Classifying Plants Based On Climate And Habitat

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Classifying Plants Based On Climate And Habitat

  1. 1. Classifying Plants
  2. 2. Life Span <ul><li>1. Annual - completes life cycle in less than one year and are perpetuated by seed </li></ul><ul><li>Two types </li></ul><ul><li>A. Winter = A winter annual type plant would be one that is planted and germinates in the fall and lives in the vegetative state over the winter and then produces seed the following spring or early summer.                  </li></ul><ul><li>B. Summer = These types of plants are planted and germinate in the spring of the year, grow all through the summer and produce seed during the late summer or early fall. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>2. Biennial - lives more than one year, but not over two years. Usually during the first year the plants store food reserves and the second year they flower and set seed. Examples of biennial type plants would be sugar beets, carrots, and onions. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Perennial - lives more than two years. And the third type of plant would be the perennial type plants and they would be defined as plants that live for more that two years. An example of a perennial type plant would be johnsongrass. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Growth Habit <ul><li>1. Woody - those that develop secondary stem tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Two types </li></ul><ul><li>A. Evergreen - those that keep their leaves throughout the year.   B. Deciduous - those that drop their leaves sometime during the year.  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Herbaceous - those that are succulent with little secondary tissue. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1. Tropical - those plants that grow in warm climates where freezing rarely occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Temperate - those plants that grow in climates where there is a distinct winter season. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Arctic - those plants that grow in areas where most of the season is cold to very cold . </li></ul>Climatic Adaptation
  6. 6. Water Requirement <ul><li>Hydrophytes - those plants that grow where water is very abundant. </li></ul><ul><li>Mesophytes - those plants that grow where the amounts of water are intermediate.  </li></ul><ul><li>Xerophytes - those plants that grow in dry areas. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Based on Use <ul><li>Cereal (Grain) Crop - a crop grown for its edible seed. </li></ul><ul><li>Forage Crop - a crop grown for its vegetative matter which is fed to livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Silage Crop  - a crop stored in a green and succulent condition, allowed to ferment, and is used for livestock feed. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pasture Crop  - a crop grown and grazed by livestock. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>3. Hay Crop - a crop cut, allowed to dry, and the vegetative matter fed dry to livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Soiling  Crop   - a crop that is cut and its vegetative matter fed green and succulent to livestock. (Also called &quot;Green Chop&quot;.) </li></ul><ul><li>Green Manure Crop - a crop grown and plowed under while in a green and succulent condition for soil improvement.  </li></ul><ul><li>Companion Crop - a crop, usually a small grain, planted and grown with a seedling such as alfalfa to obtain a return from the land and/or to prevent erosion while the forage seedling is becoming established. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Small Grain Crop  - any grain smaller than corn used for its edible seed.  </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Crop - a crop that is grown for its oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber Crop - a crop that is grown for its fiber. </li></ul><ul><li>Root Crop - a crop grown for its edible root. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuber Crop - a crop grown for its tubers. </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Crop - a crop grown for the drug that it produces. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover Crop - a crop grown to prevent water or wind erosion of the soil. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The End

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