Comprehension question types

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Comprehension question types

  1. 1. Comprehension
  2. 2. Part 1 ~ Types of ComprehensionQuestions1) Direct Questions Give direct answers Answers will be stated plainly in the passage Task: locate these answers after reading carefully what the question is looking for Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  3. 3. Types of Comprehension Questions1) Direct Questions Examples: - What was the main reason… - Give two examples… - Quote a sentence… - Explain how… - Write down one word/ an expression which shows… Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  4. 4. Types of Comprehension Questions2) Inferential Questions Read between the lines Answers cannot be found directly from the passage Make your deduction Infer the meaning or answer through given words or phrases from the passage Even from your own general knowledge Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  5. 5. Types of Comprehension Questions2) Inferential Questions Examples: - explain clearly / explain the contrast… - suggest how… - what do you think… - why does the author suggest… - what impression… Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  6. 6. Types of Comprehension Questions3) Rephrasing Questions Rewrite in your own words but keep the meaning read the phrase or sentence in its context in the passage so that your explanation is appropriate to the situation Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  7. 7. Types of Comprehension Questions3) Rephrasing Questions Examples: - Explain the term /phrase /sentence… - Explain in your own words… Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  8. 8. Types of Comprehension Questions4) Vocabulary Questions Explain word or phrase meaning a certain word or phrase is chosen from the passage You are required to give another word or phrase bearing the same meaning as the word Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  9. 9. Types of Comprehension Questions4) Vocabulary Questions Examples: - What does the word suggest about… - What picture do these words suggest? - What does the word ‘even’ suggest about… - What does ‘preserve the market’ mean? Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
  10. 10. End of Part 1
  11. 11. Part 2 ~ Interpreting Text (Thinking Skills)• Making an Intelligent Guess sometimes, the answer to the question is not given directly in the passage instead, clues are given from which you have to guess the answer you are required to ‘read between the lines’ and make inferences – intelligent guesses E.g. At last, the angry passengers were called to board the bus. Question: Suggest why the passengers were angry. (What would be the most likely reason for the passengers’ anger?) Answer: The passengers were angry because the bus was delayed. Adapted from Score in Comprehension O Level by Graeme Spencer
  12. 12. Interpreting Text (Thinking Skills)• Two Kinds of InferenceLogical Inference: based on definition E.g. She cried as she stood beside the grave. Question: Where was she when she stood beside the grave? Answer: A cemetery (because a cemetery is where you find graves) Adapted from Score in Comprehension O Level by Graeme Spencer
  13. 13. Interpreting Text (Thinking Skills)• Two Kinds of Inference Empirical Inference: based on observation E.g. She cried as she stood beside the grave. Question: Why was she crying? Answer: Because someone she cared for had died. (If you see someone crying near a grave, you would guess that this was the case.) Also, remember that inference will always require an “own words” answer Adapted from Score in Comprehension O Level by Graeme Spencer
  14. 14. End of Part 2

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