IB Geography: Systems Approach

Richard Allaway
Richard AllawayTechnology for Learning Coordinator & Teacher of IB DP Geography
Systems Approach
Systems
Systems
Any set of interrelated components or objects which are
connected together to form a working unit or unified whole.
In geography it is usual to recognise two general types of
systems: closed and open.
Closed Systems
Closed Systems
There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the
system and its surroundings.
Closed Systems
There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the
system and its surroundings.
Closed Systems
There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the
system and its surroundings.
Closed Systems
There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the
system and its surroundings.




                      Inputs, Stores, Processes, Outputs
Closed Systems
There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the
system and its surroundings.


         ENERGY




                      Inputs, Stores, Processes, Outputs
Closed Systems
There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the
system and its surroundings.


         ENERGY                                            ENERGY




                      Inputs, Stores, Processes, Outputs
IB Geography: Systems Approach
Open Systems
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.




                        Stores, Processes
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.




                        Stores, Processes

           Inputs
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.




                        Stores, Processes

           Inputs                           Outputs
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.


        ENERGY




                        Stores, Processes

           Inputs                           Outputs
Open Systems
Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of
energy and/or matter across the boundaries between
them. Most natural systems are open ones.


        ENERGY                              ENERGY




                        Stores, Processes

           Inputs                           Outputs
IB Geography: Systems Approach
IB Geography: Systems Approach
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IB Geography: Systems Approach

  • 3. Systems Any set of interrelated components or objects which are connected together to form a working unit or unified whole. In geography it is usual to recognise two general types of systems: closed and open.
  • 5. Closed Systems There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the system and its surroundings.
  • 6. Closed Systems There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the system and its surroundings.
  • 7. Closed Systems There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the system and its surroundings.
  • 8. Closed Systems There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the system and its surroundings. Inputs, Stores, Processes, Outputs
  • 9. Closed Systems There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the system and its surroundings. ENERGY Inputs, Stores, Processes, Outputs
  • 10. Closed Systems There is transfer of energy, but not matter, between the system and its surroundings. ENERGY ENERGY Inputs, Stores, Processes, Outputs
  • 13. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones.
  • 14. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones.
  • 15. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones.
  • 16. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones. Stores, Processes
  • 17. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones. Stores, Processes Inputs
  • 18. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones. Stores, Processes Inputs Outputs
  • 19. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones. ENERGY Stores, Processes Inputs Outputs
  • 20. Open Systems Where systems receive inputs and transfer outputs of energy and/or matter across the boundaries between them. Most natural systems are open ones. ENERGY ENERGY Stores, Processes Inputs Outputs