Abilene Christian UniversityACU gives each undergraduate student an iPhone or iPod.The ACU instructors use the iTunesU store to facilitate learning byusing educational applications or “apps”.The ACU instructors use these apps in the classroom to promotecollaboration and open discussions.ACU created a portal speciﬁcally developed for mobile devices toenable students to keep track of university news and otheruniversity events.
Purdue UniversityPurdue University uses and developed several applications or“apps” that are designed to help students succeed academically.Purdue University calls these apps “Studio”.These apps are speciﬁcally designed to facilitate and engagestudents to collaborate with one another. One of the apps calledHotseat allows students to respond to questions in a large lectureclass with mobile devices. This breaks down the barrier thatstudents can experience is very large class. There is also an appcalled Doubletake that allows students to create video and audioﬁles on their mobile device, share them with one another andsubmit the a video assignment. The app called Jetpack allowsfaculty to create content and students to download interactive e-textbooks.
Mobile and Immersive Learning for Literacyin Emerging Economies (MILLEE)This mobile learning outreach program was undertaken byCarnegie Mellon University and University of California, Berkeley.These universities provide support and have developed M-learning applications for English teachers who are teachingchildren in the poor and rural parts of India.This outreach program allows Indian children to use mobilephones to learn English. Because many of them work on farms ormany times are not able to attend school, using M-Learningallows these students to continue learning even if they cannotcome into the classroom.
Technical SupportIt is necessary to have technical support for the mobile devices used in M-Learning. This canbe challenging because there is a wide range of different devices.It is important that universities have a support infrastructure in place before implementingand/or piloting M-Learning.Here are examples of how two universities provide technical support for students and faculty.Arizona State UniversityASU provides mobile users 24/7 phone support. A walk- in Tech Studio is open regularbusiness hours.ASU also has on-campus Verizon store and support and an Apple hardware repair shop.Central Michigan UniversityCMU provides on-campus phone and in person support.An introductory course is available for students who are unfamiliar with iPod and other mobiledevices.
Mobile DevicesBattery LifeDepending on what mobile device is being used, battery life is an issue. Running applications orapps, recording video and audio use a lot of battery power. This should be kept in mind whendeveloping instructional applications, developing content material and assignments.Screen sizeThe viewable screen size greatly varies. Applications and instructional material should be keptsimple and be designed speciﬁcally for a smaller screen size.Cost to studentsStudent may not be able to afford the devices or data plans required to participate.Campus Wireless NetworkThe campus wireless network infrastructure needs to be able to support the students and facultymobile devices. Many of the M-Learning applications and web applications require an internetconnection.
InstructionProviding mobile device training and support for faculty,instructors and staff will need to be considered.It is also important to decide how M-Learning is going to beused in instruction. Ideally, the learning objectives and outcomesshould be determined before using software or a speciﬁctechnology.Students and instructors may experience technical difﬁcultieswhen using mobile device. It is important to be ﬂexible withinstruction and plan ahead for these difﬁculties.
Students use mobile devices to collaborate with other classmates usingTwitter, Facebook and other social media apps.Universities use customized apps that aid with studying andparticipating in large lecture courses.Supplemental material is made available for mobile devices so studentscan review material anywhere.E-textbooks are generally used with tablets. Many e-textbooks nowhave study guides and other features.Learning management systems such as Blackboard and LearningStudio have mobile versions to enable students to access content ontheir mobile devices.Mobile games can be used to assess learning progress and conductsurveys
Works Cited:Abilene Christian University. “Mobile Learning in the Classroom.” YouTube video clip. 5 May 2010. 27 March 2012. <http://youtu.be/NCQsnt3rDvk>Abilene Christian University. “Thoughts on the state of mobile learning.” YouTube video clip. 1 March 2011 27 March 2012 <http://youtu.be/AQgCXEoTap4>Bottom-Line Performance, Inc. “Lessons on M-Learning.” 2011. PDF FileBracken, Daniel, Michael Reuters. “Lowering the Barriers to Mobile Device Adoption” 3 March 2010. Powerpoint ﬁle.Educause. “7 Mobile Apps for Learning.” 2010. PDF ﬁle.JISC infoNet . “Moblie Learning info Kit.” n.d. PDF ﬁle.Purdue University. “ Hotseat lets students Facebook, Tweet in class to improve learning.“ YouTube video clip. 15 September 2010. 27 March 2012. <http://youtu.be/LTT-MAftkCc>Purdue University. n.d. 27 March 2012. <http://www.itap.purdue.edu/studio//>The Slow-Motion Mobile Campus.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. 8 May 2011. <http://chronicle.com/article/The-Slow-Motion-Mobile-Campus/127380/>Graphics