Marcus Wilson, Small Arms Survey

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Side event on "LGBTI, armed violence, and security: advancing a research agenda"
Regional Review Conference on the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development
Geneva, Switzerland | 8-9 July 2014

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Marcus Wilson, Small Arms Survey

  1. 1. LGBTI, Armed Violence and Security: Advancing a Research Agenda Marcus Wilson 8 July, 2014 Regional Review Conference on the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development: Geneva, Switzerland
  2. 2. LGBTI, Armed Violence and Security: Advancing a Research Agenda “To those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, let me say: You are not alone. Your struggle for an end to violence and discrimination is a shared struggle. Any attack on you is an attack on the universal values the United Nations and I have sworn to defend and uphold. Today, I stand with you, and I call upon all countries and people to stand with you, too.” Ban Ki Moon, to the Human Rights Council meeting on violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity 7 March 2012
  3. 3. About the Small Arms Survey  Independent research institute  Reliable and impartial policy-relevant analysis on small arms and armed violence  Evidence-based, policy-relevant analysis on small arms and armed violence  Support primarily from governments  Works with governments in multilateral forums  Works closely with UN system & other partners  Network with civil society partners  Support from governments: • Finland • Germany • Netherlands • Norway • Sweden • Switzerland • United Kingdom • United States • Australia • Belgium • Canada • Denmark
  4. 4. Hate Crime: involves any criminal offence which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a personal characteristic, be it race, religion, disability, ethnicity, gender identity or sexual orientation Terminology SOGI: an acronym for Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Sex: a person’s biological status and is typically categorized as male, female, or intersex Gender identity: one’s sense of oneself as male, female, or transgender Gender: the attitudes, feelings, and behaviours that a given culture associates with a person’s biological sex Sexual orientation: the sex of those to whom one is sexually and romantically attracted LGBTI: a commonly used acronym to collectively describe Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans/Transgender, and Intersex people
  5. 5. Human Rights Council Resolution 17/19, June 2011 The first ever UN Resolution on Human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity: ‘Expressing grave concern at acts of violence and discrimination, in all regions of the world, committed against individuals because of their sexual orientation and gender identity,’
  6. 6. SOGI-based Violence Framing the issue  Gender-based violence  Human Rights  LGBTI  SOGI  Sexual Violence in Conflict Bridging the gaps  Armed Violence Reduction and Prevention  LGBTI Rights and anti- Discrimination  Police and Security Forces
  7. 7. SOGI-based Violence: What do we know?  SOGI-based violence has been recorded in all regions, but gathering data is difficult and often complicated by social, political, and availability factors
  8. 8. SOGI-based Violence: What do we know?  Homophobic hate crimes tend to show high levels of cruelty and brutality, including beatings, torture, mutilation, castration, sexual assault, ‘honour killings’, and murder Source: Guasp, A. ‘Homophobic Hate Crime: The Gay British Crime Survey 2013’, Stonewall, p.11
  9. 9. SOGI-based Violence: What do we know?  Distrust in police and justice institutions, sometimes implicit in hate crimes, prevents many victims from reporting discrimination or violence Source: European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, ‘EU LGBT Survey: Results at a Glance’, FRA, p.21
  10. 10. SOGI-based Violence Through an AVR Lens?  People – inclusion & victimisation  Agents – motivation  Instruments – frequency & access  Institutions – enablers or protectors  Root causes  Local National Regional Global  Positive norm setting
  11. 11. Existing Recommendations  Pursue initiatives that address anti-SOGI violence and discrimination, such as public information and awareness-raising campaigns designed to address societal prejudice  Encourage comprehensive analysis through extensive research and regular reporting  Take measures to prevent torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and investigate promptly all reported killings and other serious incidents and establish systems for their recording and reporting  Implement appropriate sensitization and training programmes for teachers, police, prison officers, border guards, immigration officers and other law enforcement personnel
  12. 12. Existing Recommendations Research Agenda: Where to from here?

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