Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Geo-Enabling Local Communities in Brazil          2009 ESRI European User Conference                  Vilnius, Lithuania  ...
Agenda         • My involvement with GIS         • The Atlantic Rainforest and Iracambi         • Maps and GIS at Iracambi...
Introduction    Steven Eglinton    • Geospatial Consultant    GeoEnable, London, UK    • Iracambi GIS - International Advi...
What is Iracambi?     Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research                     and              Conservation Centre      ...
Iracambi, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Iracambi’s Aims       1) To make the conservation of the         Atlantic Rainforest more appealing         than its destr...
Iracambi work streams  The four main areas of activity are:  • forest restoration / forest corridors  • environmental educ...
Changes to the Atlantic Rainforest
Who we shared the forest with…
Cartography, GIS and Survey at Iracambi         • Slow start with occasional specialists         • GPS surveys over-laid w...
Geospatial Information Flow                                         Community     Directors             CBERS - China-Braz...
Early Efforts (2001) – Topographic and Thematic
Better? Thematic Mapping                           ArcView 3.x / ArcGIS
Community Mapping – Land Use
Land Use (2004)
Mining Threat        • In November 2003 it was discovered          by chance that an international          mining company...
Mining in the State Parkand APAs (2005)•   Scan official environmental designation maps•   Survey other designations•   Ge...
Outcomes of Legal Actions Using Mapped Evidence:  In the meeting, two important declarations were made by Government: firs...
Other uses  • Locations of medicinal plants        Optimal growth zones        3D models  • Catchments area calculations  ...
Horse-back Surveys • Garmin GPS 12 • Dictation Machine • ESRI ArcGIS desktop • Free app to convert from GPS unit to GIS so...
Was a great opportunity to meet with local communities
Land Surveys  •   All with regular GPS – accuracy +/- 5m  - (when we had a signal!)  •   Walking/Hiking  •   Horseback  Le...
Aerial Imagery / Satellite Imagery (2005)    • Aerial Imagery    (2004)    •CBERS    (2005)    •IKONOS images    (Aug 2009)
GeoWeb: Iracambi Web Map          • Addition of KML files on main site (2008)          • Web Map Requirements Gathering (2...
Iracambi Web Map - current                                         Community    Directors                                 ...
Identify and challenge previously convert mining                    activities :
Links to more Info:
GeoWeb
Recent Visitors
Thoughts of the Future  • Web GIS offers a great delivery and participatory    opportunity  • GIS is simply a tool – we ne...
Thank You for your attention     Web Map: www.geoenabling.com     Video: Iracambi – Doing Our Part     Developed with: www...
Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities
Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities
Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities
Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities
Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities

1,289 views

Published on

GIS: Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities in Brazil.

The rapidly emergent 'GeoWeb' and Web GIS offers great to leverage the power of mass communication and ease of use of these new platforms. One 'GIS' and the power of geography was something only for specialists - now it's for all!

One such application of how geography and visualisation is facilitating community-based conservation work is at 'Iracambi; in SE Brazil.

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Geo-Enabling Conservation & Communities

  1. 1. Geo-Enabling Local Communities in Brazil 2009 ESRI European User Conference Vilnius, Lithuania 14–16 October 2009 Steven Eglinton
  2. 2. Agenda • My involvement with GIS • The Atlantic Rainforest and Iracambi • Maps and GIS at Iracambi • Future of GIS at Iracambi • Conclusions
  3. 3. Introduction Steven Eglinton • Geospatial Consultant GeoEnable, London, UK • Iracambi GIS - International Advisory Committee Iracambi Conservation Centre, MG, Brazil
  4. 4. What is Iracambi? Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research and Conservation Centre www.iracambi.com
  5. 5. Iracambi, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  6. 6. Iracambi’s Aims 1) To make the conservation of the Atlantic Rainforest more appealing than its destruction 2) To research, develop and support sustainable sources of income 3) To inventory, monitor and promote endangered species in the forest 4) To act as a hub for the community
  7. 7. Iracambi work streams The four main areas of activity are: • forest restoration / forest corridors • environmental education • community outreach • the search for alternative income sources, focusing on the medicinal plants native to the forests • GIS and land management
  8. 8. Changes to the Atlantic Rainforest
  9. 9. Who we shared the forest with…
  10. 10. Cartography, GIS and Survey at Iracambi • Slow start with occasional specialists • GPS surveys over-laid with 1:50k map • Quickly demand was great • Boost with long-term management • Main issues are always with - information management and continuity
  11. 11. Geospatial Information Flow Community Directors CBERS - China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite Brazil, UK, USA Researchers Volunteers
  12. 12. Early Efforts (2001) – Topographic and Thematic
  13. 13. Better? Thematic Mapping ArcView 3.x / ArcGIS
  14. 14. Community Mapping – Land Use
  15. 15. Land Use (2004)
  16. 16. Mining Threat • In November 2003 it was discovered by chance that an international mining company was seeking a licence to mine bauxite in Serra das Aranhas, on Iracambi’s western boundary. • GIS has been instrumental in monitoring this activity • For the first time we could show how mining activity could affect land and local communities • Show activities in relationship to designated areas
  17. 17. Mining in the State Parkand APAs (2005)• Scan official environmental designation maps• Survey other designations• Geo-reference• Add other reference layers• Add homes and settlements• Research and create mining areas• Publish for consultation• Use maps in legal cases• Won actions against mining company• Document and teach othersNow – Published via Web map
  18. 18. Outcomes of Legal Actions Using Mapped Evidence: In the meeting, two important declarations were made by Government: firstly, that seek the approval of they will require the mining company to the State Park authorities for all mining undertakings within the Park buffer zone and, secondly, the Park Authority stated that it would not give such approval without the agreement of the State Park council, on which representatives of thelocal communities and other concerned bodies (including Iracambi). This is a major step forward in recognising the necessity of more serious discussion of the protection of the areas biodiversity.
  19. 19. Other uses • Locations of medicinal plants Optimal growth zones 3D models • Catchments area calculations • Species monitoring • Change detection of vegetation • Illustration of proximity of environmental designations
  20. 20. Horse-back Surveys • Garmin GPS 12 • Dictation Machine • ESRI ArcGIS desktop • Free app to convert from GPS unit to GIS software • Horse!
  21. 21. Was a great opportunity to meet with local communities
  22. 22. Land Surveys • All with regular GPS – accuracy +/- 5m - (when we had a signal!) • Walking/Hiking • Horseback Lessons Learnt 1) Land constantly changing 2) Area too large to cover 3) Terrain 4) Seasonality 5) Skill sets required – gathering & Processing
  23. 23. Aerial Imagery / Satellite Imagery (2005) • Aerial Imagery (2004) •CBERS (2005) •IKONOS images (Aug 2009)
  24. 24. GeoWeb: Iracambi Web Map • Addition of KML files on main site (2008) • Web Map Requirements Gathering (2008) • Pilot Web Map launched (late 2008) • Further requirements and Development (2009) • Work in progress (present - ongoing) • Participatory / Collaborative tool • Main Information Portal WEB SITE: www.geoenabling.com
  25. 25. Iracambi Web Map - current Community Directors Web Map CBERS - China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite Volunteers Researches Brazil, UK, USA
  26. 26. Identify and challenge previously convert mining activities :
  27. 27. Links to more Info:
  28. 28. GeoWeb
  29. 29. Recent Visitors
  30. 30. Thoughts of the Future • Web GIS offers a great delivery and participatory opportunity • GIS is simply a tool – we need to focus on its practical application in more varied ways • Education on quality metadata and IM must be the focus • Clear and meaningful maps will always take an effort • Skilled individuals at some point will have to set rules, configure, quality control, evaluate product/services • Paper is still very useful in some environments! • Iracambi Web Map - We have .shp to .kml now • Iracambi Web Services published via ArcGIS Server
  31. 31. Thank You for your attention Web Map: www.geoenabling.com Video: Iracambi – Doing Our Part Developed with: www.geoenable.com

×