa and Sotho people 5. Cheap prices, compared to developed countries 6. Language accessibility (English) 7. Perception as a safe destination (after the collapse of apartheid) BENEFITS OF TOURISM PROBLEMS GENERATED Foreign currency The number of foreign tourists has increased by 15% per year during the 1990’s contributing 3.2% of South Africa’s GDP. Employment Thousands are employed in registered and unregistered occupations from hotels operators to cleaners. Investment Over 5 billion R was invested in tourist infrastructure in 1995, upgrading hotels, airlines, car rental and roads. Use of the grassland It is a profitable way to use the grassland. The returns per hectare range from R60-80 for pastoralism to R250 for dry-land farming and R1000 for game parks and tourism. Pressure on ecosystems Leading to soil erosion, litter pollution, declining animal numbers. Employment Unskilled, seasonal, part-time and poorly paid, lacking rights. Resources Are spent on providing for tourists while local people may have to go without. Profits Going to overseas companies (CB), tour operators and hotel chains. Crime Is increasingly directed at tourists; much is petty crime, some incidents. Unpredictability Varying with the strength of the economy, cost, safety, opportunities.

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