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Luigi De Martino - Secretariat of the Geneva Declaration

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Peace and Security in the Post-2015 development agenda

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Luigi De Martino - Secretariat of the Geneva Declaration

  1. 1. Small Arms Survey 2012 Moving Targets Peace and Security in the Post-2015 development agenda Luigi De Martino, Secretariat of the Geneva Declaration [28 JUNE 2013]
  2. 2. Crime and security indicators for development? Why safety and security matter for development No low-income fragile or conflict-affected country has achieved a single MDG as of 2011 A country that experienced major violence during the period 1981-2005 had a poverty rate on average 21 percentage points higher than a country without violence Absence of violence / sustained peace can bring rapid gains
  3. 3. Crime and security indicators for development? International debate is very active UN, IGOs Donors Research Institutes, Think Tanks, Academia Civil society
  4. 4. Crime and security indicators for development? HLP Report:“To end extreme poverty in all its forms in the context of sustainable development “ “We are calling for a fundamental shift—to recognise peace and good governance as core elements of well-being, not an optional extra.” The Panel recommends that a limited number of goals and targets (…), and that each should be SMART: specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-bound.
  5. 5. Crime and security indicators for development? GOAL 11. Ensure Stable and Peaceful Societies 11a. Reduce violent deaths per 100,000 by x and eliminate all forms of violence against children 11b. Ensure justice institutions are accessible, independent, well-resourced and respect due- process rights 11c. Stem the external stressors that lead to conflict, including those related to organised crime 11d. Enhance the capacity, professionalism and accountability of the security forces, police and judiciary
  6. 6. Crime and security indicators for development? GOAL 10. Ensure Good Governance and Effective Institutions 10a. Provide free and universal legal identity, such as birth registrations 10b. Ensure people enjoy freedom of speech, association, peaceful protest and access to independent media and information 10c. Increase public participation in political processes and civic engagement at all levels 10d. Guarantee the public’s right to information and access to government data 10e. Reduce bribery and corruption and ensure officials can be held accountable
  7. 7. Crime and security indicators for development? GOAL 2. Empower Girls and Women and Achieve Gender Equality 2a. Prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against girls and women 2b. End child marriage 2c. Ensure equal right of women to own and inherit property, sign a contract, register a business and open a bank account 2d. Eliminate discrimination against women in political, economic, and public life
  8. 8. Crime and security indicators for development? 1. End Poverty 3. Provide Quality Education and Lifelong Learning 4. Ensure Healthy Lives 5. Ensure Food Security and Good Nutrition 6. Achieve Universal Access to Water and Sanitation 12. Create a Global Enabling Environment and Catalyse Long-Term Finance 9. Manage Natural Resource Assets Sustainably 8. Create Jobs, Sustainable Livelihoods, and Equitable Growth 7. Secure Sustainable Energy
  9. 9. Criteria for Indicators • SMART: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time bound • Methodological Sound: based on agreed definitions, standards and good practices. • Feasible: measured in cost-effective and practical manner • Disaggregation: by geographical place and region, sex, income or social groups
  10. 10. GOAL 11: targets and indicators Targets Indicators Source / Data Issues Reduce and prevent violent deaths per 100,000 people by x and eliminate all forms of violence against children, women and other vulnerable groups. 1. Intentional homicide rate per 100,000 Disaggregated by age, gender, social groups, time, region, and income. Reliable measurement not possible with the current stock of data 1.2. Direct deaths from armed conflict per 100,000 1.3. Suicide rate per 100,000 1.4. Violent injury per 100,000 1.5. Percentage of citizens who feel safe 1.6. Number of children recruited by armed forces and non-state armed groups 1.7. Rape and other forms of sexual violence per 100,000 1.8. Rate of child maltreatment Enhance the capacity, professionalism, accountability of security, police and justice institutions. 2.1. Percentage of the population who express confidence in police and justice institutions Perception Survey Disaggregated by age, gender, social groups, time, region, and income. 2.2. Degree of civilian and parliamentary oversight of security institutions and budgets which are public Expert Survey 2.3. Percentage of security, police and justice personnel prosecuted over the total number of reported cases of misconduct Administrative Data 2.4. Number of police and judicial sector personnel (qualified judges, magistrates, prosecutors, defense attorneys) per 100,000 and distribution across the territory. Administrative Data (2.5. Ratio of formal cases filed to cases resolved per year) Enhance equity and social cohesion and ensure adequate formal and informal mechanisms are in place to manage disputes peacefully. 3.1. Degree of equitable access to, resourcing of, and outcomes from public services Perception and Administrative Data Disaggregated by age, gender, social groups, time, region, and income. 3.2. Level of trust and tolerance within society 3.3. Perceptions of discrimination 3.4. Degree to which there are effective formal or informal mechanisms and programs in place to prevent and resolve disputes peacefully Reduce external drivers of violence and conflict, including illicit flows of arms, drugs, finance, natural resources and
  11. 11. Towards a global measuring system? • A single Global Sustainable Development Outlook, monitoring trends and results, as well as risks that threaten to derail achievement of the targets. • A high-level global forum to review progress and challenges ahead, supported by an independent advisory committee • Reporting and peer-review at the regional level to complement global monitoring. • Develop thematic ‘multi-stakeholder partnerships’.
  12. 12. Small Arms Survey 2012 Moving Targets any questions? www.smallarmssurvey.org

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