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Getting to grips with enquiry 2018 slideshare

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Slide to support a session that explored the application of Geographical Enquiry to the classroom and sequences of lessons. Given to University of Portsmouth Geography ITT students on 12th October 2018.

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Getting to grips with enquiry 2018 slideshare

  1. 1. Getting to grips with enquiry @davidErogers davidrogers.blog drogersmm@me.com
  2. 2. ‘Our Priory days were akin to working in Area 51 compared to most places’ Founding Fellow Fellow Fellow and Chartered Geographer
  3. 3. Enquiry learning and Assessment of geographical enquiry http://flickr.com/photos/dhammza/100226619/sizes/o/ @davidErogers
  4. 4. 1. What is enquiry and why is it important? 2. A consideration of the research evidence about enquiry. 3. Examples of what enquiry looks like over sequences of lessons. 4. A chance to co-plan a floating topicality sequence.
  5. 5. Your best teaching moment so far…. @davidErogers
  6. 6. Great geography teachers change the world @davidErogers
  7. 7. What is weather and how does it affect people? Do now: Using the shapes below, create a sketch map of the UK. You may have to rotate them and resize. Mark on the location of: London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast @davidErogers
  8. 8. @davidErogers
  9. 9. “Music excites when it is performed…” Benjamin Britten After Margaret Roberts, thanks to Alan Parkinson A document is never going to be creative. Teachers are.
  10. 10. “A curriculum, to be truly educational, will lead the students to unanticipated, rather than predicted, outcomes” John McKernanThanks to Alan Parkinson
  11. 11. Teachers as experts @davidErogers
  12. 12. http://flickr.com/photos/sovietuk/378834651/sizes/o/ Draw: What is enquiry? Why is enquiry important?
  13. 13. ‘Enquiry is not something to be defined once and for all on paper. It is something to be developed in the classroom in particular school and curriculum contexts.’ Margaret Roberts, Learning through enquiry, p25 @davidErogers
  14. 14. @davidErogers A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.
  15. 15. @davidErogers GCSE specifications for the discipline of geography should provide the opportunity for students to understand more about the world, the challenges it faces and their place within it. The GCSE course will deepen understanding of geographical processes, illuminate the impact of change and of complex people-environment interactions, highlight the dynamic links and interrelationships between places and environments at different scales, and develop students’ competence in using a wide range of geographical investigative skills and approaches. Geography enables young people to become globally and environmentally informed and thoughtful, enquiring citizens.
  16. 16. GCSE specifications in geography should enable students to build on their key stage 3 knowledge and skills to: - Think like a geographer - Study like a geographer Formulating enquiry and argument The ability to identify questions and sequences of enquiry to write descriptively, analytically and critically, to communicate their ideas effectively, to develop an extended written argument, and to draw well- evidenced and informed conclusions about geographical questions and issues.@davidErogers
  17. 17. The independent investigation must: • be based on a question or issue defined and developed by the learner individually to address aims, questions and/or hypotheses relating to any part of the specification • incorporate data and/or evidence from field investigations collected individually or in groups • draw on learner’s own field data and, if relevant, secondary data sourced by the learner • require the learner independently to contextualise, analyse and summarise findings and data • involve the individual drawing of conclusions and their communication by means of extended writing and the presentation of relevant data.
  18. 18. Thanks to Patcham High School Art Department and Jo Debens High quality teaching from lesson one of Year 7 @davidErogers
  19. 19. ‘To promote intellectual curiosity and a love of learning’ @davidErogers
  20. 20. Enquiry means the excitement of an unknown destination picked from a multitude of possibilities. @davidErogers
  21. 21. What are the ingredients of an enquiry?
  22. 22. How do I go about a geographical enquiry? Publish Produce your work Select the best Information Gather Information Ask questions Evaluate Questions answered? Criteria met? NoYes Start Here Who? Where? When? Why? What? How? What do you need to find out? How will you present the information? BIAS For and Against Audience PowerPoint, Publisher, Poster, Oral, Visual, Play, podcast, Video, Report.. Improve http://flickr.com/photos/milivoj @davidErogers
  23. 23. Come up with some enquiry questions. Should the retirement age be raised to 80? Is immigration vital to the UK? Does the UK exist? Is it better to buy local or support LIDC communities?
  24. 24. Photo Source http://www.flickr.com/photos/sunfox/9884985/ Do now – How can using washing machines make a country more developed? Using a washing machine means Therefore, GDP per capita increases and the country becomes more developed and has a higher standard of living (wealth)
  25. 25. Question Grid ? Is? Present Did? Past Can? Possibility Would/could ? Probability Will? Prediction Might? Imagination What? Event Where? Place When? Time Which? Choice Who? Person Why? Reason How? Meaning Deeper Thinking 2nd 1st Write at least three geographical questions about the image. Banned Words • People •Things •It / It’s •A lot •Pollution •Stuff •Up, Down, Left, Right •Bottom, top @davidErogers
  26. 26. http://flickr.com/photos/emagic/51069522/sizes/l/ Closed Structured Open @davidErogers
  27. 27. Photo Credit via Flickr Directinstruction Studentled An enquiry approach demands direct instruction. Novice learners are not well placed to make good choices about what and how to learn (Kirschner and van Merrienboer, 2013) A blend is required based upon the stage and prior knowledge of young people
  28. 28. What do primary do? By Year 1 – local area settlement patterns, tourism and use of beach, farming system, making maps of local area, journey to school, fieldwork as homework
  29. 29. Photo Credit via Flickr Independent Guided Progression. Increasing independence over time
  30. 30. How do we motivate students?
  31. 31. We must move away from creating situational interest. Motivation needs: - a focus on the geography - strong teacher-student relationships Intrinsic motivation Geography Achievement Intrinsic motivation Geography Achievement Adapted from Garon-Carrier et al Ashman (2018)
  32. 32. Enquiry is not about using Google Knowledge Curriculum Values Right and wrong Passion Turning consumers into creators Resilient independent learners Critical evaluation Image credit http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrtnk/394118994/ @davidErogers
  33. 33. Teachers can consider using the basic elements of story structure to organize lessons and introduce complicated material, even if they don't plan to tell a story in class. Willingham, 2004 Photo by Reuben Juarez on Unsplash
  34. 34. How do I go about a geographical enquiry? Publish Produce your work Select the best Information Gather Information Ask questions Evaluate Questions answered? Criteria met? NoYes Start Here Who? Where? When? Why? What? How? What do you need to find out? How will you present the information? BIAS For and Against Audience PowerPoint, Publisher, Poster, Oral, Visual, Play, podcast, Video, Report.. Improve http://flickr.com/photos/milivoj @davidErogers
  35. 35. How do we engage young people with the emotion of place? @davidErogers
  36. 36. Photo by Ugur Akdemir on Unsplash
  37. 37. The ashpocalypse? @davidErogers
  38. 38. Imagine you are a journalist sent to report on the eruption: 1. How do you pronounce Eyjafjallajökull? 2. What does it mean in English?@davidErogers
  39. 39. @davidErogers
  40. 40. How have places changed?
  41. 41. What can I hear? What can I see? How do I feel? @davidErogers
  42. 42. Secret Geographies • Starter. • Watch the clip. Write down: – Adjectives to describe this place – What you think this place was used for? – What has happened to this place? – How do you know? @davidErogers
  43. 43. What senses do you have? Hearing Sight Touch Smell Taste Image copyright of Pshychogeographer @davidErogers
  44. 44. Sense of Place Geographical back pack Portsmouth @davidErogers
  45. 45. @davidErogers
  46. 46. Write about your secret place • What do you see? • What do you hear? • What are your emotions? • What can you smell? • What is around you? • What can you touch? • How are you feeling? @davidErogers
  47. 47. Geography detectives In your exercise books describe what you will see in the bottom of this image • What has happened? • You my ask only 10 questions • Think carefully about your questions • Listen to other peoples questions@davidErogers
  48. 48. What has that to do with me? Photo by ali syaaban on Unsplash
  49. 49. Why is Mr Rogers so happy? @davidErogers
  50. 50. Why does the UK need new houses? 1.Draw a line graph predicting what has happened to the UK’s population over time. 2.Describe your prediction in words: ‘I predict that the UK’s population has…..’ Population (y) Time (x) Trends v Variation video @davidErogers
  51. 51. How crowded is the UK? How could we design an enquiry based upon this?
  52. 52. The UK in 100 seconds
  53. 53. What is the mouth of the Amazon like? @davidErogers
  54. 54. Why did Mr Rogers have to move? @davidErogers
  55. 55. Starter: Spot the Border. How do you know? 3 reasons. @davidErogers
  56. 56. 15 October, 2018 What are the USA’s borders like? USA / Canada Border Scary 1 5 10 Safe Protected 1 5 10 Unprotected Cold 1 5 10 Hot Rural 1 5 10 Urban Rich 1 5 10 Poor Full 1 5 10 Empty Attractive 1 5 10 Ugly Interesting 1 5 10 Boring Add any other words to the circle: USA / Mexico Border Scary 1 5 10 Safe Protected 1 5 10 Unprotected Cold 1 5 10 Hot Rural 1 5 10 Urban Rich 1 5 10 Poor Full 1 5 10 Empty Attractive 1 5 10 Ugly Interesting 1 5 10 Boring Add any other words to the circle: In your exercise book. Use these adjectives to write a 50 word description of each border @davidErogers
  57. 57. Geography in the news: What questions do you have about this image? Can you guess what’s going on? What? When? Who? Where? Why? Where on earth is Rochina and what is it like to live there? Monday, 15 October 2018 @davidErogers
  58. 58. Rocky’s epic journey @davidErogers
  59. 59. Learning objectives • Interpret geographical information in order to describe Rochina in detail, using geographical words and data. • Make a conclusion based on information. • Write about different points of view. • Make links to other geographical topics. @davidErogers
  60. 60. Describing Rochina Location Sights (most important first) Physical features Human features Sounds / smells Feeling @davidErogers Thanks to Thanks to Noel Jenkins
  61. 61. Where is Rochina? N England’s Training Base 1 Write a description on the sheet: • Continent • Country • Cardinal • City @davidErogers
  62. 62. What is Rochina Like? Scary 1 5 10 Safe Protected 1 5 10 Unprotected Flat 1 5 10 Steep Rural 1 5 10 Urban Rich 1 5 10 Poor Full 1 5 10 Empty Attractive 1 5 10 Ugly Interesting 1 5 10 Boring Add any other words to the circle: @davidErogers
  63. 63. What is Rochina like? @davidErogers
  64. 64. Stick in both images and annotate them, writing about both positive and negative aspects of Rochina’s quality of life Where on earth is Rochina and what is it like to live there? Monday, 15 October 2018 @davidErogers
  65. 65. Using the Atlas, create a ‘Brazil Basics’ summary that compares the Brazil to the UK 1. Use the Atlas to find out the development indicators (or use your phone to find out more up-to-date data) 2. Fill in the table. 3. Write a comparison Where on earth is Rochina and what is it like to live there? Monday, 15 October 2018 @davidErogers
  66. 66. favela Rochina environment urban population LEDC steep North, South, infrastructure communications sprawling crime pride in addition to likewise on the other hand unlike whereas contrasting to however despite because so as to therefore Rochina is located in… The favela is most famous for…. Its main sights are…… The area is surrounded by the following physical features… When in the favela, a person would be surrounded by… The landscape of Rochina is very….. There are mixed feelings about Rochina…… Officially, the favela has a population of 70,000, but in reality… Evidence to support me includes… The decision of the Army to take over the area is… Some may disagree / agree because… Stuff Things It People Q: What is Rochina like and what is it like to live there? ocabulary onnectives peners anned @davidErogers
  67. 67. @davidErogers
  68. 68. @davidErogers
  69. 69. What’s the mystery topic? Astounding new figures show record numbers of migrants are crossing the world in search of better lifestyles. Should they be welcomed? Are they parasites? Or should they all go back to where they came from? @davidErogers
  70. 70. 5% asylum seekers Driving the budget surplus
  71. 71. @davidErogers
  72. 72. @davidErogers
  73. 73. @davidErogers
  74. 74. @davidErogers
  75. 75. How can you prove what a place is like if you have never been there? @davidErogers
  76. 76. Does Iceland Exist? @davidErogers
  77. 77. @davidErogers
  78. 78. @davidErogers
  79. 79. @davidErogers
  80. 80. @davidErogers Onsite fieldwork
  81. 81. • Floating topicality Retrieval practice (Sweller) Forgetting
  82. 82. How does a safe shopping street lead to a better standard of living? BBC Clip
  83. 83. @davidErogers
  84. 84. If this mountain is so dangerous why then is climbing it so important for Nepal’s economy? Floating Topicality@davidErogers
  85. 85. Developed or not? @davidErogers
  86. 86. Developed or not? @davidErogers
  87. 87. How could we use this map to develop an enquiry? @davidErogers
  88. 88. What? Who?Why?Where? What are these people up to?@davidErogers
  89. 89. Listen • List the hazards. • Imagine, what would you be thinking, feeling, doing if you lived in New Jersey? @davidErogers
  90. 90. Imagine this is your house. Describe how you would be feeling. Imagine this was your house. Describe how you would be feeling.. @davidErogers
  91. 91. Geography in the News Hazards Effects Other notes e.g. wind speeds of ***mph e.g. * million homeless e.g. recently there was another disaster: Draw the table below. What is the news story? @davidErogers
  92. 92. Do now: In your books, draw what you think is in the rest of this picture… @davidErogers
  93. 93. 5 mins, group voice, EXPLAIN what you think is happening here… One volunteer who had been helping with flood defence on the Elbe in Magdeburg stopped for a bit of a rest.@davidErogers
  94. 94. Create your own floating topicality idea
  95. 95. Google Alerts @davidErogers
  96. 96. @davidErogers Enquiry is story telling.
  97. 97. Who are these people? Why are they armed? Are Mexican migrants armed and dangerous? How do I know that they are the US Border Patrol? @davidErogers
  98. 98. “Your are not here merely to make a living. You are here to enable the world to live more amply, with greater vision, and with a finer spirit of hope and achievement. You are here to enrich the world, and you impoverish yourself if you forget this errand.” Woodrow Wilson. @davidErogers
  99. 99. @davidErogers
  100. 100. @davidErogers
  101. 101. @davidErogers
  102. 102. Great geography teachers change the world @davidErogers davidrogers.blog drogersmm@me.com
  103. 103. http://daviderogers.blogspot.com www.flickr.com Great for Creative Commons images www.slideshare.net youtube for PPT files good for peer assessment www.wordle.net Word clouds www.surveymonkey.com Get pupil voice GE-Graph www.sln.org.uk/geography http://olliebray.com Change is inevitable - except from a vending machine. ~Robert C. Gallagher

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