CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: 13. 3 INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN ECUADOR/GALAPAGOS
A2 LEVEL CAMBRIDGE
CHAPTER 13: GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE
13.3 THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM
International tourism is Ecuador’s third largest source
of foreign income after the export of oil and bananas.
The number of visitors has increased substantially,
both to mainland and to Galapagos Islands.
The tourists are attracted by the great diversity of
flora and fauna.
Ecuador is protected by national parks and
As visitor numbers began to rise Ecuador’s government
was anxious not to suffer the negative impact of mass
Ecotourism has helped to bring income to poorest parts
of the country.
It has provided local people with an alternative of
making a living.
Ecuador’s government invested $600 million in tourism advertising and
development in 2013. Government’s goal was to provide more security and better
services, promote destinations and products, and offer more connectivity. This
included the point of arrival, efficient transportation, medical services and
food. The aim was to expand and improve the country’s tourism destinations.
Ecuador started to expand new routes, improve access, signage, telephone
services, Internet and access to tourism information. Quito Turismo established
the goal to turn Quito into a major centre for conventions and events. Covering
just 283,561 square km, Ecuador is one of the world’s most biologically diverse
countries, featuring warm beaches, active volcanoes and dense forests. The
country is home to about 25,000 species of plants, 1,600 species of birds, 4,500
species of butterflies, 350 species of reptiles, 375 species of amphibians and
320 species of mammals. In 2012, the islands welcomed 180,831 visitors – 69% of
them foreigners, according to the Galápagos National Park.