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Camilla Schippa
Institute for Economics and Peace
FROM MEASURING
NEGATIVE PEACE TO
UNDERSTANDING
POSITIVE PEACE
WHY DO WE MEASURE PEACE?
• Shift focus from conflict to peace as the drivers of peace are
poorly understood - they are not...
22 INDICATORS OF PEACE
Number of
conflicts
fought
Number of
deaths from
organized
conflict
(external)
Number of
deaths fro...
GPI MAP
GLOBAL PEACE INDEX 2013
Report and maps:
VisionofHumanity.org
DISTRIBUTION OF GPI SCORES, 2008
COMPARED TO 2013
0.0%
2.0%
4.0%
6.0%
8.0%
10.0%
12.0%
14.0%
16.0%
18.0%
1.00 1.15 1.30 1....
PEACE, MDGS AND DEVELOPMENT
Iraq
Haiti
Guinea-Bissau
Montenegro
Liberia
Kenya
Burundi
Papua New Guinea
UkraineTanzania
Zim...
THE PILLARS OF PEACE
THE ATTITUDES, INSTITUTIONS AND STRUCTURES THAT SUSTAIN A PEACEFUL SOCIETY
High levels of
human capit...
POSITIVE PEACE INDEX indicators
PPI Domain PPI Indicator Weighting Source
Well-Functioning
Government
Government effective...
Positive Peace Index Indicators
INSERT MAP
POSITIVE PEACE INDEX 2013
Negative Peace versus Positive Peace
Low Positive Peace = Vulnerability
Big fallers with positive
peace deficits in 2008:
Syria
Rwanda
Madagascar
Egypt
Rank ch...
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Camilla Schippa - Institute for Economics and Peace

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From Measuring Negative Peace to Understanding Positive Peace

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Camilla Schippa - Institute for Economics and Peace

  1. 1. Camilla Schippa Institute for Economics and Peace FROM MEASURING NEGATIVE PEACE TO UNDERSTANDING POSITIVE PEACE
  2. 2. WHY DO WE MEASURE PEACE? • Shift focus from conflict to peace as the drivers of peace are poorly understood - they are not necessarily the opposite of the drivers of violence • Peace is multidimensional and the absence of violence and fear of violence are represented in different cultural, political and economic forms • Data advocacy
  3. 3. 22 INDICATORS OF PEACE Number of conflicts fought Number of deaths from organized conflict (external) Number of deaths from organized conflict (internal) Level of organized conflict Relations with neighbouring countries Political Terror Scale Number of homicides Level of violent crime Likelihood of violent demonstratio ns Number of people in jail Number of police and security office Level of perceived criminality Number of refugees and displaced people Political instability Volume of conventional weapons imports Volume of conventional weapons exports Financial contribution to UN peacekeepin g missions Nuclear and heavy weapons Ease of access to small arms and light weapons Military expenditure as a % of GDP Number of armed service personnel Domestic and international conflict Societal safety and security Militarisation
  4. 4. GPI MAP GLOBAL PEACE INDEX 2013 Report and maps: VisionofHumanity.org
  5. 5. DISTRIBUTION OF GPI SCORES, 2008 COMPARED TO 2013 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% 18.0% 1.00 1.15 1.30 1.45 1.60 1.75 1.90 2.05 2.20 2.35 2.50 2.65 2.80 2.95 3.10 3.25 3.40 3.55 3.70 3.85 4.00 %ofGPIcountrieswithscoreinthatband GPI scorings bands 2008 2013 Longer and bigger tail = less peaceful bottom ten Split = unequal distribution of peace The bottom ten nations have become less peaceful, Afghanistan less peaceful in 2013 than Iraq in 2008
  6. 6. PEACE, MDGS AND DEVELOPMENT Iraq Haiti Guinea-Bissau Montenegro Liberia Kenya Burundi Papua New Guinea UkraineTanzania Zimbabwe Gabon Somalia Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the CongoCote d'Ivoire Afghanistan Libya -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 1.8 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.3 MDGProgressScore2010-2011 2008 Global Peace Index Bottom 18 MDG Progress Score vs. Internal Peace r = -0.62
  7. 7. THE PILLARS OF PEACE THE ATTITUDES, INSTITUTIONS AND STRUCTURES THAT SUSTAIN A PEACEFUL SOCIETY High levels of human capital Peace & Resilience Acceptance of the rights of others Low levels of corruption Free flow of information Sound business environment Well functioning government Good relations with neighbors Equitable distribution of resources
  8. 8. POSITIVE PEACE INDEX indicators PPI Domain PPI Indicator Weighting Source Well-Functioning Government Government effectiveness 5% World Governance Indicators, World Bank Rule of law 5% World Governance Indicators, World Bank Political culture 5% Sub-Index, Democracy Index, Economist Intelligence Unit Sound Business Environment Ease of doing business 4% Ease of Doing Business Index, World Bank Economic freedom 4% Heritage Foundation Gdp per capita 4% World Bank Equitable Distribution of Resources Life expectancy index loss 4% Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme Gini coefficient 2% Economist Intelligence Unit Population living below $2/day 5% World Bank, IEP Acceptance of the Rights of Others Hostility to foreigners 3% Economist Intelligence Unit Empowerment index 4% Cignarelli-Richards Human Rights Dataset Gender inequality 4% Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme Good Relations with Neighbours Satisfaction with community 3% Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme Regional integration 4% Economist Intelligence Unit Intergroup cohesion 5% Indices for Social Development, International Institute for Social Studies Free Flow of Information Freedom of the press index 4% Freedom House World press freedom index 4% Reporters without borders Mobile phones subs per 1000 3% International Telecommunications Union High levels of human capital Youth development index 4% Commonwealth Secretariat Non income HDI 4% Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme Number of scientific publications 4% World Bank and UNDP Low Levels of Corruption Control of corruption 5% World Governance Indicators, World Bank Factionalised elites 5% Fund for Peace Perceptions of corruption 5% Transparency International
  9. 9. Positive Peace Index Indicators INSERT MAP POSITIVE PEACE INDEX 2013
  10. 10. Negative Peace versus Positive Peace
  11. 11. Low Positive Peace = Vulnerability Big fallers with positive peace deficits in 2008: Syria Rwanda Madagascar Egypt Rank change 2008-2013

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