Maria Teresa - Cerqueira PAHO/WHO US-Mexico Border Office

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Juarez Citizen Safety and Conviviality Observatory: A Public Health Perspective

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  • Challenges: agencies and public institutions were overwhelmed with the homicide increase, Authorities are nervous when the data does not show improvements, or rather shows worsening of the situation
  • Municipal budgets were scarce, and cut to cover federal police and military troopsEach institution had its own system and many did not have sufficient IT equipment, some were outdated, infrastructure, knowhow Death certificates and autopsy reports were not digitalized, forms were designed and people hired to upload data in each institution
  • Sistema basado en Web que facilita el intercambio de información entre las instituciones proveedoras y el Observatorio.Permite la incorporación de bases de datos en diferentes formatos (excel,dbf, access, csv, etc.) al Observatorio a través del Internet.La información es validada por el sistema automáticamente y facilita la revisión de la información antes de ingresarla a la base de datos.
  • Genera cuadros estadísticos y gráficos que están disponibles en Internet. La información puede exportarse a diferentes tipos de archivos como Excel, Word, PDF, TIFF, CSV, etc.Permite la incorporación de bases de datos en diferentes formatos (excel,dbf, access, csv, etc.) al Observatorio a través del Internet.La información es validada por el sistema automáticamente.
  • Spatial Diagnosis of Road Injuries
  • Spatial Diagnosis of Road Injuries
  • Capacity in mental salud, atentiontovictims of violence and thereference contra referencia fortalecida y el sistema de referencia fortalecido. Violencepreventionadvocacyreventiónwithintheprovacy of manyde violencia entre parejas intimas, contra las mujeres the HIPPA, y niñosEquidad de género , Capacitación en prevención de violencia
  • About 400 CHW traine
  • Training multisectorial, multidisciplinary teams of professionals in journalism, newscasts with ethics and a human security perspective, workshopswith media toimproveontheinformationgiventothepublicMeetingswithjournaliststopromote a culture ofReuniones con periodistas y comunicadores y talleres con jóvenes para promover una cultura de convivencia y respetoColaboración con periodistas y dueños de los medios de comunicaciónInvestigación y desarrollo de recomendaciones para políticas publicas EVIPNet
  • Desarrollo comunitario y trabajo con jóvenes, cultura de convivencia, respeto y dignidad promovida. Estrategia de educación comunitaria con jóvenes en riesgo incluyendo capacitación e habilidades para la vida Grupo de investigadores desarrollaron resúmenes de política publicaDialogo con los periodistas y medios de comunicación
  • Maria Teresa - Cerqueira PAHO/WHO US-Mexico Border Office

    1. 1. Presentation title | 2013| JUAREZ CITIZEN SAFETY AND CONVIVIALITY OBSERVATORY Maria Teresa Cerqueira, PhD, Chief, PAHO/WHO US-Mexico Border Office Violence Reduction and Peacekeeping Expert Meeting, Geneva 26-28 June 2013 A Public Health Perspective
    2. 2. Presentation title | 2013| The Juarez Observatory for Citizen Safety and Conviviality  The observatory  Road injuries and road safety  Violence, homicides, suicides,  Violence against women and children  Mental health services to victims, workshops with children and community centers to build resilient communities www.observatoriodejuarez.org
    3. 3. Pan American Health Organization The United States –Mexico border extends for 1.952 miles (3.141 kilometers) from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. The1983 La Paz Agreement defined the border area as the land within 100 km (62.5 miles) on either side of the international boundary. U.S.-Mexico Border
    4. 4. • The busiest and most traveled border in the world – 400 million people crisscross the border each year – 90 million cars and 4.3 million trucks via 24 official ports - entry U.S. Mexico Border PAHO/WHO Health in the Americas 2012 • US$ 638 million in trade conducted along the border each day • More than 3,000 maquiladoras located along the border
    5. 5. U.S. Mexico Border Immigration increased notably from an average of 30,000 people between 1961-1990 to around 400,000 between 2001-2008  New Mexico - 111,049  Arizona - 618,105  Texas - 2,356,703  California - 4,026,219
    6. 6. 10 states 48 US counties 94 Mexican municipalities 16 pairs of sister cities 14 million population
    7. 7. Presentation title | 2013| Observatory structure and partners Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juarez Secretary of Health Federal State Local Juarez Municipal Government Project Coordinator: UACJ/ICSA 1. Information Technology and Analysis Committee • Workgroups: data input, validation, analysis and dissemination 2. Policy, Plans and Evaluation Committee • Workgroups: Policy and programs with families, in schools and communities PAHO/WHO Executive Committee
    8. 8. Presentation title | 2013|
    9. 9. Presentation title | 2013|
    10. 10. Collaboration site
    11. 11. Automated Indicator System (SAI)
    12. 12. Automated Indicator System (SAI) Mes Inicidentes Viales Inicidentes viales por atropello Lesionados en atropellos Incidentes viales por choque Lesionados en choques Incidentes viales por volcadura Lesionados en volcaduras Otros incidentes viales Lesionados en otros incidentes viales Total de lesionados Enero 348 30 30 308 135 3 2 7 7 174 Febrero 400 30 32 361 126 3 0 6 2 160 Marzo 411 23 25 373 195 4 4 11 9 233 Abril 395 27 25 356 136 4 0 8 4 165 Mayo 439 22 24 402 191 7 9 8 4 228 Junio 477 20 25 448 195 2 3 7 1 224 Julio 434 28 28 392 181 6 1 8 4 214 Agosto 452 27 27 408 148 3 1 14 7 183 Septiembre 432 23 20 403 183 2 1 4 2 206 Octubre 218 10 6 201 83 1 0 6 3 92 4,006 240 242 3,652 1,573 35 21 79 43 1,879 * Datos al 15 de Octubre del 2012 Incidentes y Lesionados por Tipo de Incidente de Tránsito Municipio de Juárez Enero a Octubre* de 2012 Tipo de Incidente Vial
    13. 13. Presentation title | 2013|
    14. 14. Presentation title | 2013|
    15. 15. Joint Road Audits and Municipal Road Safety Plan
    16. 16. Presentation title | 2013|
    17. 17. Presentation title | 2013|
    18. 18. Presentation title | 2013| Homicides and Key Events
    19. 19. Presentation title | 2013| Age distribution of homicides
    20. 20. Presentation title | 2013|
    21. 21. Presentation title | 2013|
    22. 22. Presentation title | 2013|
    23. 23. Presentation title | 2013|
    24. 24. Presentation title | 2013| Sistema Automatizado de Indicadores HOMICIDIOS Municipio de Juárez, Chihuahua, México Enero a Diciembre 2011 Mes Hombres Mujeres Total Enero 211 15 226 Febrero 191 32 223 Marzo 159 19 178 Abril 147 14 161 Mayo 121 16 137 Junio 138 19 157 Julio 191 13 204 Agosto 104 12 116 Septiembre 121 18 139 Octubre 131 8 139 Noviembre 91 9 100 Diciembre 103 10 113 Total 1708 185 1893 Fuente: Secretaría de Salud, Jurisdicción Sanitaria II Sistema Automatizado de Indicadores HOMICIDIOS Municipio de Juárez, Chihuahua, México Enero a Diciembre 2012 Mes Hombres Mujeres Total Enero 88 11 99 Febrero 62 9 71 Marzo 80 12 92 Abril 81 14 95 Mayo 65 6 71 Junio 36 8 44 Julio 34 2 36 Agosto 29 2 31 Septiembre 36 6 42 Octubre 24 1 25 Noviembre 15 2 17 Diciembre 23 3 26 Total 573 76 649 Fuente: Secretaría de Salud, Jurisdicción Sanitaria II
    25. 25. Presentation title | 2013| Integrating mental health in Primary Health Care & strengthen the referral system Trained primary health professionals to provide care for victims of violence Assessment of the resources in mental health
    26. 26. Presentation title | 2013| Community health workers -promotores trained in Ciudad Juárez
    27. 27. Presentation title | 2013| Certificate courses in human security; in violence and injury prevention (Teach VIP); workshops with media on ethical reporting and with multiple agencies on policies and programs to prevent gender violence, human rights and protecting women and children
    28. 28. Presentation title | 2013| Workshops with children and youth
    29. 29. Presentation title | 2013| Workshops
    30. 30. Presentation title | 2013| LINKS FOR MORE INFORMATION Web site for the VIP Project (under development) http://www2.paho.org/fepvip/ Blog for the Social Communication Campaign http://www.paho.org/blogs/fep/prevencionviolencia/ Juarez Citizen Safety and Conviviality Observatory www.observatoriodejuarez.org
    31. 31. Presentation title | 2013| cerqueim@paho.org

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