Population lesson 5

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  • Sketch from memory, reveal section-by-section and discuss
  • Pairs
  • Intro, discuss, practice READ
  • Match up the pyramids on next slide to the descriptions.
  • Match up to descriptions on previous slide
  • http://www.geographyalltheway.com/in/gcse-popn/population_pyramids.htmMember log in required
  • Watch DVD (28mins), pupils to take notes under subheadings shown in menu screen above. Worksheet activities (5) following DVD.
  • http://populationpyramid.net
  • Link to YouTube clip of UK population pyramid over time (source ONS) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YILD506m9KU
  • Eastenders dramatic ending http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GnbH2XvCN7cSplit class in half: half represent LEDC and write to other half in MEDC.
  • Learning grid. Print out between two.Roll 2 dice…these give a coordinate. Students to roll the dice to get at least three coordinates and then include these in their writing.
  • Population lesson 5

    1. 1. From memory: Demographic Transition Model Can you remember what the pattern is like at each stage? And the reasons for it?
    2. 2. Statement Which stage on the DTM? Why here? PROVE IT. Jack realises there is not enough farmland available in his village for everyone to grow what they need to survive. He and his wife and 5 children migrate to another area where there is fewer people & more land available. Hospitals are overcrowded with high waiting lists due to an increased demand for joint replacement surgery or to treat geriatric illnesses. Parents of children face difficulty placing their child in schools close to home due to conflict and waiting lists to attend a school of their choice. Energy bills in winter rise each year due to pressure on the energy grid to provide enough gas and electricity to meet consumer demand. The population remains reasonably steady despite fluctuations in birth and death rate. You must decide…. • Where on the Demographic Transition Model you would put each statement. You must be able to… • Justify your decision by referring to birth rates, death rates or population changes. e.g. This is because birth rates are high but death rate is falling so people live longer so natural increase is occurring and exponential growth. This means there is not enough farmland or resources because the total population is now too high, with overcrowding. Stage 2
    3. 3. What is this?
    4. 4. How and why does the age and gender structure of populations vary? Population Pyramids, comparisons of LEDC’s v’s MEDC’s and changes over time
    5. 5. So what are population pyramids?
    6. 6. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sSoSYm4A Ols
    7. 7. Economic development increases…..
    8. 8. Not all populations look like pyramids GCSE Geography OCR B Pg 134-135 Activities 1, 2b, 3, 4, 5
    9. 9. Homework: Overpopulation in India GCSE Geography OCR B Pg 136-137 Activities 1-4
    10. 10. Link to examples of population pyramids Describe differences between LEDC and MEDC. Describe changes over time. Suggest reasons for these changes, linked to development indicators.
    11. 11. Describe the changes over time. Suggest possible consequences.
    12. 12. Describe the distribution; - Ages - Gender - Time Suggest reasons for changes over time. Explain why gender and age balance varies.
    13. 13. Write a postcard or love letter between the MEDC- LEDC 2030 pyramids. Must include reference to: Birth rate Death rate Migration Dependency ratio Infant mortality Life expectancy Gender balance Compare your quality of life.
    14. 14. 6 Refer to example India R.E.A.D. the graph and explain Link to development data Compare and contrast data Describe and explain the shapes of the graphs (READ) Write in full sentences using PEEL 5 Compare the gender balance Calculate the dependency ratio Suggest reasons for the distribution of ages / genders Suggest how the graphs may change in future Link to a specific stage on the DTM Explain why each graph fits its stage of the DTM 4 Suggest reasons for the distribution of ages / genders Explain what dependency means Consider what proportion are youthful (0-14) dependents Write in full sentences using PEEL Link to real fact from the graph (e.g. males 0-4 ….) Describe the shapes of the graphs (READ) 3 Explain why each graph fits its stage of the DTM Suggest reasons for the distribution of ages / genders Link to a specific stage on the DTM Consider what proportion are ageing (65+) dependents Suggest how the graphs may change in future Link to real fact from the graph (e.g. males 0-4 ….) 2 Link to real fact from the graph (e.g. males 0-4 ….) Link to a specific stage on the DTM Suggest how the graphs may change in future Link to development data Explain why each graph fits its stage of the DTM Explain why each graph fits its stage of the DTM 1 Write in full sentences using PEEL Explain why each graph fits its stage of the DTM Link to real fact from the graph (e.g. males 0-4 ….) Include key terms, e.g. infant mortality, etc,. Consider the impact on the national economy Link to development data Compare and contrast an MEDC and LEDC population structure. Suggest possible reasons for the structure, how it may change in future, and what potential problems there may be based upon the distribution of ages / genders.

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