Levels of Development within countries MEDCs and LEDCs
Recap <ul><li>What does MEDC and LEDC stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>What types of data can we use to prove whether countries are MEDC or LEDC? </li></ul>
Key Terms Reminder Standard of Living: Quality of Life: Human Development Index (HDI): A measure of how happy and content people are with their lives, taking into account not only income but also social factors such as access to education and type of housing How well-off a person or country is, focusing purely on economic factors – income and jobs A statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development“, taking into account a country’s GDP (wealth), Education and Life Expectancy
Rich countries Little Trade High birth and death rates A lot of trade High infant mortality The North Poor countries Japan, USA and UK High literacy rate Rapid population growth The South Low literacy rate Slow population growth Poor education and health care Europe, North America and Australasia High GDP per capita Good education and health care Brazil, Kenya and Egypt Low GDP per capita Africa, South America and SE Asia Low infant mortality Low birth and death rates Recap….which of these refer to MEDCs and which to LEDCs?
Development In your books write down which country you think is an LEDC and which an MEDC. Give 2 reasons for your choice. (3marks) Country A GDP = US$ 36,039 Doctors per 10,000 people = 17 Life Expectancy = 78 years Land Area = 245 thousandkm2 Total Population = 60.1 million Death Rate = 10 per 1000 people Country B GDP = US$ 290 Doctors per 10,000 people = <1 Life Expectancy = 42 years Land Area = 802 thousandkm2 Total Population = 19.4 million Death Rate = 20 per 1000 people
Maps that show development data…. This is from the International Monetary Fund assessment of how developed the economy is. Blue = developed, Orange = developing, Red = undeveloped
Is there a pattern to the distribution of MEDCs and LEDCs across the World? MEDC LEDC On the map : 1. Locate the following MEDCs, label and colour GREEN: USA, UK, France, Australia, Canada, Norway, Spain, Italy, Sweden, Japan 2. Locate the following LEDCs, label and colour RED: Mexico, Brazil, Peru, India, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Kenya, Tanzania, Indonesia Answer in full sentences in your books: 1. What patterns for the distribution of LEDCs and MEDCs can you identify? 2. What do you think the line on your map (Brandt Line) divides?
Most children are vaccinated at birth. Most workers are involved in farming or mining. 98% of people have a mobile phone. The birth rate is high but so is infant mortality. Not many grandparents are alive. A mother cries at the grave of her sixth child who died of typhoid. More couples are celebrating their 40 th wedding anniversary. Families all share one bedroom Parents can plan and control how many children they will have Gravediggers and undertakers are losing their jobs. Why? MEDC or LEDC? Statement
<ul><li>EXTENSION </li></ul><ul><li>Choose two development indicators (Hint: look at your development measures sheet from last lesson). Create a table similar to that you completed for GDP/HDI for the same 20 countries. Use the Atlas to record the 2 development indicators you have selected for each of these 20 countries. Plot this information on a scatter graph. Answer the following questions in full sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>Can you identify any relationships between your chosen development factors? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse the patterns you identify (think about how the development factors you have chosen might link to each other, are any other factors likely to be influential?) </li></ul>Development Indicator 1 Development Indicator 2 x x x x x x x x x x x
How is the land used in urban areas? Land-use – The way land is used Commercial – eg. shops, offices, banks Residential – different types of housing (residence) Entertainment – eg. bowling, cinema, restaurants Open space – eg. parks Industrial – eg. factories, naval dockyards Task: Identify how land is used in Portsmouth. Write a description or draw a sketch to explain.