Put the causes of tropical storms into a step-by-step explanation. Really emphasise PEEL. Can do on A4 pieces of paper and spread throughout room then sort into a continuum.
Watch department DVD completing the following diamond / web with info. Skip as appropriate. YOU TUBE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zBZuPmi4i-U There’s also footage during Jamie’s American Road trip http://www.channel4.com/programmes/jamies-american-road-trip/4od
Watch the DVD and organise notes onto own sheets. Or do as a table with large A3 sugar paper divided up, one student per segment then share.
Ensure all have at least some basic facts.
Model how to write a 3 developed point answer
Model how to break sustainability up into S.E.E. Emphasise they DO NOT ever just write ‘this is sustainable’ but must break up their rationale into each section then make a conclusion
Model and demonstrate
Model the structuring to class. Those aiming for B+ should be making multiple connections. Then use these hexagons to structure an extended writing piece. Remind to use connective between. Can also colour code hexagons into causes, effects, management to make more visual.
Cyclone Nargis can be back-up extra info as has more long term info
2012 paper 1
2012 paper 1
Lesson 9 hurricane case study
Feedforward Time4 November 2014
1. Check your book for purple dots.
2. Correct / complete / redo work.
3. Stick in any sheets
4. Choose a target to write in your WID:
a) I will ensure that I avoid Banned Words, using
b) I will expand on answers using connectives
c) I need to consistently use data to support my
d) I need to give balanced answers, for example
writing about winter and summer.
e) I need to write about the effects on groups of
f) I need to revise the sequence of a depression
Thursday will be a past paper covering:
• The factors affecting climate ( A LAD)
• Climate Graphs
• Anticyclones and Depressions
• The effects of weather on people
Case Study – A low pressure system - Hurricanes4 November 2014
The calm part is
the …….....currents …..dense air
or from SW in
causes winds to
…..speed winds and
……occur here. ….moist air from
Tropical storms form over……….with temperatures of…..˚C and
sea depth of at least…..metres where water can ………….. and
fuel the storm.
DO NOW: add complete labels.
The calm part is
Cool dense air
from NW in
from SW in
causes winds to
High hurricane speed
winds and heavy rain
Warm moist air
from the tropical
Tropical storms form over oceans with temperatures of +27˚C
and sea depth of at least 60metres where water can evaporate
and fuel the storm.
What are the natural processes that
allow tropical storms to form?
• BBC Link
• 29th August 2005
• USA (formed as Category 5 in Bahamas first, made landfall
in USA as Category 3 hurricane)
• Worst affected = Florida, Louisiana (especially New Orleans
which is 2-3metres below sea level naturally)
• 155mph winds
• 80% of New Orleans city evacuated
• Breached levees (flood defences) with a 10m+ storm surge
• 1200 drowned. 600 died from disease such as cholera
(unusual for MEDC). Total deaths at least 1833.
• 1million homeless (800’000 for over a year in temporary
housing). Residents evacuated to superdome.
• Criticised for poor government response (e.g. George Bush
slow to declare emergency or launch FEMA rescue)
• $90.9billion damages (costliest disaster in US history).
Looting. Google timeline
MUST BE ABLE TO COMPARE
CASE STUDIES (LEDC – MEDC)
• Teams of 4
• Research then produce mock documentary
• Assign yourself roles to focus your research:
– Key facts (primary & secondary impacts)
– Human responses to the storm
– Mapping and prediction of the storm
– Preparation for the storm (evaluate this)
You will be chosen at random to present
Content Best feature? How could they
Reporting key facts
How well did you do?
HOW DO I WRITE A PERFECT
9 MARK CASE STUDY ON
Hurricane Katrina in
August 2005 was the
worst disaster in US
Critics say that the
impacts were made
worse by government
When the storm hit
Louisiana it was a
Category 3 scale
Make & describe
Use place specific
evidence (Prove it)
Link back to
Compare & contrast the impact and management of hazards between
MEDC & LEDC case studies
MEDC LEDC rural urban
physical features human features climate
infrastructure communications preparations
tectonic primary effect secondary effect
however likewise whereas even though
on the other hand unlike contrasting to
in addition to despite because so as to
nevertheless although similarly such as
The impact of hazards is likely to be more severe in…………
In LEDCs such as Haiti the main impacts were…………….
Whereas in MEDC Iceland the impacts were………………..
Management of hazards is different between countries, such as…
Impacts can be reduced by………
Why do people live in areas at
risk of tropical storms?
1. Find a map that shows the distribution of
2. Describe the location / pattern of the
worst affected areas. Choose specific
3. Suggest reasons (based on research)
why people choose to live in risk areas
(social, economic, environmental
reasons). What benefits?
How to prepare for a tropical
• Create a guide aimed at Louisiana residents.
• The aim is to advise local residents how they should
prepare for a hurricane
• Must also be understood by non-English speakers
(Louisiana has a high Hispanic population). So think
about images & translations.
– Possible effects of hurricanes:
• Storm surge
• Wind speed
– Evacuation plans – what to pack, where to go
– Emergency supplies at home
– Protecting homes and businesses from damage
– Protecting against looting
1. Mindmap all you can remember about the
tropical storms including the case studies
2. Write each point out onto a hexagon
3. Now try to match these hexagons up to
other hexagons to MAKE LINKS
4. CHALLENGE: how many connections
can you make? Try for at least 3 sides of
the hexagons to connect.
5. Use the pattern to structure your
• Worst natural disaster in Burma / Myanmar
• Began as an intense tropical depression on April 27th 2008 in the Bay
of Bengal. Made landfall over Irrawaddy delta in Burma on May 2nd.
• Meteorologists initially thought storm would track over Bangladesh
• However, the storm changed direction and headed towards Burma:
this was not realised immediately due to a lack of prediction and
monitoring equipment in the region
• Category 4 storm on the Simpson–Saffir scale
• 130-145mph winds. 600mm of rain fell.
• 138’000 people were killed
• $10 billion damage occurred
• 75% of hospitals and clinics were badly destroyed or damaged
• Diarrhoea, dysentery & skin infections afflicted the survivors who were
crammed into monasteries, schools and public buildings for safety
• Burma’s military government was resistant to foreign aid. UK donated
£17million but much was lost on black market & looting.
Natural Hazards practise Qs
1. Describe & explain the causes of
earthquakes & volcanic activity [3marks]
2. What is a ‘divergent plate’? [1mark]
3. Using a sketch, explain how a tropical storm
is formed. [4marks]
4. Describe the pattern of where earthquakes,
volcanoes and tropical storms occur. Why
do they occur in these locations? [5marks]
5. Suggest reasons why the loss of life in an
LEDC may be greater than in an MEDC.