Angela Gussing - ICRC

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Angela Gussing - ICRC

  1. 1. Angela GUSSING - ICRC Deputy Director of Operations ICRC HUMANITARIAN PERSPECTIVE BRIDGING HUMANITARIAN, POST CONFLICT AND RECOVERY ACTIONS
  2. 2. Key trends in Armed Conflicts and OSVs <ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forms of confrontation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of actors / grievances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Duration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Profitable war economies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absence legitimized mediators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lawlessness/fragmentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State weakness (control and services) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unregulated rural and urban settings </li></ul></ul>by courtesy of Reuters
  3. 3. <ul><li>Direct and indirect effects – Acute and chronic needs </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and mental effects </li></ul><ul><li>Different effects based on age and gender </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnected and overlapping pressures on populations </li></ul>Vulnerability in Armed Conflicts and OSVs
  4. 4. CHALLENGES FOR ICRC OPERATIONS <ul><li>Access and dialogue with all </li></ul><ul><li>Security pressures and acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance of response </li></ul>
  5. 5. COMBINED APPROACHES <ul><li>SHORT-TERM </li></ul><ul><li>Assist population </li></ul><ul><li>Assist detainees </li></ul><ul><li>Provide health-care </li></ul><ul><li>Economic security – reinforce resilience </li></ul><ul><li>Provide or promote access to services </li></ul><ul><li>Work with local partners </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity-building of existing structures </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIUM/LONG-TERM </li></ul><ul><li>Support authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial guarantees </li></ul><ul><li>Support review policy, training for armed and security forces </li></ul><ul><li>Support new legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Support global legal tools </li></ul><ul><li>Work with local partners, and existing mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity-building </li></ul>
  6. 6. SOME THOUGHTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>CHALLENGES </li></ul><ul><li>Few conflicts resolved </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of action on root causes, grievances and interests </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of actors and approaches </li></ul><ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Greater engagement of community of States </li></ul><ul><li>Know specific interests and provide opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure people feel the difference in their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from each other, partner and coordinate </li></ul><ul><li>Work on resilience with local partners </li></ul>
  7. 7. THANK YOU!

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