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Rdi -security_for_girls_through_land_-_nov2010


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Rdi -security_for_girls_through_land_-_nov2010

  1. 1. Security for Girls Through Land Gracykutty Middey, State Director for West Bengal Diana Fletschner, Sr. Land Tenure & Gender Expert November 2010 With funding from the NIKE Foundation The Global Center for Women’s Land Rights Rural Development Institute
  2. 2. Background:  Law permits equal inheritance for boys and girls  Girls are raised to think that the dowry is their share of inheritance and that boys inherit land  The dowry goes to their in-laws
  3. 3. Problem:  Dowry is illegal, but by and large it is the only way to ensure marriage  For poor rural families, dowry rises with age  Poor rural families have incentives to marry their daughters early Early marriage has health and social consequences: - It leaves daughters in a vulnerable position - It leads to trafficking (disguised as early marriage)
  4. 4. Goal: To improve the economic and social situation and prospects for adolescent girls Strategy combines:  Selective allocation of parcels of land  Interventions to change attitudes to increase the status of girls in their families and communities  Linkage with Government programs that foster girls’ growth and economic development
  5. 5. Selective allocation of land:  Builds on the West Bengal’s Cultivation and Dwelling Plot Allocation Program (CDPA)  With BMGF funding, RDI is assisting the West Bengal Land and Land Reforms Dept. in a project meant to: - Identify willing sellers and purchase land - Identify beneficiaries and provide them a small plot (for modest house, trees and vegetables, poultry and small livestock) - Issue land documentation jointly (wives and husbands) - Connect beneficiaries with public programs to improve livelihoods
  6. 6. Selective allocation of land: In addition, for the Girls’ Project, RDI is working to ensure that:  Families with daughters and no sons are given priority (Girls in these families are even more vulnerable)  Land documents list all sons and daughters as co-inheritors
  7. 7. Community conversations  Implemented by local NGOs  To help communities understand how existing norms harm girls  To facilitate bottom-up actions that promote: - Dowry-free marriages - Delay of marriages - Girls inheritance of land and the exercise of their right to it as a fall-back position Community conversations have been successfully used in Sub-Saharan Africa to induce behavioral change related to female genital mutilation
  8. 8. Boys and girls groups  For children from families who receive CDPA land and neighboring families with homestead land  Form long lasting groups that foster girls’ and boys’ equal rights  Curriculum designed to help them see the connection between the value of girls and: - dowry - early marriage - domestic violence - trafficking - land ownership - economic capabilities including life skills
  9. 9. By the end of the project we expect to see:  2,500 daughter-only families who have received CDPA land with document that mentions all children as co-inheritors  Community conversations held in 70 villages  320 boys and girls groups  An increase in daughters’ age of marriage  A reduction in the proportion of families that pay cash dowry  A reduction in the average amount paid as dowry
  10. 10. By the end of the project we expect to see:  A higher proportion of parents who state their daughters can return if they have problems after they marry  An increase in the proportion of girls who finished 8 years of education  Government Partners adopt our model and scale it in the state
  11. 11. Evaluation Strategy:  Qualitative interviews of men, women, girls, and boys in villages where community conversations are held and where boys and girls groups are organized  Girls’ diaries  Psychometrics, Ethnographic Research
  12. 12. Evaluation Strategy:  Household-level quantitative baseline survey in 2010 and endline survey at the end of 2013  Sample of households considers the 3 treatments and their respective control groups: - Did the family receive land? - If the family received land, are any of the children in boys and girls groups? - Regardless, has the family participated in community conversations?
  13. 13. Challenges  Families’ fear including daughters as co-inheritors will increase fragmentation of their land  Strong cultural norms and customary practices  Short time frame of the project
  14. 14. Thank you! Photos by: Deena Ledger