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Momordica charantia (also known as bitter melon ) a member of the Cucurbitaceae family is a tropical plant currently distributed across the globe. Contains insulin like protein termed as P-insulin. It mimics the medical insulin that is injected and reduces the sugar levels. The ether extract residue of the alcoholic concentrate from the leaves of Momordica charantia was reported to reveal hypoglycemic activity comparable to that of Tolbutamide (Tolbutamide stimulates the secretion of insulin by the pancreas). The pure protein termed as P-insulin ( polypeptide-P ) extracted from Momordica charantia fruits in crystalline form was tested, in a controlled clinical trial, for its efficacy as a hypoglycemic agent in 9 patients of Type 1 diabetes mellitus. The extract of Momordica charantia injected subcutaneously into type 1 diabetic patients had the same blood sugar lowering impact as that of insulin injection. Essentially the P-insulin ( polypeptide-P) acts on the pancreas, rejuvenates it and activates the dead insulin producing beta cells present in the islets in pancreas. Momordica charantia increases the healthy regeneration of beta cells in the pancreas hence increasing the secretion of insulin from the pancreas.
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb
Pancreatic cell protective and regenerative properties as well as blood glucose lowering activity. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb (from the family Leguminoceae) is a large tree that commonly grows in the central, western, and southern parts of Vietnam, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It has been traditionally used to help maintain optimum sugar metabolism. Alcoholic and aqueous extracts of the plant produced a significant reduction in the blood sugar level in rabbits. The decoction of bark has significant effect on serum cholesterol in hyper- cholesterolemic rabbits. Pterocarpus marsupium demonstrates some very unique features, which include beta cell protective and regenerative properties as well as blood glucose lowering activity. These effects have been reproduced in numerous animal and human trials. Ficus Glomerata
Excellent blood glucose lowering properties. Reduces the levels of serum urea, creatinine and cholesterol. Ficus Benghalensis
Enhances insulin secretion and improves glucose tolerance. Syzygium cumini
Regeneration of insulin positive cells in pancreas.