Design Portfolio      Design, Modeling, Remote Sensing, Gis                                                          | Aca...
Contents           Professional                Projects at HewittNassar Studio                      Sonoma Garden Show    ...
Sonoma CA Garden Show This garden exhibit, located at a winery in So- noma, California was designed for an autumn festival...
Project Description                                                                                                       ...
Regional Site   DescriptionThe winery is located amongmany wineries in the Carne-ros District between theCoast Range Mount...
Project Description                                                                                                       ...
Design Concepts: Art and MeaningThe artwork for the murals was selected from a German artist and from the landscape archit...
Luxor Egypt Avenue of the Sphinxes Prompted by the recent discovery and imminent excavation of a 2.72 km-long, ancient cer...
Azbakeya Urban Park Restoration A conceptual restoration plan for Azbakeya park located in Cairo, Egypt. This design takes...
Google Earth 2009   AzbakeyaGoogle Earth 2011
Clemson University Land Assets GIS Clemson university is one of the largest land grant institutions in the United States a...
Content Types                                    Dissemination Mode             Social Networks                           ...
Rosetta Egypt Master Plan Rosetta is one of the oldest cities in Egypt founded in AD 800. The city is known by the Rosetta...
lack of civic infrastructure   no formal circulationwaste as erosion control unplanned settlementsstormwater flooding     ...
Cultural + Historical   Social + Economic   Ecological
Ten At The Top Regional Analysis A GIS analysis commissioned by non-profit group “Ten At The Top” in order to update the e...
Norristown Riverfront Master Plan Norristown is situated along the Skuylkill River near Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Alignin...
The 128 mile Schyulkull River trail runs from Philadelphia through Norristown and                                         ...
While the river informed Norristowns growth, as with all riverfronts flooding has been problematic. Agriculture, developme...
Source: Google Satellite Imagery                                                                                          ...
Data Source: PASDA                                                                                                        ...
Normal Flood Level, 100 Year Flood, 500Data Source: PASDA, FEMA                                        Year Flood         ...
Parking Garage                          Downtown Norristown                                                               ...
Vehicular, Pedestrian Ground Level, Pedestrian Elevated Level, Crosswalks
Septa Station                                                                                                      Septa S...
Septa Station                    Septa Station                                                                            ...
Tower                                                          Case Studies                                               ...
Riverfront Trail   Underpass                                                                     Riverfront Trail         ...
Railroad Park Flood Simulation                       Transportation Center Flood Simulation                               ...
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio
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Geoff Taylor Design Portfolio

  1. 1. Design Portfolio Design, Modeling, Remote Sensing, Gis | Academic | Professional | Development Geoff Taylor | Exit Project | Portfolio Clemson Planning & Landscape Architecture
  2. 2. Contents Professional Projects at HewittNassar Studio Sonoma Garden Show Luxor Master Plan Azbakeya Park Cairo Projects for Clemson University Clemson University Land Assets Online GIS Clemson University PDPLA Social Network Marketing Framework Academic Projects Rosetta Egypt Master Plan Ten at the Top Regional Plan Norristown Riverfront Master Plan Undergraduate Exit Project
  3. 3. Sonoma CA Garden Show This garden exhibit, located at a winery in So- noma, California was designed for an autumn festival titled “The Late Show Gardens.” The de- sign was based on three contemporary issues: climate change, renewable, resources, and sus- tainable practices. The garden offered opportu- nities to address global and local connections between Climate Change, Sonoma, California and important locations in Egypt, based on So- noma’s relationship to its sister city of Aswan, Egypt. The garden offered a unique opportu- nity to effect public perception of landscape architecture concerning climate change, espe- cially given ASLA’s growing interest in climate change. The design concepts were derived from global climate information, specifically showing changes in the earth’s climate zones, and data indicating increased carbon dioxide concentra- tions throughut the planet. The design gestures included local native plants and groundcovers. Designed at HewittNassar Studio AWARDS: 2011 SCASLA Award Job: Imagery Creation, 3d Modeling, Site Design
  4. 4. Project Description Project BackgroundDuring the last decade, a winery in the Carneros Wine District in Sonoma ,California has created a garden exhibition venue mod- The client suggested that exhibition garden themeseled after international garden festivals like those at Chateau de Chaumont in the Loire Valley, France, and the Chelsea Garden address one of three contemporary issues: ClimateShow in London, England. In 2009, the winery invited international designers, including the project landscape architects, to create Change, Renewable Resources, or Sustainableindividual exhibition gardens for an Autumn Festival titled “The Late Show Gardens.” Practices. The project landscape architects developed a garden design concept to express the global/local contexts of climate change based on three ideas: The garden offered opportunities to address global and local connections between Climate Change, Sonoma, California and important locations in Egypt, based on Sonoma’s relationship to its sister city of Aswan, Egypt; and to the landscape archi- tect’s past experience related to planning for cli- mate change in the Nile Delta The garden offered opportunities to address cli- mate change in vulnerable landscapes throughout the world, given Sonoma’s location bordering one of the largest estuaries and population centers in the world (San Francisco Bay and Sonoma Marsh- es), and given its similarities with other large estu- aries and population centers vulnerable to climate change, including London, New York, Shanghai and Los Angeles. The garden offered a unique opportunity to ef- fect public perception of landscape architecture concerning climate change, especially given the ASLA’s growing interest in climate change.
  5. 5. Regional Site DescriptionThe winery is located amongmany wineries in the Carne-ros District between theCoast Range Mountains,the Sonoma Marches, andthe Sonoma Wetlands onthe northern peripheryof the San Francisco Bay.While the wineries are nowabove the 100 hundred yearfloodplain, projected changesin sea level as a result of cli-mate change could bring theNorth Bay, its marsh lands andwetlands closer to the winery,prompting drastic changesto surrounding natural habi-tat and local economies.Project Site DescriptionThe winery’s exhibition venue contains more than 20 garden plots clustered in displayareas connected by walkways and interspersed among wine tasting tents, entertainmentvenues and stages, art galleries, festival greens, water features and courtyards. Pastexhibitions include gardens by well known landscape architects, such as: Ken Smith,SWA, Walter Hood, Pam Burton, and James Van Sweden.The Climate Change Garden was exhibited in Plot 6, an area surrounded on three sidesby privet hedges, with access to the front of the garden through a pathway connectingthe primary festival circulation path to a garden display courtyard. The plot is broadlyopen to the sky and the changing effects of sunlight throughout the day.
  6. 6. Project Description Design Concepts: Garden MuralsThe garden design concepts were derived from global climate change information, specifically data showing changes in the earth’s Garden exhibition design concepts were also derived from garden mural traditions intended to illustrate the underlying meanings ofclimate zones, and data indicating increased carbon dioxide concentrations throughout the planet. Because climate information is often our relationship to the world and nature. The images below illustrate historic examples of murals representing maps, gardens, hu-represented in the form of maps, the garden ground plane was organized to represent the idea of well-recognized map projections. man symbolic values, and the relationship between animals and the cosmos. Modeling for the exhibition’s murals by the landscapeThe images below illustrate the process of deriving design gestures from climate maps and cartographic projections. Global climate architects addressed the creation of meaning in the murals, the development of spatial transparency, privacy within a small space,design gestures were implemented with native plant ground covers and local redwood barks. Global carbon dioxide design gestures and the relationship of the murals to the garden design concepts.were implemented with native and agricultural plants Map projection design gestures were implemented with locally mined gravels. The murals were constructed from recycled polyester mounted on recycled wood frames, and were chosen for their transparent and reflective qualities to take advantage of the natural light conditions of the site. Grids of recycled steel rods representing vertical data points used to measure water and ice depth were used to increase symbolic meaning and improve wall transparency.
  7. 7. Design Concepts: Art and MeaningThe artwork for the murals was selected from a German artist and from the landscape architects. The German artist contributed two prints: onetitled “Two Mantis in Nature,” and the other titled “Mantis and Global Economies.” The prints were selected to symbolically represent global andlocal ecological balance, and the relationship between ecology and economic life.The landscape architect’s five prints illustrate Sonoma’s global connections to the Nile River and Delta, a collage of estuaries threatened by climatechange, two images of green infrastructure that resolve climate related flooding in the Nile Delta, and a print of diagrams indicating incrementalsea level rise at the mouth of the Nile River.
  8. 8. Luxor Egypt Avenue of the Sphinxes Prompted by the recent discovery and imminent excavation of a 2.72 km-long, ancient ceremonial, boulevard buried beneath the City of Luxor, Egypt and connecting two UNESCO World Heritage Tem- ples, a new specific master plan was developed by a team of landscape architects, international plan- ners and architects at the request of the Governor of Luxor. The specific plan proposes a framework for historic preservation, heritage development, sustainable tourism, and ecological restoration for the city’s future urban growth and for development along the Nile River and between the two UNESCO Temples. This specific master plan and process of- fers a model for the preservation of important ar- chaeological, cultural and natural treasures, the restoration of urban fabric, and the advocacy of participatory planning in the resettlement of rap- idly expanding urban populations living in informal settlements. It serves as an example of planning for the integration of cultural heritage with new de- velopment, ecological restorations a component of sustainable tourism, and the encouragement of meaningful connections between tourists and local citizens with greater understanding of local issues that reflect regional approaches to sustainability for one of the world’s most important historic sites. Designed at HewittNassar Studio AWARDS: 2011 Tri State ASLA Merit Award 2011 SCASLA Award Job: Graphics, Design, and Layout
  9. 9. Azbakeya Urban Park Restoration A conceptual restoration plan for Azbakeya park located in Cairo, Egypt. This design takes into consideration the history of this site, one of North Africa’s first urban parks changes over time for grounding. The final design includes locations for islamic prayer, water elements, vegitation, Is- lamic pattern hardscapes, and placement of spe- cial events structures, amongst other things... The entire project was developed via BIM based applications in order to work in an interop- erable workflow with architects in Egypt as they updated the site’s structures. in real-time. Designed at HewittNassar Studio Job: Design, Modeling, Research, Concept
  10. 10. Google Earth 2009 AzbakeyaGoogle Earth 2011
  11. 11. Clemson University Land Assets GIS Clemson university is one of the largest land grant institutions in the United States and until the devel- opment of a custom gis system lacked a database of all their records. In 2011 I began developing a cus- tom solution for the Clemson University Land Assets group using ESRI’s Flex Viewer and ArcGis Server. The final product consisted of a simple search widget to search for property information in a simplified manner, file storage and retrieval, par- cel commenting system, advanced query wid- get that allows for comparitive analysis between multiple layers, euclidean distance tools, drag- and-drop google streetview capabilities for loca- tion analysis, and advanced print function. Many of these functions were hard-coded with custom requests to meet Clemson’s needs and requests. Other GIS information required for real-estate analysis such as census information, infrastructure, soils, and hydrological features were added to the application The custom ESRI Flex Viewer application is fully operational and is currently being used by Clem- son University for all their real-estate needs.
  12. 12. Content Types Dissemination Mode Social Networks Crowdsource MarketingClemson PDPLA Social Marketing Clemson University’s department of Planning, Devel- Facebook Page Wall Wordpress Blogging Platform (Time and Release News) opment, Preservation, and Landscape Architecture was not properly maximizing their marketing potential B L Automated Posting and communication with students via social networks. O Twitter Feed G I was approached to develop a blueprint for the de- / RSS FEED partment to utilize that would place the departments N on the social map. The workflow stream-lines the com- E Linkedin Group W plex process of having to post the same information S to several networks to a more automated approach. Google+ “API Not Yet Released” The data collected from my CELA research paper was utilized as a foundation for how to successfully V implement a successful social network campaign. I D E O S P Hootsuite Timed Automation O D C Facebook Page Wall A S T Twitter Feed S Google+ “API Not Yet Released” U S E R P O S T SOCIAL NETWORK MARKETING WORKFLOW Aug 2011: Developed by: Geo Taylor geo rt@g.clemson.edu
  13. 13. Rosetta Egypt Master Plan Rosetta is one of the oldest cities in Egypt founded in AD 800. The city is known by the Rosetta stone discovery in 1799. Located about 65 Km east of the much larger city of Alexandria, Rosetta is at the junction of the Nile and the Mediterranean Sea. In the 16th century Rosetta was a booming port city and in the 19th century it became famous as a tourists destination. Today the city of Rosetta is renowned for its large number of historic Islamic houses, mansions and mosques, archaeological sites, thousands of acres of date palm groves and related craft industries, its boat building, brick and fishing industries, and its natural scenic beauty. Rosetta and similar cities long situated on water, en- vironmental vulnerabilities are increasingly related to changes in water levels from climate change, and to their historic and contemporary positions along water resources that are especially linear. While their specific problems are geographically more complex, their particular linearity suggests change and development strategies that are in turn linear. Change and development strategies are e bodied within a corridor joining water and city. The corridor integrates processes and land use to mediate vul- nerability and change between river and city. Resis- tant, resilient, robust, and responsive are aspects within the corridor that prompt collateral develop- ment, change further inland and within the river. Intelligent sensor systems monitor the corridors vulnerability. The combined corridor processes and uses form Rosetta’s identity as an ecological icon.
  14. 14. lack of civic infrastructure no formal circulationwaste as erosion control unplanned settlementsstormwater flooding unplanned settlementssewage drainage lack of mooring facilitiespolluting industry polluting aqua farmsabsent recreation areas Water on water is tremendous. destroy most of Rosetta. Dependency of city’s livelihood Only the Nile River. The Aswan Dam on Nile has caused erosion of the delta. Potential sea rise will2m 1.5m 1m .5m present conditions
  15. 15. Cultural + Historical Social + Economic Ecological
  16. 16. Ten At The Top Regional Analysis A GIS analysis commissioned by non-profit group “Ten At The Top” in order to update the existing Strom Thurmond model for upstate SC. Utilizing Carl Steinitz’s model for alternative futures as a basis the analysis developed suitability mod- els using Erdas and Arc-Gis Modelbuilder for high suburban, suburban housing , rural housing, mixed use, commercial, industrial, recreation, agriculture, surface water quality, groundwater, visual quality, and land cover change. Other models were then developed such as competition for growth, and Gap Analysis from the original models outputs. The produced models were used as a means for discussion concerning the future of Upstate South Carolina.
  17. 17. Norristown Riverfront Master Plan Norristown is situated along the Skuylkill River near Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Aligning the river- front edge are dilapidated structures, low income communities, and flood-prone undeveloped areas. Pennsylvania’s Septa terminates along the river- front making it a prime location for future commer- cial, and mixed-use development. This masterplan takes into consideration all of the issues plaguing the Norristown Riverfront and attempts to develop a concept to help engineer the riverfront for future development. The proposal of parks, greenways, trail-systems, approaches to flood-tolerant structures, hard-scape, and soft-scape are used in this project to spur public discussions on sustainable design and the future.
  18. 18. The 128 mile Schyulkull River trail runs from Philadelphia through Norristown and up to Pottsville Pennsylvania on an abandoned railroad line. The trail is a great way to enjoy the outdoors, exercise or commute. Norristown has failed to capitalize on this opportunity for economic gains due to downtrodden streetscapes, lack of hotels, bike shops, and signage. The impacts of riverfront industry conflicts with beauty of the riverfront. The industrial wasteland and abandonment of landscape creates an eyesore for tourists. It spurs people to move quickly through the landscape without pause for exploration. Norristowns relationship to rapid and mass-transit commuter lines is one of the most impor- tant of the borough features. South Eastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) maintains all transportation in this region. The Norristown Transportation Center is located less than 200 feet away from the transportation center and runs into Pennsylvania’s CityNorristown Riverfront Pennsylvania Center. Recently the R6, a high speed transit route was installed. Public bus service is main- tained through downtown and connecting to the Montgomery Mall Shopping District. Abun-Flowing through Pennsylvania, the Schuylkill River has been the regional influence over the growth of towns and boroughs. The river dant and available transportation, limited housing and office space within Philadelphia, thespreads along through Philadelphias northwestern along the Ridge and Valley region. Norristowns historic rise is charted by the river Norristown riverfront becomes an excellent opportunity for future large scale development.and transportation, mill, and manufacturing industry. The city’s growth is informed by the natural feature with an echoing relative tothe borough reaching out to the Montgomery County agricultural land. Norristown has many amenities with parks and public spaces scattered throughout the entire borough. Linkages and opportunities for open spaces via safe walkability and greenwaysExternal to Norristown is the suburban sprawl of Montgomery County. Towards the end of the last century people relocated to the will enhance the community. A large farm park exists northwest of the riverfront at theoutskirts of the Borough. The resulting collapse in economic growth and prosperity for Norristown may be traced to the adjacent decommissioned Pennsylvania State Mental Institution. This is a historic landscape punctu-communities embracing more contemporary retail-commercial business practices. The decline of the downtown district and residen- ated by the vast views and beauty. The farm park is not linked to the Schuylkill River Trail.tial functional obsolescence promotes the opportunistic to profit from the working class citizen. Many people living within the down- However, Stony Creek follows the contour of the farm park through downtown and into thetown areas are renting housing in poor conditions while a thriving opportunistic community can still be found. Currently Norristowns Schuylkill River . This creek provides the perfect scenario to develop a greenway betweendiverse population consists of a healthy mix of caucasion, african-american, and hispanic citizens that utilize the neighborhood hous- existing park systems, reduce the requirement for vehicular transportation, possibly provid-ing within the blighted downtown area. Norristown has a need for more economic opportunity and in some way would greatly benefit ing walkable connections, economic growth, and beautifying the downtown area in the pro-from the results of redevelopment throughout the downtown area. cess. A large scale beautification technique for Norristown will create a synergistic develop- ment rippling through the rest of the town. Revitalization projects inspire creativ! e capitalPotentially, the Norristown riverfront serves as the most attractive and developable real estate for Norristown and Montgomery Coun- through entrepreneurial projects, artists, do-it-yourselfers and first time homeowners openingty. Realization of this opportunity to showcase the natural amenities and increasing the tax base of the the county seat. Norristown is up the doors for the overall revitalization of the entire borough. The unfathomable positivepoised to renew the planning and leadership for the rest of Montgomery County. The riverfront revitalization project well help this community health and psychological benefit of green designing.process to begin. The river is the "Gateway" leading into the downtown area.
  19. 19. While the river informed Norristowns growth, as with all riverfronts flooding has been problematic. Agriculture, development and Conshohocken Pennsylvania is located 3.5 miles from Norristown downstream on the Schuylkill river in suburban Penn-the current climatic conditions have ensured the need for planning for rapid change. Along the riverfront the 100 and 500 year flood sylvania. The borough is historically a large mill town and industrial manufacturing center. Since the decline of industry in recentmarks could easily be reached with the right conditions. Flooding devastation has been frequent and becoming increasingly more years Conshohocken has developed into a center of riverfront commercial and residential development. The borough faced the exactfrequent. Norristown has seen 100 year floods and anticipates the reality of 500 year flooding. The 100 year floodmark has been met same problem Norristown faces dealing with brownfields and dilapidated sites. The riverfront was completely capped with concreteon multiple occassions within the past 10 years. The cities anticipation, preparedness and forward thought will mitigate the situation to prevent runoff from toxins and developed into a series of high-tech office buildings with multi-level parking below. Some of theprior to catastrophy. Smart growth, green infrastructure plans, land use, climate preparedness plan, and zoning are the tools the mu- structures are a part of Philadelphia’s “Silicon Valley Forge” coined Forbes in 2000. Such redevelopment of the borough did howevernicipality will use to address and inform the public to advert unpredicted events. create issues with gentrification. The per capita income rose drastically post implementation for people living within the borough.Presently, the Norristown Riverfront consist of industrial brownfields, warehouses, and other decaying structures. Service relocation As for transportation the same R6 line entering into norristown has a station in Conshohockenexpense, expensive remediation techniques or extensive phytoremediation are necessary to bring this site up to code. City water treat- directly behind the remediated riverfront district.ment service is also located along the riverfront. Frequent flooding of the facility allows waste to enter the river every few years.Thecity wants to move the facility but the cost are millions in the dollars and beyond their municipal budget.The unique conditions of the site and the cities interest in renewal suggest that the most effective strategy for remediation would becapping of the dangerous site. An expedient method and perhaps the best solution is to utilize a concrete cap on the most toxic site.Effective funding strategy for removal would be available through the replacement of brownfield and waste through civic and multi-use zoning, high end construction featuring multilevel towers and views to downtown Philadelphia. Investment for high end struc-tures will address the needs of new economic development and job generation for the future growth.
  20. 20. Source: Google Satellite Imagery Data Source: PASDA Data Source: PASDA Source: USGS Data Source: PASDA I NL FO RC AA ST TI RO UN C T U R Pikes E Crossroads Roads Highways Railroads Pennsylvania Philadelphia Area Major Roads Roads Railroads Data Source: PASDA Source: USGSTOP EO XG PR AA NP SH II OC NAL Loss Growth Terrain Population Growth Data Source: FEMA Data Source: FEMA Data Source: PASDA Data Source: PASDA Data Source: PASDA Data Source: PASDA S OE CC IO AL LOG EI CC OA NL O M Greenscape I Wooded Parks C Rivers Flooding Green Data Source: PASDA Parks Historic Areas Town Centers
  21. 21. Data Source: PASDA Data Source: SEPTA Data Source: PASDA Source: Google Satellite Imagery I NL FO RC AA ST TI RO UN C T U Primary R Secondary E Tertiary Bus Routes Railroads Alleys Train Routes Rail Trail Norristown Aerial Roads Public Transportation Railroads Data Source: Norristown Hist. Society Data Source: Norristown Hist. Society Data Source: Norristown Hist. Society Data Source: Norristown Hist. Society Data Source: USGSTOP EO XG PR AA NP SH II OC NAL Terrain Growth 1750-1875 Growth 1875-1925 Growth 1925-1975 Growth 1975-Current Data Source: FEMA Data Source: PASDA Data Source: PASDA Data Source: Census Data Source: Census S OE CC IO AL LOG EI CC OA N $1600-$2800L O $2800-$3900 Green Space M $3900-$4600 Black Park Space I $4600-$5700 White Streetscape C $5700+ Hispanic Rivers Flooding Green Income Demographics
  22. 22. Normal Flood Level, 100 Year Flood, 500Data Source: PASDA, FEMA Year Flood Canopy Cover, Buildings, Topography Data Source: PASDA, Google Imagery, FEMA
  23. 23. Parking Garage Downtown Norristown Parking Train Station Park Parking field Green Roof Green Streets Tower Green Streets Green Streets Piazza Green Streets Piazza Buildings Piazza Piazza Wooded Area Green Roof Tower River Trail Convention/Civic Center Green Roof Wooded Area Wooded Area Wooded Area River Trail Brige Skulylkill River Skulylkill River Barbadoes IslandCanopy Cover, Buildings, Topography, Roads, Railroads,Rail-Trail Building, Green Roof, Road, Green Street, Wooded Area, Trails, Piazza Data Source: PASDA, Google Imagery, FEMA
  24. 24. Vehicular, Pedestrian Ground Level, Pedestrian Elevated Level, Crosswalks
  25. 25. Septa Station Septa Station Railroad Park Trail Parking Grocery Tower Transit Center Towers Tower Civic Center Riverfront Trail Bridge Riverfront TrailExisting & Proposed Parks, Greenway, Existing Trail, Proposed Trail
  26. 26. Septa Station Septa Station Green Streets Wave Piazza Field Tower Greenroof Park Grocery B Waterfall Wall B r B r i r i d i d g d g e g e Convention Center e Tower Grass Tower Tower Dunes Green Roof Pedestrian Bridge
  27. 27. Tower Case Studies Rooftop Park High-Rise Crops Towers P Aeroponics Plants held in place so that roots hang in the air Tower L Convention Center and are infused with water vapor and nutrients. A Used for potatoes, carrots, and other similar crops. N Hydroponics Plants held in place so that roots sit in open troughs; dissolved nutrients in matter are continu- ously rotated over the crops. Convention Center Source: 2009 Scientific American, inc. Emilio Ambasz: Greenroof Used for tomatoes, spinach, and berries. Greenroof system minimizes runoff The Grand Embrace Drip Irrigation and recycles water Plants grow in low-weight inert material. Used for grass, wheat, and corn. Conference Rooms Condominiums Will help to bring large events and Office and residential condominiums utilized by commerce to Norristown people looking for a short commute into Phila- delphia and surrounding area. Business Offices Indoor Green Wall Brings nature indoors, improving air quality, and Business space for companies and entrepreneurs provided a positive natural environment for visitors. easily accessible by current rail, vehicular, and Convention Center public transportation. Shopping Area Interior Garden Small Shops and restaurants help to Located in the main hall, this interior garden create destination points and economic brings nature indoors and provides seating for opportunity. visitors. Rooftop Park Rooftop Park Greenroof park system for connectivity Greenroof park system for connectivity and enjoyment between buildings. and enjoyment between buildings. Parking David L. Lawrence Convention Center Renzo Piano: Kansai International Airport 2 story parking garage to elevate buildings Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Parking Terminal. 2 story parking garage to elevate buildings above flood levels and provide parking. above flood levels and provide parking.
  28. 28. Riverfront Trail Underpass Riverfront Trail Schuylkill RiverPedestrian Schuylkill River Bridge Schuylkill River
  29. 29. Railroad Park Flood Simulation Transportation Center Flood Simulation Normal Conditions Normal Conditions 100 Year Flood 100 Year Flood 200 Year Flood 200 Year Flood

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