SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 12
Download to read offline
Global Warming and Responses A synopsis
Plan Summary of anthropogenic global warming Local/National/International responses Evaluation of each
Global Warming Is real Is happening Is natural Is accelerated by people
The debate Does not centre around whether of not we are causing it as we know we are, but around how much, when, where the main effects will be felt and exactly how much of the warming is natural background change.
Basics The carbon cycle How we have interrupted it
International Responses The UNFCCC From which came the Kyoto Protocol Which is based on recommendations by the IPCC The UNFCCC holds annual Conferences of the Parties (COP) of which number 15 was last year in Copenhagen and led to the formation of the Copenhagen Accord The next is to be held in Cancun, December 2010 and is the last stop before the first and only legally binding stage of Kyoto runs out in 2012
Annex I, Annex II countries and developing countries Parties to UNFCCC are classified as: Annex I countries - industrialized countries and economies in transition  Annex II countries - developed countries which pay for costs of developing countries  Developing countries.  Annex I countries which have ratified the Protocol have committed to reduce their emission levels of greenhouse gasses to targets that are mainly set below their 1990 levels. They may do this by allocating reduced annual allowances to the major operators within their borders. These operators can only exceed their allocations if they buy emission allowances, or offset their excesses through a mechanism that is agreed by all the parties to UNFCCC. Annex II countries are a sub-group of the Annex I countries. They comprise the OECD members, excluding those that were economies in transition in 1992. Developing countries are not required to reduce emission levels unless developed countries supply enough funding and technology. Setting no immediate restrictions under UNFCCC serves three purposes: it avoids restrictions on their development, because emissions are strongly linked to industrial capacity they can sell emissions credits to nations whose operators have difficulty meeting their emissions targets they get money and technologies for low-carbon investments from Annex II countries.  Developing countries may volunteer to become Annex I countries when they are sufficiently developed.
Kyoto Protocol The primary international policy framework currently in existence is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), specifically the Kyoto Protocol, which sets emissions limits for many of the world's most economically developed nations. is an international environmental treaty with the goal of achieving "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.“ The Protocol was initially adopted on 11 December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan and entered into force on 16 February 2005. As of November 2009, 187 states have signed and ratified the protocol
IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body tasked with evaluating the risk of climate change caused by human activity. The panel was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President of the United States Al Gore.
The Hockey Stick Graph The third assessment report (TAR) prominently featured a graph labeled "Millennial Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction" from a 1999 paper by Michael E. Mann, Raymond S. Bradley and Malcolm K. Hughes (MBH99) often referred to as the "Hockey Stick Graph“ The hockey stick graph has been validated by more than 12 reconstructions producing broadly similar results.In a 2006 letter to Nature, Mann, Bradley and Hughes pointed out that their original article had said that "more widespread high-resolution data are needed before more confident conclusions can be reached" and that the uncertainties were "the point of the article."
The Hockey Stick Graph
Summary What will be the most effective response? What are the main issues surrounding the responses? Can you make any recommendations?

More Related Content

What's hot

India, Cdm And Kyoto Protocol
India, Cdm And Kyoto ProtocolIndia, Cdm And Kyoto Protocol
India, Cdm And Kyoto ProtocolRatnesh Jaiswal
 
Presentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocol
Presentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocolPresentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocol
Presentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocolAnkit Agrawal
 
Kyoto protocol in india
Kyoto protocol in indiaKyoto protocol in india
Kyoto protocol in indiaashu chauhan
 
Kyoto protocol with respect to Pakistan
Kyoto protocol with respect to PakistanKyoto protocol with respect to Pakistan
Kyoto protocol with respect to PakistanAsh Hassan
 
Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)
Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)
Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)gagandeepkaur301
 
kyoto protocol & its impact on india
kyoto protocol & its impact on indiakyoto protocol & its impact on india
kyoto protocol & its impact on indiaHarshal Gala
 
Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto ProtocolKyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocolminako328
 
Overview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - Doolan
Overview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - DoolanOverview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - Doolan
Overview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - DoolanDr Seán Doolan, MBA
 
Kyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab Hossain
Kyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab HossainKyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab Hossain
Kyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab HossainMd Sohrab Hossain
 
Recent convention on climate change
Recent convention on climate changeRecent convention on climate change
Recent convention on climate changeprijmadahal
 
climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021
 climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021 climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021
climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021Felix Dodds
 
Kyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate Change
Kyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate ChangeKyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate Change
Kyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate ChangeISCIENCES, L.L.C.
 
Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)
Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)
Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)ShifatAlam2
 
Kyoto protocol and Copenhagen Summit
Kyoto protocol and Copenhagen SummitKyoto protocol and Copenhagen Summit
Kyoto protocol and Copenhagen SummitNagarjun Karnatakam
 

What's hot (20)

Paris agreement
Paris agreementParis agreement
Paris agreement
 
India, Cdm And Kyoto Protocol
India, Cdm And Kyoto ProtocolIndia, Cdm And Kyoto Protocol
India, Cdm And Kyoto Protocol
 
Presentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocol
Presentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocolPresentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocol
Presentaion on carbon credits and kyoto protocol
 
Kyoto protocol in india
Kyoto protocol in indiaKyoto protocol in india
Kyoto protocol in india
 
Kyoto protocol
Kyoto protocolKyoto protocol
Kyoto protocol
 
Kyoto protocol with respect to Pakistan
Kyoto protocol with respect to PakistanKyoto protocol with respect to Pakistan
Kyoto protocol with respect to Pakistan
 
Kyoto protocol
Kyoto protocolKyoto protocol
Kyoto protocol
 
Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)
Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)
Kyoto Protocol (application, success, failure)
 
kyoto protocol & its impact on india
kyoto protocol & its impact on indiakyoto protocol & its impact on india
kyoto protocol & its impact on india
 
Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto ProtocolKyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol
 
Kyoto Protocol
Kyoto ProtocolKyoto Protocol
Kyoto Protocol
 
Overview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - Doolan
Overview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - DoolanOverview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - Doolan
Overview UNFCCC negotiations - Tamale - Doolan
 
The Kyoto Protocol
The  Kyoto  ProtocolThe  Kyoto  Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol
 
Kyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab Hossain
Kyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab HossainKyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab Hossain
Kyoto Protocol to The UNFCCC by Md Sohrab Hossain
 
Recent convention on climate change
Recent convention on climate changeRecent convention on climate change
Recent convention on climate change
 
climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021
 climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021 climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021
climate change preparation for Glasgow 2021
 
The Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol
 
Kyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate Change
Kyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate ChangeKyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate Change
Kyoto and Beyond: The Evolution of Multilateral Agreements on Climate Change
 
Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)
Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)
Kyoto Protocol (Article explanation)
 
Kyoto protocol and Copenhagen Summit
Kyoto protocol and Copenhagen SummitKyoto protocol and Copenhagen Summit
Kyoto protocol and Copenhagen Summit
 

Viewers also liked

4 responses to climate change
4   responses to climate change4   responses to climate change
4 responses to climate changehfonfe
 
4 responses to climate change
4   responses to climate change4   responses to climate change
4 responses to climate changehfonfe
 
Climate change response plan
Climate change response planClimate change response plan
Climate change response planoneregionforward
 
responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
responding to the challenge of climate change 101224responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
responding to the challenge of climate change 101224RMIT University
 
1. motivation
1. motivation1. motivation
1. motivationhfonfe
 
Global corruption report climate change english
Global corruption report climate change englishGlobal corruption report climate change english
Global corruption report climate change englishCarlo Del Bo
 
The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)
The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)
The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)bis_foresight
 
Week 6.1 orbital scale climate change
Week 6.1 orbital scale climate changeWeek 6.1 orbital scale climate change
Week 6.1 orbital scale climate changeEmma Carson
 
The Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto ProtocolMaria Foster
 

Viewers also liked (9)

4 responses to climate change
4   responses to climate change4   responses to climate change
4 responses to climate change
 
4 responses to climate change
4   responses to climate change4   responses to climate change
4 responses to climate change
 
Climate change response plan
Climate change response planClimate change response plan
Climate change response plan
 
responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
responding to the challenge of climate change 101224responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
 
1. motivation
1. motivation1. motivation
1. motivation
 
Global corruption report climate change english
Global corruption report climate change englishGlobal corruption report climate change english
Global corruption report climate change english
 
The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)
The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)
The planet in our hands: responding to climate change (Glasgow)
 
Week 6.1 orbital scale climate change
Week 6.1 orbital scale climate changeWeek 6.1 orbital scale climate change
Week 6.1 orbital scale climate change
 
The Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol
 

Similar to Climate: Global Warming and Responses

Global Initiatives for CC impact.pptx
Global Initiatives for CC impact.pptxGlobal Initiatives for CC impact.pptx
Global Initiatives for CC impact.pptxPrashantGhadge19
 
Environmental rule
Environmental ruleEnvironmental rule
Environmental ruleKanwalNisa1
 
International Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change MitigationInternational Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change MitigationIrfan Mohammed
 
International Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change MitigationInternational Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change MitigationIrfan Mohammed
 
Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...
Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...
Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...Rushell Rousseau
 
Citizen act ang_kyoto_protocol
Citizen act ang_kyoto_protocolCitizen act ang_kyoto_protocol
Citizen act ang_kyoto_protocolCITIZEN ACT
 
Week 12.2 Climate Change and Politics
Week 12.2 Climate Change and PoliticsWeek 12.2 Climate Change and Politics
Week 12.2 Climate Change and PoliticsEmma Carson
 
Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224RMIT University
 
Gulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron Tuley
Gulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron TuleyGulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron Tuley
Gulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron Tuleyjuliekannai
 
The_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptx
The_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptxThe_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptx
The_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptxHassan AGOUZOUL
 
COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)
COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)
COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)ISCIENCES, L.L.C.
 

Similar to Climate: Global Warming and Responses (20)

Global Initiatives for CC impact.pptx
Global Initiatives for CC impact.pptxGlobal Initiatives for CC impact.pptx
Global Initiatives for CC impact.pptx
 
Environmental rule
Environmental ruleEnvironmental rule
Environmental rule
 
Kyoto protocol
Kyoto protocolKyoto protocol
Kyoto protocol
 
Kyoto protocol
Kyoto protocolKyoto protocol
Kyoto protocol
 
International Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change MitigationInternational Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
 
International Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change MitigationInternational Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
International Efforts on Climate Change Mitigation
 
Kyoto Protocol.pptx
Kyoto Protocol.pptxKyoto Protocol.pptx
Kyoto Protocol.pptx
 
Essay About Kyoto Protocol
Essay About Kyoto ProtocolEssay About Kyoto Protocol
Essay About Kyoto Protocol
 
The Pros And Cons Of Kyoto Protocol
The Pros And Cons Of Kyoto ProtocolThe Pros And Cons Of Kyoto Protocol
The Pros And Cons Of Kyoto Protocol
 
Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...
Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...
Unfccc, kyoto protocol, montreal protocol, pollution, international conventio...
 
Kyoto and Beyond
Kyoto and BeyondKyoto and Beyond
Kyoto and Beyond
 
Citizen act ang_kyoto_protocol
Citizen act ang_kyoto_protocolCitizen act ang_kyoto_protocol
Citizen act ang_kyoto_protocol
 
Week 12.2 Climate Change and Politics
Week 12.2 Climate Change and PoliticsWeek 12.2 Climate Change and Politics
Week 12.2 Climate Change and Politics
 
Team 1.pptx
Team 1.pptxTeam 1.pptx
Team 1.pptx
 
unepcdmintro.pdf
unepcdmintro.pdfunepcdmintro.pdf
unepcdmintro.pdf
 
Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
Api responding to the challenge of climate change 101224
 
Gulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron Tuley
Gulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron TuleyGulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron Tuley
Gulf Coast Green 2012 Aaron Tuley
 
The_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptx
The_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptxThe_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptx
The_Paris_Climate_Accord.pptx
 
COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)
COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)
COP16 Road to Cancun (ISciences)
 
Global warming & kyoto protocol
Global warming & kyoto protocolGlobal warming & kyoto protocol
Global warming & kyoto protocol
 

More from geomillie

Tectonics: 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami
Tectonics: 2004 Boxing Day TsunamiTectonics: 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami
Tectonics: 2004 Boxing Day Tsunamigeomillie
 
Tectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and Pictures
Tectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and PicturesTectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and Pictures
Tectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and Picturesgeomillie
 
Tectonics: Volcanic hazards
Tectonics: Volcanic hazardsTectonics: Volcanic hazards
Tectonics: Volcanic hazardsgeomillie
 
Tectonics: Plate tectonics Introduction
Tectonics: Plate tectonics IntroductionTectonics: Plate tectonics Introduction
Tectonics: Plate tectonics Introductiongeomillie
 
Tectonics: Intrusive Igneous Features
Tectonics: Intrusive Igneous FeaturesTectonics: Intrusive Igneous Features
Tectonics: Intrusive Igneous Featuresgeomillie
 
Tectonics: Tsunami risk management
Tectonics: Tsunami risk managementTectonics: Tsunami risk management
Tectonics: Tsunami risk managementgeomillie
 
Tectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory history
Tectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory historyTectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory history
Tectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory historygeomillie
 
Tectonics: Mount St Helens Case Study
Tectonics: Mount St Helens Case StudyTectonics: Mount St Helens Case Study
Tectonics: Mount St Helens Case Studygeomillie
 
Tectonics: Tectonics Conference
Tectonics: Tectonics ConferenceTectonics: Tectonics Conference
Tectonics: Tectonics Conferencegeomillie
 
Tectonics: Plate Tectonics
Tectonics: Plate TectonicsTectonics: Plate Tectonics
Tectonics: Plate Tectonicsgeomillie
 
Climate: UK Storm 2008
Climate: UK Storm 2008Climate: UK Storm 2008
Climate: UK Storm 2008geomillie
 
Climate: Monsoon Climate
Climate: Monsoon ClimateClimate: Monsoon Climate
Climate: Monsoon Climategeomillie
 
Climate: Kyoto Protocol - Introduction
Climate: Kyoto Protocol - IntroductionClimate: Kyoto Protocol - Introduction
Climate: Kyoto Protocol - Introductiongeomillie
 
Climate: 1987 Storm in Pictures
Climate: 1987 Storm in PicturesClimate: 1987 Storm in Pictures
Climate: 1987 Storm in Picturesgeomillie
 
Climate: Hurricane Basic Detail
Climate: Hurricane Basic DetailClimate: Hurricane Basic Detail
Climate: Hurricane Basic Detailgeomillie
 
Climate: Urban Heat Islands
Climate: Urban Heat IslandsClimate: Urban Heat Islands
Climate: Urban Heat Islandsgeomillie
 
Climate: Air Quality
Climate: Air QualityClimate: Air Quality
Climate: Air Qualitygeomillie
 
Climate: Climate basics
Climate: Climate basicsClimate: Climate basics
Climate: Climate basicsgeomillie
 
Climate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The Future
Climate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The FutureClimate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The Future
Climate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The Futuregeomillie
 

More from geomillie (19)

Tectonics: 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami
Tectonics: 2004 Boxing Day TsunamiTectonics: 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami
Tectonics: 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami
 
Tectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and Pictures
Tectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and PicturesTectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and Pictures
Tectonics: Volcanoes - Case Studies and Pictures
 
Tectonics: Volcanic hazards
Tectonics: Volcanic hazardsTectonics: Volcanic hazards
Tectonics: Volcanic hazards
 
Tectonics: Plate tectonics Introduction
Tectonics: Plate tectonics IntroductionTectonics: Plate tectonics Introduction
Tectonics: Plate tectonics Introduction
 
Tectonics: Intrusive Igneous Features
Tectonics: Intrusive Igneous FeaturesTectonics: Intrusive Igneous Features
Tectonics: Intrusive Igneous Features
 
Tectonics: Tsunami risk management
Tectonics: Tsunami risk managementTectonics: Tsunami risk management
Tectonics: Tsunami risk management
 
Tectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory history
Tectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory historyTectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory history
Tectonics: Plate Tectonic Theory history
 
Tectonics: Mount St Helens Case Study
Tectonics: Mount St Helens Case StudyTectonics: Mount St Helens Case Study
Tectonics: Mount St Helens Case Study
 
Tectonics: Tectonics Conference
Tectonics: Tectonics ConferenceTectonics: Tectonics Conference
Tectonics: Tectonics Conference
 
Tectonics: Plate Tectonics
Tectonics: Plate TectonicsTectonics: Plate Tectonics
Tectonics: Plate Tectonics
 
Climate: UK Storm 2008
Climate: UK Storm 2008Climate: UK Storm 2008
Climate: UK Storm 2008
 
Climate: Monsoon Climate
Climate: Monsoon ClimateClimate: Monsoon Climate
Climate: Monsoon Climate
 
Climate: Kyoto Protocol - Introduction
Climate: Kyoto Protocol - IntroductionClimate: Kyoto Protocol - Introduction
Climate: Kyoto Protocol - Introduction
 
Climate: 1987 Storm in Pictures
Climate: 1987 Storm in PicturesClimate: 1987 Storm in Pictures
Climate: 1987 Storm in Pictures
 
Climate: Hurricane Basic Detail
Climate: Hurricane Basic DetailClimate: Hurricane Basic Detail
Climate: Hurricane Basic Detail
 
Climate: Urban Heat Islands
Climate: Urban Heat IslandsClimate: Urban Heat Islands
Climate: Urban Heat Islands
 
Climate: Air Quality
Climate: Air QualityClimate: Air Quality
Climate: Air Quality
 
Climate: Climate basics
Climate: Climate basicsClimate: Climate basics
Climate: Climate basics
 
Climate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The Future
Climate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The FutureClimate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The Future
Climate: Climatic Change - Evidence, Cycles and The Future
 

Recently uploaded

4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptxmary850239
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroomSamsung Business USA
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxComparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxAvaniJani1
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
 
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptxComparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
Comparative Literature in India by Amiya dev.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 

Climate: Global Warming and Responses

  • 1. Global Warming and Responses A synopsis
  • 2. Plan Summary of anthropogenic global warming Local/National/International responses Evaluation of each
  • 3. Global Warming Is real Is happening Is natural Is accelerated by people
  • 4. The debate Does not centre around whether of not we are causing it as we know we are, but around how much, when, where the main effects will be felt and exactly how much of the warming is natural background change.
  • 5. Basics The carbon cycle How we have interrupted it
  • 6. International Responses The UNFCCC From which came the Kyoto Protocol Which is based on recommendations by the IPCC The UNFCCC holds annual Conferences of the Parties (COP) of which number 15 was last year in Copenhagen and led to the formation of the Copenhagen Accord The next is to be held in Cancun, December 2010 and is the last stop before the first and only legally binding stage of Kyoto runs out in 2012
  • 7. Annex I, Annex II countries and developing countries Parties to UNFCCC are classified as: Annex I countries - industrialized countries and economies in transition Annex II countries - developed countries which pay for costs of developing countries Developing countries. Annex I countries which have ratified the Protocol have committed to reduce their emission levels of greenhouse gasses to targets that are mainly set below their 1990 levels. They may do this by allocating reduced annual allowances to the major operators within their borders. These operators can only exceed their allocations if they buy emission allowances, or offset their excesses through a mechanism that is agreed by all the parties to UNFCCC. Annex II countries are a sub-group of the Annex I countries. They comprise the OECD members, excluding those that were economies in transition in 1992. Developing countries are not required to reduce emission levels unless developed countries supply enough funding and technology. Setting no immediate restrictions under UNFCCC serves three purposes: it avoids restrictions on their development, because emissions are strongly linked to industrial capacity they can sell emissions credits to nations whose operators have difficulty meeting their emissions targets they get money and technologies for low-carbon investments from Annex II countries. Developing countries may volunteer to become Annex I countries when they are sufficiently developed.
  • 8. Kyoto Protocol The primary international policy framework currently in existence is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), specifically the Kyoto Protocol, which sets emissions limits for many of the world's most economically developed nations. is an international environmental treaty with the goal of achieving "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.“ The Protocol was initially adopted on 11 December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan and entered into force on 16 February 2005. As of November 2009, 187 states have signed and ratified the protocol
  • 9. IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body tasked with evaluating the risk of climate change caused by human activity. The panel was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President of the United States Al Gore.
  • 10. The Hockey Stick Graph The third assessment report (TAR) prominently featured a graph labeled "Millennial Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction" from a 1999 paper by Michael E. Mann, Raymond S. Bradley and Malcolm K. Hughes (MBH99) often referred to as the "Hockey Stick Graph“ The hockey stick graph has been validated by more than 12 reconstructions producing broadly similar results.In a 2006 letter to Nature, Mann, Bradley and Hughes pointed out that their original article had said that "more widespread high-resolution data are needed before more confident conclusions can be reached" and that the uncertainties were "the point of the article."
  • 12. Summary What will be the most effective response? What are the main issues surrounding the responses? Can you make any recommendations?