Tutor2u Global Economy - Peter Marsh on a New Industrial Revolution

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Tutor2u Global Economy - Peter Marsh on a New Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. Britain’s manufacturing future Teachers’ seminar, Royal Society of Arts London Address by Peter Marsh Manufacturing Editor, Financial Times November 19 2012
  2. 2. A global growth engine• What manufacturing means• Five industrial revolutions• Where now for Britain?
  3. 3. Manufacturing = Materials + Energy + Ideas • The creative force behind 10bn unique products • It accounts for 15-20 per cent of world economy • It employs about 300m people (roughly 5 pc of world population)
  4. 4. World manufacturing output and GDP(rebased, 1800 = 100) 25000 20000 World 15000 manufacturing output World GDP 10000 5000 0 1800 1900 1913 1938 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: IHS Global Insight, Paul Bairoch, World Trade Organisation
  5. 5. Britains world role1800 - The start of modern manufacturing Population 0.8% (% of world) Manufacturing 4.3% output (% of world) Manufacturing 5 position (out of approx. 35) Cromford mill in Derbyshire, built by pioneering textile engineer Richard Arkwright in 1771
  6. 6. Britains world role1900 - The UK as number one Population 2.0% (% of world) Manufacturing 15.0% output (% of world) Manufacturing 1 position (out of 57) Launch of the Japanese battleship the Hatsuse on the River Tyne in 1898
  7. 7. Britains world role2011 – Specialist player Population 0.8% (% of world) Manufacturing 2.3% output (% of world) Manufacturing 9 position (out of 197) Vi-spring mattress factory, Plymouth; of the worlds top three makers of luxury mattresses, two are in the UK
  8. 8. Share of world manufacturing output between rich/poor countriesof world 100 90 80 70 60 Rich countries 50 Poor countries 40 30 Rich countries are N 20 America, W Europe, 10 Japan, Australia NB Japan is counted as 0 poor in 1800 & 1900; Russia is counted as poor 1800 1900 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 from 1950 onwards Source: IHS, Bairoch, Unido
  9. 9. Share of world manufacturing output (%) 50 45 40 35 30 US 25 China 20 UK 15 10 5 0 1800 1900 1913 1928 1938 1950 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: IHS, Bairoch, UN , World Bank
  10. 10. The last 3,500 years• Pre-industry (1,500BC to 1500 AD) : Iron Age, glass production, metals• Proto-industry (1500- 1780) ;Venice shipyard First Industrial Revolution (1780-1850): steam power, textile machinery• Second Industrial Revolution (1840-1890) : communications; railways, telegraph• Third Industrial Revolution (1860-1930): science based methodology; electricity, chemistry• Fourth Industrial Revolution (1950-2000): computers, electronics
  11. 11. King Tutankhamun daggers
  12. 12. Venice arsenal
  13. 13. James Watt steam engine early 19th century
  14. 14. ENIAC computer
  15. 15. New Industrial Revolution (Fifth Industrial Revolution)Period: 2005-??1. Overlapping technologies, eg biotech, electronics, materials, nanotechnology2. Customised manufacturing3. Niche approach4. Global manufacturing pathways5. Environmental responsiveness6. China opening up7. Cluster dynamics
  16. 16. Schmoll drilling machine
  17. 17. Westwind air bearing
  18. 18. Touch Bionics: mechanical limbs
  19. 19. Xavier Fontanet of Essilor - lens leader
  20. 20. Michael Edelman and the art of the small
  21. 21. Bigmow: Belgian robot lawn mowers
  22. 22. Stihl: global chainsaw leader
  23. 23. Accrol: UK family success
  24. 24. David McMurtry: Britains top engineering entrepreneur
  25. 25. Luxottica - customises spectacles
  26. 26. Trumpf: German Mittelstand pioneer

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